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英语:Unit-5-《Culture-Shapes-Us》Lesson-40课件(1)(冀教版九年级下)


Lesson 40
Unit Review

Functions: Having Meals
Would you like something to eat/drink? What would you like (to have)? Would you like some more soup? Help yourself to some soup. It’s very kind of you. Yes, I’d like a drink. I’d like rice and chicken. Just a little, please. Can I have some more soup? It’s so delicious. Thank you. I like green tea. No, thank you. I’ve had enough. I’m full, thank you.

Structures and expressions:
knock at/on May we come in? hang up Help yourselves to … May I serve you some …? Thank you. Just a little, please. Would you like some more …? hand in It’s very kind of you. Thank you. I’ve had enough. compare to with …

Make sentences with them: knock at/on hang up Help yourselves to … May I serve you some …? Would you like some more …? hand in compare to with …

Grammar: Object Complement

请你思考:
你了解宾语补足语吗?

定语补足语
宾语补足语简称宾补,是用来说 明宾语的情况,如果没有宾语补足语, 句子所表达的意思就不清楚,不完整。 宾语和宾语补足语一起称为复合宾语。 通常宾语补足语与宾语之间有逻辑上 的主谓关系。

所构成的句型:S + V + O + C

请你观察:什么词或结构可作宾语补足语?
I think it useful to learn English well. It made me remember my own visit to Canada. They made him their team leader. We work hard to keep their culture alive. They see meat hanging in shop windows. This week they asked us to play basketball together. Let him in. Let him out. Keep the book in the desk. My bike is broken. I will have it repaired.

形容词、副词、名词、介词短语、现在分词、过去分 词、不定式 等均可用作宾语补足语。

请你总结:

常接名词作宾 补的词有: 常接形容词作 宾补的词有:
常接介词短语 作宾补的词有:

call, name, make, think, find …

keep, make, find …

see, keep, find, leave …

接带to 的不定式作宾补的词有: ask, tell, want, teach, wish, warn, allow, order, advise …
常接不定式作宾 接不带to的不定式作宾补的词有: see, watch, hear, make, let … 补的词有:

接可带to也可不带to的不定式作宾 补的词有:help
常接现在分词作 宾补的词有: 常接过去分词作 宾补的词有: see, watch, hear, observe, notice, feel, find, keep … have, get, find, see, hear, watch, notice, observe, expect …

温馨提示:

1. 现在分词作宾补和不带to的不定式作宾补的区别是:现 在分词表示动作正在进行,而不带to的不定式则表示动作 已经完成。如: I saw him putting his hand into his pocket. 动作正在进行 I saw him put his hand into his pocket. 动作已经完成 2. 宾补与句子的关系是主动关系时用现在分词;若与宾语 是被动关系,则用过去分词。如: 主动关系 I heard someone calling me. I heard my name called. 被动关系 3. 过去分词在have, get后作宾补时,常表示该动作不是由 主语完成的,而是由别人完成的。如: You’d better have your hair cut. He had some pictures taken in the park.

Exercises
1. I found the door ______ when I got home. A. opened B. close C. lock √ D. open 2. I advised ______ at once. A. him to starting B. him to start C. to starting D. to start √ 3. Though he had often made his little sister _____, little he was made ______ by his sister today. A. cry; to cry B. crying; crying C. cry; cry D. to cry; cry √ 4. The teacher asked us ______ so much noise. A. don’t make B. not make C. not making√ D. not to make 5. The artist said that he hoped _____ drawing the picture soon. A. his son to finish √ B. to finish C. finishing D. his son will finish

Exercises
6. His English is so poor that he can’t make himself ______. A. understood B. understand √ C. understanding D. to understand 7. Listen! Can you hear a baby _______? A. cry B. to cry √ C. crying D. cried 8. – There’s a hole in your bag. -- I know. I’m going to have it ______. A. mend B. mending √ C. mended D. to mend 9. They ______ him the right man for the job. A. let B. had C. finished D. found √ 10. The Internet ______ it easy to get a lot of new information in a short time. A. finds √ B. makes C. feels D. takes

Grammar: Attributive Clauses

请你思考:
? 你对定语从句了解多少?

定语从句 在复合句中,修饰某一 名词或代词的从句叫定语从 句。定语从句在从句中起定 语作用。

定语从句概述
定语从句的位置:通常放在它所修饰的名词或代词后。

先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。
关系词:引导定语从句的词叫关系词。关系词又分为关 系代词和关系副词。关系词放在先行词与定语 从句之间,起连接作用,同时又是定语从句的 一个成分。定语从句中使用什么关系词,通常 取决于主句中的先行词和它在从句中充当的成 分。

请观察下列句子: 初步认识先行词和定语从句 1. This is the best film that has been shown at this cinema this year. 2. Here is the pen that/which you lost the day before yesterday. 3. The man who was passing by saw what had happened. 4. I met a woman who can speak six languages. 5. Jim was wearing a hat which was too big for him. 6. Do you know anybody who can play the piano? 7. The hotel we stayed at was near the station. 8. Did you like the hotel where you stayed? 9. A coffee maker is a machine that makes coffee. 10. I’ll never forget the day when I entered the college.

关系代词的用法:
在从句中作 主语
先行词为 人 先行词为 物 who that which that

在从句中作 宾语 who whom that
which that

在从句中作 定语
whose

whose

关系副词的用法:
when

当先行词表示时间,且关系副词在从句 中作时间状语时
当先行词表示地点,且关系副词在从句 中作地点状语时

where

why

当先行词表示原因,且关系副词在从句 中作原因状语时

学习定语从句需要注意的几个问题:
1. 当先行词表示人时,应用关系代词that, who, whom或whose 引导
Who is the man who/that is reading the book over there? Who’s the person who/whom/that you just talked to? I have a good friend whose father is a lawyer. She has a student whose name is Lily.

2. 当先行词表示物时,应用关系代词that 、 which 或 whose 引导
This is the house that/which was bought last week. The letter which/that she wrote is put on the desk. This is the book whose cover is blue.

3. 当关系代词在从句中作宾语时时常省略

I liked the pen (that/which) I bought yesterday. This is the man (whom/who) you want to see. That’s the girl (who/whom/that) we talked about yesterday

4. 先行词同时含有人和物时,先行词是不定代词, 或先行词有形容词最高级、序数词、the only 、 the same 、the very 、the last 或all、some 、 every 、any 、much 、no等修饰时,关系代词 要用that。关系词代词在定语从句中作宾语时 同样可以省略。
We talked about the things and persons (that) we were interested in. I’m sure there’s nothing (that) a man can’t do. This is the most beautiful flower (that) I have ever seen. The first thing (that) we should do is the have a rest. But the food wasn’t the only thing that was strange. There is much meat (that) we can eat.

5. 关系代词whom 、which在从句中作介词的宾 语时,可以把介词放在有关动词的后面,也可 以把介词放在关系的前面。
The girl whom/who you talked to is a famous film star. = The girl to whom you talked is a famous film star. This is the village which I have lived in for ten years. =This is the village in which I have lived for ten years. 但是,含有介词的动词短语不能拆开,介词只能放在动 词的后面,而不能放在关系词前。 Is this the key which you are looking for? The babies whom the nurses are looking after are very healthy?

6. 关系代词that在定语从句中也可以作介词的宾 语,但是与whom 、 which不同的是,介词的位 置是唯一的,即:不能放在关系代词that的前 面,只能放在从句有关动词的后面。
The village that she lives in is far away from here. √ The village in that she lives is far away from here. ×

7. 注意由关系副词where 、when 、why引导的 定语从句

This is the second school where I worked ten years ago. The village where I was born was very small. I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing. I’ll never forget the time when I worked on the farm. The boy couldn’t give the teacher a good reason why he was late for school. I can’t tell you the reason why she is crying.

8. 有时我们要用“火眼金睛”去识别一些迷惑人的现象: 关系词: I decided to buy an MP3 player __________ which/that is different from his. I met a foreigner in the park yesterday who/that _______ could speak Chinese very well. Mr. Green, there is a boy at the front desk ___________ who/that would like to speak with you. 比较: This is the village where I have lived for ten years. This is the village that/which I visited last year. 同义句:This is the village where I have lived for ten years. =This is the village which/that I have lived in for ten years. =This is the village in which I have lived for ten years.

用适当的关系词填空: 1. The boy _______ we saw yesterday is Tom who/whom/that/不填 2. The place ________ they visited is very famous. which/that/不填 3. The nurse _______ is taking the old man’s temperature is my aunt. who/that 4. How can I get to the bookshop _______ has a lot of history books? which/that 5. The girl ________ hat is red is so pretty. whose

用适当的关系词填空: 6. That’s the girl ______ we talked about yesterday. who/whom/that /不填 7. The man with __ we had a talk just now isn’t in the gym. whom 8. A zoo is a park in ______ many kinks of animals are kept for exhibition. which 9. Titanic is the only film _______ I have seen twice. that /不填 10. Everything ______ I said was true. that /不填 11. This is the strongest animal _____ I’ve ever seen. that /不填

用适当的关系词填空: 12. The writer and his novel _____ you’ve just talked about is really well-known. that /不填 13. This is the factory ________ they work. where 14. This is the factory _______ they went to visit next week. which/that/不填 15. I still remember the day ______ I first met her. when 16. April 1st is the day ____ is called April Fool’s Day in the west. which/that

17. We can’t tell you the reason ___ she was late for school.
why

翻译下列短语: 1. the king who never grew up 2. the people who lost jobs 3. the night when I came to the farm 4. the house where Lu Xun once lived 5. the table which Chairman Mao once used 永远长不大的国王 失业的人们 我到农场的那个晚上 鲁迅曾经住过的房子 毛主席曾经用过的桌子

翻译下列短语: 1. 我出生的那天 2. 生产收音机的工厂 3. 全心全意(heart and soul)为人民服务的领导 4. 没有克服(overcome)不了的困难 5. 作文受到老师表扬的学生 the day when I was born the factory which/that makes radios the leaders who serve the people heart and soul no difficulties that/which can’t be overcome the student whose composition was praised by the teacher

翻译下列短语: 1. This is the best film that has been shown at this cinema this year. 2. Here is the pen that/which you lost the day before yesterday. 3. The man who was passing by saw what had happened. 4. I met a woman who can speak six languages. 5. Jim was wearing a hat which was too big for him. 6. Do you know anybody who can play the piano? 7. The hotel we stayed at was near the station. 8. Did you like the hotel where you stayed? 9. A coffee maker is a machine that makes coffee. 10. I’ll never forget the day when I entered the college.

A task: People from many different cultures live in Canada. In some cities, people of the same culture live together in one neighborhood. They try to keep their culture alive. If you come to Canada, will you try to keep your culture alive? In small groups, discuss this question. List your ideas about: ?What will threaten(威胁) your culture. ?What you personally will do to keep your culture. Share your ideas with another group. If the other group has some good ideas, add them to your list.

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长安知道,很久之后,她依然会记得某一天,敲开一扇院门邂逅一位名叫舜华的女人,长期以贩卖文字为生,隐居在古镇之中, 只是在完成属于自己的天命。内心有阴影。肉体曾被疾病侵袭,久久纠缠。 她不曾询问她是否依旧会被病痛困扰,因为她不能给予任何帮助,没有实质性帮助的同情很廉价而且伤人,空气里漂浮的中药 味已经说明了问题所在。 缘分奇诡。以一场乍然的相遇和分离注解内心某种的困惑。她与舜华彼此印证各自的观念与状态。 并不是要从对方身上得到支持赞赏,与其说是一场对谈,不若说是一场自语。不具有任何刻意或者功利,所以能够坦然诚挚。 你接下来有什么打算? 想去高原,见一个人。 她住在那里? 一年前进入藏区,没有再出来,我已经多年没有见过她了,想去看看她,然后带她回来。你呢,有什么打算?长安。 我也要去高原,是与朋友的约定。 你总是记得所有的约定吗。


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