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上海市闵行区2014届高三英语二模试卷(含答案)


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姓名______________

闵行区 2013 学年第二学期高三年级质量调研考试 英语试卷
考生注意: 1. 答卷前,考生务必在答题纸上将学校、姓名及准考证号填写清楚。答题时客观题用 2B 铅笔按要求填涂,主观

题用黑色水笔书写。 2. 本试卷分为第 I 卷和第 II 卷,共 12 页。满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 第 I卷 (共103分)

班级__________

准考证号_________

II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Walking down a path, I saw a small pool of water ahead on the path. I angled my direction to go around it on the part of the path (25)______ wasn’t covered by water or mud. As I reached the pool, I was suddenly attacked! Yet I did nothing for the attack. It was so unexpected. I was surprised as well as unhurt though I (26)______(strike) four or five times. I backed up a foot and my attacker stopped (27)______(attack) me. I found it amusing. And I was laughing. After all, I was being attacked by a butterfly! Having stopped laughing, I stepped back (28)______(look) the situation over. My attacker moved back to land on the ground. That’s when I discovered why my attacker was charging me only moments (29)______(early). He had a mate and she was dying. Sitting close beside her, he opened and closed his wings as if to fan her. I could only admire the love and courage of that butterfly in his concern for his mate, even though she was clearly dying and I was so large. He did so just to give her those extra few precious moments of life, (30)______ ______ I was careless enough to step on her. His courage in attacking something thousands of times larger and heavier than himself just for his mate’s safety seemed admirable. I couldn’t do anything other than (31)______(reward) him by walking on the more difficult side of the pool. He had truly earned those moments to be with her, undisturbed. Since then, I’ve always tried to remember the courage of that butterfly (32)______ I see huge barriers facing me. (B) You’ve probably seen athletes who take their own successes too seriously. They celebrate
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学校_______________________

a goal with a very long victory dance or continually talk big about their abilities. This is the exact opposite of (33)______ sportsmanship is all about. Everyone feels great when they win, but it can be just as hard to be a good sport (有运动 家品格的人) when you have won a game as when you have lost one. Sportsmanship takes courage — when you work really hard at a sport, it’s not easy (34)______(admit) you made a bad play or someone has more skills than you. In competition — as in life — you may not always win but you can learn (35)______ from losing, too. It’s pretty tough to lose, so it is definitely annoying if someone continues making fun of you or your team (36)______ the competition is over. Sometimes it’s hard to swallow your pride and walk on. But there’s always the next match. When you do lose—and it will happen—lose with class (风度). (37)______(be) proud of how you performed, or at least realizing things you need to improve for next time, is the key. When it comes to losing, sportsmanship means congratulating the winners willingly. Also, it means accepting the game result without complaint and without excuses, (38)______ ______ you sometimes might doubt the referees (裁判员) made some questionable calls. When you win, the good way is to be a polite and generous winner. Sportsmanship means admitting victories (39)______ putting your opponents to shame and letting victories speak for themselves, that is, being quietly proud of success. Despite the fact (40)______ you have a massive win, sportsmanship means still finding ways to praise your opponents. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. challenged F. practical K. survival B. functions G. further C. solved H. urge D. deserves I. presence E. mirrors J. opposing

―In wilderness is the preservation of the world.‖ This is a famous saying from a writer regarded as one of the fathers of environmentalism. The frequency with which it is borrowed 41 a heated debate on environmental protection: whether to place wilderness at the heart As John Sauven of Greenpeace UK points out, there is a strong appeal in images of the wild, the untouched; more than anything else, they speak of the nature that many people value most dearly. The 43 42 to leave the subject of such images untouched is strong, and the danger exploitation brings to such landscapes is real. Some of these wildernesses also perform that humans need—the rainforests, for example, store carbon in vast quantities. Lee Lane, a visiting fellow at the Hudson Institute, takes the that is not, he argues, a reason to avoid all human 45 44 view. He of what is to be preserved.

acknowledges that wildernesses do provide useful services, such as water conservation. But , or indeed commercial and 46 . While the ways industrial exploitation. There are ever more people on the Earth, and they reasonably and rightfully want to have better lives, rather than merely struggle for
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of using resources have improved, there is still a growing need for raw materials, and some

wildernesses contain them in abundance. If they can be tapped without reducing the services those wildernesses provide, the argument goes, there is no 47 reason not to do so. Being 48 by the untouched is not, in itself, a characteristic worth valuing above all others. I look forward to seeing these views taken further, and to their being value a little more directly. And there is a exploited without harm. This is a topic that calls for not only free expression of feelings, but also the guidance of reason. What position wilderness should enjoy in the preservation of the world obviously 50 much more serious thinking. 49 other participants. One opinion is that both cases need to take on the question of spiritual question as to whether wildernesses can be

III. Reading Comprehension
Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The health-care economy is filled with unusual and even unique economic relationships. One of the least understood involves the 51 roles of producer or ―provider‖ and 52 buyer with various inducements purchaser or ―consumer‖ in the typical doctor-patient relationship. In most sectors of the economy, it is the seller who attempts to attract a(n) (引诱) of price, quality, and utility, and it is the buyer who makes the decision. Such condition, 53 , is not common in most of the health-care industry. In the health-care industry, the doctor-patient relationship is the mirror image of the 54 relationship between producer and consumer. Once an individual has chosen to see a 55 decisions: whether the patient should return ―next Wednesday,‖ 56 such decisions made by experts or raise in advance 57 . in relation to hospital care. The physician must give physician—and even then there may be no real choice– it is the physician who usually makes all significant whether X-rays are needed, whether drugs should be prescribed, etc. It is a rare and experienced patient who will This is particularly evidence of the 59 58 questions about price, especially when the disease is regarded as

for hospitalization, determine what procedures will be performed, 60 . Little

and announce when the patient may be allowed to leave. The patient may be consulted about some of these decisions, but in the main it is the doctor’s judgments that are consequence, the 61 wonder then that in the eye of the hospital it is the physician who is the real ―consumer.‖ As a represents the ―power center‖ in hospital policy and decision-making, not the administration. Although usually there are in this situation four recognizable participants — the physician, the hospital, the patient, and the payer (generally an insurance carrier or government) — the physician makes the 62
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for all of them. The hospital becomes an

extension of the physician; the payer generally about 75-80 percent of health-care 65

63

most of the bills generated by the 64 role. We estimate that

physician/hospital; and for the most part the patient plays a

are determined by physicians, not patients. For

this reason, economy directed at patients or the general are relatively ineffective. 51. A. peculiar B. normal C. minor D. vital 52. A. eager B. potential C. overseas D. reluctant 53. A. moreover B. therefore C. however D. instead 54. A. ordinary B. permanent C. stable D. intense 55. A. difficult B. conscious C. early D. purchasing 56. A. accept B. confirm C. challenge D. announce 57. A. common B. serious C. mild D. preventable 58. A. significant B. rare C. changeable D. alternative 59. A. choice B. need C. disadvantage D. importance 60. A. balanced B. accurate C. independent D. final 61. A. patient B. medical staff C. government D. insurance agent 62. A. academic B. typical C. unique D. essential 63. A. reduces B. sends C. loses D. meets 64. A. traditional B. clear C. passive D. dominant 65. A. spending B. schedule C. therapy D. requirement Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Foxes and farmers have never got on well. These small dog-like animals have long been accused of killing farm animals. They are officially classified as harmful and farmers try to keep their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them. Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population. Hunting consists of pursuing a fox across the countryside, with a group of specially trained dogs, followed by men and women riding horses. When the dogs eventually catch the fox they kill it or a hunter shoots it. People who take part in hunting think of it as a sport; they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict codes of behavior. But owning a horse and hunting regularly is expensive, so most hunters are wealthy. It is estimated that up to 100,000 people watch or take part in fox hunting. But over the last couple of decades the number of people opposed to fox hunting, because they think it is cruel, has risen sharply. Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of conflict between hunters and hunt saboteurs (阻拦者). Sometimes these incidents lead to
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violence, but mostly saboteurs interfere (干涉) with the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox’s smell, which the dogs follow. Noisy conflicts between hunters and saboteurs have become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as the pursuit of foxes itself. But this year supporters of fox hunting face a much bigger threat to their sport. A Labour Party Member of the Parliament, Mike Foster, is trying to get Parliament to approve a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal. If the law is passed, wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain. 66. Rich people in Britain have been hunting foxes ________. A. for recreation C. in the interests of the farmers 67. What is special about fox hunting in Britain? A. It involves the use of a deadly poison. B. It is a costly event that rarely occurs. C. The hunters have set rules to follow. D. The hunters have to go through strict training. 68. Fox hunting opponents often interfere in the game ________. A. by leaning upon violence C. by confusing the fox hunters B. by taking legal action D. by demonstrating on the scene B. to limit the fox population D. to show off their wealth

69. A new law may be passed by the British Parliament to ________. A. prohibit farmers from hunting foxes B. forbid hunting foxes with dogs C. stop hunting wild animals in the countryside D. prevent large-scale fox hunting (B) Electric cars are dirty. In fact, not only are they dirty, they might even be dirtier than their gasoline-powered cousins. People in California love to talk about ―zero-emissions (零排放的) vehicles,‖ but people in California seem to be clueless about where electricity comes from. Power plants most all use fire to make it. Aside from the few folks who have their roofs covered with solar cells, we get our electricity from generators (发电机). Generators are fueled by something — usually coal, oil, but also by heat generated in nuclear power plants. There are a few wind farms and geothermal plants as well, but by far we get electricity mainly by burning something. In other words, those ―zero-emissions‖ cars are likely coal-burning cars. It’s just that the
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coal is burned somewhere else so it looks clean. It is not. It’s as if the California Greens (加州 绿党) are covering their eyes — ―If I can’t see it, it’s not happening.‖ Gasoline is an incredibly efficient way to power a vehicle; a gallon of gas has a lot of energy in it. But when you take that gas (or another fuel) and first use it to make electricity, you waste a nice part of that energy, mostly in the form of wasted heat — at the generator, through the transmission lines, etc. A gallon of gas may power your car 25 miles. But the electricity you get from that gallon of gas won’t get you nearly as far — so electric cars burn more fuel than gas-powered ones. If our electricity came mostly from nukes, or geothermal, or hydro, or solar, or wind, then an electric car truly would be clean. But for political, technical, and economic reasons, we don’t use much of those energy sources. In addition, electric cars’ batteries which are poisonous for a long time will eventually end up in a landfill. And finally, when cars are the polluters, the pollution is spread across all the roads. When it’s a power plant, though, all the junk is in one place. Nature is very good at cleaning up when things are not too concentrated, but it takes a lot longer when all the garbage is in one spot. 70. Which of the following words can replace ―be clueless about‖ in paragraph 2? A. Be familiar with. C. Show their interest in. B. Be curious about. D. Fail to understand.

71. What can we learn about the California Green from the idea ―If I can’t see it, it’s not happening‖? A. They do not know those clean cars are likely coal-burning cars. B. They do believe the coal is burned somewhere else so it looks clean. C. They tend to hold that electricity is a nice part of energy. D. They tend to maintain that gasoline is a good way to run a vehicle. 72. According to the passage, compared with cars using gas, electric cars are more _______. A. environmentally-friendly C. harmful B. expensive D. efficient

73. We can get the conclusion from the passage that _______. A. being green is good and should be encouraged in communication B. electric cars are not clean in that we get electricity mainly by burning something C. zero-emissions vehicles should be chosen to protect our environment D. electric cars are now the dominant vehicle compared with gasoline-powered cousins

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(C) For the most part, it seems, workers in rich countries have little to fear from globalization, and a lot to gain. But is the same thing true for workers in poor countries? The answer is that they are even more likely than their rich-country counterparts (地位相当的人) to benefit, because they have less to lose and more to gain. Traditional economics takes an optimistic line on integration (整合) and the developing countries. Openness to foreign trade and investment should encourage capital to flow to poor economies. In the developing world, capital is scarce, so the returns on investment there should be higher than in the industrialized countries, where the best opportunities to make money by adding capital to labour have already been used up. If poor countries lower their barriers to trade and investment, the theory goes, rich foreigners will want to send over some of their capital. If this inflow of resources arrives in the form of loans or portfolio investment (组合投资), it will top up domestic savings and loosen the financial restriction on additional investment by local companies. If it arrives in the form of new foreign-controlled operations, FDI, so much the better: this kind of capital brings technology and skills from abroad packaged along with it, with less financial risk as well. In either case, the addition to investment ought to push incomes up, partly by raising the demand for labour and partly by making labour more productive. This is why workers in FDI-receiving countries should be in an even better position to profit from integration than workers in FDI-sending countries. Also, with or without inflows of foreign capital, the same gains from trade should apply in developing countries as in rich ones. This gains from trade logic often arouses suspicion, because the benefits seem to come from nowhere. Surely one side or the other must lose. Not so. The benefits that a rich country gets through trade do not come at the expense of its poor country trading partners, or vice versa. Recall that according to the theory, trade is a positive sum game. In all these trades, both sides—exporters and importers, borrowers and lenders, shareholders and workers can gain. 74. Why are workers in poor countries more likely to benefit from the process of globalization? A. They can get more chances to gain a good job. B. They can get more financial aid. C. They have nothing to lose. D. They have less to lose and more to gain. 75. What can be the final result of the inflow of the resource? A. It will top up domestic savings. B. It will loosen the financial restriction.
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C. It will push people’s incomes up. D. It will bring technology and skills from abroad. 76. What can we know from the last paragraph? A. Poor countries get the most profit during the process of trade. B. Rich countries get profit from trade at poor countries’ expense. C. Poor countries get more profit from trade than rich ones. D. All aspects involved in the trade can get benefit. 77. Which can be the most appropriate title for this passage? A. Benefited or Hurt C. Helping the Poor Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. B. Who Benefits the Most D. The Inflow of Resources

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By almost any measure, there is a boom in Internet-based instruction. In just a few years, 34 percent of American universities have begun offering some form of distance learning (DL), and among the larger schools, it’s close to 90 percent. If you doubt the popularity of the trend, you probably haven’t heard of the University of Phoenix. It grants degrees entirely on the basis of online instruction. It enrolls 90,000 students, a statistic used to support its claim to be the largest private university in the country. While the kinds of instruction offered in these programs will differ, DL usually indicates a course in which the instructors post syllabi (课程大纲), reading assignment, and schedules on websites, and students send in their assignments by e-mail. Generally speaking, face-to-face communication with an instructor is minimized or eliminated altogether. The attraction for students might at first seem obvious. Primarily, there’s the convenience promised by courses on the Net: you can do the work, as they say, in your pajamas. But figures indicate that the reduced effort results in a reduced enthusiasm to the course. While dropout rate for all freshmen at American universities is around 20 percent, the rate for online students is 35 percent. Students themselves seem to understand the weaknesses internal in the setup. In a survey conducted for Cornell, the DL division of Cornell University, less than a third of the respondents expected the quality of the online course to be as good as the classroom course. Clearly, from the schools’ perspective, there’s a lot of money to be saved. Although some of the more ambitious programs require new investments in servers and networks to support collaborative software, most DL courses can run on existing or minimally upgraded systems. The more students who enroll in a course but don’t come to campus, the more school saves on keeping the lights on in the classrooms, paying doorkeepers, and maintaining parking lots. And, while there’s evidence that instructors must work harder to run a DL course for a variety of reasons, they won’t be paid any more, and might well be paid less.
(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 10 WORDS.)

78. The author mentioned the University of Phoenix to make us believe that _____________. 79. According to the second paragraph, if you apply for a DL course, you will have little chance to _______________. 80. What are the two negative effects the convenience of DL brings about? 81. Universities show great passion for DL programs for the purpose of _________________.
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第 II 卷 I. Translation

(共 47 分)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 82. 千万别卷入那件事,否则你将自寻麻烦。(involve)

83. 寒冷的天气让大多数濒危动物很难在这里生存。(it)

84. 据我所知,提前预报地震仍是一个难以达到的目标。 (ahead)

85. 直到高中毕业,大部分学生才开始意识到没有最好地利用在校的时间。 (Not…)

86. 鼓励孩子们阅读的目的不在于读多少本书,而在于培养他们热爱读书。(lie)

II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 以下图表反映了若干年来电影观众量和电视观众量的变化情况。 请简要解读图表内 容并简要说明引起数量变化的原因 (请从方便性、经济性、选择性角度分析) 。

Film goers 100 80 60 40 20 0 2003 2003

TV viewers

2006

2009

2012

Number of people (in thousands)

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闵行区 2013 学年第二学期高三年级质量调研考试英语试卷 参考答案
第I卷 一、参考答案 1. 11. C A 2. 12. D C 3. 13. B B 4. 14. D D 5. 15. C C 6. 16. A B 7. B 8. A 9. D 10. B

17. secondhand 18. 50 19. signature 20. mystery 21. accountant 22. rock climbing 23. professional and supportive 24. running another class 25. that /which 26. had been struck (stricken) 27. attacking 28. to look 29. earlier 30. in case 31. reward 32. whenever 33. what 34. to admit 35. something 36. after 37. Being 38.even though 39. without 40. that 41. 51. 61. 71. E A B B 42. 52. 62. 72. H B D C 43. 53. 63. 73. B C D B 44. 54. 64. 74. J A C D 45. 55. 65. 75. I D A C 46. 56. 66. 76. K C A D 47. 57. 67. 77. G B C B 48. 58. 68. A A C 49. 59. 69. F B B 50. 60. 70. D D D

78. Internet-based instruction is popular now / there is boom in Internet-based instruction 79. communicate with an instructor face to face 80. a reduced enthusiasm to the course and higher dropout rate 81. saving money / cutting down the expenses 二、评分标准 1、第 1~10 题;17~65 题每题 1 分。第 11~16 题:66~81 题每题 2 分。 2、第 78~81 题答案仅供阅卷参考。考生如有其它符合题意的表达法,且无语法错误可得分。 第 II 卷 一、参考答案 (一)中译英 82. Be sure not to get involved in that matter, otherwise you will invite trouble. 83. The cold weather makes it difficult for most endangered animals (species) to survive here. Be sure not to get yourself involved in that matter, or you will look for trouble. 84. As far as I know, predicting specific quakes ahead of time has been a goal difficult to achieve. 85. Not until their graduation from high school do a majority of (most of) students come to realize that they haven’t made the best use of time at school. 86. The purpose of motivating children to read lies not in the number of books but in the cultivation of their love for reading.
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The purpose of motivating children to read lies not in how many books they read but in cultivating their love for reading. (二)写作 略 二、评分标准 (一)中译英 1、第 82~84 题每题 4 分;第 85~86 每题 5 分。 2、每题中,单词拼写、标点符号、大小写错误累计每两处扣 1 分。 3、严重的语法错误每处扣 1 分。 4、未使用提示词扣一分。 5、所给答案仅供参考,考生如有其它符合题意的表达法,且无语法错误可得分。 (二)写作 1、本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次 的要求来衡量, 确定或调整档次,最后给分。 3、评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下 文的连贯性及语言的得体性。 4、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英、美拼写汉词汇用法均可接受。 5、如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 6、内容要点可用不同方式表达,对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。

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