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【环境问题词汇】


【环境问题词汇】 desertification 沙漠化; species extinction 物种灭绝; deforestation 森林砍伐; sea level rise 海平面上升; smog 烟雾; heavy metals contamination 重金属污染 温室气体排放 green house gas emission 乱砍乱伐 deforestation 悬

浮颗粒 particulate matter PM2.5 沙尘暴 sandstorm 极端天气 extreme weather 干旱 drought 暴雨 heavy rain/ torrential rain 霾 haze 暴风雪 snowstorm 旋风 turnado/ 台风 typhoon/季风 monsoon 赤潮 red tide 酸雨 acid rain 酸化 acidification 碱化 alkalinization 海啸 tsunami 地震 earthquake 尾气排放 exhaust emission 辐射 radiation 水土流失 water and soil erosion 泥石流 landslide 岩崩 rockslide 雪崩 snowslide 草原退化 grassland degradation 臭氧层耗损 ozone layer depletion 热带雨林破坏 rain forest destruction 化石燃料 fossile fuel 冰川 glacier 紫外线 ultraviolet 焚烧 incineration 原油泄漏 spill of crude oil 一氧化碳 carbon monoxide 二氧化碳 carbon deoxide 噪音污染 noise pollution 残渣 residue ClimateChange 气候变化 Fossil Fuels 化石燃料 GlobalWarming 全球变暖 Deforestation 森林砍伐

Habitat 栖息地 Ecosystem 生态系统 Biodiversity 生物多样性 Contamination 污染 Toxic 有毒的 Emission 扩散 Erosion 侵蚀 Drought 干旱 Sustainable 可承受的 environment issue 环境问题;energy crisis 能源危机; global warming 全球变暖; greenhouse effect 温室效应; acid rain 酸雨; pollution 污染; poisonous 有毒的; contamination 污染物; set off respiratory illness 引发呼吸道疾病; increase the stress on hearts 增加心脏压力; boost the risk of death from heart disease 增加心脏病的死亡风险; natural habitats 自然栖息地; Tiny particulates(微粒) in the air have always been a risk for the lungs, setting off respiratory (呼吸的) illess like asthma(哮喘) and emphsema(肺气肿), and researchers now report that the heavily contiminated air in urban areas could also be hazardous(危险的,冒险的) to the heart. 21 世纪议程 Agenda 21 the international plan of action adopted by governments in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro Brazil(巴西里 约) - provides the global consensus on the road map towards sustainable development) 世界环境日 World Environment Day (June 5th each year) 世界环境日主题 World Environment Day Themes 环境千年-行动起来吧! (2000)The Environment Millennium - Time to Act! 拯救地球就是拯救未来! (1999)Our Earth - Our Future - Just Save It! 为了地球上的生命-拯救我们的海洋!(1998)For Life on Earth - Save Our Seas! 为了地球上的生命(1997)For Life on Earth 我们的地球、居住地、家园(1996)Our Earth Our Habitat Our Home 国际生物多样性日 International Biodiversity Day (29 December) 世界水日 World Water Day (22 March) 世界气象日 World Meteorological Day(23 March) 世界海洋日 World Oceans Day (8 June ) 联 合 国 环 境 与 发 展 大 会 ( 环 发 大 会 ) United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) 环发大会首脑会议 Summit Session of UNCED 联合国环境规划署 United Nations Environment Programs (UNEP) 2000 年全球环境展望报告 GEO-2000; Global Environmental Outlook 2000 入选“全球 500 佳奖”be elected to the rank of Global 500 Roll of Honor

联合国人类居住中心 UN Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS) 改善人类居住环境最佳范例奖 Best Practices in Human Settlements Improvement 人与生物圈方案 Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme (UNESCO) 中国 21 世纪议程 China’s Agenda 21 中国生物多样性保护行动计划 China Biological Diversity Protection Action Plan 中国跨世纪绿色工程规划 China Trans-Century Green Project Plan 国家环境保护总局 State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) 中国环保基本方针 China’s guiding principles for environmental protection 坚持环境保护基本国策 adhere to the basic state policy of environmental protection 推行可持续发展战略 pursue the strategy of sustainable development 贯彻经济建设、城乡建设、环境建设同步规划、同步实施、同步发展(三同步)的方针 carry out a strategy of synchronized planning implementation and development in terms of economic and urban and rural development and environmental protection (the “three synchronizes” principle) 促进经济体制和经济增长方式的转变 promote fundamental shifts in the economic system and mode of economic growth 实现经济效益、社会效益和环境效益的统一 bring about harmony of economic returns and contribution to society and environmental protection 中国环保基本政策 the basic policies of China’s environmental protection 预防为主、 防治结合的政策 policy of prevention in the first place and integrating prevention with control 污染者负担的政策 “the-polluters-pay” policy 强化环境管理的政策 policy of tightening up environmental management 一控双达标政策 policy of “One Order Two Goals” : “一控” :12 种工业污染物的排放量控制在国家规定的排放总量 The total discharge of 12 industrial pollutants in China by the end of 2000 shall not exceed the total amount mandated by the central government.; “双达标” : 1. 到 2000 年底,全国所有的工业污染源要达到国家或地方规定的污染物排放标准 The discharge of industrial pollutants should meet both national and local standards by the end of 2000. 2. 到 2000 年底,47 个重点城市的空气和地面水达到国家规定的环境质量标准 Air and surface water quality in all urban districts in 47 major cities should meet related national standards by the end of 2000. 对新项目实行环境影响评估 conduct environmental impact assessments (EIA) on start-up projects 提高全民环保意识 raise environmental awareness amongst the general public 查处违反环保法规案件 investigate and punish acts of violating laws and regulations on environmental protection 环保执法检查 environmental protection law enforcement inspection 限期治理 undertake treatment within a prescribed limit of time 中国已加入的国际公约 international conventions into which China has accessed 控 制 危 险 废 物 越 境 转 移 及 其 处 置 的 巴 塞 尔 公 约 basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

关于消耗臭氧层物质的蒙特利尔议定书 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer 生物多样性公约 Convention on Biological Diversity 防治荒漠化国际公约 Convention to Combat Desertification 环境保护相关英语词汇[2] 气候变化框架公约 United Nations framework Convention on Climate Change 生态示范区 eco-demonstration region; environment-friendly region 国家级生态示范区(珠海)Nationally Designated Eco-Demonstration Region 国家级园林城市 Nationally Designated Garden City 对水质和空气质量的影响 impact on the quality of the water and the air 治理环境污染 curb environmental pollution; bring the pollution under control 海藻 mostly in polluted waters) 工业固体废物 industrial solid wastes 白色污染 white pollution (by using and littering of non-degradable white plastics) 可降解一次性塑料袋 throwaway bio-degradable plastic bags 放射性废料积存 accumulation of radioactive waste 有机污染物 organic pollutants 氰化物、 砷、汞排放 cyanide arsenic mercury discharged 铅、镉、六价铬 lead cadmium sexivalent chromium 城市垃圾无害化处理率 decontamination rate of urban refuse 垃圾填埋场 refuse landfill 垃圾焚化厂 refuse incinerator 防止过度利用森林 protect forests from overexploitation 森林砍伐率 rate of deforestation 水土流失 water and soil erosion 土壤盐碱化 soil alkalization 农药残留 pesticide residue 水土保持 conservation of water and soil 生态农业 environment-friendly agriculture; eco-agriculture 水资源保护区 water resource conservation zone 海水淡化 sea water desalinization 保护珊瑚礁、红树林和渔业资源 protect coral reefs mangrove and fishing resource 绿化祖国 turn the country green 全民义务植树日 National Tree-Planting Day 造林工程 afforestation project 绿化面积 afforested areas; greening space 森林覆盖率 forest coverage 防风林 wind breaks 防沙林 sand breaks 速生林 fast-growing trees 降低资源消耗率 slow down the rate of resource degradation 开发可再生资源 develop renewable resources 环保产品 environment-friendly products 自然保护区 nature reserve 野生动植物 wild fauna and flora

保护生存环境 conserve natural habitats 濒危野生动物 endangered wildlife 珍稀濒危物种繁育基地 rare and endangered species breeding center 自然生态系统 natural ecosystems 防止沙漠化(治沙、抗沙)desertification 环境负荷 carrying capacity of environment 三废综合利用 multipurpose use of three types of wastes 先天与后天,遗传与环境 nature-nurture 美化环境 landscaping design for environmental purposes 防止沿海地带不可逆转恶化 protect coastal zones from irreversible degradation 环境恶化 environmental degradation 城市化失控 uncontrolled urbanization 温饱型农业 subsistence agriculture 贫困的恶性循环 vicious cycle of poverty 大气监测系统 atmospheric monitoring system 空气污染浓度 air pollution concentration 酸雨、越境空气污染 acid rain and transboundary air pollution 二氧化硫排放 sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions 悬浮颗粒物 suspended particles 工业粉尘排放 industrial dust discharged 烟尘排放 soot emissions 二氧化氮 nitrate dioxide (NO2) 矿物燃料(煤、石油、天然气) fossil fuels: coal oil and natural gas 清洁能源 clean energy 汽车尾气排放 motor vehicle exhaust 尾气净化器 exhaust purifier 无铅汽油 lead-free gasoline 天然气汽车 gas-fueled vehicles 电动汽车 cell-driven vehicles; battery cars 氯氟烃 CFCs 温室效应 greenhouse effect 厄尔尼诺南徊 ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation) 噪音 noise 分贝 db; decibel 化学需氧量(衡量水污染程度的一个指标)COD;chemical oxygen demand 生物需氧量 BOD;biological oxygen demand 工业废水处理率 treatment rate of industrial effluents 城市污水处理率 treatment rate of domestic sewage 集中处理厂 centralized treatment plant 红潮 red tide (rapid propagation of sea alg 环境保护政策相关词汇英语翻译排放税 Emissions taxes 非点源 Non-point source 农业非点源污染模式 Agricultural Non- Point Source Pollution Model (AGNPS) 吃油税 Gas Guzzler Tax 与环境相关的贸易手段 environment-related trade measures

排放权管制系统 Allowance Tracking System (ATS) 扭曲成本 distortionary cost 扭曲价格 distortionary price 环境风险 environmental externalities (of economic activities) (EE) 环境库兹涅茨曲线 Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) 购买力平价 Purchasing Power Parity 污染防治成本 pollution abatement costs 环境损害成本 environmental damage costs


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