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语法填空练习答案


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第 1 讲 冠词和名词 一、1.a 2./; the 3.the; a 4.the; the 5.the; the 6.the; a 7.an 8.the 9./ 10./; an 11.a 12.the 13.the 14.a; a 15.an 16.The 17./; / 18.the 19.the 20.a 21.The 22.the 23.a 24.the 25.an 二、1.peoples 2.room 3.1980s/1980's 4.Girl; women 5.deer 6.works 7.Children's 8.editorsinchief 9.barber's 10.failure 11.lack 12.pet 13.way 14.victims 15.actions 16.pride 17.satisfaction 18.consideration 19.teeth 20.wealth; works 三、1.Canadian 2.parties 3.money 4.enjoyments 5.years 6.Mexico 7.the 8.height 9.fields 10.plane 第 2 讲 数词和主谓一致 一、1.in the 1980s/in the 1980's 2.Three fifths 3.more than twice 4.49 times 5.8 percent higher 6.Several million 7.in his thirties 8.two dozen 9.at 123 Heping Street 10.three thousand people 11.increased by five point eight percent 12.the sixteenth 13.one and a half years' time 14.the second longest 15.The first three parts 16.one or two days 17.Room 506 on the fifth floor 18.in twos and threes 二、1.is 2.has been 3.am; are 4.is 5.am 6.are; is 7.are 8.is 9.was; were 10.am 11.is; are 12.is; are 13.is 14.is left; have 15.speak; speaks 16.likes; like 17.enjoys; enjoy 18.is going 19.sells; sell 20.was prevented 21.hang 22.knows 23.are 24.is 25.has 26.is 三、1.is 2.are 3.is 4.is 5.comes 6.are 7.is 8.is 9.is 10.is 第 3 讲 代词和介词

一、1.none/neither 2.one 3.little 4.neither 5.another 6.either 7.every 8.others 9.each/every 10.all 二、1.On; At; On; In; In 2.to; on; in; with; for 3.in; by; at 4.on; in; on; in 5.to; on; in 6.except; besides; but; except for 7.over; across; through/in 8.between; among; between 9.As; With 10.in; after; at; since; from, to 三、1.in 2.as 3.in 4.on 5.from 6.in 7.for 8.of 9.on 10.at
第 4 讲 形容词和副词 一、1.many 2.much 3.enough 4.hardly 5.such 6.so 7.heavier 8.either 9.never 10.far 11.Unluckily/Unfortunately 12.deep; deeply 13.the shorter 14.interesting; interested 15.alive 16.the more easily 17.the least 18.monthly 19.best 20.older; elder 21.the cleverest 22.few; much 23.less; fewer 24.the larger 25.quicker 26.another 27.better 28.such; so 29.pleased; pleasant/pleasing 30.a higher 二、1.monthly 2.silent 3.Apologetically 4.quietly 5.disappointed 6.Unfortunately 7.thoughtless 8.warmly 9.rejection 10.more important

第 5 讲 情态动词和虚拟语气 一、1.couldn't 2.may 3.must/should 4.should 5.shall 6.needn't 7.Must 8.Can; can't; must 9.would 10.Ought 11.must 12.Shall 13.must have seen 14.must be talking 15.might have missed 16.May 17.needn't have told 18.should have 19.can't be working 20.shouldn't have given 21 . Can 22.mustn't 23.aren't 24.would not 26.would 27.shall 28.might 29.shall 30.must be; must be dancing 二、1.had been warned; wouldn't have taken

25.may/might

2.were broken 3.hadn't heard 4.had had 5.wouldn't have changed 6.would be 7.would be sitting 8.was; (should) have 9.(should) go; was 10.(should) be given 11.got/should get 12.are 13.be sent 14.didn't know 15.rained/should rain/were to rain 16.would/should come 17.had come 18.would have been 19.rained/should rain/were to rain; should/would/could not go out 20.Were; would go 三、1.were 2.listened 3.played 4.(should) hold 5.(should) organize 6.(should) be 7.would 8.realized/should realize/were to realize 9.would 10.encouraged 第 6 讲 非谓语动词 一、1.Turn; Turning 2.Having been told/Told; Having told 3.give; to give 4.to examine; examining/to be examined; to be examined/examined 5.to get; getting 6.smoking; to smoke 7.listening; listen; to listen 8.heard; hear; to be heard 9.discussing; to be discussed; being discussed 10.getting; to find 11.asking; to ask 12.Faced; facing 13.to be held; held; being held 14.To make; Having made; to make 15.cleaning; (to) clean 16.typed; to type; to be typed 17.to settle; settled; settling 18.cheat; to cheat; cheating 19.disappointing; disappointed 20.being opened and closed 二、1.published 2.surprising 3.to avoid 4.to answer 5.Having fed 6.Having been told 7.eating 8.leading 9.given 10.eating

第 7 讲 动词的时态和语态 一、1.met; were studying; has been studying 2.has built; will have built 3.is/has been; will be 4.had been working; are still working 5.thought; had lost 6.will increase 7.was; had seen 8.am just helping 9.will take 10 . haven't felt 11.goes; went 12.are; have, been; has, gone 13.taught; has taught 14.have read; have been reading 15.had done; was doing; was about to do 二、1.were marked 2.have been given 3.have taken place; have been set up 4.had been broken into; stolen 5.came 6.will have been completed 7.is expected 8.to blame; happened 9.sell; were sold 10.have been told; washes 11.is said 12.is being graded 13.has been discovered 14.completing/to be completed 15.will be reduced 三、1.turned 2.knew 3.had bought 4.will/shall make 5.was not using 6.was finished 7.would like 8.have been working 9.tries 10.has
第 8 讲 句子的种类 一、1.Her eyes were filled with tears, but he didn't notice it. 2.Start early, and you can get there in time. 3.Not only does she sing well, but also she dances beautifully. 4.Neither you nor your sister likes it. 5.It is morning, for the birds are singing in the trees. 二、1.You should study hard. 2.Mary never does her homework by herself, does she? 3.That morning we talked a great deal. 4.Which do you like better, an apple or a pear? 5.In winter, the days are short and the nights are long. 6.Mrs.Brown looks very healthy. 7.I wrote a letter last night. 8.I want to talk with you this afternoon.

9.What great changes we have these years! 10.Mary handed the wallet to the schoolmaster. 11.Would you please pass me the dictionary? 12.He knows some people who like swimming. 13.Don't let the children make much noise. 14.The guards ordered us to leave at once. 15.Tomorrow I'll have someone repair the machine.
第 10 讲 定语从句 一、1.that 2.which/that 3.who 4.that 5.with whom 6.that 7.that 8.where 9.that 10.whose 11.which 12.whose 13.during which 14.where/in which 15.which 16.which 17.whom 18.which 19.why 20.which 21.As 22.as 23.as 24.that 25.that 26.when; which 27.that 28.whose 29.as 30.who/that 二、(一)1.D 2.B/C/E 3.A 4.A 5.B/C/E 6.A 7.C (二)1.A/B 2.D/E/I 3.A/C 4.D/E/I 5.H 6.G 7.G 8.F (三)1.D 2.A 3.B 4.E 5.C 6.E 7.C 8.D, E (四)1.A 2.B 3.C (五)1.A 2.B 3.C 4.D 三、参考范文: As is known to all, China covers more than 9.6 million square kilometers, which makes it the third largest country in the world.The Chinese nation consists of 56 nationalities, among which the Han ethnic group is the most populous, making up 92% of the whole.Besides, there are many big rivers in China, the most important of which are the Yangtze River and the Yellow River.There was a time when Chinese economy was far behind many other countries in the world.However, with the development of the economy, the days are gone forever when the Chinese people were looked down upon, of which all Chinese are proud. 第 11 讲 状语从句 一、1.时间状语从句 2.时间状语从句 3.时间状语从句 4.时间状语从句 5.原因状语从句 6.原因状语从句 7.原因状语从句 8.条件状语从句 9.条件状语从句 10.条件状语从句 11.让步状语从句 12.让步状语从句 13.让步状语从句 14.目的状语从句 15.结果状语从句 16.方式状语从句 17.方式状语从句 二、1.since 2.unless 3.because 4.where 5.after 6.than 7.as if 8.so that 9.before 10.as 11.when 12.when 13.when 14.Before 15.till/until 16.until 17.since 18.as/when 19.As 20.after 21.than 22.Once 三、1.No sooner had the earthquake happened than the government took some measures to help the local people. 2.It rained heavily so that the sport meeting was put off.

3.While the Internet can greatly benefit us, it can also bring us much harm. 4.Once you understand this, you will have no difficulty in understanding the others. 5.As she grew older, she came to understand what her parents had done for her. 6.He will not join us unless he changes his mind. 7.He devoted himself to his study in order that he may be admitted to Peking University. 8.Whatever difficulties we meet, we can work them out. 四、1.because 2.If 3.when 4.that 5.Additionally 6.if 7.Therefore 8.the more 9.if 10.as

第 12 讲 倒装句和强调句 一、1.I shouted; did he turn 2.have I felt 3.had the thief seen; when 4.goes the bell; she comes 5.does he like; he has 6.he has; so have I 7.frightened was he 8.went the balloon 9.lies a village 10.is the teacher satisfied 11.will he 12.it rain tomorrow 13.as/though he is 14.So it was with me 15.No sooner had we heard the ring 二、1.that 2.that 3.since 4.when 5.that 6.before 7.What 8.where 9.who 10.what; that 11.that 12.that 13.that 14.that 15.what 三、参考范文: January 12 Monday

Fine

Hardly had Mary, one of my classmates, got on the bus when she searched all her pockets in order to pay the fare.Try as she might, she couldn't find any money.Not until then did she realize that she had forgotten to take some money with her, so I paid for her.So grateful was she that she nodded to me.In the afternoon, when I came back to school, placed on my desk was a letter with three yuan in it, which read: had it not been for your help, I would have been late for school.


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