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2010届高考一轮复习课件 北师大版必修3 Unit8 Adventure


[北师大版]

核心单词 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

根据提示写出英语单词或汉语意思。

1. __________ n. 冒险;奇遇 adventure maximum 2. __________ adj. 最大的; 最多的 confuse 3. __________ vt. 使困惑 4. ____

______ vt. 使震惊 shock professor 5. __________ n. 教授 6. __________ n. 皮肤 skin 7. __________ adj. 令人疲劳的 tiring 8. __________ vt. 观察,观测 observe porter 9. __________ n.行李搬运工 10. _________ adj. 主要的,较严重的 major

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

__________ adj. 额外的,特别的 extra __________ n. 商品,物品 goods __________ n. 燃料 fuel __________ n. 猎人 hunter __________ (vi.) 相异,有差别 differ transport __________ n.&vt运输 ______________ n.不利,不利条件 disadvantage __________ vt. 冒??风险 risk 边界,限度 limit __________ 精确的 exact _______ 体操 gymnastics __________ 皇帝 emperor __________

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

使惊讶 amaze __________ 抱负,志向 ambition __________ 运转,起作用 function __________ 目的 aim __________ exhausted __________ 疲惫的 遮蔽,庇护所 shelter __________ 住处, 膳宿 accommodation _________ (总称)行李 luggage__________ 暗淡的;单调无味;迟钝的 dull ____________________ 旅行者,旅客 traveller __________ 作者 author __________

词类转换

按要求写出下列单词的适当形式。

organization 1. organize (vt.) ________________ (n.) 组织 preparation 类似:prepare__________________ (n.) 准备 anxiety 2. anxious (adj.) _________________ (n.) 忧虑,担心 variety 类似:various__________________ (n.)种类;变种 similarity 3. similar (adj.) ________________ (n.) 相似性 popularity 类似: popular__________________ (n.) 流行;受欢迎 excitement 4. excite (vt.) __________________ (n.) 兴奋,激动 类似:equip___________________ (n.)设备 equipment uncomfortable 5. comfort (n. & vt.)_________________ (adj.)不舒服的 类似:believe_______________ (adj.)难以置信的 unbelievable

preference 6. prefer (vt.)________________ (n.) 偏爱 类似:differ_________________ (n.) 多样化,变化 difference 7. wealth (n.)_________________ (adj.)富有的 wealthy healthy 类似:health_________________ (adj.)健康的 patience 8. patient (adj.) _______________ (n.) 耐心 distance 类似:distant_________________ (n.) 远处 survival 9. survive (vi.&vt)______________ (n.) 幸存,生存 类似:arrive_________________ (n.) 抵达,到达 arrival 10. nation (n.) _________________ (n.) 国籍 nationality personality 类似:person__________________ (n.) 个性,品格

重要词组

1. __________起飞 take off

2. ________________颠倒地, 倒置地 upside down
3. __________出现, 到场 turn up 4. ____________________轮流 in turn/take turns 5. __________(坏事)突然发生, 爆发 break out 6. ____________________把(某人)关进监狱 put … into prison

7. ____________________在途中 on one’s way
8. ____________________损坏, 不能运转 break down

run out of/ run out 9. ____________________用完, 耗尽
10. ___________________值得做 be worth doing

make rapid progress 11. _______________________取得很快的进步 have difficulty (in) doing sth 12. _____________________________做……有困难 at one time 13. ___________________一度, 曾经 fail to do sth 14. ___________________没做成某事 spend …(in) doing sth. 15._____________________________花(时间)做某事

go canoeing 16. ________________去划独木舟 dream of 17. _________________梦想,梦到 on the horizon 18. ________________在地平线上

和?,也?,还有? 19. as well as_________________ 开始从事;占据 20. take up ___________________ 21. right now__________________ 就在此刻 22. in order to _________________ 为了(某一目的) 决定不履行(允诺的事) 23. back out___________________ 24. get across_________________ 使理解(某事) 坚持(某种)说法 25. stand by___________________ 为??准备 26. in preparation for____________ 27. carry on___________________ 继续(做某事) 28. do trade with_______________ 和(某人)进行贸易 29. reply to___________________ 回答 30. go through with_____________ 完成

核心单词 1. major adj. 较大的;较多的;主要的n. 专业 vi. 主修 搭配:指出下列各个词组的汉语意思。 (1)a major problem ______________ 大问题 (2)major changes ______________ 重大变化

(3)play a major part (in) _________________ (在某方面)起主要作用
(4)major in English______________ 主修英语

运用:用major翻译下列句子。 (1)我主要考虑的是钱的问题。

Money is my _________________________. major consideration
(2)他在公司的发展中起着主要作用。

plays a major part/role He _____________________________ in the development
of this company. (3) 他的主修科目是法语。

His major is French./He majors in French. _______________________________________________

2. differ vi. 相异,有差别

搭配:用适当的词(主要是介词)填空。
(1)differ (greatly/entirely) _____ 和……(大不/完全)不同 from (2)differ ____________ 就……方面意见不同 on/about (3)differ ______ sb. 与某人意见不同 with (4)agree_____ differ 求同存异 to 联想:指出下列词组的汉语意思。 (1)be quite different from ________________ 和??大不相同

(2)be much the same as___________________ 和??差不多一样
(3)be similar to _________________________ 和??相似 (4)make a difference _______________ 起作用,产生影响

运用:用相关短语翻译下列句子。

(1) 汉语和英语在发音上大不相同。

differs greatly from Chinese _________________________ English in
pronunciation.
(2) 他的看法和我的完全不同。

differs entirely from mine His opinion_______________________________.
(3) 我认为这台电脑不会起多大作用。 I don’t think this computer will _____________________. make any difference

3. risk vt. 冒……的风险 n. 冒险,风险

搭配:用适当的词填空。

at (用介词) the risk of冒……的风险 (2) take/turn the risk of doing sth. 冒险做某事 ____ (3) cut the risk of doing sth. 减少做某事的风险 (4)risk ___ doing sth. 冒险做某事 (5)risk one’s life 冒生命危险
(1) 注意:risk 用作及物动词时,不可用不定式,只能用动 名词作宾语。类似的动词还有:consider, suggest, advise, excuse, admit, delay, fancy, avoid, miss, escape, finish, enjoy, mind, appreciate, forbid, allow, imaging, consider 等。

运用:用不同的搭配翻译下面的句子。 他冒着生命危险救了那个落水男孩。 (1) He saved the drowning boy at the risk of ___________________________________________. losing his own life. (2) He took the risk of being killed to save ___________________________________________. the drowning boy. (3) He risked (losing) his life to save the ___________________________________________. drowning boy.

? 4. goods n. 货物,物品 ? 用法: goods 只用作复数,作主语时,谓语动词用 复数。 ? 联想: 以下是good 用作adj.或n.时 的一些搭配, 请用适当的介词填空或用所给词的适当形式填空。 ? (1)be good at 擅长于 ? (2)be good to sb 对某人好 ? (3)be good for 对??有好处 ? (4)do good to sb.=do sb. good对某人有好处 ? (5)It’s no good doing (do)…做??没有好处 ? 运用:用所给词的适当形式填空。 ? I think the goods _______ (be) of poor quality.我认 are 为这批货质量很差。

5. equipment n. 装备,设备 用法: equipment 是“设备,装备”的总称,是不可数名 词,表达“一件”的意思时要用“a piece of/an article of”。表总称的类似单词还有:jewellery(珠宝), clothing(服装), furniture(家具),luggage (行李)等。 拓展: 写出适当的词或用适当的词填空。 (1) equip vt. 装备 (2)equip sb. / sth. with sth.用??装备?? __ (3)be equipped with 装备了??(表示状态) ___ 写出与be equipped with类似的搭配: (4)be filled with 装满了?? (5)be covered with 盖上了??

mixed with 混有…… (7)be furnished with 摆上了……(家具) (8)be armed with 武装了……
(6)be 运用:用改正句子中错误。

(1)We are provided with the latest sports equipments.
(1)equipments改为equipment (2)Each room equips with a color TV set. (2)equips with 改为 is equipped with

? 6. preference n. 偏爱,更喜欢的东西(可数),偏心 (不可数) ? 理解:理解下列各例句的意思。 ? (1)She has a preference for blue. 她偏爱蓝色 ? (2)My preference is for beef rather than lamb.
我偏爱牛肉而不是羊肉(可数)

? (3)A teacher should not show preference for any one of his students.
老师不应当偏爱他的任何一个学生。(不可数)

? 温馨提示:表示偏爱某人或某物,preference后 接介词for。

联想: 用do的适当形式填空。 (1)prefer doing sth. 宁愿做某事(习惯性动作) (2)prefer to do sth. 宁愿做某事(某一次具体动作) (3)would/should prefer to do sth.宁愿做某事 (4)prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 (5)prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿做……不 愿做…… (6)prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 宁愿做…不愿做… (7)prefer that_______________宁愿……做……(常用虚 (should) do 拟语气)

运用:用适当的词填空或用所词的适当形式填空。

(1)Adam likes all fruit, but he has a preference _______apples. for
(2)It doesn’t matter to me. I have no ___________(prefer). preference (3) He prefers watching _________(watch) TV to _________(see) a seeing film.

ride (4) Rather than ________(ride) on a crowded bus, he always prefers ________(take) a taxi. to take
(5)She preferred that he _______________(come) home (should) come earlier. (6)She preferred him ____________(spend) all day out. to spend

7. quantity n. 数量(与quality相对) 搭配:a large quantity of/large quantities of 许多 (主要接不可数名词,但有时也接复数名词) ※注意:a large quantity of加名词作主语时,谓 语动词用单数;large quantities of加名词作主 语时,谓语动词用复数。

运用:用所给动词的适当形式填空。

(1)With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of
good earth ______(be) being washed away each year. are

随着更多的森林被毁,每年大量的优质土壤正被冲走。
(2)A large quantity of air-conditioners ______(have) been has sold since the temperature is high. 因为气温很高,有大 量空调售出。

分类:以下单词或词组均可表达“许多”,请按其后所 接名词的不同而归类:a lot of, lots of, scores of, a large quantity of, quantities of, much, many, a great deal of, a large number of, a large amount of, a large supply of , plenty of, dozens of, a good many,many a。 常接可数名 词 scores of many
a large number of

常接不可数名词 接可数或不可数名词 much a great deal of
a large amount of

a lot of lots of a large quantity of quantities of a large supply of plenty of

dozens of
a good many many a

8. tiring adj. 使人疲劳的,累人的 It was a long tiring day. 那时漫长的累人的一天。 ★拓展: 用适当的介词或副词填空。 out (1)tire sb ______ 使某人累极了 (2)be tired out ______ 感到累极了 of (3)be tired ______ 厌烦…… (4)be tired ______________ 因……而累 from/with ◆辨析:根据两者的用法区别填空。 事物 (1)tiring adj. (使人疲劳的,烦人的) 一般指______。 (2)tired adj. (疲劳的,累的,烦的)一般指______、人 人 的表情或声音等。

※温馨提示:可以派生出类似形容词的及物动词有: bore, exhaust, amaze, confuse, shock, surprise, interest, excite, disappoint, astonish, worry, please, satisfy, frighten, terrify等。 ■运用:用tire的适当形式填空。 tired (1) I am too ________ to walk any further. tiring (2) What a _________ job it is ! Tired (3) ________ of reading, he stopped to watch TV. tiring tired (4) The _______ trip _______ me out.

? 9. various adj. 不同的,各种各样的
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ※用法:多作定语,后接复数名词。如: He failed for various reasons. 由于多种原因他失败了。 ★拓展: 写出适当的词或用适当的词填空。 variety (1)________ n. 种类 vary (2)________ vi. 变化,不同 (3)vary ________随??变化 with (4)a variety/varieties ________不同种类的?? of ■运用:根据所给提示词翻译下面的句子。 (1)在那一点上意见各不相同。(vary)

Opinions vary on this point.
? (2)这个学院提供多种课程。(varieties of)

The college provides varieties of courses.

重要词组
? 1. turn up; take off; break down

? 注意:这三个词组在本单元都用作不及物动词,但它们也可用
作及物动词,意思相差甚远。

词 turn up



vi. 出现, 到场

vt.
开大(灯火、音量、煤气等)

turn off

起飞;(事业 等)成功

脱掉
拆除;使分解

break down 损坏, 不能运转

联想:写出下面类似词组不同中文意思: 词组 pay off vi.
得到好结果,取得成功
抬头看 动身,出发 继续存在;活下去

vt.
偿清(欠款等) 查阅 引爆;引发
靠??生活;以??为食

look up
set off live on

拓展:试一试,默写turn, take, break的常用搭配:

to turn _________ 转向;求助于(某人)
turn _________ 走开;把(某人)拒于门外;驱逐 away
turn _________ 打开 on turn _________ 关掉 off

down turn _________ 调小,调低;拒绝
turn _________ 上缴 in

turn _________ 翻转,翻身 over
turn _________背叛 against take _________ 带走 away take _________取回,退还 back

take _________取下;记下,写下 down
take _________认为,误以为 for

take _________ 呈现 on
take _________ 接收,接管 over

break ________ 闯入;打断(谈话等) in
break ________ 闯入,破门而入 into

break ________ 打断,折断 off

up break ________ 分解;解散,驱散;打散
break ____________ 脱离 away from

运用:翻译下列句子。

(1)她直到会议结束才出场。 she didn’t turn up until the end of the _______________________________ meeting. ____________________________________ (2)请系好安全带,飞机就要起飞了。 Please fasten your belts. The plane is taking off. _______________________________ (3)他的小汽车在回家的途中坏了。 _______________________________ His car broke down on his way home.

2. in order to do为了
用法: in order to 后只能接动词原形,用作目的状语。其 否定形式为:in order not to do 。例如: He is on a diet in order not to gain pounds. 为了减 肥他在节食。 ? 联想: 有些短语与从句常可转换。请补全下面对应用法:
中文意思 为了,以便(目 的状语) 如此??以 致??(结果状 语) 不定式(to do)

状语从句

in order to do so as to do

in order that

so that
so… that such…that

so …as to do
such…as to do

温馨提示:so as to do和so that一般不能放在句首;in order that和so that引导的目的状语从句一般有can/ could/ may/ might/ will/ would等情态动词。 运用:完成句子。 (1)我没有愚蠢到会相信你的话。 I am not ____________________believe you. so foolish as to (2)为了天黑前到达,我们早早地动了身。 We started early in order to /so as to/in order _____________________________ that we could/so that we could ___________________________________arrive before dark.

3. in preparation for为??做准备 Let’s collect new material in preparation for the experiment. 咱们收集新材料为实验做准备吧。 拓展: 翻译下面词组。 在准备中 in preparation _____________ prepare sth. _____________ 准备?? 辅导或帮助某人为??做准备 prepare sb. for sth. ___________________________ prepare for/ make preparations for_____________ 为??做准备 prepare to do sth_____________ 准备做某事 be prepared to do sth __________________________ 准备好做某事(多指状态和心理准备) 比较: in preparation for 和prepare for/ make preparations for 都有“为??做准备”的意思,但前者是介词结 构,后者是动词结构,千万不可混淆。请补全下表的 类似用法:

中文 搜索 需要 代替

介词结构 in search of in need of instead of in charge of in possession of in praise of in celebration of in face of

动词结构 search for need replace, take one’s place

负责
拥有 表扬 庆祝 面对

take charge of
take possession of praise celebrate face

控制

in control of

control

害怕

in fear of

保卫
纪念 解释

in defence of
in honour of in explanation of

fear defend honour explain see take turns risk for/ against take a bus cross pass

看见 轮流
冒险 反对

in sight of
in turn at the risk of against

乘车
穿过 过去

by bus
across past

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

运用:补全下列句子。 (1)她的婚礼在准备中。 in preparation Her wedding is ____________.
(2)我们将轮流擦黑板。 take turns We’ll ________ to clean the blackboard. (3)过马路要小心。 Be careful when you ______________ cross/ go across crossing the street.(=Be careful when ________ /going across ___________the street)

4. make progress 取得进步;取得进展
翻译:他到这儿以来没有取得什么进步 Little progress has been made since he came _____________________________________. here. 温馨提示:progress 是一个不可数名词,可以用good, rapid,great,slow,much,some,no,little等词来限 定;make progress 的主语一般指人。 运用:修改病句。 (1)What a great progress they are making! What great progress they are making! _______________________________. (2)My Chinese has made rapid progress. I have made rapid progress in my _________________________________. Chinese.

5. run out of… 用完/耗尽…… …run out ……用完了 翻译: (1)我们的汽油快用完了。 _______________________________________________ We are running out of petrol. / Our petrol is running out. (2) The men were soon exhausted and were running out of 队员们很快就筋疲力竭了,食品也快吃完了。 food. _______________________________________。 (3)他已经失去耐心。 run out of He’s _________________ his patience. run out His patience has ____________ 辨析:run out of是及物动词,但不用于被动结构,主语 通常是sb.,宾语是sth.;而run out是不及物动词,主语 是sth.。比较类似情况,补全句子: (1)我们的钱不够了。 We are running short of money. =Our money is running short . ___

(2)我的工作进展很好。 I got on well with my work. = My work is getting on well. (3) 我不理解这个句子。 I can’t make sense of the sentence. =This sentence doesn’t make sense to me. 运用:完 成句子。

6. be worth doing值得做 用法: be worth后面用动名词的主动形式,表达被动意思, 因而这个动词一定要用及物动词结构。比较:be worthy to be done= be worthy of being done 运用:请翻译句子。(1)这个问题不值得担心。 This problem is not worth worrying about . =This problem is not worthy to be worried about . =This problem is not worthy ofbeing worried. about (2)我觉得这本书不值得再读一次。 reading I don’t think the book worth __________ a second time. I don’t think the book is worthy __________ a second time. to be read I don’t think the book worthy of ____________ a second being read time.

搭配 be worth 5 dollars值5元 be worth that price 值那个价 be well worth doing 非常值得做 联想:其它用主动形式表达被动含义的句子:填上适当的 介词。 (1)I have nothing to be afraid ___.我没什么可害怕的。 of (2)The man is easy to get on ______.这人容易相处。 with at (3)The picture is pleasant to look ____. 这张画很好看。 (4)The baby wants looking _____. 这个婴儿需要照顾。 after

7. have difficulty (in) doing sth.做某事有困难 用法: 此处的difficulty 用作不可数名词,意为“困难、艰 难”,可 以替换为trouble,前面可以加上“no, little, some, any, much, lots of, a great deal of”等词修饰。常 用在以下句型中,in可以省略,意思相同: have difficulty (in) doing sth. find difficulty (in) doing sth. There is difficulty (in) doing sth. 拓展: have difficulty with sb./sth. 和某人/在某方面有麻烦 have problem (in) doing sth 做某事有问题 have fun (in) doing sth 做某事有趣 have a good time (in) doing sth 做某事有开心 have a hard time (in) doing sth 做某事有艰难

运用:用…difficulty (in) doing sth翻译句子 (1)我学英语一点也不费劲。

I find no difficulty in learning English at all.
(2)找到他的家有困难吗?

Is there any difficulty finding his home?

8. as well as 也??,和??一样 用法: A as well as B 重点在A,用作主语时谓语只和A保 持一致。而在not only A but also B (不仅A,而且B)结 构中,重点在B,并列主语时谓语只和B保持一致,也 就是所谓的“就近原则”。 运用:选择填空 (1) English, as well as many other subjects, _______ (is/are) is of great importance. (2) Not only the students but also the teacher ________ wishes (wish/wishes) for a holiday.

高级句型
1. When I turned up for my first bungee jump I was so nervous that I tried to back out, but my friends persuaded me to go through with it. 当 我第一次参加蹦极时, 我太紧张了以致我想退 出,但是我的朋友最终说服我完成这次尝试。 结构分析: 整句是一个由“…but…”引导的并列 句。第一个分句含有“when”引导的时间状语 从句和“so…that…”引导的结果状语从句。该 句的有用短语:turn up, so…that…, back out, persuade sb to do sth., go through with等。

学以致用:用when…for the first …so…that…, but…翻译下句子。 当我第一次参加工作面试时, 我感到太自卑 (inferior)了以致我放弃,但是我的父母最终说服 我接受这个挑战。

1.When I turned up for my first job interview, I felt so inferior that I almost gave up, but my parents persuaded me to take the challenge.

2. Although people enjoyed reading his book, many of them thought that Marco’s stories about China were too fantastic to be true. 虽然人们爱读马可写的书,但 许多人认为他写的东西太离奇而不可信。 结构分析: 该句含有“although”引导的让步状语从句和 “that”引导的宾语从句。该句有用的短语是:enjoy doing, too…to…。

学以致用:用although…, …too…to…翻译下列 句子。 虽然我被Scott的勇气所感动,但我认为他们太 草率以致没有从 探险中幸存下来。

Although I am deeply touched by Scott’s courage, I still think that they were too unprepared to survive their adventure.

3. First, his two sledges broke down, and then the horses began to have serious difficulties with the snow and the cold. 先是他的两辆雪橇坏了,后来马匹开始应付不了 大雪和严寒的天气。 结构分析: 这是一个“and”连接的并列句。较好的词语有: first…then…, break down, have difficulties with。 学以致用:用first…and then…翻译下列句子。 先是他们在沙漠中迷路了,后来他们的水和食物也没有了。

First they got lost in the desert, and then their food and water ran out.

一、单词拼写 根据句子意思,用本单元单词的适 当形式填空。 apologies 1. Do you know the ways of making ___________ (道歉) ? 2. There are v_______ ways of getting to the station. arious organizing 3. At last they succeeded in ____________(组织) the concert . ull 4. All work and no play makes Jack a d_____ boy. 5. A good teacher should have great p_______ atience especially when dealing with a naughty student.

6. It is raining outside and we can’t go__________(慢跑) jogging 7. I hated it if I ever had to take _________ (口述)from dictation him. 8. In the storm I took s_________ under the tree. helter 9. A good sleeping bag is an essential part of every quipment camper’s e___________. 10. It’s good to your health drinking a small q__________ uantity of milk in the morning.

二、词形辨别 选择适当的词填空并翻译成汉语。 1. I have arranged that one of my _______ will meet B you at the airport. (A. stuff B. staff ) 2. This river ________ southwest to the Atlantic Ocean. A (A. flows B. flew C. flown) 3. In nature, all animals are ________ and free. B (A. wide B. wild) 4. Camels are ships in the ________. B (A. dessert B. desert) 5. Some people develop _______ sickness when A climbing high mountains. (A. altitude B. attitude C. latitude) 6. A large ________ of air-conditioners has been sold A since the temperature is high. (A. quantity B. quality)

三、词类转换 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. They planned to __________ a scientific expedition. organize (organization) 2. We waited for news with a growing sense of anxiety __________.(anxious) 3. I sympathize with you; I've had a _________ unhappy similar experience myself. (similarity) 4. The news caused great _____________. (excite) excitement 5. The child was __________________ in his tight boots. uncomfortable (comfort)

6. It won't make much ___________ whether you difference go today or tomorrow. (comfort) 7. Although my uncle is old, he looks very strong and _______. (health) healthy patience 8. His rudeness was beyond my _______. (patient) 9. In the jungle, they were driven to extremes in order to _______.(survival) survive 10. I am of Chinese nationality (nation) __________.

四、词组填空 用本单元所学词组的适当形式填空或完成 句子。 break out, break down, take off, take up, differ from, run out of, get across, have difficulty, stand by, be anxious about get across 1. At the meeting he didn’t _____________ well, so no one knew exactly what his idea was. 2. We _________________ typing paper and need to buy have run out of some at once. 3. The mother ________________ sending her children to had difficulty bed on Christmas Eve. 4. A helicopter is able_____________ and land straight to take off up or down. 5. My computer is always ________________. breaking down

6. If another world war __________, what would broke out become of human beings? 7. She will __________ every word she said. stand by 8. He was told that all accommodation ________________ up had been taken 9. I ____________________ my brother’s health. am anxious about differs from 10. Chinese _____________ Japanese in writing as well as in pronunciation.

五、语法填空 阅读下面短文,按照句子结 构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处 填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确 形式填空。

(1) A lot of hiking holidays sound [1]______ exciting (excite), but the reality is often very different. Hiking trips can be uncomfortable and even [2]____________(danger). [3]___________ , at dangerous However Adventure 2000 we [4]______(feel) that we feel understand the needs of hikers. All our guides have several years of experience in leading hiking know trips in the Himalayas. They [5]________(know) all the best routes

and best places to camp. We also realise that hiking that [6]________ be hard work and believe [7]_________ can hikers need all our help. As well [8]_________ the as group guide, all teams have cooks and porters. While [9]________ a hiking trip, our cooks prepare delicious on meals. And our porters carry your luggage, [10]_______ which means that you can simply enjoy the experience.

(2)
Marco Polo was born in Italy in 1254. [1]______ At the age of 17, Marco Polo traveled across Europe and Asia with his father, [2]______ wanted to who trade with the Chinese. In China, they were [3]__________(welcome) by Kublai Khan, the welcomed Yuan Dynasty Emperor. [4]______ impressed him What most was [5]______ people used paper that

which money, [6]________ was not available [7]_______ until
many years later. The black stone used

as [8]________ fuel also confused him. Not long after
his return to Italy in 1291, he was caught by his

enemy in [9]______ local war and put into a
[10]_______. prison

六、基础写作 结合本单元句型,并运用部分重要词组,如 turn up, have difficulty doing, fail to do, back out, as well as, in order to, too…to…, be worth doing等,表达以下我的经历: 我第一次参加英语演讲比赛时紧张得不知 说什么。我无法集中思想,准备放弃。但是, 老师的笑脸和观众的热烈掌声鼓励了我。我先 整理思路,然后深呼吸以便保持冷静。虽然我 没有得到名次,但我被授予一个特别勇气奖。 这让我一时难以相信。 这一天难道不值得庆祝吗?

When I turned up for my first English speech contest, I was so nervous that I had great difficulty coming up with the words. I failed to concentrate and was about to back out. However, I was greatly encouraged by my teacher’s smiling face, as well as the audience’s warm applauses. First, I collected my thought and then I took a deep breath in order to stay calm. Although I was not the winner, I was awarded a special prize of courage, which I thought was too good to be true at that moment. It was really worth celebrating, wasn’t it?


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