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名师指导:人教版八年级上册英语Unit7


名师指导:Unit7 重点词语解析 (Section A. B ) 1. shake n ( 牛奶和冰淇淋摇匀制成的)混合饮料 milk shake 奶昔 (1) How do you make a banana milk shake? 你如何做香蕉奶昔? shake v –shook * shake one’s hand with sb 和某人握手

(2)

His father shook his hand with the headmaster yesterday. 昨天他父亲和校长握了手。 2. blender 果汁机, 搅拌机 turn on the blender (1)Turn on the blender to make orange juice. 打开搅拌机做桔子汁。 turn off the blender (2)Please turn off the blender after you finish making apple juice.你做完苹果汁后请关闭搅拌 机。 3.cut –cutting –cut 切, 割, 砍 cut ……into……

cut up 切碎(代词做宾语放在中间) (1) Cut them up before you put them into the blender. (2) -What should we do next, Mum? -Here are some bananas. We have to cut them up. 妈妈接着我们该做什么?这有一些香蕉。我们得把他们切碎。 (3) We use one of the two knives to cut up the beef. 我们用其中的一把刀来切牛肉。 (4) Mother cut the birthday cake into pieces and gave one of each of the children. 妈妈把生日蛋糕切成了块并分给每个孩子一块。 (5) Cut up the meat if you want to make dumplings. 如果你想包饺子把这肉切碎。 4. peel v. 剥,削 (水果等皮)-peeled 你把他们放入撑伴机前把他们切碎。

(1) Please peel two apples and then cut them up before you put them into the blender . 在你把苹果放入撑伴机里前,请把他们苹果皮削了然后切碎. (2) Please help me peel the potatoes.请帮我削土豆皮。
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(3)Peel three bananas and put them into the blender. 把三个香蕉削皮并放入搅伴机。 5. pour v 倾倒, 灌,洗-poured

* pour ……into …….把……放入…… * pour sb. sth. = pour sth for sb.给某人倒某物 (1) Don’t pour waste water into rivers and lakes. 不要把废水倒入江河湖水中。 (2)Please pour the milk into the glass。 请往杯里倒牛奶。 (3) I’m very thirty ,Please pour some water for me. 我很渴,请给倒点水。 6. yogurt 酸奶(u) a glass of yogurt 一杯酸奶 two glasses of yogurt 两杯酸奶 how much yogurt 多少酸奶

(1) –How much yogurt do we need?-Two cups. 我们需要多少酸奶?两杯。 (2) Put the bananas and yogurt in the blender .We can make a banana milk shake. 把香蕉和酸奶撑伴机。我们可以做香蕉奶昔。 (3) I’m very hungry. Please give me two cups of yogurt.我很饿。请给我两杯酸奶。 (4) Put yogurt on the sandwich.把酸奶抹在三明治上。 7. ingredient n 村料, 原料 成分

(1) Making a banana milk shake needs some ingredients: three bananas ,one cup of yogurt and some honey. 做香蕉奶昔需要的原料:三个香蕉,一杯酸奶和一些蜂蜜。 (2) What are the ingredients of a cake. 蛋糕的原料是什么? 8.cup n 小茶杯 ,一杯的容量 a cup of 一杯…… two cups of ……两杯……

(1) –Would you like another cup of yogurt? -No ,thanks.你想再喝杯酸奶吗?不用了,谢谢。 (2)-Would you like some yogurt?-Yes, please. 你想喝些酸奶吗?想。
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9.watermelon

n

西瓜

(1) Here’s a watermelon . Please cut it up. 这儿有一个西瓜,请切开。 (2) I’m very thirty. Please cut up the watermelon. 我很渴。 请切开西瓜。 10. teaspoon n 茶匙 a teaspoon of ……一茶匙…… two teaspoons of 两茶匙……

A : Can you make fruit salad ? B: Sorry, I can’t .Can you help me ? A: OK, we need some bananas and apples. B: How many bananas and apples do we need? A: Three bananas and two apples. B: What else do we need? A: We also need some honey and yogurt. B: How much honey and yogurt do we need? A: Two teaspoons of honey and two cups of yogurt. B: OK. Let’s make it . 11. amount *amount to n 总额, 等于 总数 vt 等于,相当于

*the amount of + 不可数名词,作主语谓语动词用单数 . …… 的数目 *the number of +可数名词复数,、、 、、、 作主语谓语,谓语动词用单数。

*a number of + 可数名词复数,作主语,谓语动词用复数。 (1) His answer amounts to nothing. 他的回答等于没说。 (2) The amount of money is 20,000 yuan. 钱的数量是2万元。 (3)There’s a large of amount of work for us to do . 有大量的工作在等我们去做。 (4) Large amount of money were spent on the bridge. 那座桥耗资巨大。 12.instruction n 命令 指示 用法说明
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(1) You should read the instructions before you take medicine.你吃药前应该看说明。 (2) Sorry, I can’t understand the instruction on the medicine bottle.对不起, 我不能看明白药瓶 上的说明。 13. finally=at last =in the end 最后,终于 (1) Finally he passed the final exam with the help of the teacher. 最后他在老师的帮助下通过了 期末考试。 (2) At last they reached the top of the mountain. 最后他们到达的山顶。 14.mix 混合物 mix up 混合在一起 搅拌 (1) I put some soda into the cola and then mixed it up.我在可乐里放了一些苏打水,然后把它们 混合起来。 (2) Put the eggs and sugar in the bowl and mix them up together.把鸡蛋和糖放在碗里并搅拌在一 起。 (3) The mixture tastes sweet.这混合物吃起来很可口。 (4) Air is a mixture of gases,空气是各种混合物的气体。 15. popcorn n 爆米花 玉米 popper 爆米花机 v 混合, 混合在一起-mixed –mixture

(1) All of us like eating popcorn because it’s very delicious.我们大家都喜欢吃爆米花因为它很可 口。 (2) –Can you make popcorn ? -Yes , first put the popcorn into the popcorn popper .Next turn on the popper .Then pour the popcorn into the bowl .Put some salt on the popcorn .Finally eat the popcorn . 你会做爆米花吗?会,先把玉米放入爆米花机里。接着打开爆米花机。然后把爆米花倒在 碗里。在爆米花上撒上点盐。最后可以吃了。 16.boil v 煮沸,烹煮- boiled

boil sb sth. =boil sth for sb 给某人煮某物 (1) I’m very hungry . Can you boil an egg for me? 我很饿,你能给我煮个鸡蛋吗? (2) Please boil water because there’s no boiled water in the thermos .请烧开水因为暖瓶没开水
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了。 boiled adj 煮沸的 boiled water 开水

(3) The boiled water is very hot ,I can’t drink it . 开水很热我不能喝。 17. salt n 盐 a bag of salt 一袋盐 two bags of salt 两袋盐

(1)-Can you pass me the salt?-Certainly, here you are.你能把盐递给我吗?当然可以,给你。 (2)There’s no salt in the cupboard ,please buy me two bags of salt.橱子里没有盐了,请给我买 两袋。 19. add v 加, 增加, 添加-added

add……to 把…..加到…..上 (1) If you add red and yellow , you’ll get orange. 如果你的红色和黄色加在一起,我就会得到桔色。 (2) If you add 3 to 6 , you’ll get 9. 3+6=9。 (3) First, cut up the tomatoes and beef .Next boil the noodles .Then add the ingredients to the noodles .Add salt to the noodles .Eat the noodles .首先把栖红柿和牛肉切碎,接着煮面条。 然后给面条加原料。再加盐,就可以吃了。 20。sandwich –sandwiches 三明治 (1) –What would you like ? 你想吃什么? - I’d like three chicken sandwiches.我想吃三份鸡肉三明治。 (2) He likes sandwiches better than hamburgers. 和汉堡包相比他更喜欢吃三明治。 21.bread n 面包 不可数名词 eight pieces of bread 八片面包

a piece of bread

一片面包

(1) –What did Tina have for breakfast? - She had an egg ,two pieces of bread and a cup of yogurt.蒂娜早饭吃的什么?她吃了两个鸡 蛋,两片面包,喝了一杯酸奶。 (2)- Would you like another piece of bread and a cup of yogurt .你想再吃一片面包吗? - No ,thanks ,I’m full. 不用了,谢谢。我吃饱了。 22.butter n 黄油
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(1) Finally ,put some butter on the sandwich. 最后在三明治上放些黄油。 (2) Do you like butter in sandwiches? 你喜欢三明治里放黄油吗? 23. relish n. 调味品, 佐料 不可数名词

(1) How much relish should I put on the bread? 我应该往面包上放多少佐料? (2) First , put two teaspoons of relish on the sandwich. Then cut up one orange and two carrots.首先 在三明治上放两匙佐料。然后切一个桔子和两个胡萝卜。 24. lettuce n 生菜 (不可数名词)

(1) –Do you like lettuce in sandwich? 你喜欢在三明治里放生菜吗? (2)-Would you like lettuce in pancakes? Yes, please. 你愿意吃煎饼里夹生菜吗?想。 不可数名词

25.turkey n.火鸡

(1) Turkey is very delicious. but don’t too much of it . 火鸡很可口,但是不能吃得太多。 (2)-Do you like turkey sandwiches?-Yes ,I do. 你喜欢吃火鸡三明治吗? 26.slice n 一片=piece a slice of …… 一片、、、 、、、 two slices of ……两片、、、 、、、

(1)There are two slices of chicken on the table and there is some relish on the slices? 桌子上有两片鸡肉,并每片上都有佐料。 (2) Does he like turkey slices in your sandwiches? 他喜欢吃三明治上的火鸡片吗? (3)Add a slice of chicken to the sandwich. 往三明治上加一片鸡肉。 27. top n 顶端 上部

at the top of …… 在……顶部 on top of ……在、、、上面(表示一个物体在另一个物体上面) 、、 (1) Look at the birds on top of the house.
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看房上面上的鸟。 (2) They are standing at the top of the mountain. 他们正在山顶上站着。 (3) The top students in our class can’t work out the problem. It must be very difficult. 我班的尖子生都不能做出那题,它一定很难。 28. recipe n, 烹调法,食谱

(1) What is your recipe for making fruit salad? 你的水果沙拉的食谱是什么? (2) Here’s a recipe for a great turkey sandwich? 这儿有下个大火鸡三明治的食谱? 29. check v 检查, 核对 n 支票

(1) Please check your answers before you hand in your paper.在交试卷前请检查你的答案。 (2) She checked the door lock before she went back out.她出门前检查了门锁。 (3) The conductor came to check the tickets. 列车员来检票了。 (4) He wrote a check for 2.000 yuan. 他开了一张两千元的支票。 30. green onion 嫩洋葱, 酱油 葱 tomato sauce 番茄酱

31. sauce 调味汁,

(1) Add the tomato sauce to the sandwich. 把番茄酱加到三明治上。 (2) First ,check you all the ingredients .You need green onion and sauce. 32 pancake n 煎饼 33. roll v 卷, 裹 滚

(1) The years rolled on .岁月如逝。 (2) First ,check you all the ingredients .You need green onion and sauce . Then dip a slice of duck in the sauce and put it on a pancake. Next ,put some green onions on it and roll the pancake .Finally you can eat it . 首先,检查你的配料齐全。你需要洋葱和酱。然后把一块鸭肉在酱里蘸一下,把它放在一 张薄片烙饼上,然后放上一颗葱卷起来,最后可以吃了!
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名师指导:Unit7 重点归纳及典型例题 ☆重点归纳☆ 话 题 功 能 项 目 1.fruit 词 汇 and vegetable 瓜 果 蔬 菜 (watermelon, onion, lettuce, tomatoes) 4. 1. Describes one kind of food manufacture process 描述一种食物的制作过程 Cooking at home 家常菜制作

2. Follow instruction 用法说明介绍( First…Then…Next…Finally)

2.recipe 食谱 3.food 食品( sandwich, butter, bread, pancake, turkey, relish, sauce ) peel 剥、削 9.super 特级的 5. boil 蒸煮 6.blender 果汁机 7.teaspoon 茶匙

8.yogurt 酸奶

10. finally 最终 2. pour…into…把…到入 3. cut up/off

短 语 句 型

1.turn on/off/up/down 开/关/调高/调低 4.mix up 搅拌 5. add…to…把…加入

1. How do you make a banana smoothie? 2. How many/ much…? 3. Let’s make fruit salad.

语 法 要 点

1. Countable noun and Uncountable noun 2. How much/How many 引导的特殊疑问句

可数名词与不可数名词

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☆典型试题☆ 例 1 --Would you like some _______? --Thanks. I’m not thirsty at all. A. bananas B. bread C. hamburgers D. juice

【解题思路】 选D。 此题考查食品名词。 由答语 thirsty 可知“口渴”, 而A,B,C都是吃的东西。 例2 --Inside a box there are six smaller boxes, and inside each small box are six much smaller boxes. How many boxes altogether? --________. A. Thirty-six C. Forty-three B. Thirty-seven D. Forty-two

【解题思路】选 C。此题是考查 how many 用法的集知识性与趣 味性于一体的综合型题目。由题可知,最小的盒子是 36 个,小盒 子是 6 个加一个大盒子共是 43 个。 例 3 We believe scientists will ______ a way to solve the problem of air pollution. A. set off C. come up with B. put off D. catch up with

【解题思路】选 C。此题句意:我们相信科学家们会想出解决空 气污染的办法。选项 A 是“出发”,B 是“拖延、延期”,C 是“想出、 发现”D 是“赶上”。 例 4 One-______ of the students in our class _____ schoolgirls. A. third, is C. fifths, are B. quarter, are D. sixth, is

【解题思路】选 B。one-quarter 属分数词,意为“四分之一”。分
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数词的格式为:分子用基数词,分母用序数词,分子大于一,分 母加 s。如:one-third(三分之一),two-thirds(四分之一)等。后面名 词为可数名词时,主语被视为复数;后面名词为不可数名词时, 主语被视为单数。

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