必修 1 module 3 1, Match the verbs with the means of transport in activity 1. some of the verbs can refer to more than one means of transport. ,match 使…和…相配， 协调。 match +n. + to / with +n. 把…和..
调和起来/ 搭配起来 A match B 和 B 匹配 match, suit , fit 辨析 match, 多指色调，形状，大小性质等方面的搭配 suit 多指合乎需要，口味，性格，条件，地位等 No dish suits all tastes. 众口难调。 fit 多指尺寸，形状合适，引申为“吻合，协调” My new evening dress fits me quite well. – How about eight o’clock outside the cinema? -- That ____ me fine. A, fits B, meets C, satisfies D, suits 2，distance
n. 距离，远方，远处 in the distance 在远处；在远方 at a distance 在稍远处 distant adj. 远的；疏远的；稀疏的；冷淡的 be distant towards sb. 对...冷淡
3, means 其含义为“手段”或“工具” by all means 务必 by no means 决不， 并没有 the means of 4，more than 超过，多于 = over，不仅仅。= not only less than （反义词） no more than 仅仅，只有 (反义词）= only not more than 至多，不超过 more…than … 与其说… 倒不如说… no more…than … 与… 同样不… 表示两者都否定 not more …than…. 不及… 那样… 表示两者都肯定 5, refer to 提及，说起。 Don’t refer to that matter again. refer to … as …将… 称为 6, get on 上（车、船等） 、进展、进行、相处；继续进行下去
归纳拓展 get on/ get into 上车；上船；登机 get off/ get out of 下车；下船；下飞机 对于 taxi, car 等小型交通工具“上车”用 get in/into; “下车”用 get out; 对于 ship, bus, train, plane 等大型交通工具， “上车”用 get on; “下车”get off. get along with get away get back get close (to) 接近 get down to 开始认真（做某事） get through 通过，拨通（电话）
7 , take off , (飞机）起飞，脱掉（衣服）等
8, take/ have a ride 搭便车
9, What do you think the central part of the country is like? 特殊疑问词+ do you think + 陈述句。Do you think 在句子作插入语。 Where do most of the people live? Do you think? = where do you think most of the people live
10 (1) (2) (3)
感叹句句型 What a/+ (adj.) + C + (主语+谓语)! What + (adj.) + C 复数 + (主语+谓语)! What + (adj.) + U (weather, advice, news, progress, information,fun 等) + (主语 +谓语)! (4) How + adj./ adv. + (主语+谓语)!
(5) How + adj. + a/ an + C + (主语+谓语)! How white the snow is! What white snow it is!
11, abandoned adj. 被抛弃的， 放纵的。 There was an abandoned house by the riverside
12，journey/ tour/ trip/ travel/ voyage ① journey “旅行” “旅程” 。普通用语，指陆地上的远程旅行 ② tour “周游” 、指途中在许多地方作短暂停留的观光游览。 ③ trip “旅行” 。指来往的短距离旅行，强调在路上所花的时间和所走的路程。 ④ travel “旅行” 。常用复数形式。泛指旅行各地，表示旅行的路途远，时间长。 ⑤ voyage 指不论路程长短的水上或空中的“游历，旅行” 。
13, product 产品 produce v, 生产， 制造 production 产量，生产， 【U】 14，scenery 【U】风景，景色，指某地总的自然风景或景色，尤指美丽的乡间景色。 scene 指戏剧的一幕。事件发生的地点，现场。指景色时， 可以是 scenery 的一部分， 多包括景物中的人及活动在内。 view 指从一固定位置所望见的景色。
sight C, 表示“实力，景色，名胜” ，往往指眼见的景色，如供人游览的风景 名胜。
11，We get on in Sydney… get , 1, get sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事. ig. I’ll get him to go instead of me. 2, get sb. /sth. done/ doing 让某事被做./ 让某人一直做 ig. He asked me to get the work finished by noon 12, need 做情态动词和实义动词的用法区别。 情态动 词 肯定式 否定式 肯定疑问式 You needn’t be so worried. Need I say my number again? You need to be careful. You don’t need to be so worried. Do I need to say my number again? 实义动词
13, a way to do sth. = a way of doing sth. 做…方法，途径 14，try to do sth .尽力做某事 You must try to write the letter in English. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 You must try writing the letter in English. 16, Camels were much better than horses. much 修饰形容词的比较级。下列几种形式都可用来修饰形容词，副词的比较级。 even, far, much, a lot, any, still , a great deal. 等。 17, supply 供应，供应品 vt. 供应，提供，补充 For many years, trained camels carried food and other supplies, and returned with wood and other products. supply sb. with sth. = supply sth to sb.
辨析 supply/ offer/ provide supply sb. with sth. = supply sth. to/ for sb. offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. provide sb. with sth. = provide sth. for sb.
18,The Afghans and their camels did this until the 1920s. 在…世纪， 在…年代 （必须加 the ) in the 1940s = in the 1940’s 在某人十几岁，二十几岁，三十几岁… in one’s teens/ in one’s twenties…. 19, Then the government built a new railway line, so they didn’t need the camels any more. not …. any more = no more 表示动作的不再重复出现。 not …. any longer = no longer 表示动作不再延续 ig. They didn’t live here any longer. = They no longer lived here. 20, they passed a law which allowed people … which 引导一个定语从句 allow: allow doing sth Ig. They do not allow smoking here. . allow sb. to do sth. ig. They do not allow people to smoke here 21, Could I possibly see your ticket? could 表示委婉的语气，而不是 can 的过去式 肯定回答， sure. / of course. / certainly. / definitely 等 否定回答， sorry, but… / I’m afraid…. 以委婉地拒绝 ※ Could I … 的回答不能用 You could, 而要用 You can 或其他。 Could you…? 的回答常用 With pleasure 表示同意。 22, Would you mind if 主语+ 动词过去式？ 都表示询问是否介意…？ Do you mind if 主语 + 动词用一般现在式？ Would you mind doing …? 可否请你做…？/ 劳驾您做…？ Do you mind 表示允许回答 No, I don’t mind. 不，我不介意。 No, go ahead. 我不介意，请吧。 Of course not. 自然不介意。 No, not at all. 不， 完全不介意。 表示不允许的回答， I’m sorry, but it’s not allowed. 对不起， 那可不行。 I’m sorry, you can’t. 对不起， 你不能。 I’m afraid I can’t let you. 恐怕我不能允许。 I’m afraid, but I do. 我恐怕…， 但是… 23, out of date 过时 in order that + 句子 = in order to + v 原 为了… out of order 乱， 有故障， 不合规则。 date back to 追溯到 date back from 起源于 25, I remember the day my father tried to teach me how to ride a bicycle. how to ride a bicycle. 是 “疑问词+ to do” 结构， 在句子作宾语，还可作主语。 He showed us how to do the work. Whether to go or stay hasn’t been decided yet. 26, for the first time 第一次(在句子做时间状语） the first time + 句子 When I was six years old, I saw a lion for the first time 27, The screen seemed so big! seem + (to be) adj. 似乎… ig, He seemed to be satisfied with the new job. seem to do 似乎做… ig. The little girl seems to understand quite well. seem to be doing 似乎正在做…. Ig. Someone seems to be singing next door. seem to have done 似乎已经做了… ig. I seem to have seen him somewhere . It seems / seemed (to sb.) + that 从句 It seems / seemed as if / as though…从句
There seems / seemed to be 28, Travelling at a speed of over 400 kilometers per hour. travelling 为现在分词作状语。它表示的动作与谓语动词表示的动作同时发生或几乎 同时发生，它往往表示主动。和修饰的人或物构成主动关系。 at the / a speed of … 以…的速度 The car is running at the / a speed of 100 km/h Grammar, 1, The –ed form a, 及物动词的 ed 分词表示被动或完成 respected leader. b，ed 分词作形容词，表示状态 surprised look c, 不及物动词的 ed 分词表示完成 the retired manager Grammar 2, Past tense time expressions a, 一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或情况（包括习惯性动作） 。 常用的时间状语 just now, at that time, last night, a week ago, in the old days, the other day, then, during his middle school years 等表示过去的时间。 b, 有些情况发生的时间不清楚， 但实际上是过去发生的， 应当用过去时态。 ig. I didn’t know you were so busy. / I didn’t expect to meet you here. c, 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中表示过去将来的行为。 ig. What would you think of him if he failed again? d, 用于非真实条件句中，表示与现在事实相反。 If I were you, I would let him know. 经典句型。 1.Where do you think most of the people live，in the central part of the country or on the coast? 你认为大多数人住在哪儿，是国家的中心地带 还是沿海地区？ 2.We saw abandoned farms which were built more than a hundred years ago. 我们看到了废弃的农场，这些农场建于 100 多年前。 3.Camels were much better than horses for travelling a long distance. 对于长途旅行来说，骆驼要比马强的多。 4.I remember the day my father tried to teach me how to ride a bicycle. 我记得我父亲教我如何骑自行车的那一天。 5.Travelling at a speed of over 400 kilometres per hour，the train can complete the 30kilometre journey in eight minutes. 火车以每小时 400 公里的时速前进，在 8 分钟内就完成了 30 公里的路 一，语境记忆，用本课总的单词填空 Last weekend，we made a journey to the distant desert. The scenery there is beautiful. On the train，we happened to interview an expert about environment. He said we must awaken people to the protection of the abandoned lands. （答案白色隐藏） 二，常用句型自测 1.When do you think ________ (他们到达) at the party? 2.He bought an apartment，_____________(建于 10 年前). 3.This park is _________________(更吸引人) that one. 4.I know__________________ (我工作中需要什么). 5. _______________ (住在农村)，he has a perfect family. 三，语法填空突波
Ⅰ. 教材活用——根据课文内容完成下面的短文 Alice Thompson is a girl from Sydney，Australia. She had her first longdistance train 1_______ (ride) at the age of 18.Together 2._______ a friend，she got on the famous Ghan train in Sydney and got off in Alice Springs. During the two days and nights，they ate meals 3._______ (cook) by experts and saw fields，desert and 4. _________(abandon) farms. In the daytime， Alice talked to other passengers and read some books. At night，she watched the stars in the sky 5._______ shone like diamonds. 6．______ is the train called the Ghan? 7.____ is short for Afghanistan. A long time ago， Australians wanted to travel to the middle of their country，so they brought some camels from Afghanistan 8.________(carry) food and other supplies ， and returned with wool and other products. They did that until 9._______1920s，when the government built a new railway line and took the place 10.______the camels. 五，书面表达——考点应用体验 1. 当 我 正 在 欣 赏 周 围 迷 人 的 风 景 的 时 候 ， 我 看 到 了 令 人 不 愉 悦 的 一 幕 。 (scenery) (2012· 福建· 书面表达) When I was enjoying the fantastic scenery around，something unpleasant caught my eye. 2. 当 我 面 对 困 难 的 时 候 ， 我 通 常 选 择 查 阅 相 关 的 学 习 材 料 或 网 页 。 (refer to) (2011· 安徽· 书面表达) When I am faced with a difficulty，I usually choose to refer to relevant learning materials or Web pages. 单元检测 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21．He got lost in a(n) ________ village and he could not ask anybody for help. A．peaceful B．attractive C．ordinary D．abandoned
22．—Would you mind ________ here，Madam? —Certainly not.Sit down，please. A．sitting B．my sitting C．if I sitting D．I sit
23．Jack waited only ________ 7∶ 30 because he had to be at work by 8∶ 00. A．to B．for C．with D．until
24．The flowers ________ sweet in the garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A．smell B．smelling C．smelt D．to be smelt
25．We never allow ________ here；who allows you ________ here? A．smoking；to smoke B．to smoke；smoke C．smoking；smoke D．smoke；to smoke 26．The storm last night ________ many tree branches. A．took off B．took up C．took away D．took out
27．The New Building of CCTV________ in 2007 is one of the most distinguished buildings at present in Beijing.
A．to be completed
B．having been completed C．completed
28．________ as this computer is，it may be ________ in less than two years’ time. A．Up to date；up to date C．Out of date；out of date B．Up to date；out of date D．Out of date；up to date
29．Five people won the “China’s Green Figure”award，a title ________ to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protection. A．being given B．is given C．given D．was given
30．—Have you known Dr.Jackson for a long time? —Yes，since she ________ the Chinese Society. A．has joined B．joins C．had joined D．joined
31．Whenever asked to help me with my lessons，he always refuses，________ he is too busy. A．to say B．saying C．says D．having said
32．I’ve bought an English dictionary which you can ________ if you meet new words. A．get to B．come to C．refer to D．look up
33．________ to do the repair，and what you need is only a hammer and some nails. A．It is hard B．That is easy C．That is hard D．It is easy
34．I’m calling to enquire about the position ________ in yesterday’s China Daily. A．advertised B．to be advertised C．advertising D．having advertised
35．—Can I help you，sir? —Yes，please. I’d like a room with a ________ for two nights，please. A．view B．scene C．scenery D．sight