荆州市 2014 届高中毕业班质量检查（I） 英
第一部分：听力(共两节, 满分 30 分) 第二部分：词汇知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节: 多项选择(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. The CCTV show Chinese Characters Dictation
Competition has taken the country by storm, which is partly designed to arouse people’s ________ in Chinese. A. response disappointment. A. combination B. application C. contrast D. disapproval 23. When it comes to “empty-nest syndrome(综合症)”, parents are advised to _______regular contact with children through phone calls, emails, texts or video chats. A. substitute B. sacrifice C. associate D. maintain 24. For disabled children, to develop their full potential, their education must be ________ to their differences from others of the same age. A. adopted throwing a coin. A. arbitrary A. typical where I am going. A. optimistically B. controversially C. conventionally D. alternatively 28. Many times, the weather forecast has been incorrect and we have missed out what has ________ to be a fine day for outdoor activities. A. left out B. broke out C. set out D. turned out 29. People attracted onto Facebook with the promise of fun, free service don’t realize they’re paying for it by________ their personal information. A. giving in B. giving off C. giving up D. giving away 30. -- What did he say ________ his stupid behavior? -- He admitted having made a serious mistake. A. in front of B. in explanation of C. in case of D. in fear of 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I have a friend who had a stammer (口吃) in his childhood, but he dreamed of becoming a missionary(传教士). When he told his own desire to his friends and relatives, some of whom laughed at him, and some even held down his enthusiasm 31 . B. conservative B. specific C. accurate C. vital D. cautious D. available 26. Interest is as______ to learning as the ability to understand, even more so. 27. In face of trouble, although I feel disappointed about where I am, I still think _______ about B. appealed C. adapted D. abolished 25. When he is faced with a dilemma sometimes, he usually makes a/an ________ decision by B. enthusiasm C. significance D. consequence 22. Sometimes the ______ between the reality and the dream is so great that it produces
"I must change it." said the boy angrily, “I believe I can speak very living persons, 34 himself to be the person in the speech.
32 , I will do!"
When it was possible, he would spend an hour 33 to chickens. He viewed the chickens as "In the beginning, the chickens looked so 35 , then they watched me curiously, putting down the food in the mouths and listening to my words. It seemed as if they had been 36 by my powerful and effective language. Sometimes they seemed to be listening to me 37 . Gradually, the effect of this practice became more and more 38 and I had a better understanding of the exact 39 of my stammer, so I found the ability to speak more." "You may not know that my father was always tyrannical(专横的). He 40 old saying: 'Young man should be more knowledgeable, but should not whole childhood, 42 believed in the 41 much.' During the
I spoke or commented, he criticized me seriously, which 43my shy
personality. I used to worry about being 44 at, so I became a stammerer. From then on, I kept 45 in front of everyone because they didn't want to see my embarrassment. But later I found myself talking in front of chickens, stammers disappeared 46, therefore I regained my 47 ." Now, the previous boy is the best at speaking and one of the most 48 missionaries. You can hardly imagine he used to have a serious language 49 . So when you come across disadvantages, you should believe you can 50 31. A. sincerely 32. A. frequently 33. A. contributing 34. A. imagining 35. A. satisfied 36. A. attracted 37. A. casually 38. A. obvious 39. A. effect 40. A. originally 41. A. think 42. A. since 43. A. applied to 44. A. amazed 45. A. silent 46. A. logically 47. A. strength 48. A. successful 49. A. gift them by yourself. C. strangely C. obviously C. turning C. declaring C. frightened C. bothered C. luckily C. crucial C. cause C. doubtfully C. play C. whenever C. referred to C. laughed C. noisy C. equally C. modest C. ability C. confidence D. privately D. completely D. speaking D. finding D. surprised D. influenced D. cautiously D. common D. harm D. stubbornly D. talk D. unless D. owed to D. looked D. upset D. naturally D. freedom D. responsible D. study B. impolitely B. fluently B. seeing B. considering B. pleased B. beaten B. carefully B. slight B. benefit B. personally B. listen B. before B. led to B. studied B. active B. typically B. dream B. intelligent B. barrier
50. A. arrange B. exchange C. reduce D. change 第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Fannie Cratty wasn’t really my aunt. I only referred to her as “My Aunt Fannie” because the name always made my father laugh and gave my mother cause to look angrily at both of us---at
me for being disrespectful of my elder and at my father for encouraging my bad behavior. As a young woman, my mother had worked in the kitchen of a large Victorian farmhouse owned by Fannie Cratty. During those years my mother helped Aunt Fannie make the best blueberry jam ever tasted by anyone in Glenfield. Aunt Fannie was well known for her jam and for never sharing the recipe with another living soul. Even though my mother knew the recipe by heart, as long as Aunt Fannie was alive (and she lived to be ninety-six!), she never made the jam wi thout Ms. Cratty in our kitchen to direct the process and preserve the secret. Each August, when blueberry season would roll around, my mother would prepare me for Aunt Fannie’s visit. It was vital that I should be on my best behavior. After all, the woman was old, wealthy, very strict with children. Whenever she was at the house, I didn’t need to be reminded to guard my thoughts and watch my tongue. One year, after I had been particularly helpful with the jam process, Aunt Fannie gave me a quarter(25 分硬币) and then made me promise that I would never spend it. “Hold onto this quarter,” she said, “and someday you will be rich. I still have my very first quarter, given to me by my grandfather.” It had obviously worked for her. So, I kept the 1938-quarter into a small box, put it in my dresser drawer, and waited to become rich. I now have the blueberry jam recipe and the quarter from Aunt Fannie. In people’s eye Aunt Fannie’s success was due to that secret recipe. But to me, it was just a common recipe. Neither has significantly contributed to my wealth, but I keep them as reminders to hold onto the valuable things in life. Money can make you feel rich for a while, but it is the relationships and the memories of time spent with friends and family that truly leave you wealthy. And that is a fortune that anyone can build. 51. Paragraph 2 implies that my mother . A. used to forget the secret blueberry jam recipe B. wanted to show off her excellent cooking skills C. was unable to make the jam without Aunt Fannie’s direction D. tried to convince Aunt Fannie that she would keep the secret 52. According to Paragraph 4, the author believed that Aunt Fanni was rich because A. she had kept her first quarter B. she had never wasted money C. she had worked very hard D. she had kept her promise 53. The author thinks that we can feel wealthy if we A. share our wealth with others B. have good fortune and money C. know the secret of a jam recipe D. own lasting love and friendship 54. Which would be the best title for this passage？ A. An old quarter C. Blueberry Jam Recipe B. Valuable Things D . Memories of old time B When Marilynne Robinson published her first novel, Housekeeping, in 1980, she was unknown in the literary world. But an early review in The New York Times ensured that the book . .
would be noticed. “It’s as if, in writing it, she broke through the ordinary human condition with all its dissatisfactions, and achieved a kind of transfiguration（美化）,” wrote Anatole Broyard, with an enthusiasm and amazement that was shared by many critics and readers. The book became a classic, and Robinson was recognized as one of the outstanding American writers of our time. Yet it would be more than twenty years before she wrote another novel. During the period, Robinson devoted herself to writing nonfiction. Her essays and book reviews appeared in Harper’s and The New York Times Book Review, and in 1989 she published Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution, criticizing severely the environmental and public health dangers caused by the Sellafield nuclear reprocessing plant in England—and the political and moral corruption(腐败). In 1998, Robinson published a collection of her critical and theological writings, The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought, which featured reassessments of such figures as Charles Darwin, John Calvin, and Friedrich Nietzsche. Aside from a single short story—“Connie Bronson,” published in The Paris Review in 1986—it wasn’t until 2004 that she returned to fiction with the novel Gilead, which won the National Book Critics Circle Award and the Pulitzer Prize. Her third novel, Home, came out this fall. Her novels could be described as celebrations of the human—the characters in them are unforgettable creations. Housekeeping is the story of Ruth and her sister Lucille, who are cared for by their eccentric （古怪的） Aunt Sylvie after their mother commits suicide. Robinson writes a lot about how each of the three is changed by their new life together. Gilead is an even more close exploration of personality: the book centres on John Ames, a seventy-seven-year-old pastor(牧师) who is writing an account of his life and his family history to leave to his young son after he dies. Home borrows characters from Gilead but centers on Ames’s friend Reverend Robert Boughton and his troubled son Jack. Robinson returned to the same territory as Gilead because, she said, “after I write a novel or a story, I miss the characters—I feel like losing some close friends.” 55. Robinson’s second novel came out ____. A. in 1980 B. in 1986 C. in 1998 D. in 2004 56. What is Paragraph 2 mainly about? A. Robinson’s achievements in fiction. B. Robinson’s achievements in nonfiction. C. Robinson’s influence on the literary world. D. Robinson’s contributions to the environment. 57. According to Paragraph 3, who is John Ames? A. He is Robinson’s close friend. B. He is a character in Gilead. C. He is a figure in The Death of Adam. D. He is a historian writing family stories. 58. From which section of a newspaper can you read this passage? A. Career. B. Lifestyle. C. Music. C A towering South American plant that is believed to kill animals with its spikes(尖刺) and use their rotting bodies as fertilizer is about to bloom(开花) in England. A rare Puya chilensis was planted at a greenhouse in Surrey, a county in the southeast of England about 15 years ago. D. Culture.
However, despite its frightening description, the tall, spiked plant is considered a threatened species. The Royal Horticultural Society has been feeding the plant a diet of liquid fertilizer. “In its natural habitat in the Andes it uses its razor sharp spikes to snare and trap sheep and other animals, which slowly starve to death and rot at the base of the plant, providing it with a bag of fertilizer,” reads a description on the RHS website, which adds that the plant gives off a “gruesome scent.” But does the plant actually trap and eat sheep? Other sources have simply said it is “believed” that the plant traps small animals with its spikes. After the animals die of starvation, the plant is "believed" to then use their rotting bodies as fertilizer to feed itself. "I'm really pleased that we've finally persuaded our Puya chilensis into producing flower," horticulturalist Cara Smith said in a press release on the RHS site. Regardless of whether it actually traps sheep, the plant does have sharp spikes that can grow up to 12 feet high and 5 feet wide. However, it’s not all death and danger for this plant. Its flowery blooms reportedly provide nectar(花蜜) for bees and birds. The Puya chilensis blooms annually in its native land of Chile, but this is the first time it has done so after more than a decade of cultivation efforts from the RHS. "We keep it well fed with liquid fertilizer as feeding it on its natural diet might prove a bit problematic,” Smith said. "It's growing in the dry section of our glasshouse with its deadly spines well out of reach of both children and sheep alike." 59. From the passage we learn that in England the Puya chilensis _____. A. B. C. D. feeds on man-made liquid fertilezer often kills sheep and other animals has once bloomed 15 years before uses animals' rotting bodies as fertilizer B. stop C. fight D. kill
60. The underlined word “snare” in the second paragraph probably means“_________”. A. catch A. B. C. D. A. B. C. D. 61. We can infer from the passage that _____. it's dangerous to feed the plant it's certain that the plant kills sheep it's difficult for the plant to bloom in England it's rare for the plant to bloom in South American tell us? A new plant is discovered in Chile.
62. What does the writer mainly
How a rare plant is fed in England. A rare plant is going to bloom in England. How a plant traps animals in South America. D
Do people ever consider the possibility that, if they’re exposed to increased reports about a social problem, it’s the reporting that has increased rather than the problem? It’s increasingly clear that this is the case with school bullying （欺凌） ：Only news reports about it have increased, not the behavior itself. In fact, both bullying and fear of it are down among US middle school students
The rate of students who reported fearing an attack or harm at school at all has dropped dramatically, from nearly 12% in 1995 to less than 4% in 2011. For black and Hispanic students, it’s an even more encouraging shift—from more than 20% of both groups of students worried about being attacked at school to less than 5% in 2011. The decline in actual physical violence in schools is even more dramatic: It was down 74% between 1992 and 2010, according to the latest US Department of Justice data. What about cyberbullying? Online harassment increased from 6% in 2000 to 9% in 2005 to 11% in 2010 between, and it’s interesting to note that it increased less between 2005 and ’10 than in the first 5 years tracked. Because social media is very much a reflection of school social life for young people, the peer aggression seen in social media is a lot like the peer aggression seen on school bathroom walls. So once it finds its “dead level,” it will probably decline in the same way verbal and written aggression have. Besides education and crime prevention at the social level, medicine treatment and better access to mental healthcare also contribute to this downward trend in victimization of self and others. The rise of social media is what people don’t typically think of as a positive force in society. But Finkelhor, director of the Crimes Against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire says, “These technologies might have prevented crime and bullying by providing more ways of help, more forms of social supervision, and interesting activities that destroy forms of alienation(异化) that lead to crime”. 63. Fro m the first paragraph we learn that __________. A. school bullying has increased because of increased reports B. school bullying has decreased because of increased reports C. the number of reports on school bullying has increased D. the number of reports on school bullying has decreased 64. The underlined word is closest in meaning to "_________". A. crime B. aggression C. surfing D. communication 65. The cyberbullying is still increasing probably because ________. A. it isn't as easy to control as the other school bullying B. it hasn't been concerned by the governments C. it isn't part of school social life D. it hasn't come to its top level 66. Finkelhor believes that social media have a ________ influence on the falling trend of school bullying. A. positive B. negative C. major E The environmental group 350.org has launched a new campaign called Climate Name Change that proposes to revise to how hurricanes are named: call them after policymakers who say that humans are not to blame for global warming. This will save the Katrinas and Sandys of the world from the injustice of having their names attached to major disaster, the group says. And, as a bonus, it will produce some peculiar weather reports. “Rick Perry leaves trail of death,” appears under a broadcast titled “Rick Perry: The Tragedy.” D. slight
“ Michelle Bachman is incredibly dangerous. If you value your life, please seek shelter from Michelle Bachman,” says an official while addressing a news conference. The campaign is unlikely to influence the World Meteorological Organization, which has since 1954 named Atlantic tropical storms from an official list. But the campaign’s goal seems less to actually name a hurric ane after the speaker of the house, and more to call attention to an issue that this month has reached an alarming level of seriousness. The campaign comes just a month before the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change will release its most recent report on the state of global warming and a week after a draft （草稿）of the report was given away to Reuters. In the draft, scientists concluded with near certainty – about 95 percent sure – that humans are to blame for the worldwide temperature hikes over the last few decades. That was a revision from the 2007 report, which put scientific certainty that human activities were driving global climate change at about 90 percent. And global warming, the report said, is not slowing down – it, actually, is accelerating. That means that sea levels could balloon upward as much as three feet by the end of the century, if emissions(排放量) continue at their current pace. Still, as the Washington Post Climate notes, hurricanes are not the best sign of global warming. Though current data suggests that global warming will in the future stir up terrible super storms, there is still not enough evidence to support the idea that climate change strengthens the recent hurricanes that have torn at the US’s eastern coastline. 67. It can be inferred that__________ is one of the policymakers who believe that humans are not to blame for global warming. A. Katrina B. Rick Perry C. Flossie D. Sandy 68. 350.org has launched the campaign with the real purpose of _________________. A. changing the ways of naming hurricanes B. introducing the met hods of naming hurricanes C. reminding policymakers to change their attitudes D. calling attention to the coming report on global warming 69. The draft of the global warming report tells us that _____________. A. global warming is speeding up at the same rate B. it is human beings that have caused global warming C. the new report has a more accurate data than the one in 2007 D. human beings are not the only one to blame for global warming 70. The writer of the passage seems to believe that______________. A. policymakers should be blamed for the global warming B. the campaign will cause the change of naming hurricanes C. global warming has no necessary relation to terrible hurricanes D. global warming will surely cause terrible super storms in the future 第四部分：书面表达(共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节：完成句子(共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下列各小题，根据汉语句子，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答案写在答 题卡上的相应题号后。 71. Finally he reached a lonely island_______________________ from the outside world. (cut)
最后，他来到了一个与外界隔绝的孤岛。 72. It has been proved that ___________________________ helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. (eat) 已经得到证实童年时吃蔬菜有助于你在以后生活中抵御重病。 73. The reform of College Entrance Examination will begin with English, whose result is not ____________. (expect) 高考改革将从英语学科开始，其结果也不像预期那样令人满意。 74. I’m so sorry _____________ at such an awkward time, but I really had something urgent to tell you. (call) 我真的很抱歉在这么不合适的时间给你打电话，但我真的有急事告诉你。 75. How can you ask again? I think ____________ at all when I presented the answer to you. (listen) 你怎能还要问？我认为当时我在讲解答案时你根本没听。 76. Never before in his life _________________________ such a great loss, so he almost lost the hope of life. (suffer) 他一生从来没有遭受过如此重大的损失，所以他几乎失去了生活的希望。 77. It was ________________________ that he moved out of the remote village and settled down in the big city. (feel) 就是因为他觉得孤单，他才搬出那个偏僻的村庄，在大城市定居下来。 78. Had the natural disaster happened at midnight, it ______________________ much greater damage. (cause) 如果这场自然灾害发生在半夜，它可能会造成更大的灾害。 79. TV can not only keep us_____________ throughout the world but also bring us various forms of entertainment. (inform) 电视不仅能让我们了解世界上正在发生的事情，还能给我们带来各种各样的娱乐。 80. If you don't insist on _______________________, you'll never have it. (go) 如果不坚持去追逐你的梦想，你将永远不会实现梦想。 第二节：短文写作(共 1 题；满分 30 分) 请你根据以下提示，并结合事例，用英语写一篇短文。 It doesn't really matter whether your glass is half empty or half full. Be thankful that you hav e a glass and that there's something in it. 注意： ① 无须写标题； ② 除诗歌外，文体不限； ③ 文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ④ 词数为 120 左右，如引用提示语则不计入总词数。
荆州市 2014 届高中毕业班质量检查（I） 英语试题答案及评分标准
2013.11.28 第一部分： 听力（30 分） 01-05 CCBBC 06-10 CCBCA 11-15 BACBB 16-20 BBBCB 第二部分：语言知识运用（30 分） 第一节 多项选择（10 分） 21-25 BCDCA 26-30 CADDB 第二节 完形填空（20 分） 31-35 BBDAC 36-40 ABACD 41-45 DCBCA 46-50 DCABD 第三部分：阅读理解（40 分） 51-55 DADCD 56-60 BBDAA 61-65 CCCBD 66-70 ABDBC 第四部分：书面表达（满分 50 分） 第一节 完成句子（20 分） 71. which was cut off 72. eating vegetables in/during (your) childhood 73. as (it was)expected 74. to have called you (up) 75. you were not listening (to me) 76. had he suffered 77. because he felt lonely(because of his feeling lonely) 78. could/might have caused 79. informed of what is happening 80. going after your dream 本大题评分包括语法、结构和词汇三个方面: 1、凡出现主干语法、词语搭配或结构错误，扣 2 分。 2、词汇拼写错误及细小语法错误如冠词、名词单复数错误等，只扣 0.5 分，扣完 1 分 为止。 第二节 短文写作（30 分） One possible version: In our journey of life, it's our great fortune to meet with something or someone. Be grateful for what they bring us and cherish what we have, no matter they are rich or poor, happy or sad, good or bad. Just like our drinking glass, whether half full or half empty, we are lucky to have such a glass and own what there is in it. Take Helen Keller, a famous American writer as an example. Deprived of sight and hearing by a disease, she became disabled when she was young. Instead of feeling depressed and complaining “Why Me”, she chose a positive attitude to life and regarded what she encountered as the best gift God gave her. Bearing gratitude for life within, she met with her lifelong teacher Sullivan and finished her famous novel “Three Days to See”. It was the painful times of her life that made her stronger, wiser and more loving. Though pain is inevitable, suffering is optional. When we are experiencing hard times, it becomes more challenging to be grateful. Be grateful for our life with all its lessons and blessings, and success and happiness is just around the corner! (190 词)