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【创新设计】2015高考英语(北师大版)一轮活页训练(基础版):5.15 Unit 15 Learning]

Unit 15 Learning

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.When you go to a new country, you must ________(适应)to new manners and customs. 2.It is generally ________(认为)that stress is caused by too much work. 3.He

has got a bad headache for ________(缺乏)of sleep. 4.Students must have ________(机会,方法)to using good resources. 5.Her father will never________(赞成) of her marriage to Tom. 6.This beer isn't bad; I'm beginning to ________(获得)a taste for it. 7.They became ________(怀疑的)of his behaviour and contacted the police. 8.It may be many years before the new company can gain a ________(稳定的)foothold in the market. 答 案 1.adapt 2.assumed 3.lack 4.access 5.approve 6.acquire 7.suspicious 8.secure Ⅱ.选词填空 to a certain extent, be accustomed to, tend to, lay off, aside from, to start with, set off, approve of 1.________the equipment for skiing, we also took a lot of food with us. 2.Bill has lost his job.His firm________him________two weeks ago. 3.________, we haven't enough money, and secondly we're too busy. 4.The northern people of China________eat more noodles, while the southern people eat more rice. 5.We will________in the direction of the mountain tomorrow morning. 6.We ________so________constant activity that we find it difficult to sit and do nothing, or even just one thing at a time. 7.I________your trying to earn some money, but please don't neglect your study. 8.________this action affects the environment. 答案 1.Aside from 2.laid;off 3.To start with 4.tend to 5.set off 6.are;accustomed to 7.approve of 8.To a certain extent Ⅲ.翻译句子 1.我早该去拜访你了。(It's high time that...) ________________________________________________________________________ 2.我很希望参加上周的会议的,但是我生病了。(wish) ________________________________________________________________________ 3.如果我听了你的建议的话,我就会通过那次考试了。(if) ________________________________________________________________________ 4.我正要离开,这时我注意到一个男人正从房间里跑出来。(be about to do...when...) ________________________________________________________________________ 5.你最好停止玩电脑游戏去做作业。(lay off) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 1.It's high time that I should visit/visited you. 2.I wish I had attended the meeting last week, but I was ill.

3.If I had followed your advice, I would have passed the exam. 4.I was about to leave when I noticed a man running out of the room. 5.You'd better lay off playing computer games and do your homework. Ⅳ.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。 Jane:What do you want to do once you graduate? Henley:Uh...I think I'd like to work for a hotel or travel service in this area.How about you? Jane:Well,__1__ I first started college,I wanted to study French,but I realized I __2__ have a hard time finding a job __3__(use) what I learned.So I changed my __4__ to computer science.With the right skills,finding a job in the computer industry shouldn't be as difficult. Henley:So,do you have a part?time job __5__(support) yourself through school? Jane:Well,__6__(fortunate) for me,I received a four?year scholarship. Henley:That's great. Jane:Yeah.How about you?Are you __7__(work) your way through school? Henley:Yeah.I work three times __8__ week as a cook at a restaurant. Jane:How do you like your job? Henley:It's OK.The __9__ workers are friendly,__10__ the pay isn't bad. 答案 1.when 2.might 3.using 4.major 5.to support 6.fortunately 7.working 8.a 9.other 10.and Ⅴ.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为 多余选项。 If we agree that the function of education is to prepare us for life, then there is very little time to waste.__1__ Here is what our school should teach. __2__ The sooner children learn this, the better.In any case, a lot can be accomplished by a smile and good manners. Like it or not, our adult lives will be consumed by the struggle for money, but we don't make an effort to teach children how to manage it.__3__ Children should learn to take care of their health.They should know that if they eat junk food, they will become fat and unhealthy.They should be very clear about what happens to their bodies when they drink or smoke. All of us are part of society.We have rights and responsibilities.__4__ We have to know a little bit of history and geography, because we need to have an environment in which we relate to the people around us. How will we test students on these? We can't.__ 5__Our schools should spend every moment telling this to our children: “This is life, this is what you are going to face, and this is how you deal with it.” A.We ought to understand what they are. B.So our schools have a duty to teach them this ability from the beginning. C.But that's not a reason to avoid teaching what is important. D.Education is the most important aspect in countries. E.Politeness is a mark of civilization. F.We should master learning skills first. G.So, while we can, we ought to concentrate on teaching children something really useful. 答案 1.G 2.E 3.B 4.A 5.C

Ⅵ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I am shy when at school.I was afraid of speaking in front of the class.When I had to face such many classmates, I felt nervous but my voice and legs shook.My teachers helped me a lot of.They often encouraged me to answer question in class and to go to the teachers' desk to read lessons.Sometime I felt I didn't do so well but they spoke high of me.Meanwhile, my classmates kindly asked me to join them all kinds of activities.All these helped me with my confidence.Since then on I dared to do that I wanted to. 答案

Ⅶ.书面表达 上周六,你班开展了以“美化城市环境,倡导低碳生活”为宗旨的志愿者活动。活动内 容包括:上午去郊区植树;下午去中心广场宣传,分发传单。请你就这个活动为校报写一篇 英语短文。 你的文章应包括下列要点: 1.活动宗旨、内容及其对同学的影响; 2.你的评论。 注意:词数 100 左右。文章的标题和开头已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:低碳生活 a lowcarbon lifestyle 传单 leaflet 郊区 suburb

A voluntary activity Last Saturday, our class launched a voluntary activity. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 【参考范文】 A voluntary activity Last__Saturday,__our__class__launched__a__voluntary__activity.Its theme is to make the city more beautiful and advocate a low?carbon lifestyle.In the morning, we went to plant trees in the suburbs.We worked in cooperation.Some dug holes, some carried and planted trees, and some watered them.In the afternoon, we went to the central square to hand out leaflets,raising people's awareness of environmental protection.Most of the students think highly of the activity, which will surely produce a positive effect on their daily life. As far as I'm concerned, it's everyone's duty to protect the environment.As long as there is the possibility of saving our planet, take action now before it is too late.Lowcarbon living is surely a way of great significance.

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