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2014年高三英语考试题(36)


2014 年高三英语考试题(36)
一、语言知识及应用(共两节。满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Learning how to be patient with people can be cha

llenging for some people. After all, not everybody is gifted with great _1____. The good news is that it is something that can be __2__ and eventually perfected. When the customer before you takes ages to __3___ his or her groceries, you tap your foot impatiently and cough every now and then to remind the __4___ to move quickly; but no, he is still not __5___. It takes all of your power not to make a scene. However, if you __6__ that customer to be someone you like, then you will find yourself not getting too ___7__, right? So the next time you find yourself losing patience with somebody, simply think of that person to be someone you really __8__ and your patience will last longer. The second step on how to be patient with people involves whistling. When you whistle a _9___ tune, you are instantly in good __10___. You can hum (哼) your favorite song if you can’t whistle---it really doesn’t make a(n) __11___. What’ s important here is that you did something that makes you feel good. And when you feel good, you are more __12___ to be patient with the people around you. When you’re stressed, it’s almost impossible to learn how to be patient with people. You’ve got to find a way to _13___ first. If you know you’re going to be in a situation where your patience will be tested, get yourself a massage (按摩)first. Remember : the more stressed you are, the __14___ you’ll lose your temper. Learning how to be patient with people is not a ___15____ in life. You’ve seen people who manage to survive day to day with unbelievably short tempers after all. 1. A. patience B. generosity C. elegance D. strength 2. A. ignored B. stressed C. rejected D. learned 3. A. pay for B. apply for C. ask for D. care for 4. A. assistant B. friend C. customer D. patient 5. A. standing B. hurrying C. running D. moving 6. A. imagine B. allow C. believe D. refer 7. A. puzzled B. shocked C. amused D. annoyed 8. A. adore B. hate C. recognize D. know 9. A. swift B. happy C. loud D. sad 10. A. circumstances B. preparations C. spirits D. places 11. A. mistake B. difference C. effort D. scene 12. A. friendly B. lovely C. likely D. lonely 13. A. relax B. escape C. reward D. whistle 14. A. later B. slower C. better D. faster 15. A. must B. possibility C. ability D. choice 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
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阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 Once upon a time, in a small country, people decided to investigate what it was that parents really liked the most. A competition was organised. It would use the ___16___(late)_invention of Professor Crank-Shafte: the Gladometer (快乐测量仪). To date, the Gladometer is the only contraption ever __17___(build) capable of measuring joy and happiness. So, one by one, the children presented __18____own particular talents to their parents. And the Gladometer faithfully measured their parents' reactions. One boy turned up __19___a trained pig; the pig sang and danced. A girl came and played the violin like an angel. __20___ intelligent boy came and read his very big book. The parents’ happiness was easy to see. Finally, a boy came to the Gladometer carrying ___21_____. Nor did he know how to do anything. When the organisers asked him what he was going to do, he __22_____ (simple) said: "I am very obedient 顺从的) The machine measured such a high reading ( ." __23_____it began violently shaking, and finally __24_____(explode). The boy who had done nothing won all the prizes that day, for solving the mystery of ___25____ pleases parents the most. 二、 阅读(共两节。满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 A Every year on my birthday, from the time I turned 12, a white gardenia(栀子 花) was delivered anonymously to me at my house. No card or note came with it. Calls to the florist (花商) were always in vain ---- it was a cash purchase. After a while I stopped trying to discover the sender's identity. But I never stopped imagining who the anonymous sender might be. My mother often contributed to these imaginings. She'd ask me if there was someone for whom I had done a special kindness who might be showing appreciation. Perhaps the neighbor I'd help when she was unloading a car full of groceries. Or maybe it was the old man across the street whose mail I retrieved(取回) during the winter so he wouldn't have to venture down his icy steps. When I was 17, a boy broke my heart. The night he called for me the last time, I cried myself to sleep. When I awoke in the morning, there was a message scribbled(乱 涂) on my mirror in red lipstick: “Heartily know, when half-gods go, the gods arrive.” I thought about that quotation from Emerson (爱默生) for a long time, and I left it where my mother had written it. When I finally went to get the glass cleaner, my mother knew everything was all right again. I don't remember ever slamming(砰 地关上) my door in anger at her and shouting, “You just don't understand!” because she did understand. One month before my high-school graduation, my father died suddenly of a heart attack. My feelings ranged from grief to abandonment, fear and over-whelming anger

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that my dad was missing some of the most important events in my life. I became completely uninterested in my upcoming graduation, the senior-class play and the prom-events(舞会) that I had worked on and looked forward to. But my mother, in the midst of her own grief, would not hear of my missing out any of those things. The day before my father died, she and I had gone shopping for a prom dress and found a spectacular(引人注目的) one. Wearing it made me feel like a princess, but it was the wrong size, and when my father died the next day, I forgot all about the dress. My mother didn't. The day before the prom, I found that dress-in the right size, draped over the living room sofa, presented to me -- beautifully, artistically and lovingly. I didn't care about having a new dress, but my mother did. She wanted her children to feel loved and lovable, creative and imaginative. My mother died when I was 22, only ten days after I was married. That was the year the gardenias stopped coming. 26. The underlined word “anonymously” in Paragraph 1 is the closest in meaning to________. A. secretly B. happily C. sadly D. openly 27. Why did Mother try to arouse the author’s imagination about the gardenia sender? A. Because she wanted her child to feel cherished and loved not just by her but by the world. B. Because she had a great curiosity like a child. C. Because she was romantic and she once experienced such the same thing at her young age. D. Because she wanted to give her child some tips about the gardenia sender. 28. We can infer from the passage that________. A. the gardenia sender kept sending flowers to the author for 22 years. B. the author showed little interest in her graduation prom C. after the author’s father died, Mother bought her a dress to the prom D. Mother care how her child felt and gave her the ability to see beauty even in the face of adversity (厄运) 29. According to the passage, who was probably the gardenia sender? A. Father B. A neighbor who was often helped by the author C. Mother D. The old man across the street 30. The best title for this passage would be “__________”. A. A romantic mother B. The mystery of the white gardenia C. My anecdote D. Mother and I B The expression “keeping up with the Joneses” was first used in 1913 by a young American Arthur Momand. He told this story about himself: he began earning $125 a week at the age of 23. That was a lot of money in those days. Young Momand was very proud of his riches. He got married and moved with his wife to Long Island, outside New York City. But just moving there was not enough. For when Momand and his wife saw that their neighbors belonged to a country club they too joined a club. And when he saw

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that rich people were expected to ride horses, Momand went horseback riding every day. Momand and his wife also hired a servant and gave grand parties for their new neighbors. It was like a race, but one could never finish this race because one was always trying to keep up. Momand and his wife could not do that. The race ended for them when they could no longer pay for their new way of life. They moved back to an inexpensive New York City apartment. Momand later said that his experience had been a cruel awakening for him. However, he was able to see the funny side of it. He looked around him and noticed that many people do things just to keep up with their neighbors. He decided that this would make good stories for many papers across the country. He called it “Keeping up with the Joneses”, because “Jones” is a very common American name. “Keeping up with the Joneses” came to mean keeping up with the people around you. Momand’s stories appeared in different newspapers for over 28 years. People never seem to tire of keeping up with the Joneses. That is one reason why they read the “right” books, go to the “right” universities and eat in the “right” restaurants. But no matter what one does, Mr. Jones always seems to be ahead. 31. The writer of this passage means to tell us ___________. A. what Arthur Momand did to keep up with his neighbors B. how the expression “keep up with the Joneses” came into being C. what we should do to keep up with our neighbors D. how we can live differently from others 32. The reason Momand moved to Long Island is that ___________. A. he wanted to live in a rich neighborhood B. there was a country club for him to join C. it was outside the city and good for horseback riding D. his wife came from that area 33. By saying “It was like a race”(in Para 3), the writer means ____________. A. it was just a suitable place for the horse race B. Momand and his wife kept themselves busy C. Momand’s neighbors also gave parties one after another D. Momand tried to compete with their neighbors in his way of life 34. The funny side Momand saw in his experience was _________. A. he moved back to a cheap place B. he was not alone in keeping up with his neighbors C. he made a mistake in following other people’s examples D. he cared too much about what others thought of him 35. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Momand earned a lot of money when he got married B. Momand was always very interested in riding horses C. Momand found there was something wrong with his way of life D. Momand wrote stories for newspapers about himself and his neighbors C

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Some scientists say that animals in the oceans are increasingly threatened by noise pollution caused by human beings. The noise that affects sea creatures comes from a number of human activities. It is caused mainly by industrial underwater explosions, ocean drilling, and ship engines. Such noises are added to natural sounds. These sounds include the breaking of ice fields, underwater earthquakes, and sounds made by animals themselves. Decibels (分贝) measured in water are different from those measured on land . A noise of one hundred and twenty decibels on land causes pain to human ears. In water, a decibel level of one hundred and ninety-five would have the same effect. Some scientists have proposed setting a noise limit of one hundred and twenty decibels in oceans. They have observed that noises at that level can frighten and confuse whales. A team of American and Canadian scientists discovered that louder noises can seriously injure some animals. The research team found that powerful underwater explosions were causing whales in the area to lose their hearing. This seriously affected the whales’ ability to exchange information and find their way. Some of the whales even died. The explosions had caused their ears to bleed and become infected. Many researchers whose work depends on ocean sound object to a limit of one hundred and twenty decibels. They say such a limit would mean an end to important industrial and scientific research. Scientists do not know how much and what kinds of noises are harmful to ocean animals. However, many scientists suspect that noise is a greater danger than they believed. They want to prevent noises from harming creatures in the ocean. 36. According to the passage, which of the following is increasingly dangerous to sea creatures? A. The man-made noises. B. The noises made by themselves. C. The sound of earthquakes. D. The sound of the ice-breaking. 37. Which of the following is discussed in the third paragraph? A. Different places with different types of noises. B. The very human ears sensitive to all types of noises. C. The same noise measured differently on land and in the ocean. D. The ocean animals’ reaction to noises. 38. As to the influence of noises on whales, which of the following statements is true? A. They are deaf to noises. B. Noises at a certain level may hurt them. C. They are easily confused by noises. D. Noises will limit their ability to reproduce (繁殖). 39. We can know from the passage that many researchers think that the noise limit of one hundred twenty decibels would _________. A. prevent them from doing their research work.

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B. benefit them a lot in their research work. C. do good to their health. D. increase the industrial output. 40. According to the passage, what will scientists most probably do in the future? A. They will try their best to decrease noise. B. They will work hard to cut down noise pollution. C. They will study the effect of different noises. D. They will protect animals from harmful noises. D Everybody can suffer from stress. matter what your age is, can feel stressed No you out by things that are happening in your life.Teenagers,however,have many more opportunities to get stressed than people in any other age group.Being a teenager is hard.You are not a child any more,but you are not an adult,even though you have to deal with some very grown-up problems and decisions.Families can be one of the biggest causes of stress,such as problems with parents arguing at home.or problems with brothers and sisters.Teenagers also have a lot of stress from school, either from their teachers or from their friends.Some teenagers also feel stressed about choosing their education after high school.Getting a place at university can be very difficult and some cannot afford to go to university.The stress about getting a job when finishing school is hard for some teenagers.There are so many young people finishing school and not enough jobs for them. Sadly,there is nothing we can do to remove these causes of stress from the 1ives of teenagers,but you can learn the best way to deal with it.Talking to people is one of the best ways to deal with stress.It may sound simple,but it is true.A problem shared is a problem halved. 41.Why is being a teenager often difficult? A.Because even though you are not an adult,you must deal with adult problems. B.Because even though you are an adult,you must deal with children’s problems. C.Because even though you are a teenager,you must do a lot of homework. D.Because adults often make them feel stressed. 42.Families can add to the stress a teenager might experience ________. A.by asking them to go to university B.by helping them with their homework C.as teenagers quarrel with their parents,and their brothers or sisters D.as families never support their children enough 43.Why can leaving school be a stressful time for teenagers? A.Because they will be leaving their favourite teachers. B.Because many people’s favourite memories are at school. C.Because they may worry about getting a place at university. D.Because they may worry about becoming an adult. 44.Why can finding a job after finishing school be difficult? A.Because there is a lot of competition for jobs. B.Because there are no jobs.

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C.Because a job is more difficult than school work. D.Because there is a lot of competition for places at university. 45.We can deal with the stress in our life ________. A.by not trying to find a job B.by forgetting about our problems C.by getting a place at university D.by sharing our problems with our friends 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息请将 46-50 各小题中的人物与 A-F 中的书目匹配起来。 (注意:如选 E,则同时填涂 A 和 B ; 如选 F,则同时填涂 C 和 D 。 ) 以下是一些书目介绍的信息: A. 20 Years Younger The book details easy and effective steps we can all take to rebuild the foundation of youth and enjoy better health, improved energy, and a positive outlook on life. The four basic programs are: an exercise system for fighting muscle and bone loss, a longevity-focused diet, sleep rejuvenation, and wrinkle-fighting skin care. Woven throughout the text is practical advice on changing appearances, controlling stress, staying mentally sharp, navigating medical tests, and much more. B. Born To Run Full of incredible characters, amazing athletic achievements, cutting-edge science, and, most of all, pure inspiration, Born to Run is an epic adventure that began with one simple question: Why does my foot hurt? In search of an answer, Christopher McDougall sets off to find a tribe of the world’s greatest distance runners and learn their secrets, and in the process shows us that everything we thought we knew about running is wrong. C. Natural Running In Natural Running, Abshire explains how modern running shoes distort the efficient running technique that humans evolved over thousands of years. He reviews the history of running shoes and injuries, making the case for barefoot running but also warning about its dangers D. Woodworking This book includes excellent instruction from a best-selling woodworking author on all aspects of woodworking with hand tools. He approaches setting up the all-hand tool shop, explains how the tools work in wood, addresses the joinery, and finishes with instructions on building a workshop accessory to use with hand tools. Also included are other sample projects and information on finishing the hand-worked projects. E. Whittling Little Folk: 20 Delightful Characters to Carve and Paint

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At the beginning of the book, readers will find step-by-step carving and painting instructions for a Scandinavian inspired man and woman. Once they have learned to carve these two projects, readers will find an additional 18 patterns that can also be created with the same technique and some subtle changes.

F. Quick and Easy Meals The book offers healthy, low-carb Primal-approved recipes that can all be completed in under half and hour and, in many cases, in just a few minutes. Sisson and Meier show you how to delight your family or guests every time with quick, delicious meals using local produce, CSA meats, healthy fats (yes, and real butter) and common herbs and spices. 请阅读以下购书者的信息,然后匹配相关的书籍。 46. Carina is fond of art and likes carving very much. In order to make something for the coming Mothers Day, she is searching a new idea. 47. Daisy is a busy salesgirl, who is difficult to find time to cook. She likes home meals. 48. Alexander is a college student. He likes running. He wants to know more about the secret of shoes and running. 49. Sammy majors in PE. He will do a research on how to train long distance runners. 50. Nancy is looking for a book about advice on controlling stress, changing appearances, and enjoying a better health 三、写作 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 假如你是高三级某班班长,最近你要组织一次郊游,有关本次活动的信息如下: 游览地点 郊游原因 郊游目的 出发时间 集中地点 凤凰山(Fenghuang Mountain) 高三学生忙于准备高考,学习压力大,应劳逸结合。 1、亲近大自然,欣赏美景,呼吸新鲜空气,享受阳光。 2、放松自己,释放压力,提高学习效率。 本星期天上午 8:00 学校门口

【写作内容】 请你根据上面表格提供的信息, 向同学们介绍组织这次郊游的原因和目的等情况, 动员全 班同学参与这次活动。 【写作要求】 1、只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 2、文章的开头和结尾已为你写好, (所给句子不计入 5 个句子中) 。 【参考词汇】 高考 College Entrance Examination 第二节:读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。

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Halloween (万圣节) is a holiday widely celebrated with different names in many countries. It has now lost its religious connections and is celebrated largely as a children's day in the United States. In recent years, on this day, children come to the door to have friends and neighbours admire their costumes and guess who they are behind the false faces and receive treats of candy, fruit or cookies. They say, “Trick or Treat", meaning, “I will play a trick on you if you do not give me a treat." More recently , this practice has even developed into a significant international activity. Instead of candy, the children collect money for UNICEF(联 合国国际儿童紧急救援基金). This special collection of money by children for needy children throughout the world is known as “UNICEF Trick or Treat". Begun only recently, it results in several million dollars each year contributed to UNICEF. The collection box is orange, reminiscent (引人联想的) of the pumpkin. 【写作内容】 1、以约 30 个词概括短文的要点。 2、然后以约 120 个词就“帮助儿童”这个主题谈谈你的看法,内容包括: 1) 、你读完这篇文章后的感受; 2) 、你会怎样帮助贫困的儿童; 3) 、谈谈你对帮助贫困儿童的建议。 【写作要求】 1.你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的观点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得 直接引用原文中的句子; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

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参考答案
1-15: ADACB ADABC BCADA 16. latest 17. built 18. their 19. with 20. An 21. nothing 22. simply 23. that 24. exploded 25. what 26-55: AADCB BADBB ACBAD ACCAD EFCBA We have decided to go for an outing to Fenghuang Mountain this weekend. As we all know, we Senior 3 students are so busy preparing for the coming College Entrance Examination that we are faced with so great pressure and have little time to do something else. In order to keep a balance between work and leisure, we think it’ s a good idea for us to get close to nature on the weekend to breathe the flesh air and enjoy the sunshine. By doing that, not only can we enjoy the beautiful scenery but we can also relax ourselves. Meanwhile, we can ease our pressure and make our study more efficient. Those who want to take part in the outing are expected to meet at the school gate at 8:00 this Sunday morning. I hope all the students can take part in this activity. From the passage we know that in recent years in the United States, Halloween has developed into a significant international activity, when children collect money for needy children throughout the world for UNICEF. After reading the passage, I feel quite comforted that Halloween has developed into significant international activity to collect money for the poor children around the world. In this way I am sure more and more poor children, especially those in Africa and Asia, will be given financial aid and live a better and better life. As for me, I will donate my pocket money to the poor children around me. Also I will try my best to persuade people around me to show their loving hearts for the needy children. In my view, to help poor children , joint efforts from charities, enterprises and individuals are needed. First of all, charities should collect money for the needy children. Besides, enterprises and individuals should do what they can to provide support. What’ more, the United Nations should do its best to help the poor countries s to develop their economy so that there are less and less poor children.

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