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【志鸿优化设计】2014届高考英语一轮复习 Module5 NewspapersandMagazines教学案 外研版必修2


Module 5

Newspapers and Magazines

1.____________ n.经济→____________ adj.经济的,节约的 2.____________ n.政治→____________ n.政治家→____________ adj.政治的 3.____________ n.祝贺→____________ vt.祝贺 4.____________ adj.历史性的→____________ n.历史 5.____________ n.成就;功业;伟绩→____________ vt.达到;完成 6. n.演员→____________ n.女演员→________________ v.扮演;表演 7.____________ n.信念;信条→____________ n.不信;怀疑→____________ vt.相 信 8.____________ adj.文化的→____________ n.文化 1. There is clear ____________ (证据) that the Diaoyudao Islands have been China's territory since ancient times. 2.“I've just passed my driving test!”“____________(祝贺) !” 3.We would ____________(欢迎)any advice or suggestions with open arms. 4.I'm ____________(高兴的)at your success. 5.Details on the moon's surface can only be seen through a ____________(望 远镜). 6 . The Chinese government is making proper plans to deal with possible ____________(金融的)and economic risks. 7.The band's new album has had very good ________________(评论). 8.It is important to look at the ____________(文化的)context in which the novel was written. 9.Wang Xuan was awarded five million yuan for his scientific ________(成就) in printing industry. 10.China's ____________(经济)is showing some signs of improvement. 1.____________从事于;忙于 2.____________遍及;到处;全身 3.____________在太空 4.____________总共;合计 5.____________相信 6.____________ 既然 1.Amateur astronomer David Bates was looking at the moon through his telescope last night ____________ he got a big surprise. 业余天文学家大卫·贝茨昨晚正在通过他的天文望远镜观看月球,这时他突然大吃 一 惊。 句型提炼:when 在该句中为并列连词,连接两个并列分句,表示“(突然)就在这时, 就在那时(突然)”。 2.____________ I have made this first visit,I hope I can come many more times. 既然我有过第一次访问,那么我希望能够来更多次。 句型提炼:now that 意为“既然;由于”,引导原因状语从句。 3 . Around four million people read it every day and it sells more than ____________ daily newspaper. 每天大约有四百万人读这份报纸,它比任何其他日报销量都大。 句型提炼:该句为比较句型,any other 表示“任何别的;任何其他的”,常用于同一

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范围内的比较句型中。

1.congratulation n. 祝贺;贺词。常以复数形式出现。 ①Many people offered me their congratulations on my success. 很多人祝贺 我成功。 ②—We're getting married!我们要结婚了! —Congratulations!“恭喜恭喜!” 用法拓展 congratulate vt.祝贺;庆贺;恭喜 congratulate sb.on sth./doing sth.祝贺某人某事 We congratulated him on having passed the examination. 我们祝贺他通过了考试。 易混辨析 congratulate 与 celebrate 这两个词都有“庆贺”的意思,其区别如下: Let's congratulate them 指对某人取得的成就或喜庆之事 congratula on/upon their happy 表示“庆贺;祝贺”,其宾语是被 te marriage. 庆贺的人。 让我们祝贺他们婚姻幸福。 宾语是表示事物的名词,如 节日、 We celebrated the New celebrate 生日、胜利、成功等,宾语不能是 Year's Day/National Day. 人。 我们庆贺新年/庆祝国庆。 反馈 1.1(2012 陕西宝鸡一模,21)—I've passed my driving test,and soon I'll get my driving license. —______. A.Good luck B.Congratulations C.No problem D.Be patient 反馈 1.2(2013 黑龙江双鸭山一中月考,39)Many friends sent me e?mails to ______ me on the birth of my son. A.celebrate B.reward C.express D.congratulate 反馈 1.3Fireworks were seen over Tian'anmen Square in downtown Beijing to ______ the 60th birthday of the People's Republic of China on the night of Oct.1st. A.congratulate B.celebrate C.praise for D.cheer up 2.aboard adv.在船(飞机、火车、公共汽车)上 The plane crashed killing all 200 people aboard. 飞机失事,机上 200 人全部遇难。 易混辨析 aboard,abroad 与 board adv.在(船、飞机、车)上; 上(船、飞机、车) It's time to go aboard the ship. aboard prep.在 (船、 飞机、 上; 现在是上船的时候了。 车) 上(船、飞机、车) My son is still living abroad. 我的儿子仍住在国外。 He went aboard the plane and just a few adv.在国外;到国外;去国 abroad hours later he arrived abroad—far away 外 from his parents. 他上了飞机,仅几小时后,就到了远离父 母的国外了。

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board

n.木板;甲板;膳食费用 Each student has to pay $100 a month for vt.用木板盖上;提供膳食; board and loging.

上(船、飞机等) 每个学生每月需付 100 美元的膳宿费。 反馈 2.1As soon as we went ______ the ship,it left port. A.aboard B.to aboard C.abroad D.board 反馈 2.2On our trip ______ we visited the relatives in Canada. A.aboard B.board C.broad D.abroad 反馈 2.3(2012 山东莱州一中二模,25)All the passengers ______,please fasten your seat belts and remain seated ______ the plane is landing. A.on board;until B.abroad;since C.on the board;before D.aboard;when 3.in total 总计;总共 ①We made £700 in total,over three days of trading. 在 3 天的交易中我们一共赚了 700 英镑。 ②Four people died in total in the accident. 这次事故中总共有 4 人死亡。 用法拓展 total n.总数;总额 adj.完全的;全部的 v.计算总和 a total of 总数为?? total up(to)合计(为) ;总数(达到) ①What does the total come to?总数是多少? ②That's total nonsense!那是一派胡言! ③The takings haven't been totalled yet. 总营业额还未算出。 反馈 3.1—How many students are there in your class ______? —Forty?five. A.at all B.in total C.in the end D.in the total 反馈 3.2______ number of foreign guests were invited to the meeting,but ______ of 20 foreign guests didn't turn up. A.A;totally B.The;in total C.A;a total D.A;in total 4.Amateur astronomer David Bates was looking at the moon through his telescope last night when he got a big surprise. 业余天文学家大卫·贝茨昨晚正在通过他的天文望远镜观看月球,这时他突然大吃一 惊。 when 在该句中为并列连词,连接两个并列分句,表示“(突然)就在这时,就在那时 (突然)”。when 置于两个分句之间,表示的意义往往带有突然性或出乎意料。 be about to do sth.when...表示“正要做某事,这时??”。 be doing sth.when...表示“正在做某事,这时??”。 had done sth.when...表示“刚做了某事,这时??”。 ①I was about to leave the office when the telephone rang. 我正要离开办公室,这时电话响了。 ②I was walking along the street when I heard my name called. 我正在街上散步,突然听到有人喊我的名字。 ③I had just got seated when the concert began. 我刚坐下,音乐会就开始了。 反馈 4.1 He was about to cross the street ______ he heard his name ______.
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A.when;called B.if;calling C.and;calling D.till;called 反馈 4.2(2013 福建三明一中期中,29)I had just given up hope of going to college ______ word came that I had been admitted to a famous British University. A.when B.while C.so D.until 反馈 4.3(2012 四川绵阳南山中学期中,19)He was driving a lorry load of bananas ______ he came off the road and fell 3 hundred meters down the mountain. A.when B.while C.as D.however 5.Now_that I have made this first visit,I hope I can come many more times. 既然我有过第一次访问,那么我希望能够来更多次。 now that 意为“既然;由于”,引导原因状语从句。 Now that you are grown?up,you must stop this childish behaviour. 既然你已长大,你必须停止这种幼稚的行为。 易混辨析 because,as,since,now that 与 for I didn't come to school yesterday because I was ill. 因为病了,昨天我没来上学。 意为“因为”,表示直接原因,语气较强, —Why were you late today? because 原因构成句子的最主要部分。why 提出的 今天怎么来晚了? 问题常由 because 回答。 —Because I didn't catch the bus. 因为我没赶上公共汽车。 As it's raining,you'd better 意为“由于;鉴于”,语气比 because 弱, as take a taxi. 主、从句同等重要。 由于下雨,你最好坐出租车。 Since everybody is here, let's now 意为“既然;由于”,多表示显然或已知 begin. that/since 的原因,语气最弱,语意侧重主句。 既然大家都来了,咱们开始吧。 意为“因为;由于”,表示附加或推断的 理由。上面的四个词都是从属连词,引导 原因状语从句,可置于主句之前或之后; for 为并列连词,连接两个并列分句,置 于两个分句之间,for 前还常有逗号。 I t must have rained last night,for the ground is very wet. 昨天晚上一定下过雨, 因为地上 很湿。

for

反馈 5.1(2013 贵州湄潭中学月考,13)______ we have realized the danger of over?consumption,some measures should be adopted as soon as possible. A.Now that B.As long as C.In order that D.Even if 反馈 5.2(2012 河北大城一中月考,23)______ it is so hot,I guess we can't do anything until after dark. A.In case B.Now that C.Even if D.As though 反馈 5.3The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair ______ he wanted to sit next to his wife. A.although B.unless C.because D.if 反馈 5.4He found it increasingly difficult to read,______ his eyesight was beginning to fail. A.though B.for C.but D.so

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反馈 5.5—Is Mr Smith in the office? —Yes,______ he is in charge of the office,he must be there. A.since B.for C.whether D.though 6.Around four million people read it every day and it sells more than any_other daily newspaper. 每天大约有四百万人读这份报纸,它比其他任何日报销量都大。 any other 表示“任何别的;任何其他的”,常用于同一范围内的比较句型中,把“自 身”与“除自身之外的其他”两者作比较。 ①Tom can run faster than any other student in his school. 汤姆在学校里跑得最快。 ②There is more rain in J une than in any other month of the year. 一年中六月份的雨水比其他任何月份都多。 温馨提示“比较级+than+any other+单数名词”和“比较级+than+all the other +复数名词”都表示最高级的意义。

?这本书比书架上其他任何一本书都有趣。 ?This book is more interesting than all the other books on the shelf. ?这本书比书架上其他所有书都有趣。 ? This book is the most interesting book on the shelf. ?这本书是书架上最有趣的书。
This book is more interesting than any other book on the shelf. 反馈 6.1China is larger than ______ in Asia. A.any country B.any other country C.all the countries D.another country 反馈 6.2China has more people than ______ country in Africa. A.any B.other C.any other D.another 反馈 6.3Liu Xiang did better than ______ and won the final in the Guangzhou Asian Games. A.all the other players B.all the players C.any player D.any other players

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参考答案 基础梳理整合 词汇拓展 1. economy; econom ical 2. politics; politician; political 3. congratulation; congratulate 4.historical;history 5.achievement;achieve 6.actor;actress; act 7.belief;disbelief;believe 8.cultural;culture 语境记词 1.eviden ce 2.Congratulations 3.welcome 4.delighted 5.telescope 6.financial 7.reviews 8.cultural 9.achievement 10.economy 短语回顾 1.work on 2.all over 3.in space 4.in total 5.believe in 6.now that 典句分析 1.when 2.Now that 3.any other 考点归纳拓展 1.1 B good luck 意为“祝你好运”;congratulations 意为“祝贺;恭喜”;no problem 意为“没问题”;be patient 意为“耐心点”。由于对方已经通过考试,即将拿到 驾照,所以应用 B 项表示祝贺。 1.2 D celebrate 意为“庆祝”,宾语为表示物的名词;reward 意为“酬谢;奖赏”, 不合句意;express 意为“表达”,不合句意;congratulate 意为“祝贺”,congratulate sb.on sth.意为“祝贺某人某事”。 1.3 B congratulate 的宾语为“人”;celebrate 的宾语为“事物”,所以该题应选 B 项,表示“庆祝中华人民共和国 60 岁华诞”。praise for 意为“因??赞扬”,cheer up 意为“振作起来”,C、D 项不符合句意。 【特别提醒】congratulate 与 celebrate 的使用结构要分清。 2.1 A 该句意为:我们一上轮船,船就离港了。此处 aboard 是介词,表示“上车、 船、飞机等”。 2.2 D 该句意为:我们在出国旅行时,拜访了我们在加拿大的亲戚。 2.3 D on board 和 aboard 意为“在船(或飞机、车)上”,abroad 意为“在国外”, 所以第一个空应 排除 B、C 项;第二个空应用 when 引导时间状语从句,表示“当飞机降落 的时候”。 【特别提醒】aboard 和 abroad 为形近词,做题时要注意观察。 3.1 B in total 或 in all 意为“总共;总计”,符合句意。 3.2 C 根据后面的 were invited 判断第一个空应选不定冠词,a number of 意为“许 多”;第二个空用 a total,a total of 意为“总数为??”。 4.1 A be about to do sth.when...表示“正要做某事,这时??”。 4.2 A had just done sth.when...为常用句型,意为“刚刚做了某事,突然就在这 时??”。 4.3 A 该题为 be doing sth.when...句型,表示“正在做某事,这时突然??”。 5.1 A now that 意为“既然”,引导原因状语从句;as long as 意为“只要”,引导 条件状语从句;in order that 意为“为了”,引导目的状语从句;even if 意为“即使”, 引导让步状语从句。 根据前后句的逻辑关系判断应选 A 项。 5.2 B in case 意为“以防”;now that 意为“既然;由于”;even if 意为“即使”; as though 意为“仿佛;好像”。根据前后句的逻辑关系判断应选 B 项。句意:由于天很热, 我想直到天黑我才能做点事。 5.3 C 考查状语从句。although 意为“尽管”,引导让步状语从句;unless 意为“除 非; 如果不”, 引导条件状语从句; because 意为“因为”, 引导原因状语从句; 意为“如 if 果”,引导条件状语从句。根据句意和前后的逻辑关系判断应选 C 项。句意:那位老人请露 西挪到另一把椅子上,因为他想和妻子挨着坐。 5.4 B 该句意为:他发现读书越来越难了,因为他的视力正开始下降。从句意看,前 后句应是因果关系, 所以选并列连词 for 引出一种补充说明的原因, 通常与主句用逗号隔开。 though 意为“尽管”;but 意为“但是”;so 意为“所以”。
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5.5 A 根据上下文逻辑判断,该题应选 A 项,表示“既然他负责办公室”。 6.1 B 中国也在亚洲的范围之内, 在进行比较时, 要把自身除去, 所以用 B 项表示“中 国比亚洲的其他任何一个国家都大”。 6.2 A 中国不属于非洲,根据常识可知中国是世界上人口最多的国家,因此用 any 表 示“任何一个”。 如果把中国与亚洲国家相比, 则应表达为 China has more people than any other country in Asia.,即除自身之外的任何一个别的国家。 6.3 A 由于刘翔获得了广州亚运会冠军,所以比较句型中应用 all the other players 或 any other player。 【特别提醒】解答有关比较级和最高级的题目,一定要注意比较的范围。

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