Unit2 English around the world
1. China is a very big country where different dialects are spoken.
Can you list some of them? 2. Is there anybody who can speak a
dialect from other place?
standard dialect southern midwestern 标准, 规格 方言 南部的 中西部的
play a part eastern northwestern recognize
扮演一个角色 东部的 西北方的 辨认出,认出
1.Why are there so many dialects in the US? Because people have come from all over the world. Geography also plays a part in making dialects. 2.What’s the standard English? It’s believed to be the English spoken on TV and the radio.
3.Can you tell an interesting or funny story that shows great difference between dialects in Chinese/English?
keys or kiss
One friend of mine was giving an English lesson to a class of adults who had recently come to live in the United States. After placing quite a number of everyday objects on a table he asked
various members of the class to give
him the ruler, the book, the pen
and so on. The class went very smoothly, and the students seemed interested and serious about the work that they were engaged in until my friend turned to an Italian and said, “Give me the keys.”The man looked surprised and somewhat at a loss(有点手足无措). Seeing this, my friend thought that
the student hadn’t heard him clearly, so he repeated, “Give me the keys.” The Italian shrugged(耸肩) his shoulders. Then, he threw his arms around the teacher’s neck and kissed
him on both cheeks.
1.What’s standard English? 什么是标准英语? standard (n.)标准, 规格 (adj.) 标准的 meet standard 符合标准 standard of living 生活水平 on a standard 根据某一标准
The mountains are not high____
world standard. A. by B. at C. to D. on
2. Believe it or not, there’s no such a thing as standard English. 信不信由你,世界上没有所谓的标准英 语。 believe it or not 信不信由你 Believe it or not, all the people present
have agreed to the plan.
3. However, even on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. 然而, 甚至在电视上或收音机里都会 听到人们在说话时的差异。 the way后面接定语从句时, 关系代词 用that/in which或不用关系代词。 I did it in the way that/in which you taught me.
I don’t like___ you speak to her.
A. the way
B. the way in that
C. the way which
D. the way of which
4. America English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects. 美国英语有很多方言, 尤其是在中西 部, 南部, 黑人和西班牙方言。
especially 尤其, 表达事物不寻常或 特别重要 specially 专门(指专为某一目的) Our garden is beautiful, especially in autumn. I came here specially to see you.
5. Geography also plays a part in making
play a (adj.) part
扮演…角色, 起…作用 She play a leading part in the play.
6.Although many America move a lot, they still recognize each other’s dialects. 虽然许多美国人经常搬家, 但他们 仍然能够辨认彼此的方言。 recognize 辨认,认出(pick out) recognize sth./sb. as sth./sb. 把…认作… Drugs were not recognized as a problem then.
Reading task on P51
The Oxford English Dictionary
Do you know who is the writer of
The Oxford English Dictionary? James Murray, Samuel Johnson,
and Noah Webster.
Samuel Johnson (1709-84)
Note on James Murray’s life
Country Education Scotland No formal education,taught himself while working Worked in a bank, then in Oxford.
Note on James Murray’s life Most compiling the first edition of importan the OED t task Its difficulties: 1 worded in a shed in his garden and behind his house 2 very cold as it was one metre underground
Note on James Murray’s life Most important task 3 no heating; he had to wear a coat and put his feet in a box to keep warm 4 no electric light; he worked at night with candles
Note on James Murray’s life Most important task Qualities needed: 1 commitment 2 perseverance 3 accuracy
Who worked on the dictionary
At first just James Murray; later his two Daughters; finished by others editors after his death
Date of completion
Other First edition took fortyinformation four years to compile
1.Review the words and language points we have learnt in this unit. 2.Translation (1)他们已经请求国际援助。 (2)带着有礼貌的微笑, 她走了出去。 (3)他出去工作了半年, 因为有病没能结束 工作就回来了。 (4)他喜欢发号施令, 但没有人愿意听他的。