当前位置:首页 >> 初中教育 >>

新视野读写2-unit1-SectionA


? Words and Expressions ? Text Study ? Notes to the Text ? Writing

? Understanding

2

1

Text Study—Understanding

Answer the following q

uestions:
1. What are the two things Americans try to save?

Time and labor (Para. 1)

2

1

Text Study—Understanding

2. What does time mean to Americans?

precious resources Time is regarded as ________________. (Para. 2)

2

1

Text Study—Understanding

3. How do Americans do everything? 4. When do Americans start talking business? 5. How do Americans save time? in a rush ? They do everything ________. quickly ? They start talking business _______. ? They work hard at the task of saving time producing a steady flow of laborby ______________________________ saving devices _____________ . (Para. 3-7)

2

1

Text Study—Understanding

6. What’s the conclusion? have different ideas The foreigners _________________ from those of American. (Para. 8)

2

1

Text Study—Understanding

To successfully solve a problem and to fulfill a job with speed is taken by __________ as a sign of

The _________ consider it proper to ____________________ .

2

1

? Focus Study

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

1. Americans believe no one stands still. (Para.1) Here “stand” means “keep or stay in a particular position or state”. In this sense, “stand” is followed by adjectives.

e.g.
The room stands idle. 这房间闲置着。

Stand firm—don’t let them tell you what
to do.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

2. …you are falling behind. (Para. 1)
fall behind: move more slowly than other

people so that one is behind them
◆e.g. 这个学生一直很努力,唯恐落后 The student has been working hard for fear that he should fall behind.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

3.This attitude results in a nation... (Para. 1)
result in: make sth. happen; cause

◆e.g.
Acting before thinking always results in failure. 做事不事先考虑总会导致失败。

Compare:
result from: be caused by sth. The child’s illness results from eating

unclean food.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

4. We are slaves to nothing but clock. (Para.2)
① slave to sth: a person who is being

completely influence or dominated by sth.
a slave to drink 酒鬼 a slave to money 金钱的奴隶 ② nothing but: only ◆e.g. He’s nothing but a criminal.

He did nothing but complain.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

5.Once the sands have run out of a person’s hourglass, they cannot be replaced. (Para.2) run out: ①(of food, money, etc.) there is none left. 用完,耗尽 ◆e.g. Time is running out. ② use all of sth. and not have any left. ◆e.g. I’m running out of patience.
The whole sentence is a metaphor, which means: Once time has passed, it will not return.

2

1

Words and Expressions—Word Using

6. We want every minute to count.(Para.2) count vi.
If sth. counts, it’s important or valuable;

Translation
? 考试前,每一秒钟都很重要。 ? 就运动而言,重要的不是赢,而是参与。

Key
? Every minute counts before the exam. ? In sport what really counts is not the winning but the playing.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

7. …restlessly seeking attention in a store, or elbowing others…(Para.3)
① restlessly: in a restless manner; impatiently ◆e.g. The man repeatedly looked at his watch while walking restlessly in the room.

② elbow: v. push others out of the way with
elbows 用肘推 ◆e.g. She elbowed her way out of the crowd. 她从人群中挤过去。

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

8. …the opening exchanges of a business call… (Para.4) opening: a. first, beginning, starting the opening words 开场白
c.n. ① the beginning or first part of sth. 开头(部分)

② an occasion when sth is used for the first time,
esp. one involves a ceremony 开业典礼,落成典礼 ③ a position available in a business or firm 空缺职位 ◆e.g. There were a few openings at the company,

so he applied.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

9...much less do they take them out for dinner... (Para.4)
much less: often used after a negative statement, to indicate that the statement is more true of the person, or situation that you are going to mention ? 这个老人几乎不能走,更不用说跑了。 ? The old man can hardly walk, much less run. ? They are always short of water to drink, much less to take a bath.

Translation

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

10...especially given our traffic-filled streets.(Para.5) given: prep. taking into consideration; considering

Translation
? 考虑到他们缺乏经验,他们已经做的不错了。 ? Given their inexperience, they have done a good job. w . e can also use “given that…” for the same meaning. ◆e.g. Given that time is limited, they’ve done a good job.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

11.To us the impersonality...the matter at hand.(Para.6)
at hand: ① under discussion; being considered Her question is not related to the mattter at hand. 她的问题和正在考虑的事情无关。 ② near in time or position The Spring Festival is at hand.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

12...be signed in person.(Para.6)
In person: doing sth by oneself 亲自

Translation
你是要写信还是亲自去申请那个职位? Will you apply for the position by letter or in person? The general manager wanted to talk to him

in person.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

13. … … the telephone service is superb here, whereas the postal service is less efficient. whereas … , ……却;而……

paragraph Note:
“whereas” is used to show the contrast.

2

1

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

Translation
? 有些人喜欢肥肉,而有些人却不喜欢。
? Some people like fat, whereas others hate it. ? 有些学生喜欢英语课,而有些学生却讨厌英语课。

? Some students enjoy English classes, whereas others hate them.

? Word Using

2

1

Words and Expressions—Word Using

1. budget vt.

① plan the spending of …(为…)作出安排

Translation
? 学校编列了一百万美元建新图书馆的预算。 ? She is extremely busy, so she has to budget her time carefully.

Key
? The school budgeted one million dollars for a new library. ? 她忙极了,所以必须好好安排时间。

2

1

Words and Expressions—Word Using

1. budget (for ) vi. ② save or spend money for … 制定预算

Translation
小两口为下一年定预算。

Key
The young couple budgeted for the coming year.

2

1

Words and Expressions—Word Using

1. budget n.
③ a plan to show how much a person will be able to spend 预算

Translation
量入为出是很重要的。

Key
It is essential to balance one's budget.

2

1

Words and Expressions—Word Using

1. budget adj. ④ inexpensive, cheap

Translation
他以低廉的价钱买下这所房子。

Key
He bought the house at a budget price.

2

1

Words and Expressions—Word Using

2. convention n. customary practice 习俗,惯例 convetional.

Use It
? What’s the convention for men to wear on formal occasions?

Tips
? It’s the convention for men to wear suits on formal occasions.

2

1

Words and Expressions—Word Using

3. assess vt. judge or decide the amount, value, quality or importance of… 评价,评估 n.?

Translation
? 现在来评价新法律的效果为时尚早。

Key
? It is too early to assess the effects of the new law.

? Structure Writing ? Practical Writing

2

1

Writing—Structure Writing

I. Structure Writing
A General Statement Supported by Specific Details & Reasons Normally, a writer presents his statement at the beginning of a paragraph, and supports it with specific details, then he’ll briefly tell readers the reason(s).

2

1

Writing—Structure Writing

Sample Writing
A general point : Computers will play an increasingly important role in our daily life. Specific details: 1. Computers measure brain activity. 2. Computers evaluate and treat sickness. 3. Computers in car show us routes, take money from our bank. 4. Home computers take care of regular duties at home.

The reason: Computers are working efficiently.

2

1

Writing—Structure Writing

Tips for writing effective sentences:
? Decide the topic. ? Write the topic sentence . ? Turn the topic sentence into HOW & WHY question. ? Before writing, outline details & reasons of the questions.

2

1

Writing—Structure Writing

Sample
Computers will play an increasingly important role in our daily life. Computers could measure brain activity to determine the quality of our work. Doctors will use computers to evaluate and identify motor problems, figure out repair costs and locate repair shops. Home computers will take care of regular duties at home, help with homework and order food. This is because computers can work more efficiently for us.

2

1

Writing—Structure Writing

Your Task
Write a composition about 60 words with the given topic. Use the writing skill we just discussed in this unit.

Topic
Protection of the environment has become a major concern of society

Tips

2

1

Writing—Structure Writing

Tips
Specific details: ? teachers & pupils, specific meeting, discuss the protection of environment ? city planners, environment problems, take … into consideration ? factories, reduce pollution, at a high cost The reason: ? bad air & water pollution affect everyone, ? cities to survive, businesses to make a profit For your reference

2

1

Writing—Structure Writing

(For reference)
Protection of the environment has become a major concern of society. In junior schools, teachers and pupils have specific meetings to discuss the questions of environment. City planners will take environmental problems into serious consideration. Factories will take every possible measure to reduce pollution even at a very high cost. This is because people realize bad air and water pollution affect everyone, making it difficult for cities to survive and for businesses to make a profit.

2

1

Writing—Practical Writing

II. Practical Writing
1. Thank-you Letters
Letters of thanks are one of the most enjoyable letters people write and they are appreciated and expected in many instances in western culture. This is not the case in Chinese culture. In China, people prefer expressing their appreciation in person.

2

1

Writing—Practical Writing

In western culture, however, even if you have expressed your thanks in person, a letter of thanks must still be written. Every gift or favor, every courtesy or kindness, deserves to be acknowledged with genuine thanks and appreciation. Remember, a letter of thanks doesn’t have to be long but it must be sincere and enthusiastic.

2

1

Writing—Practical Writing

2. Sample
Thanks for One’s Hospitality Dear Linda, My visit with you last weekend was a real pleasure. Thank you for your hospitality. I enjoyed every moment. Yours sincerely, Joan

2

1

Writing—Practical Writing

3. Sample
Thanks for a Gift Dear Lynn, I just love the vase you sent me! It is so delicate, yet so gorgeous. It is one of the nicest birthday presents I have ever received. I will place the vase on our dining table and put the most beautiful flowers in it. You really should come and see for yourself how lovely the vase looks in our dining room. With love, and a special hug and kiss.

Helen

2

1

Writing—Practical Writing

4. Your Task
Write a note to thank someone for the gift given. In your letter you will 1) express thanks for the gift given; 2) state clearly how much you like it.

2

1

The End of Section A

To Section B


相关文章:
新视野大学英语读写教程1-第二版课后练习答案
新视野大学英语读写教程1-二版课后练习答案_英语...11 新视野大学英语( 新视野大学英语(第 2 版)第 ...Section B Reading Skills 1. 1.C 2.B 3.D 4...
新视野大学英语读写教程2unit1 quiz
新视野大学英语读写教程2unit1 quiz_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。新视野大学英语...(每小题:1 分) Directions: In this section you'll hear a long ...
新视野大学英语第二版读写教程2课后答案(1-10单元全)
新视野大学英语第二读写教程2课后答案(1-10单元全)_英语学习_外语学习_教育...//www.yingyujiaoxue.com/bbs/Default.Asp Unit1 Section A: Vocabulary III....
新视野读写2 答案(1)
新视野读写2 答案(1)_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Unit 1 Text A Ex.1 ...Unit 2 Section B What college brings us? Ex 1 1. Main idea: College ...
新视野英语读写教程英语book1·unit1-2practice
新视野英语读写教程英语book1·unit1-2practice_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。BOOK 1Practice&Sentence&Words(Unit1~Unit2) Unit1 SectionAUsing the Right Word ...
《新视野大学英语》读写教程 book 2 练习答案 Unit 1 -...
新视野大学英语读写教程 book 2 练习答案 Unit 1 - 副本_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Unit 1 (Book 2) Keys to Exercises Section A Words in use 3 ...
新视野大学英语读写教程第二版第一册答案完整版[1]
新视野大学英语读写教程第二第一册答案完整版[1]_文学_高等教育_教育专区。...Section B Reading Skills 1. 1.C 2.B 3.D 4. A 5. B Comprehension ...
新视野读写第二册第一单元测试
新视野读写第二第一单元测试_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。来自中国矿业大学LC...2. 3. 4. 5. 1 1 1 1 0 D A B A B (每小题 : 1 分; 满分:...
新视野大学英语第二版读写教程第二册答案带作文
新视野大学英语第二读写教程第二册答案 新视野大学英语(第2版)第2Unit 1答案 Section A: Vocabulary III. 1. charge 2. convention 3. efficient 4. ...
新视野大学英语读写教程2-【第二版】【郑树棠主编】课...
新视野大学英语读写教程2-【第二版】【郑树棠主编】课后练习答案_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区。新视野大学英语(第二版)第二Unit 1 答案 Unit 1 Section A I...
更多相关标签:
新视野第三版读写1 | 新视野读写教程1答案 | 新视野英语读写教程1 | 新视野第三版读写1ppt | 新视野大学英语读写1 | 新视野读写教程1 | 新视野读写1答案 | 新视野读写教程1翻译 |