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词汇复习


形容词和副词专题复习设计 教学内容 形容词与副词的用法 教学目的和要求 掌握两类词的用法 教学重点与难点:1,提高学生的语言运用能力。 2,提高学生的语辨能力。 教学方法;情境教学法,分析归纳法 教学过程 Step 1 warming-up Show the students some sentences on the scream, get the students to un

derstand the usage of adj. and adv. As following: 1.熟读下列句子,看看形容词可作哪些成分。 (1)This is an interesting book. 这是一本有趣的书。 (定语) (2)This book is interesting. 这本书很有趣。 (表语) (3)I find the book interesting.我觉得这本书很有趣。 (宾语补足语) (4)I have something important to tell you. 我有重要的事情要告诉你。 (后置定语) 2.副词在句中作状语,看看可修饰哪些词。 (1)It’s raining heavily.雨下得很大。 (修饰动词) (2)You’re quite right.你非常正确。 (修饰形容词) (3)Don’t speak too fast.不要说得太快。 (修饰另一副词) (4)Your coat is just behind the door.你的上衣正好在门后。 (修饰介词短

语) (5)Luckily,he was saved.幸运的是,他得救了。 (修饰句子) Step 2 summerize 1.形容词的位置 一般情况下,形容词作定语放在被修饰词前。但应注意以下情况: (1)形容词作定语修饰 any,no(还有 every,any)和 thing,body(还有 one) 等构成的复合不定代词时,需后置。 (2)以-able 或-ble 结尾的形容词可置于前面有形容词的最高级或 only 等 词修饰的名词的后面。 (3)形容词短语作定语时放在名词后面。 (4)当形容词+不定式构成的短语作定语时,需后置。 2.多个形容词作前置定语时的排列顺序当两个或两个以上的形容词修饰一 个名词时,与被修饰的名词关系较密切的形容词靠近名词,如密切程度差不 多,则音节少的形容词在前,音节多的在后。常用的顺序为:限定词如 the) +数量形容词(如 first)+描绘性形容词(如 beautiful)+大小、长短、高低 的形容词(如 little)+新旧、颜色的形容词(如 white)+国籍形容词(如 Chinese) +材料、 用途的形容词、 名词 (如 wood) +名词中心词 (如 bridge) 。 3.形容词作状语 形容词作状语不表示动作的方式,而是表示伴 随或结果。 4.副词的位置 (1)副词一般放在被修饰的形容词或副词前面或动词的前后。有时副词置 于句首可修饰全句,作评论性状语。

(2)enough 作副词用来修饰形容词、副词时,要放在所修饰词的后面。 5.形容词、副词比较等级的常见结构 (1)表示原级比较的结构有:as+形容词/副词 原级+as,not so/as+形容词/副词原级+as,the same+名词+as。 (2)表示比较级的结构有:形容词/副词比较级 +than,the+比较级...,the+比较级...,the+ 比较级+of the two+(名词) 。 (3)表示最高级的有:形容词/副词比较级 +than+any other+单数名词/any of the the other+ 复数名词/the rest of+复数名词(或不可数名词) 。 4)用介词表示相差程度的有:形容词/副词比 较级+than...+by...。 6.形容词、副词的最高级表示法 最高级用于三者或三者以上的比较,它们的常 见表示法有:the+最高级+of/among/in+复数名 词,one of the+最高级+复数名词,of all+复 数名词,否定词+比较级。 7.名不副实的比较级等级结构 more than+名词,表示“不仅仅,不只是” , 相当于 not only;no more than+名词,表示 “不超过,最多” ,相当于 at most; more...than...表示“与其说??不如 other+复数名词/anyone else/all

说??;不是??而是??” ;no sooner...than....表示“一??就??” ; would rather...than...表示“宁愿??不愿??” 。 8.修饰比较等级的常见词 (1)even,a great deal 可用来修饰比较级,起加强语气的作用。除此之外, 还有 far,much,still,a little,a lot,any(用于否定句或疑问句) ,by far(放在比 较级后),a bit,three times 等。 (2)by far 序数词可修饰最高级。除此之外 nearly,almost,by no means,not really,not quite,nothing like 等也可修饰最高级 step 3 exercises-analysing 1.—What will you buy for your husband’s birthday? —I want to buy a wallet for him.

A.black leather small B.small black leather C.small leather black D.black small leather 解析 根据多个形容词作定语词序排列规律“限定描绘大、长、高,形状、

年龄和新老,颜色、国籍和材料,作用类别往后靠”可知,选项中三个限定词分 别为 small(大、小),black (颜色),leather(材料)。 3.—What does the model plane look like? —Well,the wings of the plane are A.more than the length twice C.more than twice the length 解析 of its body.

B.twice more than the length D.more twice than the length

分析句意及选项可知 ,这是一个比较级结 构中由名词所构成的倍

数表达形式。 在这一结构中,倍数要置于表示量的名词前面,后接 of+另外一个

比较对象,该题中 more than 仅为一个修饰词,应置于倍数词前面 ,构成:the wings of the plane are more than twice the length of its body。 4.—How about the concert last night? —Well,at least it’s the one I saw last time with Joan.

A.no worse than B.no better than C.not as good as 解析 D.as bad as

在比较级结构中“ no+ 比较级 +than ”意思为“前者并不比后者

更??” 。根据答句意义,尤其是从 at least 可以知道该句意思为“至少它不 比我上次跟 Joan 一起看的音乐会更糟”,故应选 no worse than;选项 B 意义 相反,不符合句意;选项 C、D 意义相同。 5.Of the two scientists,who do you think is A.a successful one B.more successful C.a more successful 解析 D.the more successful ?

在含有 of the two 的句子结构中,句子的形容词要用比较级形式,并

且被定冠词 the 限定,意思为 “两者中更??” 。 句意为:两位科学家中,你认为 哪一位更成功? 6.We can’t get the machine to run.There must be A.something wrong seriousB.something seriously wrong C.something serious wrong D.something wrong seriously 解析 一般情况下,形容词修饰不定代词时,要 放在不定代词的后面;副词 with it.

修饰形容词时,要放 在形容词之前,这样便构成 something seriously wrong。 7.After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced in

2004 as the ear before. A.as many machines twice C.as twice many machines 解析 B.twice many as machines D.twice as many machines

在含有倍数、百分数的同级比较结构中 , 倍数或百分数必须置于

as...as 之前;由 many 或 much 修饰的复数名词或不可数名词必须置于 as...as 中间。 8.After the long journey,the Smiths returned home, A.safe but tired C.safe and tiring 解析 B.safely but tired D.safely and tiring .

根据题干意义可知,空格部分是用来补充说明句子主语是怎样的,故

选用形容词作状语,表示“人感到累”应用 tired,由于选项是两个意义不一致 的形容词,故用转折连词 but 连接。实际上,该句相当于...the Smiths returned home and they were safe but tired 9.Tasting A.well;good B.to be good;well C.good;well D.to be well;good 解析 分析题干可知,第一空 taste 在此作系动词,其后应接不带 to be 结构 ,this kind of fried chicken sells ______.

的形容词作表语。 由于 well 作形容词时意思为“健康的”,不符合题意,故 应选 good 作表语;第二空 sell 在此为不及物动词,后接副词 well,意思为“畅 销”,用 sell 的主动形式表示被动意义。

10.The problem is not settled. A.hardly C.nearly 解析 B.almost D.scarcely

so easy as you think.It’s far from being

hardly 和 scarcely 意思均为 “几乎不” ,与题干中的 not 构成双重否

定,不符合句子意思;almost 与 not 连用时,almost 常置于 not 前面,意思为 “几 乎不”;只有 not nearly 为正确结构,意思为“相差很远” 。 11.There was such a long queue for coffee at the interval that we A.eventually C.generously 解析 B.unfortunately D.purposefully gave up.

eventually 最后,最终;unfortunately 遗憾的是,倒霉的是;generously

慷慨地,大方地; purposefully 故意地,有意地。 12.At times,worrying is a normal, response to a difficult event or situati—

a loved one being injured in an accident,for example. A.effective C.inevitable 解析 B.individual D.unfavorable

A 项意为“有效的”;B 项意为“个人 的”;C 项意为“不可避免的,

不可回避的”;D 项意为“不利的,不喜欢的” 。 13.Tom the file now. A.readily C.accidentally B.horribly D.irregularly downloaded a virus into his computer,and he can not open

解析

根据句意,只有 C 项符合题意。句意为:由于汤姆无意中下载了病

毒 到 电 脑 中 , 现 在 无 法 打 开 这 个 文 件 。 readily 乐 意 地 ;horribly 可 怕 地;accidentally 无意地,意外地;irregularly 无规则地。 14.John was dismissed last week because of his job. A.informal 解析 B.casual C.determined D.earnest attitude towards his

形容词词义辨析。根据句意“约翰上周被解雇是因为他对工作满不

在乎的态度”知,只有 B 项符合题意。casual 漫不经心的,马虎的, informal 非正式的;determined 坚定的;earnest 认真的。 15.—Why did ladies spend so much time searching shop after shop only for a blouse? —Oh,they were very A.special C.especial 解析 about their clothes.

B.particular D.concerned

be particular about 表示“对??很挑剔” 。

Step 4 some samples from NEMT 12. It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is _____ another to play it well yourself. A. quite B. very C. rather D. much (2011全国卷II) 17. Mr. Stevenson is great to work for—I really couldn't ask for a_boss. A. better B. good C. best D. still better 29. When Mom looked back on the early days of their marriage, she wondered how they had managed with ______ money. A. so few B. such few C. so little D. such little (2011湖北卷)23. The old engineer’s eyes still shone bright in the wrinkled

brown face and his step as he came across the room was _______, though slow. A. shaky B. heavy C. casual D. steady (2011湖北卷)24. An unhappy childhood may have some negative effects on a person’s character; however, they are not always _______. A. practical B. avoidable C. permanent D. beneficial (2011湖北卷)25. The state-run company is required to make its accounts as ______ as possible for its staff to monitor the use of money. A. transparent B. reasonable C. secure D. formal (2011江西卷)24. ----The film is, I have to say, not a bit interesting. ----Why? It’s ______ than the films I have ever seen. A. far more interesting B. much less interesting C. no more interesting D. any less interesting )27. The house was too expensive and too big. ______, I’d grown fond of our little rented house. A. Besides B. Therefore C. Somehow D. Otherwise (2011江西卷) 33. She has already tried her best. Please don’t be to _____ about her job. A. special B. responsible C. unuaual D. particular (2011江苏卷)25. In that school, English is compulsory for all students, but French and Russian are ______. A. special B. regional C. optional D. original (2011安徽卷)31. _____, I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. A. Hopefully B. Normally C. Thankfully D. Conveniently (2011浙江卷) 7. Since people are fond of humor, it is as well in conversation as _______ else. A. anything B. something C. anywhere D. somewhere 浙江卷)13. I’ve been writing this report ____ for the last two weeks, but it has to be handed in tomorrow. A. finally B. immediately C. occasionally D. certainly (2011浙江卷)16. My schedule is very ______ right now, but I’ll try to fit you in. A. tight B. short C. regular D. flexible (2011四川卷)12. —How are your recent trip to Sichuan? —I’ve never had _______ one before. A. a pleasant B. a more pleasant C. a most pleasant D. the most

pleasant (2011天津卷) 9. The young man couldn’t afford a new car. _______, he bought a used one. A. Besides B. Otherwise C. Instead D. Still (2011浙江卷) 9. The professor could tell by the _____ look in Maria’s eyes that she didn’t understand a single word of his lecture. A. cold B. blank C. innocent D. fresh (2011福建卷)30.Nowadays, ____ increase in children’s creativity, for they are greatly encouraged to develop their talents. A.sharp B.slight C.natural D.modest Step5 discussion Get the students discuss the usage of these two kinds of words . Step 6 homework….


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