当前位置:首页 >> 高中教育 >>

who, whom, whose, that引导的先行词指人的定语从句


who,whom,whose 和 that 作为定语从句的引导词,称为关系代词。我们现在来看一下先行 词指人时,这四个关系代词的使用问题。下面用句子合并的方法来分析。 一、定语从句用 who 或 that 做引导词,在从句中做主语。 把句②变为句①的定语从句,句①中的 the boy 做定语从句的先行词。在句②中 he 指句 ①中提到的 the boy 也就是定语从句的先行词,h

e 在句中做主语,因此要用 who 和 that 引导 定语从句,代替句②中的 he,也就是说 he 就不能出现在定语从句中了。由此得到句③ The boy who broke the window is called Jack. 注意:一般情况下定语从句要紧挨先行词。 请把下面每组的两句话合并为一句。 The person must pay for it. / He lost the library book. →The person who lost the library book must pay for it. The boy is very clever. / He is wearing the black jacket. →The boy who is wearing the black jacket is very clever. 二、定语从句用 who,whom 或 that 做引导词,在从句中做宾语。因为是做宾语,所以 这些引导词可以省略。 请分析下面两个简单句: 句①Do you know the young man? 句②We met him at the gate. 把句②变为句①的定语从句,句①中的 the young man 做定语从句的先行词。在句②中 him 指句①中提到的 the young man 也就是定语从句的先行词,him 在句中做宾语,因此要 用 whom,that 或 who 引导定语从句,代替句②中的 him,也就是说 him 就不能出现在定语 从句中了。由此得到句③ Do you know the young man who/that/whom we met at the gate?(who/that/whom 可以省 略,句子可以写作:Do you know the young man we met at the gate?) 请把下面每组的两句话合并为一句。 Mr. Lee has come ./ You want to see him. →Mr. Lee who/whom/that you want to see has come. This is the girl. He worked with her in the office./ →This is the girl whom /that / who he worked with in the office. 三、定语从句用 whose 做引导词,在从句中作定语表示“某些人的?” 。 请分析下面两个简单句: 句①The girl is staying at home today. 句②Her mother is ill. 把句②变为句①的定语从句,句①中的 the girl 做定语从句的先行词。在句②中 her 指 句①中提到的 the girl 也就是定语从句的先行词,her 在句中做定语,因此要用 whose 引导定 语从句,代替句②中的 her,也就是说 her 就不能出现在定语从句中了。由此得到句③ The girl whose mother is ill is staying at home today.

请把下面每组的两句话合并为一句。 The boy is called Li Lei. / His parents were dead in the flood. →The boy whose parents were dead is called Li Lei Mr. Wang is the policeman./His house caught fire last Sunday. →Mr. Wang is the policeman whose house caught fire last Sunday. 巩固练习: 一、用定语从句把下面两句话合并为一句。 1. Lets ask the man .He is reading the book over there. 2. The girl is Peter ’s sister. We saw her yesterday. 3. This is Uncle Li. He mended computers for us. 4. I know the young man. You mean him. 5. I know the boy. His father is a scientist. 二、单项选择 1. Have you seen the man _____ car was stolen just now? A. its B. its C. whose D. which

2. On the bus I saw a student ____ I thought was your brother. A. who B. whom C. which D. whoever

3. The foreigner ___ visited our school yesterday is from Canada. A. that B. which C. whom D. /

4.Here is the man ____ you are looking for. A. which 答案: B. whom C. what D. where

一、 1.Lets ask the man who/that is reading the book over there. 2.The girl that/whom/who we saw yesterday is Peters sister. 3.This is UncleLi who/that mended computers for us. 4.I know the young man whom/that/who you mean. 5.I know the boy whose father is a scientist. 二、1-4 C A A B


相关文章:
定语从句 关系代词that which who whom whose
定语从句 关系代词that which who whom whose_高一英语...which 不指人,在从句中做主语和宾语, 做宾语时...who/ whom 先行词表示某人时,用 who。在定从中做...
that、who、which引导的定语从句
that 指人时,相当于 who 或者 whom;指物时,相当于 which。 在宾语从句中做...whose 通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语 (1) He has a friend whose...
who,whom,whose,that,which
1 、关系代词引导的定语从句 1)who, whom, that 这些词代替的先行词人的...(whom/that 在从句中作宾语) 2) Whose 用来指人或物,(只用作定语, 若指物...
定语从句
A 先行词人的话用 that who whom whose引导定语从句, whom 在从句中做...指人 who/that whom who/that whose 指物 which/that which/that whose 主格...
初中英语定语从句that which who whom的用法
初中定语从句用法试分析: 一.指人的关系代词有 whowhosewhomthat. 试...如果有两个或两个以上分别表示人和物的先行词时(先行词既有人又有 (4) ) ...
who,whom,whose,that,which
1 、关系代词引导的定语从句 1)who, whom, that ) 这些词代替的先行词人的名词或代词,在从句中所起作用如下: 这些词代替的先行词人的名词或代词,在从句...
Unit 4 定语从句练习2
引导定语从句的词有关系代词 who, whom, whose, that, which 和关系副词 when...3..在 Here be 或 There be 开头的句子中,先行词指人时, 用 who; Here ...
chapter6 who, which &that 引导的定语从句
whom 关系词 whowhom可以引导先行词指人的定语从句.它们的区别如下: ...A whose B which C when D who 4 We should be ready to help the ...
外研版九上英语定语从句讲解及习题
引导定语从句的关系代词主要有 who, whom, whose, which, that 等。它们分别 代替前面的先行词,并在定语从句中作主语、宾语或定语。 1.who 指人,在从句中做...
必修一unit4 定语从句-导学案
2、掌握关系代词 that, who, which, whomwhose 的用法。 3、掌握关系...在从句中作 其后应紧跟 词 2)whose 引导定语从句,其先行词可指 ,也可指 ...
更多相关标签:
定语从句先行词 | 定语从句的先行词 | 定语从句先行词省略 | 定语从句先行词做主语 | 定语从句先行词是人 | 定语从句中的先行词 | 定语从句先行词做宾语 | 定语从句先行词是动物 |