知 识 梳 理
单 元 微 写 作
选修 6 Unit 5 The power of nature
核 心 突 破 分 层 限 时 跟 踪 练
diagram 1．________ /?da
I?gr?m/n.图解；图表；示意图 wave /weIv/n.波浪；波涛；vi.波动；挥手；起伏 2．_______ potential 3．________ /p??ten? l/n.潜在性；可能性；潜能；
suit /sju?t/n.一套外衣；套装；vt.适合；使适宜 4．______
shoot/?u?t/vt.射中；射伤 5．______ panic /?p?nIk/vi.&vt.惊慌；n.惊慌；恐慌 6．_______ bathe /beI?/vi.洗澡；游泳 7．_______ tremble 8．_______ /?trembl/vi.摇晃；摇动；颤抖 guarantee 9．_________ /?g?r?n?ti?/vt.保证；担保 precious 10．_________ /?pre??s/adj.贵重的；珍贵的
suits 11． To students， you'd better choose the activity which interests you and ______
tremblingwith anger. 12．She was __________ wavingmy hand madly but he never once looked in my direction. 13．I was _______
potential wealth is great. 14．Although this area is very poor now，its __________ panicked 15． Tom _________ at the sound of explosion and his wife also got into a panic.
掌握这些生义 1．bathe vt. 使沐浴(在光线里) 2．wave n. 态势 3．shoot vt.& vi. 摄影
equipment equip vt.装备于；配备于→__________ 1．________ n．设备；装备
actually adv.说实在的；实际上 actual adj.实在的；实际的→__________ 2．________ comfortable uncomfortable 3．____________ adj.舒服的→____________ (反义词)adj.不舒服的；不舒
consciousadj.有意识的→____________ unconscious 4．__________ adj.(反义词)失去知觉的；未
appointmentn．约定；任命 appoint vt.任命；委派→_____________ 5．__________ absolutely absolute adj.绝对的；完全的→__________ 6．__________ adv.绝对地；完全地 anxious adj.忧虑的；不安的→__________ anxiety n．担心；焦虑；渴望 7．__________ diversityn．多种多样；多样性 diverseadj.多种多样的；不同的→__________ 8．_______ appreciate appreciation 9．__________ vt.欣赏；感激→____________ n．欣赏；感激；感谢 evaluate vt.评估；评价；估计→__________ evaluation 10. __________ n．评估
anxiety anxious to leave and he could not hide his __________.(anxious) 11． He was _________ appointedas manager of the company.But to everyone's surprise， 12． He was __________ appointment he didn't accept the _____________.(appoint)
equipped with a lot of good __________ equipment 13．The labs in our school are __________ ，
which is helpful for our study.(equip)
appreciation to you all， 14． I would like to express my ______________ what you did should appreciated be highly ______________.(appreciate)
领悟这种构词 由第 7 题可知“adj.＋后缀ty”构成名词形式，常见的还有： 1．variety n．多样化 2．cruelty n．残忍 3．safety n．安全
ground 全部焚毁 1．burn to the ________
makeone's way 前往 2．______
through 匆匆看一遍 3．glance ________
from ...to ... 由??到??不等 4．vary ______ for 有??的天赋 5．have a gift ____
to 是??的栖息地 6．be home ____ with 与??相比 7．be compared _____ in the distance 在远处 8．____ to 即将 9．be about ____ of 留意；注意 10．take notice ____
made my way 11．The next day，I _____________ to the public library. burnt to the ground 12．Many houses have been covered with lava or __________________. vary from one to another in character. 13．The students _____________ in the distance 14．The noise of the car died away ______________. take notice you ， you must make your 15 ． If you want people to _______________
当心这些短语 1. vary from ...to 和 be home to 中的 to 均为介词。 2. take notice of 中的 notice 前无冠词。 3. be about to 中的 to 为不定式符号，后跟动词原形。
However weak we are 1 ． ___________________ ( 无论我们多么脆弱 ) ， we are not completely
Having collected and evaluated the information 2．_________________________________________( 收集和评估这些信息之
后)，I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast.
I was about to go back to sleep when 3 ． ____________________________________ ( 我刚 要 再睡， 突 然 ) my
bedroom became as bright as day.
4. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later
this being my first experience study，but _______________________________ (我是第一次经历这样的事)，I
stayed at the top and watched them.
It is said that (据说)this boy，who had a great gift for languages and 5．_________________
persuasion，is the father of the Manchu people.
B．佳句仿写 1 对 1 6. 不管有多远，我今晚也要开车到那儿去。
However far it is, I intend to drive there tonight. ________________________________________________
Not having completed the design of this device last month , I am ve _____________________________________________________________
She was about to walk out of the door when the telephone rang. __________________________________________________________
All things considered，her suggestion is of greater value than yours ______________________________________________________________
It is said that a new bus line will be opened next month. ___________________________________________________
写作这样使用 1．(2015· 北京高考)The craftsman coming into the classroom, we gave him a warm welcome and two boys helped him with the tool box. 那个手艺人走进教室，我们对他热烈欢迎，两个男孩帮他搬工具箱。 2．(2015· 重庆高考)Learning that you are organizing this activity to share books worldwide, I am writing to apply for it for the simple reason that I love reading and I own a large number of books. 得知你正在组织这项活动来分享世界 各地的书籍，我写申请纯粹是因为我喜欢读书并且拥有大量书籍。
Ⅴ.课文内容缩写记 阅读所学课文，在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。 I often travel to unusual places and work alongside interesting people from all
scientific over the world.Using 1.____________(science)equipment and collecting information occasionally about volcanoes is my job.Although my job is 2. _______________
(occasional)dangerous，I don't mind because danger excites me and makes me feel
As is known，when lava from the volcano flows，many houses will be alive.3.____ with lava or be burnt to the ground. covered 4. _____
However，my job helps scientists predict where lava from the volcano will flow
which can help protect ordinary people from one of the next and how fast，5. ________ powerful experienced most 6. ________ (power)forces on earth.I once 7. __________ (experience) the
eruption of Mount Kilauea and was lucky to have a close look at the absolutely
fountained fantastic sight.When it broke out， red lava was 8. __________ (fountain) hundreds of passing (pass) slowly down the mountain caused meters into the air.All the lava 9. ________ its (it)path under the molten rock. great damage and buried everything in 10. _____
核心突破| 互动式探究盘清考点 [ 小题快做] ——讲前自测 有的放矢 根据提示完成下列句子
1． After the Tianjin bombings on August 12th,2015， he was appointed to inquire the event. 2015 年 8 月 12 日的天津爆炸案后，他被委派调查该事故。 2．The amount of sleep we need varies from person to person. 我们需要的睡 眠量因人而异。 3．Look！Many children are making their way to the beach. 看！很多孩子正 往海滩走去。
4．It is hoped that the terrible disease will soon be controlled. 人们希望这种 可怕的疾病能迅速得到控制。 5． The drought had lasted several months and it made farmers anxious about the harvest. 干旱已持续了好几个月，这使得农民很担心农作物的收成。
1．guarantee vt. 保证；担保；n. 保证；担保；保修单 Surely, there will be setbacks (挫折) and disappointments in life; boldness in itself is no guarantee of success.(2015· 天津高考· 阅读理解) 当然，生活中会有挫折和失望；大胆本身并不能保证成功。
guarantee to do sth. 保证去做某事 be guaranteed to do... 肯定会?? under guarantee 在保修期内 give sb.a guarantee that... 向某人担保??
①The car is less than a year old，so it is still under guarantee. 这辆车还不到一年，因此还在保修期内。 ②We can't guarantee you a room for that day. 我们不能保证那天给你一个房间。 ③We guarantee to replace the broken door free of charge. 我们保证免费更换这损坏了的门。
2．suit vt. 适合；使适宜；n.诉讼；恳求；套装 [ 佳句理解] When we accept progress and adapt it to suit our needs， a new “past” is created.(2014· 江西高考· 阅读理解) 当我们接受进步并让它适应我们的需要，一个新的过去就被创造。
suit sth.to sb.
suit one's needs 适合某人的需要 be suited to/for 适合于??；适宜于?? be suitable for 适合于?? be suitable to do sth. 适合做?? a suit of clothes 一套衣服
①A good teacher suits his lessons to the age of his pupils. 一位优秀的老师应使他讲的课适合学生的年龄。 ②So，when it finds a suitable nest，it looks for someone to help it. 因此当它发现合适的蜂巢，它就会寻找帮助。 ③The house is not really suitable for(suited for/to) a large family. 这所房子确实不适合大家庭居住。
[ 易混辨析] match suit fit 多指大小、色调、形状、性质等方面的搭配。 多指合乎需要、口味、性格、条件、地位、时间等。 多指大小、形状合适，引申为“吻合，协调”。
用 match，suit，fit 的适当形式填空 ④The size of the shirt fits me well and its color matches my tie，so it suits me. 这件衬衫的大小非常合身并且颜色与我的领带相配，所以它适合我。
3．appoint vt. 任命；委派；约定；指定(时间、地点等) [ 佳句理解] While I was slow to accept that I would be the one to keep track of her shots, to schedule her vet appointments, to feed and clean her, Misty knew this on day one.(2015· 浙江高考· 阅读理解) 我慢慢才知道我将是那个跟它形影不离，安排见宠物医生，喂食和清洁她 的人， 而 Misty 第一天就知道了。
(1)appoint sb. to sth.
appoint sb. as/to be... 任命某人为?? appoint a time/place for sth./to do sth. 确定时间/地点做某事 (2)have/make an appointment with sb. 与某人约会 keep/break an appointment 守/违约
①He has been appointed to the State Supreme Court. 他奉命到州最高法院任职。 ②I have the pleasure of announcing the news that she has been appointed as the new Sales Manager at Head Office. 我很高兴地宣布这个消息，她已被任命为总公司新的销售经理。 ③We appointed the place and time for the next meeting. 我们决定了下次集合的地点与时间。
4．anxious adj. 忧虑的；不安的；急切的；渴望的 [ 佳句理解] You will be anxious if you set out for a dinner late.(2015· 陕西高 考· 阅读填句) 假如你动身赴宴去迟了，你会有所焦虑。 (1)be anxious for/about 为……担心/担忧
be anxious to do sth. 急于做某事 (2)anxiety n. 忧虑；担心；渴望 with anxiety 焦虑地
①He was a bit anxious about the safety of the machinery. 他有点担心机器的安全。 ②She was anxious to finish school and get a job. 她渴望毕业找份工作。 ③We are waiting for the news with anxiety. 我们在焦急地等待着消息。
5．panic vi.& vt. (使人或动物)受惊；惊慌 n．惊慌；恐慌 [ 佳句理解] Panicking，she began to scream.(2013· 江西高考· 阅读理解) 惊慌中，她开始尖叫。 (1)panic sb. into doing sth. 使某人因惊慌做某事 (2)get into a panic 惊慌失措 in panic 惊慌地 in a state of panic 处于惊慌状态
①He started to panic when he saw the gun. 他看见枪就慌了起来。 ②All the people fled in panic as the earth shook. 当大地摇晃时，所有的人都惊慌逃跑。 ③She really panicked/got into a panic when she thought she'd lost her necklace. 想到自己把项链丢了，她惊慌失措。
[ 单词随堂巩固] 完成句子 1. My patient didn't turn up at the appointed time(在约定的时间)，that is，she broke an appointment. 2． —How about eight o'clock outside the cinema？—That suits me fine(那非常 适合我)． 3. I was told the Learning Center provides help for students and I'm anxious to get help from you(急于获得你们的帮助)．
4. Even if you complete your training，I can't guarantee you a job(保证你得到 一份工作)． 5. I got into a panic(十分惊慌) when I found the door was locked.
1．make one's way 前进；前往 [ 佳句理解] And if you can stay positive as you make your way through a
tough time, you'll help yourself feel better even faster.(新课标全国卷· 阅读理解) 如果当你经历一段困难的时光时能保持积极的心态，你就会更快地让自己 感觉好起来。
feel one's way 摸索着前进 fight/push one's way 推/挤着前进 wind one's way 蜿蜒前进 force one's way out/in 挤出去/进来
①She gradually fought her way to the top of the company. 她努力奋斗，逐渐进入公司高层。 ②The Great Wall winds its way across north China like a huge dragon. 长城像一条巨龙，在中国北方蜿蜒盘旋。 [ 巧学助记] Having felt his way through the forest，he lost his way back home，only to find a river winding its way down the hill.
2．vary from...to... 由??到??不等 [ 佳句理解] Class sizes vary from one to one hundred and resources can be basic...(2014· 广东高考· 信息匹配) 班级规模从 1 人到 100 人不等，资料是基本的??
(1)vary in sth.
vary with 随??变化；改变 vary between...and... 从??到??转变 (2)various adj. 各种各样的；多姿多彩的 (3)variety n. 种种；多样化 a variety of 种种
①The animals and plants vary in shape and size. 世界上的动植物的形状、大小各异。 ②As in China，the climate in Canada varies with the area. 正如中国一样，加拿大的气候也因地而异。 ③Everyone arrived late at the party for a variety of/various reasons. 参加聚会的人都因为种种原因而来迟了。
[ 短语随堂巩固] 选词填空 be about to；be compared with；take notice of；feel one's way；vary with；have a gift for 1. Try and feel your way through the crowd. 2. The menu varies with the reason. 3. Keep silent！Take notice of what they are talking about you. 4. I was about to go to work when the bell rang. 5．Compared with you, Lisa is more gifted in playing the piano.
1．It is said that this boy，who had a great gift for languages and persuasion， is the father of the Manchu people. 据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先，他具有语言天赋和很强的说服力。 It is said that...“据说??”，实际上 it 为形式主语，that 引导的主语从句， 相当于 People say that ...的意思。 该结构还可以改变成 sb./sth.is said to do ...结构。 注意根据动词不定式和 is said 动作之间的时间关系，使用不定式的一般式、进 行式或完成式。
It is thought that... 大家认为?? It is believed that... 人们相信?? It is hoped that... 人们希望?? It is reported that... 据报道?? It is required that... 要求??
①It is reported that Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 crashed as a result of a Russianmade missile. 据报道马来西亚 MH17 航班是被俄罗斯制造的导弹击落的。 ②It is required in the school rules that all the students (should) wear school uniform every Monday morning. 学校的校规要求周一早上所有学生必须穿校服。
2．This being my first experience，I stayed at the top and watched them. 我是第一次经历这样的事，所以留在山顶上观察他们。 句中 this being my first experience 是独立主格结构， 在句中作原因状语， this 是 being 的逻辑主语。 独立主格结构的构成：n./pron.＋v.ing/v.ed/to do/adj./adv./prep.phrase
(1)其中名词或代词起着逻辑主语的作用；另一部分表示状态、状况或动作。 (2)独立主格结构本身不是句子，但在语意上相当于一个句子。在句子中作 状语，表示时间、原因、条件、伴随等。 (3)独立主格结构一般用逗号与主句分开。 (4)there being 是 there be 结构的独立主格结构。
①The boy leading the way，we had no trouble in finding Mo Yan's house. 那男孩领着路，我们毫不费劲地找到了莫言的家。 ②He walked into the classroom，his head lowered. 他低着头，走进了教室。
[ 句型随堂巩固] 句型转换 1. The doctor evaluated the patient's condition and then he decided to try a new drug. →Having evaluated the patient's condition，the doctor decided to try a new drug. 2. It is said that he is working in that big company. →He is said to be working in that big company.
3. After their lessons had been finished for the day，the children went home from the grammar school. → Their lessons finished for the day， the children went home from the grammar school. 4．He was on the point of going when the telephone rang. →He was about to go when the telephone rang. 5. It was fine yesterday，so we climbed the hill. →It being fine yesterday，we climbed the hill.
Ⅰ.根据所给提示翻译下面句子 1．与自然灾害，如台风、飓风、洪水、地震和火山等相比，人类很弱小。 ( compare with ; volcano) Compared with natural disasters， such as typhoon， hurricane， flood， earthquake and volcano，humans are weak.
2 ．火山爆发会引起恐慌，有可能将所经之处的一切焚烧殆尽。 (erupt ； potential；burn to the ground) When volcanoes erupt，they cause panic and have the potential to burn to the ground everything in its path. 3．事实上，空气中的火山灰使飞机没法飞行。(actually) Actually，ashes in the air make it impossible for flights to work.
4． 在飞行前， 我们需要评估大气质量， 以免陷入不必要的恐慌中。 (evaluate； get into panic) Before the plane takes off，we should evaluate the quality of atmosphere in order not to get into panic. 5． 如果你即将乘飞机飞往火山地区， 你应该留意最新的火山信息。 (be about to；take notice of) If you are about to fly across the volcano area，you should take notice of the latest news about it.
Ⅱ.将以上句子连成一段语言流畅、用词准确、逻辑严密的短文 ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________
[ 参考范文] Compared with natural disasters， such as typhoon， hurricane， flood， earthquake and volcano，humans are weak. When erupting，volcanoes cause panic and have the potential to burn to the ground everything in its path. Actually, on the other hand, ashes in the air make it impossible for flights to work. Before the plane takes off，we should evaluate the quality of atmosphere in order not to get into panic.If you are about to fly across the volcano area，it is quite necessary you should take notice of the latest news about it.