大庆市东风中学 2014 年高一下学期期中考试英语试题
一． 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A I have been using the Internet since I was five years old, when my dad first sat me down in front of a com
puter and connected me the World Wide Web. I?ve always felt like a master of the Internet world. AOL Instant Messaging, MSN, Gmail, Facebook, Myspace -- I?ve got it all under control. I thought there was nothing more to it besides checking my e-mail and wasting my time, until I was introduced to electronic commerce(e-commerce): business on the Internet. Some online businesses are run from one-room home offices. Others have hundreds of employees across the world. Have you ever heard of Amazon.com, Yahoo.com? My friends often said they got cheap textbooks off Amazon.com, or had a good deal on Steve Madden shoes that were on sale at SteveMaden.com. Unfortunately for me, I continued my “e-commerceless” Web-surfing, not knowing about all the deals I was missing out on. That is, of course, until my sister finally sold the idea to me. “Why are all these packages arriving in the mail for you, Katy?” I asked her one day. Strange envelopes had been put on our doorstep for weeks now, each one always addressed to my sister; and we all know little sisters should never be getting more mail than their elders! “Oh, it?s the things I ordered online!” she answered. I watched speechlessly as she opened them. There was no way our parents were letting her spend that much money- online or off! “How much did all of this coat?” “Oh, only about $15 in all!” She said excitedly. “Everything on eBay is on sale! It?s a way better than going to the mall.” I felt as if there had been a store right in my backyard that I had never walked into! That week, I ordered a used Spanish textbook for my summer course online for 10 percent of the publishing price. A few days later, I bought an iPod protector and a book or two via the wonderful eBay.com. 1. From the first two paragraph we can conclude that the author_______. A. had no experience using computers
B. had no idea of what e-commerce is C. only used the Internet to check e-mail D. thought surfing the Internet was a waste of time 2. The writer didn?t find out about e-commerce until_________. A. he stopped web-surfing B. he visited a store in his backyard C. his sister explained the packages she got by mail D. his friends told him about the online deals they made 3. We can infer from the last paragraph that the author________. A. never enjoyed shopping that much C. feels she is a true master of the Internet 4. What?s the purpose of the article? A. To tell the readers how she begins online shopping. B. To do business on the Internet. C. To make an online shopping ad. D. To advise people not to do online shopping B Grandma Moses was among the most famous twentieth century painters of the United States，yet she had only just begun painting in her late seventies.As she once said of herself， “I_would_never_sit_back_in_a_rocking_chair，waiting_for_someone_to_help_me.” She was born on a farm in New York State.At twelve she left home and was in service until at twentyseven，she married Thomas，the tenant(佃户) of hers.They farmed most of their lives.She had ten children，of whom five survived(幸存)．Her husband died in 1937. Grandma Moses painted a little as a child and made embroidery(刺绣) pictures as a hobby，but only changed to oils in her old age because her hands had become too stiff(僵硬) to sew and she wanted to keep busy and pass the time.Her pictures were first sold at an exhibition，and were soon noticed by a businessman who bought everything she painted.Three of the pictures were shown in the Museum of Modern Art and in 1940 she had her first exhibition in New York.Between the 1930s and her death she produced some 2,000 pictures，careful and lively pictures of the country life she had known，with a wonderful sense of color and form. 5．Which of the following can be the BEST title for the passage? . B. loves the big store in her backyard D. has begun to enjoy online shopping
A．Grandma Moses B．Grandma Moses and Children C．Grandma Moses：Her First Picture A．pretty ________. A．make her home beautiful B．keep active C．improve her salary A．mother of nine children C．hardworking woman D．gain an international fame B．serious artist D．successful teacher C In the early morning on February 28，a sandstorm with strong winds caused a train to derail in China?s far west.The accident killed four people and injured about 30. The 11car train had just left a station in Turpan in Xinjiang when it was hit. “A strong sandstorm broke the window soon after the train left Turpan.Then it blew some of the cars off the rail，”a passenger said. The train had been running between the capital city of Urumqi and Aksu，in the west. Sandstorms happen a lot in that area.They are fed by the deserts of Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia.Powerful winds blow the sands toward Beijing and the eastern cities each spring. A sandstorm is a common natural disaster.It usually happens in deserts.Strong winds blow a huge amount of sand into the air.Sandstorms are so strong that they can blow you 1 to 1.5 meters away from where you were standing.Unlike some other disasters，sandstorms come with a warning.If you see the clouds with a dark brown color，that means there may be a sandstorm. Xinjiang is one of the areas where sandstorms happen most often，which results from a dry climate， vast desert and a strong wind.It is in northwestern China.Xinjiang has mountains on four sides.The Tianshan Mountains，which are in the middle，divide the land into two large basins(盆地)．Both basins have deserts in their centers.They are the source of sandstorms.The passes and valleys(山谷) between the mountains are the places where strong winds are likely to form. 9．The underlined word “derail” most probably means “________”．
A．come to an end C．come off the track
B．crash into another train D．catch fire
D．Grandma Moses and Her First Exhibition D．independent
6．From the underlined sentence，we can know that Grandma Moses was ________. B．alone C．rich 7．According to the passage Grandma Moses began to paint because she wanted to
10．By saying the underlined sentence，the author may want to ________. A．warn us not to walk in sandstorms B．give us an example of a sandstorm C．advise us to think of ways to reduce sandstorms D．tell us about the damage of sandstorms 11．What is the main idea of the last but one paragraph? A．How a sandstorm happens. C．Where a sandstorm happens. the ________. A．dry climate C．sand source B．strong wind D．black cloud D Eat less and exercise more—it has long been a magic word for reducing extra weight. But now it seems that all the hard work may have been in vain. Scientists say there are ten other reasons why people just keep getting fatter. They say that sleeping habits, central heating, medicines and even some pollutants (污染物质) can play a role in weight gain. Traditionally, people have focused on diet and exercise to solve the problem. However the scientists from top US and Canadian universities say that other things must be considered. Lack of sleep could be partly the reason. In recent years, the average night?s sleep has dropped from nine hours to just seven. Sleep shortage changes levels of the hormones (荷尔 蒙) that control food intake and body fat and increase hunger and appetite. If it is too hot or too cold, we burn calories (热量) to cool down or heat up. But if the temperature is just right, the calories may be turned into body fat instead. Those who take medicine to control their blood pressure can often put on weight. Similarly, studies have shown that going on the pill can a dd to a woman?s weight. Mother nature may also be the reason, with our body shape being partly inherited (遗传 B．What a sandstorm is. D．What causes a sandstorm.
8．From the passage，we may conclude that Grandma Moses is a ________.
12． According to the last paragraph， the following factors contribute to a sandstorm EXCEPT
的). The overweight are also more likely to settle with partners of a similar size. And their children are more likely to be obese (肥胖的). And the use of pollutants is on the rise, say the researchers. The man-made chemicals in pesticides (杀虫剂) and plastics can lead to weight gain. Your mother?s age and your weight at birth are also important, with older woman more likely to have obese children and underweight babies having a bigger chance of being obese in later life. We also tend to put on weight as we get older. Finally, giving up smoking can also help pile on the pounds. The scientists from Yale, Cornell and Johns Hopkins said there was some evidence supporting poor diet and lack of exercise as the main causes of obesity. 13. Which of the following factors doesn?t lead to overweight? A. Regular and enough sleep. C. Not enough physical exercise. A. Lack of sleep leads you to take in more food. B. Unpleasant weather helps you to put on weight. C. Obese parents are not likely to have fat children. D. Medicine for blood pressure helps you lose weight. 15. What would women prefer to do to have healthy children? A. To have only one child. B. To marry at an older age. C. To marry a strong husband. D. To give birth to a baby at younger age. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。 Although many Chinese students say that their knowledge of English grammar is good, most would admit(承认) that their spoken English is poor. Whenever I speak to a Chinese student, they always say, “My spoken English is poor.”16 I would like to suggest that there may be some reasons for their problems with spoken English. First, they fail to find suitable words to express themselves due to a limited vocabulary. 17.However, you can speak with a limited vocabulary, if you choose a positive attitude. Others will follow you as long as you use the words that you know.
18 . Sometimes they make mistakes when they are speaking because they are shy and nervous. Yet students should remember that their goal should be FLUENCY NOT ACCURACY(准确). Your aim in writing is to be accurate following the rules for grammar and using the right words and spelling them correctly. However, in speaking your aim is fluency. You want to get your message across, to talk to someone in English, as quickly and as well as you can, even though sometimes you may use a wrong word or tense, but it doesn?t matter.19 . The third reason is that not enough attention is paid to listening. You have one mouth but two ears! All that hearing is necessary for you to start speaking. Fourth, most Chinese students are reactive rather than proactive language learners. Instead of actively seeking(寻求) out opportunities to improve their spoken English they passively wait for speaking opportunities to come to them and wonder why their English always remains poor.20 . A. The person you are speaking to wi ll understand you and make allowances(允许) for any mistakes he hears. B. They may try to avoid making similar mistakes next time. C. Obviously the better answer is to expand(拓展) their vocabulary. D. If you have this proactive outlook, then you will see English opportunities wherever you go. E. However, their spoken English does not have to remain“poor”! F. Second, they are afraid of making mistakes. G. The second reason lies in the reluctance (勉强) of using what has just been learned. 二． 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空(共 20 小题：每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分) Cancy was reunited with her parents. But she was stolen as a baby on Aug. 4, 1987. “It?s a(n) 21 feeling. Now I can sleep,” mother Joy White said after 22 her grown-up daughter over the weekend, “ I?ve been 23 for all these years. I never took her picture off my dresser. I never 24 looking for her.” Cancy was not yet a month old 25 she was stolen. She had a 26 and her worried parents took her to hospital. A woman dressed as a 27 got close to Joy White in the emergency room(急救室) and told her everything would be 28 . Joy went home to rest. When she 29 to the hospital ,Cancy was gone. 30 , a girl known as Nejdra grew up in Bridgeport. As a teenager, she began to doubt
B. Comfortable living environment. D. Harmful chemicals in the food.
14. Which of the following statements would the author agree to?
that she wasn?t she was 33
concerned with the family that
her. And she was puzzled that
Last week, our class was the first day, I how 44 42
duty in the cafeteria for student self-management. On 43 (heat) discussion on
able to get a copy of her birth certificate(证明).
(shock) to see so much leftover food thrown away by students. What
Finally, she began to do some 34 on the Internet. On a website, she found a photo of a 35 baby named Cancy. The site got in touch with Joy White on Jan.4 and 36 her a baby photo taken by the family who raised Nejdra. “I was shouting. I was so 37 ,”Joy said, “38 I saw the picture I said, ?That?s my daughter.? I saw myself in her.”[来源:学#科#网 Z#X#X#K] DNA tests 39 is to shed tears.” 21. A. surprising 22. A. helping 23. A. surprised 24. A. kept on 25. A. when 26. A. mistake 27. A. nurse 28. A. special 29. A. turned 30. A. Besides 31. A. actually 32. A. served 33. A. never 34. A. homework 35. A. missing 36. A. lent 37. A. excited 38. A. Although 39. A. allowed 40. A. answer Nejdra is Cancy --- the daughter of Joy White and Carl Tyson.[来源:学 40 科网“I already knew in my heart that this was my daughter,” Tyson said. “All I could B. natural C. wonderful B. noticing C. dreaming B. worried C. amused B. insisted on C. gave up B. if C. until B. habit C. chance B. student C. friend B. attractive C. fine B. move d C. got B. At the same time C. Still B. always C. simply B. saved C. stole B. also C. only B. tests C. research B. smiling C. crying B. showed C. bought B. brave C. careful B. Because C. In case B. suggested C. proved B. do C. guess D. uncomfortable D. meeting D. embarrassed D. set about D. so D. fever D. child D. exact D. returned D. yet D. luckily D. raised D. already D. experiments D. singing D. handed D. friendly D. As soon as D. wished D. learn
a waste! Being concerned about it, my classmates and I had a
(solve) the problem. Lots of good ideas came up, such as holding class meetings, 45 (good) choice. 46 47 (call) on students not to waste food. Many (express) their support. To my great delight,
putting up wall newspapers and charging a fine for wasting food. Finally, we all agreed that wall newspaper would be The next day, we put our idea into reality. Towards lunch time, we put up a wall newspaper outside the school cafeteria, students gathered around to read and 48 any leftover. Food 50
there were changes soon. In the cafeteria, I found the trays returned after lunch all empty 49 (save) and the dining hall was cleaner. Seeing this, I felt we had done. relieved and proud of
三．写作（共三节，满分 45 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加，删除或 修改。 增加： 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)， 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除： 把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在其下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限 1 词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Last year my school planned to set up the football team. I was exciting about the news though I was a football fan. I entered for it, only to be told that I was too fat. However, they said there will be a test three months later. If I co uld lose weight successful, I would be admitted. So I decided get up early every morning to do exercise. It was difficulty for me to get up early, especially in winter. I made a great effort to get up on the first few day, but I did not get up the follow days. At last I failed in. How I regret n ow! If I had continued with my exercise, I would have achieved my goal and become a member of our school team now. 第二节：单词拼写（满分 10 分） 51．Light is________(相反的)to shadow. 52．The street was c________with people and the traffic was held up.
第二节： （共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。
53．The local________(居民)are all familiar with the famous writer. 54．We must do something before the river is________(污染)． 55．There have been significant computer________(发展)during the last decade. 56．Bill was doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his________(体力)． 57．It's not a very safe________(环境)for children there. 58. I'd rather go ______(饥饿的)than eat the jungle food! 59．He used to study____________(古代的)history. 60．The river had burst its banks and____________(淹没)the valley. 第三节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是校学生会主席，为了解决城市空气污染问题，你代表学生会向全校师生 发出倡议。请根据以下要点，用英语写一份倡议书： 1．简述城市空气污染的危害； 2．提出解决该问题的建议； (1)尽量少开车；(2)不随地扔垃圾；(3)关闭一些工厂；…… 3．发出号召。 注意：1.词数 100 左右；2．可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
BCDA 5—8 ADBC 9—12 CABD 13—15 AAD 16—20 E C F A D 完形填空 21—25 C D B C A 26—30 D A C D B 31---35 A D A C A 36---40 B AＤＣ
Ｂ 语法填空 41.on 42.was shocked 43.heated 44.to solve 45.the best 46.calling 47.expressed 4 8.without 49.was saved 50.what
短 文 改 错 ： 1. the—a 2. exciting---excited 3. though—because 4. will—would successful—successfully 6.decided ^ to 7. difficulty—difficult 8. day—days 9. follow—following 10. in 去掉 拼写：1. opposite 2. crowded 5.
7. environment 参考范文
8. hungry 9. ancient 10. flooded
Dear teachers and students， These days one major environmental problem in our city is air pollution.Every day we have to take in very dirty air，which does great harm to our health.To make the air in the city fresher，we should keep the following in mind. Firstly，we should take a bus or ride a bicycle instead of driving a car and try to use cleaner fuels.Secondly，we should not throw litter here and there but put it into the dustbin.Thirdly， some factories should be closed or moved out of the city.Finally， we need to plant more trees or grass to make the air fresh. Let?s take action and try our best to make the air in the city cleaner! Thank you! The Students? Union