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语法填空历年真题


语 法 填 空 题
1. 2014 年新课标卷 I 第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(用不多于 3 个单词)或括号内的单词的正确形式。 Are you facing a situation that looking impossible to fix? In 1969, the polluti

on is terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland, Ohio. It 61 (be) unimaginable that it could be ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it ______62 (actual) caught fire and burned. Now years late, this rive is one of_______63most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup. But river wasn’t changed in a few days_____64 even a few months. It took years of work _______65 (reduce) industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is______66 (clean) than ever. Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you have a habit _____67 is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such impossible situation, don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately. While there are_______68 (amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the _______69 (change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be_______70 (patience) 2. 2014 年全国卷 II 第二节 语法填空 (共 10 分;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __61___ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___62____ some of them looked very anxious and ___63__ (disappoint).When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ____64___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike ____65___ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ____66___ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ____67___ (ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked, “____68___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It’s ____69___ (I).”She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done, and the crowd of strangers ___70__ (sudden) became friendly to one another. 3. 2014 年广东卷 第二节 语法填空(共 10 题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16—25 的相应位置上。 Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. Some of my friends who had been there before said 16 was a wonderful holiday destination. Before we went, we had planned for months. When the day came, we were ready.

After our plane landed, we went to the hotel. We had made our reservation six months__17____ (early), but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake. We 18_____(tell)that our rooms hadn’t been reserved for that week, 19_____ for the week after. I didn’t understand 20____ this would happen and my credit card had already been charged 21______ the reservation. What’s worse, the hotel had been fully booked. When we were wondering what to do, the manager came out. She was 22_____(surprise)helpful. She apologized for the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on 23_____ top floor. We had never stayed in such an amazing room, and we weren’t charged extra. The next day, my brother and I went to the beach 24____ we watched some people play volleyball. We got a little 25_____(sunburn),but the day had been so relaxing that we didn’t mind. 4. 2014 年辽宁卷 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于 3 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 Jonny: Hey! I’m just practicing Tai Chi(太极). Would you like to join me? Peter: I know nothing about it. Is it difficult? Jonny: It seems easy, but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this. Peter: OK. Don’t laugh 61 me. I may look funny. 62 Jonny: Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and and don’t let your body shake. Peter: I cannot control my body well. My legs become Jonny: Keep 64 Raise your leg and let 65 Jonny: Be patient! Tai Chi 66 63 (pain). (hold) your position for a while. It helps develop your strength and flexibility. stay in the air for seconds. (call) “shadow boxing” in English. It asks you to act like 67 strong. In real competition, a Tai Chi master borrows (hard) you try

(soft). Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly, then be sure to keep your balance

Peter: I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer. water: to be flexible as well

the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. The 68 to beat him, the more likely you will get hit. He controls you! Peter: Unbelievable! Oh..., 5. 2013 年广东卷 第一节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 69 you don’t mind, I’ll stop and take a deep

70 .

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当 的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he 16 (find)that he had run out of salt. So Nick called to his son,“Go to the village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it: neither too much 17 too little.” His son looked surprised.“I can understand why I shouldn’t pay too much, Father, but if I can pay less, 18 not save a bit of money?” “That would be a very 19 (reason)thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy a small village like ours,” Nick said. Nick’s guests, 20 had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied,“The only reason a man would sell salt 21 a lower price

would be because he was desperate for money. And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect 22 the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.” “But such a small thing couldn’t 23 (possible) destroy a village.” “In the beginning, there was only 24 where we have ended up today.” 6. 2012 年广东卷 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Mary will never forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in class one day, 16 (wear) sun glasses. He walked in as if he that he was from New York City. For some reason he sat beside Mary. Mary felt she sat in 19 last row. 20 he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back ,he was wrong. It might have 21 ( hard ) for everybody because it meant they had to turn around, but that didn’t made it a little 18 (please), because there were many empty seats in the room. But she quickly realized that it wasn’t her, it was probably the fact that 17 (buy) the school, And the word quickly got around very small amount of unfairness in the world, but everyone added a little, always 25 (think) that it was only small and not very important ,and look

stop the kids in the class. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, 22 made her feel like a star. “Do you need those glasses for medical reasons?” the teacher asked. The new boy shook his head.” Then I’d appreciate it if you didn’t wear them in class. I like to look at your eyes when I’m speaking to you.” The new boy looked at the teacher 23 a few seconds and all the other students wondered 24 the boy would do. Then he took “That is cool.” 7. 2011 年广东卷 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 One Sunday morning in August I went to local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment 16 (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me 17 18 the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man (sit) at the front. He 20 (mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to 21 he was trying to talk, but after some minutes 22 walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn’t like leaving him 23 either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had 24 amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt 25 of us feel good. very happy the rest of the way home. I’m glad I made a choice. It made his own 25 off, gave a big smile and said

19 (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be

8. 2010 年广东卷 第二节: 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文. 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31-40 的相应位置上。 A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water. had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled for the sweet water. The young man went home After the student left, the teacher let 36 34 35 33 31 water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder 32 (present) the water to the (warm), and thanked his student very much a happy heart. 37 (say)

student taste the water. He spit it out, 38 ? ”

it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher,“Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like The teacher replied,“You tasted the water. I tasted the gift. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be 39 (sweet).” We understand this lesson best 40 gift rather than the thing. 9. 2009 年广东卷 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填人一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31~40 的相应位置上。 Jane was walking round the department store. She remembered how difficult _31_ was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. She wished that he was as easy _32_ (please)as her mother,who was always delighted with perfume. Besides,shopping at this time of the year was not _33_ pleasant experience: people stepped on your feet or _34_(push)you with their elbows(肘部),hurrying ahead to get to a bargain. Jane paused in front of a counter _35_ some attractive ties were on display. “They are real silk,”the assistant tried to attract her. “Worth double the price.” But Jane knew from past experience that her _36_(choose)of ties hardly ever pleased her father. Jane stopped where a small crowd of men had gathered. She found some good quality pipes _37_ sale. She did not hesitate for long: although her father smoked a pipe only once in a while, she knew that this was a present which was bound to please _38_. When Jane got home,with her small but well-chosen present in her bag,her parents were already _39_ table having supper. Her mother was excited. “Your father has at last decided to stop smoking,” Jane _40_(inform). 10. 2008 年广东卷 第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31~40 的相应位置上。 Chinese proverbs are rich and they are still widely used in Chinese people’s daily life. 32 (help) it grow”, is based on the following story. It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960—1279) was very anxious to 31 these proverbs there are often interesting stories. For example, the proverb, “plucking up a crop we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the

help 33 rice crop grow up quickly. He was thinking about was growing much slower than he expected.

34

day and night. But the crop

One day, he came up with an idea 35 he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day. He was very tired did “grow” 38 (high). His son heard about this and went to see the crop. Unfortunately the leaves of the crop began to wither. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their anxious to help an event develop often 11. 2007 年广东卷 第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 3l-40 的相应位置上。 I was on my way to the Taiyetos Mountains. The sun was setting when my car 31 (break) down near a remote and poor village. Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to 32 should have the honor of receiving me 33 a guest in their house. Finally, I accepted 34 (settle) the offer of an old woman who lived alone in a little house. While she was getting me 35 small town some 20 kilometres away 36 ended up in a dish on my table. there was a garage. 39 (nature) course. Being too 40 (result) in the contrary to our intention. 36 doing this for a whole day, 37 he felt very happy since the crop

into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to I had noticed three hens running free in my hostess’s courtyard and that night one of them 37 villagers brought me goat’s cheese and honey. We drank together and talked 38 (merry) till far into the night. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in the village, I wanted to reward the old woman 39 the trouble I had caused 40 . 备考建议:1. 考生学习词汇应该知道其词性。 2. 考生对句子的成分要作充分的理解。 3. 重点记忆名词、动词、形容词和副词。 4. 对常见的非谓语动词搭配要熟悉。 5. 掌握基本的构词法。 6. 对词性变化规则要有所了解。 7. 常用短语搭配也要记住。

一.[语篇解读] 本文以花费多年时间解决河流污染为例来告诫我们:当我们面临貌似不可 能改善的情况时,一定要有耐心,变化是循序渐进的,是需要付出很多努力的。 【文章大意】 本文是一篇议论文。文中论述了当人们遇到看起来不可能做的事情时应该怎样做呢? 61.was 考查时态。句意:当时很难想象这条河能够被清理干净。上一句提到 In 1969,所 以要用一般过去时。 62.actually 考查词性转换。该空修饰动词 caught 和 burned,所以要用副词形式 actually,意 为“事实上,实际上”。 63.the 考查冠词。句意:现在,多年之后,这条河流成为了环境清理最杰出的例子之一。 这里 one of+可数名词的复数, 表示……之一; the most outstanding 是最高级, 来修饰 examples; 形容词的最高级与定冠词 the 连用。 64.or 考查连词。句意:但是这条河流不是在几天或者甚至几个月内被改变的。因为本句 是否定句,应填连词 or。 65.to reduce 考查非谓语动词。句意:花费了多年的工作来减少工业污染和净化河水。 It takes/took(sb.)some time to do sth.做某事花费(某人)多长时间,为固定句式,故填动词不定 式 to reduce。 66.cleaner 考查形容词的比较级。句意:最后,辛苦的工作得到了回报,现在河水比以前 的干净多了。根据句中比较级的标志词 than 可知,该空应用比较级,故填 cleaner。 67.That/which 考查定语从句。句意:可能你有一种让你家人发疯的习惯。根据句子结构可 知该空应是定语从句的引导词,先行词是 habit,引导词在定语从句中作主语,故填 that 或 which,且不能省略。 68.amazing 考查词性转换。虽然有一些令人吃惊的快速改观的故事,但是对我们大部分人 来说,变化是循序渐进的,并且也是需要很多努力和工作的。设空处修饰表示“事物”的名词 stories,应该用形容词形式.amazing(令人吃惊的)。不能用 amazed(感到吃惊的)。 69.changes 考查名词。定冠词 the 后面应该填名词,根据 be 动词 are 和 require 可知应是名 词的复数形式,故填 changes。 70.patient 考查词性转换。句意:要有耐心。此处 be 动词后面应是形容词作表语,故填 patient(耐心的)。 二. [语篇解读]本文为记叙文,题材是人物故事类。讲述了一位不知名的少年骑车追还失 主手提箱的故事。 这是一篇 200 字左右的记叙文,难度不大,高一的学生就可以做出来。 做题思路: 1. 先通览全文,了解有关信息。 2. 观察文章的体裁。 3. 注意文章的时态。 4. 重点注意所给词。 第 61 题。 此题考查非谓语动词。 about 是介词, 后面的动词要用名词形式, 所以应该用 being。 第 62 题。此题考查连词。连接上一句和本句,而这两个分句只起承上启下的作用,没有转 折、因果、让步等含义,故用 and 连接。 第 63 题。此题考查非谓语动词的形式,或者理解为词性转换。与 and 前面并列的 anxious 是形容词,所以应该用形容词(过去分词分化的形容词)。即:disappointed。 第 64 题。此题考查介词短语搭配。与 next 搭配的介词是 to,next to 意思为:贴近;紧挨着。 第 65 题。 此题考查动词的时态。 全文是以 one morning 为主线, 所以应该用一般过去式, catch 为不规则动词,其过去式为 caught。

第 66 题。 此题考查非谓语动词。 动词 refuse 的宾语如果是动词, 必须得用不定式。 即: to stop。 第 67 题。此题考查非谓语动词。keep 后面只能跟 ing 形式作宾语,所以应该用 riding。这 是以不发音的 e 结尾的词,要去 e 再加 ing。 第 68 题。此题考查助动词。由于 at the last stop 的提示,所以应该用一般疑问句对行为动词 提问的助动词 Did。 第 69 题。此题考查人称代词或者名词性的物主代词。由前面的问句里的 anyone 一词得知。 回答用 me 或者 mine。表示是我,或者是我的(箱子)。 第 70 题。考查副词。修饰动词的应该为副词。所以用 suddenly。副词还可以修饰形容词、 副词以及整个句子。 三.【文章大意】 本文为记叙文。 作者为我们讲述了一家人去迈阿密旅游时的一次经历。 [语 篇解读] 本文为记叙文,题材为个人经历。讲述了作者的一次旅游经历。虽然预订房间出现 了差错,但问题得到了很好的解决,作者感到很满意。 16. 【考点】本题考查替代。 【答案】it【解析】本空用 it 代替前面出现的迈阿密。 17. 【考点】本题考查副词比较级。 【答案】earlier【解析】解此题关键在于本句中的 had made 可知,作者在到达迈阿密之前就提前六个月预定了房间。本句暗含比较,意思是“早在六个 月前”。 18. 【考点】本题考查时态和被动语态。 【答案】were told【解析】事情在过去发生,所以用 一般过去时。我们应该是由旅馆那边告知,所以使用被动语态;因为叙述的是过去发生的事 情,we 与 tell 之间是被动关系,所以本句使用一般过去时的被动语态。 19. 【考点】本题考查副词。 【答案】but【解析】这是考虑 not…but…结构,意为“不是为那 个星期订的,而是为后一个星期所订的”。not…but…不是……而是……。此处表示句意的转 折。 20. 【考点】本题考查连词。 【答案】how【解析】意为“我不知道怎么会发生这样的事”,故 用 how。考查宾语从句的连接词。我不理解为什么会发生这样的事。/我不理解这样的事是 如何发生的。 21. 【考点】本题考查与动词搭配的介词。 【答案】for【解析】因 charge…for…意为“收费”, charge…for…为……收(费)。是习惯搭配。 22. 【考点】 本题考查副词用法。 【答案】 surprisingly 【解析】 解此题关键在于本空后的 helpful 是一个形容词,修饰形容词应该用副词。 23. 【考点】 本题考查冠词。 【答案】 the 【解析】 这里是特指顶层, 所以用定冠词。 the top floor 顶层。 24. 【考点】 本题考查定语从句。 【答案】 where 【解析】 本句中含有定语从句, 先行词是 beach, where=on which=and on the beach=and there 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 the beach。因为先行 词是地点名词,关系词在定语从句中作状语,所以填 where。 25. 【考点】本题考查被动语态。 【答案】sunburnt/sunburned【解析】get 后接过去分词表被 动。此处意为“被晒伤”。get sunburnt/sunburned 晒伤。 四.[语篇解读] 本文为对话类材料。Jonny 和 Peter 在谈论和学习打太极拳的一些动作。 61.【答案】at 【试题解析】考查介词。考察固定搭配 laugh at…嘲笑…;根据下面一句 I may look funny 也许我看上去很滑稽,所以先提醒对方不要嘲笑我。 62.【答案】softly 【试题解析】本句应该使用副词 softly 与前面的 naturally 一起作为状语修 饰前面的动词。要很自然柔和地弯曲膝盖伸展胳膊。 63.【答案】painful 【试题解析】本句横线前面是系动词 become,说明横线上应该使用形容 词构成系表结构,所以使用形容词 painful。

64.【答案】holding 【试题解析】固定搭配 keep doing sth 一直做某事;本句表示要一直维 持住这个位置一段时间,会帮助发展你的力气和灵活性。 65.【答案】it 【试题解析】这里的 it 就是指前面的 raise your leg 中的 your leg。用 it 指代上 文提及的同一事物。 66【答案】is called 【试题解析】本句是一个被动语态的形式。句义:在英语里,太极被称 为“shadow boxing”。根据句义可知表示被动语态。因为叙述的是太极拳的常识,所以用一般 现在时,又因 Tai Chi 与 call 之间为被动关系,故用被动语态。 67.【答案】as 【试题解析】本句是一个固定搭配 as well as…和…,也…;太极要求你像水 英语行动,灵活也要强大…;as well as=and。 68. 【答案】 harder 【试题解析】 本句是一个固定句式: the+比较级…,the+比较级…表示“越…… 就越……”;你越来用力击打他,你越可能被击中,他能够控制你。因为对方会借力打力。 可知 hard 的比较级形式 harder。 69.【答案】if 【试题解析】句义:这真是难以相信,如果你不介意,我将停下了深呼吸一 下。 70.【答案】breath 【试题解析】考查名词。Peter 认为这样的事情是不可能的,所以他想深 呼吸让自己平静下来。故使用 take a deep breath 深呼吸。 五.[语篇解读]本文为夹叙夹议。题材为生活哲理。本文通过讲述尼克打电话叫他儿子去买 些盐,并交代他儿子要以合理公平的价格买,不能破坏市场平衡的故事,告诉我们要懂得尊 重他人和生活中的公平。 今年阅读理解的命题思路和前几年基本相同, 但难易度比去年略有 降低。考查范围广,对冠词、介词、连词、形容词、时态、日常用语、定语从句等进行了考 查。 本文讲述尼克让儿子去买盐时, 告诫儿子不能付太多也不能付太少的钱, 并告诉了儿子 如果不这样做的后果。 16.found 考查动词的时态。此处叙述的是过去发生的事,故用动词的一般过去式。16. 【考 点】考查时态的运用。 【答案】found【解析】由本文的语境及时态可知,本文应该用一般过 去时。 17.nor 18.why neither…nor…既不……也不……。17. 【考点】考查连词的运用。 【答案】nor【解 why not…?意为:为什么不……呢? 18. 【考点】考查日常用语。 【答案】why【解 析】neither…nor…为固定搭配,意为“既不……也不……”。 析】由语境可知,孩子要问的是“为什么不节省一些钱呢?” 19.reasonable 考查词性转换。此处用形容词 reasonable 修饰名词 thing。reasonable adj.合 理的,公道的。19. 【考点】考查形容词的用法。 【答案】reasonable【解析】修饰名词 thing 应该用形容词 reasonable,意为“合乎情理的”。 20.who 考查关系代词。此处为非限制性定语从句,先行词为 Nick’s guests,故用关系代词 who 引导,并且关系代词 who 作从句的主语。20. 【考点】考查定语从句的关系词的选择。 【答案】who【解析】此处为 who 引导的非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词 guests。 21.at 考查介词。at a lower price 以较低的价格。21. 【考点】考查介词的用法。 【答案】at 【解析】以……价格用介词 at。 22. for 固定搭配: show respect for sb. /sth. 对……表示尊重。 show a lack of respect for: 对…… 缺乏尊重。22. 【考点】考查介词的用法。 【答案】for【解析】show respect for 意为“尊重”, 本句中不要受;a lack of 的影响。 23.possibly 考查副词。此处用副词 possibly 修饰动词 destroy。23. 【考点】考查副词的用 法。 【答案】possibly【解析】修饰动词应该用副词。

24.a 考查冠词。固定搭配:a small/large amount of sth.少量/大量……。24. 【考点】考查 冠词的用法。 【答案】a【解析】a small amount of 意为“少量的”。 25.thinking 考查非谓语动词。此处用 v.-ing 形式表示主动,作伴随状语。25. 【考点】考 查时态。 【答案】thinking【解析】everyone 与 think 是主谓关系,故用现在分词做伴随状语。 六. 玛丽班上来了一位来自纽约城的男孩, 与众不同的是戴着太阳镜, 给她留下了深刻的印 象。 16.wearing 此处用作伴随状语,句子主语与“戴太阳镜”之间为主动关系,故用现在分词形 式。16. 【考点】本题考查现在分词的用法。 【答案】wearing【解析】现在分词作伴随状语 放在句中或句末常常表示伴随状态。wear 的现在分词形式为 wearing。 17.had bought 根据句意可知此处是虚拟语气,表示与事实相反。由句中的过去时态可知 此处用过去完成时态。17. 【考点】本题考查虚拟语气的用法。 【答案】had bought(填 would buy 得 O.5 分) 【解析】表示对过去情况的假设用 had done。 18. 【考点】本题考查形容词。 【答案】pleased【解析】根据上下文可知玛丽应该是感到高兴。 此处需要 please 的形容词形式 pleased。18.pleased 教室里有很多空座位,但男孩儿坐在了 她身旁,这让玛丽觉得很高兴。此处用作表语,故用形容词 pleased(高兴的;满意的)。 19.the 此处表特指,故用定冠词 the。19. 【考点】本题考查定冠词。 【答案】the【解析】 在序数词、顺序词前面用定冠词表示特指。 20.If(Although/Though/While)句意:假如(虽然)他认为坐在最后一排可以逃脱大家的注意, (但是)他错了。根据语境以及两句之问的逻辑关系可知,此空处引导条件状语从句或者让步 状语从句。20. 【考点】本题考查连词。 【答案】If【解析】如果他以为坐在后面就可以避开 注意,那他错了。 21.harder 根据语境可知,此处用比较级形式,a little 修饰比较级,表示“更……”。2l. 【考 点】本题考查 a little 的用法。 【答案】harder(填 hard 得 O.5 分) 【解析】此处 a little 修饰比 较级。 22. which 此处为非限制性定语从句, 故用关系代词 which, which 指代前面的整句话。 22. 【考 点】本题考查非限制性定语从句。 【答案】which【解析】which 引导非限制性定语从句。 23.for 句意:那个新生看了老师几秒钟……根据语境可知他们二人对视了一小会儿,故用 介词 for. 23. 【考点】本题考查介词的用法。 【答案】for【解析】“for a few seconds”意为“几 秒钟”。 24.what 此处引导宾语从句,从句中 do 后缺少宾语,故由 what 引导。24. 【考点】本题考 查宾语从句。 【答案】what【解析】what 引导宾语从句,并在宾语从句中作宾语。 25.them 此处表示“他摘掉了眼镜”。眼镜(glasses)为复数形式,用 them 代指。25. 【考点】 本题考查代词的指代用法。 【答案】them【解析】them 代上文“sun glasses”。 七. 【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。文章内容较简单,认真阅读并理解,不难解题。该文 讲述了作者在八月一个周日的早晨, 在公共汽车上遇到了一位好像精神不太好的人, 他与别 人交谈但是并不愉快。 而作者选择了与他交谈却很愉快, 从而作者认为自己做出了一个正确 的选择。 16.1ater。later that day 意为:那天晚些时候。再如:Later that night Peter visited her in her apartment.那晚后半夜,Peter 去她的公寓看望了她。16. 【答案】later【命题透视】考查词 形变化。要求学生根据句意来判断所使用的词的词性,并写出正确的词汇。 【试题精析】根 据前文知,我离开得早,因为我在那天晚些时候还有一个约会。故应用副词 later 后来。 17.until 句意:我的朋友陪我走到了车站并与我一起等着直到公共汽车到来。17. 【答案】

until/till【命题透视】考查连词。要求学生根据上下文的意思,判断出正确的行文逻辑,从 而填入正确的连词。 【试题精析】根据上文可知,我的朋友们陪我走到公共汽车站并且和我 一直等到公共汽车的到来。故用 untill/till“直到……”,符合语境。 18.sitting notice sb. doing sth.注意到某人正在干某事。18. 【答案】sitting/sit【命题透视】考 查非谓语动词或宾语从句中的谓语动词。 要求学生根据文意及语法功能来填写出正确的单词 形式。另 notice 后也可接 that 引导的宾语从句且 that 可省略,因 notice 为一般过去时态,故 宾语从句中谓语动词用 sit 的过去式。 【试题精析】 动词 notice 后可接现在分词作宾语补足 语。因为 a man 与 sit 之间为主动关系,且表示当时这人的状态,故用现在分词形式。 19.was pretending 句意:他假装着一只老虎玩具是真的并在同它说话。and 使动词 pretend 与 give 形成了并列关系,所以 giving 的形式决定了 pretend 必须用进行时态,而全文用的是 过去时态,所以该空用过去进行时。19. 【答案】was pretending【命题透视】考查动词时态。 考查学生根据文章信息判断出时态的能力。 【试题精析】因 and 连接句法相同的句子成分, and 后为(was)giving,故 pretend 应用过去进行时。句意为:他正佯称一只玩具老虎是真的并 让它发出声音。 20. mentally mentally disabled 智障的, 副词+过去分词构成合成形容词。 再如: well-known 著名的,formally dressed 穿着正式的,beautifully woven 编制精美的,strictly supervised 严格 监控的。20. 【答案】mentally【命题透视】考查词形变化。考查学生根据句意及语法功能来 判断正确词性的能力。 【试题精析】此处应用副词修饰形容词 disabled。 2l.whom 该句为介词 to 后接了一个定语从句,先行词为 people 指人,所以该空只能填 whom。21, 【答案】whom【命题透视】考查定语从句的关系词。考查学生对定语从句关系 词的运用能力。 【试题精析】 分析句子可知, 该句中 talk to 缺少宾语, 且先行词为 other people, 故用 whom 来引导定语从句。注意在介词后作宾语,指人时,只用 whom 来引导定语从句。 22.they 该空难度较大。首先要明白到底是谁走开了,并坐在了我的附近。从下文可看出作 者不想让这个人独自待着, 并且走到了前排坐在了这个人的旁边。 这说明是这个人后面坐着 的一些人因为这个人搭讪感到恼火而离开了原来的座位, 坐到了作者的附近, 因而留下这个 人没趣地待在原位。22. 【答案】they【命题透视】考查代词。考查学生根据上下文的语境 来判断出相应代词的能力。 【试题精析】根据上文的 Behind him were other people to 21 he was trying to talk…可知, 此处指的是几分钟后, 他们走开了并坐在我的附近, 看起来很恼火。 指因那个“精神有问题”的人的打扰, 而让他们厌烦, 所以他们离开到后面, 在我附近就座了。 故填写 they,指代 other people。 23.on on one's own=by oneself 单独地,独自地。23. 【答案】on【命题透视】考查介词。 考查学生对介词及介词短语的掌握情况。 【试题精析】该句中 on his own 独立地,单独地。 句意为:我不想因与他交谈而被嘲笑,但也不喜欢把他单独留下。 24. an have a conversation 意为: 进行了一场对话。 amazing 以元音音素开头, 故填 an。 24. 【答 案】an【命题透视】考查冠词。要求学生们根据语境来判断出是泛指还是特指,同时也考查 学生对冠词用法的掌握。 【试题精析】因为 conversation 是第一次提及,所以是泛指意义, 且 amazing 是以元音音素开头的,故用 an。 25.both 句意:这使我们两个人都感到很好。25. 【答案】both【命题透视】考查代词。考 查学生根据上下文的语境来判断出相应代词的能力。 【试题精析】根据上文的 I sat next to the man and introduced myself.We had an amazing conversation 可知,我和那位有精神疾病的人 的交谈愉悦了我们彼此。故用 both of us。 八.[语篇解读]本文通过讲述作者亲身经历的一件事,阐明了一个道理:没有什么东西能比 充满爱的礼物更甜美, 无论这种礼物是微不足道的还是贵重的, 最适当的反应就是欣赏。 【解

题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。一位年轻人在沙漠中偶遇一潭泉水,于是带了一些给他的老师 品尝,尽管水已经变质,可老师却说很甜,这个故事告诉人们对于别人的好意与爱心应当心 存感激。 31.The 考查冠词。此处为第二次提到某物,用定冠词。31.The 考查冠词。本句中的 water 指代前面提到的水,因此应该使用定冠词。 32.Who/that 考查定语从句。先行词 an older 指人,关系词在定语从句中作主语,故填关系 代词 who 或 that。32.who/that 考查定语从句。先行词是 an elder,因此用 who/that 来引导 定语从句。 33. presented 考查动词的时态。 此处叙述的是过去发生的事, 故用动词的过去式。 33. presented 考查动词的时态。本文是叙述过去发生的事情,因此应该使用一般过去时态。 34.warmly 用副词形式修饰动词 smiled。34.warmly 考查词性转换。副词 warmly 修饰动 词 smiled。 35.with 考查 with 短语作伴随状语。35.with 考查介词。with 带有,怀着,符合语意。 36.another 考查代词。此处用 another 修饰名词 student,表示另一个学生。36.another 考 查限定词。前面送水给老师的是一位学生,老师让另一位学生也尝了一下,因此应该使用 another,表示“又一,再一”。 37.saying 考查现在分词作伴随状语。37.saying 考查非谓语动词。saying…在句中充当伴 随状语,表示动作与 spit 同时发生。 38.it 考查代词。此处用 it 代替上文的 the water。38.it 考查代词。从语意可知,学生对于 老师的做法很是不解,水已经变质,而老师却假装喜欢它。it 指代上文提到的 water。 39 . sweeter 考查形容词的比较级。语境中暗含比较意味,故用形容词的比较级形式。 39.sweeter 考查形容词比较等级。比较级同否定词连用表示最高级含义,本句的意思是“没 有什么比这更甜的了”。 40.when 考查时间状语从句的引导词。根据句意和句子间的逻辑关系可知,设空处为时间 状语从句的引导词,又因为从句中的动词 receive 为短暂性动词,故填 when。40.when 考 查状语从句。从句意可知这里是时间状语从句,因此应该填 when。 [长难句] Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace.The proper response is appreciation. 无论这种礼物是一个廉价的烟斗还是一条贵重的钻石项链,对之作出的适当的反应就是欣 赏。 句首 Whether…or…引导一个让步状语从句。response 反应,回应;appreciation 欣赏,感谢, 感激。 九. 31. 答案 it. 解析: 分析句子结构可知, to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father 与空格处内容所指相同,所以此处用 it 作形式主语。 32.答案 to please 解析:该句空格前是形容词,所以用动词不定式作状语。 33. 答案 a. 空格后出现名词词组 pleasant experience, 此时 experience 表示“经历”, 是可数名 词,所以空格处用不定冠词 a. 34. 答案 pushed. 解析:分析句子结构可知,or 连接并列谓语动词,step 用了一般过去时态, 所以 push 也要用一般过去时态。 35. 答案 where. 解析:分析句子结构可知,该句式含有定语从句的复合句,counter 在从句 中作状语,表示地点,所以此处用 where 引导定语从句。 36. 答案 choice. 解析:空格前有形容词性物主代词,所以空格处应填名词,choose 的名词 形式是 choice. 37. 答案 on. 解析:本句句意应为:她发现一些质量很好的烟斗在出售。表示 “(在商店中)

出售”用 on sale. 38. 答案 him. 解析:根据句意,此处应指琼的父亲,且需要用代词代替 her father,所以用 第三人称男性代词宾格形式 him. 39. 答案 at. 解析:根据空格后的 having supper, 我们可以推测琼的父母已经坐在桌子旁边 吃饭了。所以空格处用 at,构成 at table,表示“坐在桌边进餐”。 40. 答案 was informed. 解析:因为 inform 与 Jane 构成逻辑上的动宾关系,所以此处要用被 动语态形式。 十. 31. 答案 Behind. 解析:表示“在……背后”用 behind.该句句意为:在这些谚语背后通常 都 有有趣的故事. 32. 答案 to help. 解析:“拔苗助长”的故事中拔苗的目的是帮助禾苗成长,故该处用动词不 定式作目的状语。 33. 答案 his. 解析:表示“使他自己的水稻长得快”,故用 his. 34. 答案 this. 解析:表达刚刚说过的事情,用 this 指代。 35. 答案 that. 解析:从句式结构看,he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches 是 idea 的 内容,故此空格处应为同位语从句的引导词 that. 36. 答案 after. 解析:此处意为“劳累了一天之后很疲劳了”;表示“在……之后”用 after. 37. 答案 but. 解析:上下文句意表示转折,故此处须用 but. 38. 答案 higher. 解析:与以前相对比,此时禾苗自然长得更高了,因此用比较级。 39. 答案 natural. 解析:修饰名词 course,故此处应用形容词 natural. 40. 答案 results. 解析:该句中 being too anxious to help an event develop 是动名词短语作主 语,谓语动词须用单数形式,该句揭示的是一条客观真理,因此须用一般现在时。 十一. 31. 答案 broke. 解析:考查动词的一般过去式,强调过去动作的突发性,与背景 was setting 形成对比。 32. 答案 who. 解析: 考查结构分析词—引导宾语从句的连接代词,介词 to 后需接宾语, 而 should 前缺少主语,需要作主语的连接词,who 不可取代。 33. 答案 as. 解析:考查介词 “ 作为 / 当作 / 视为 ” 与 receive 的词义相匹配,类似的还有 consider(认为)/see(看待)/treat(对待)sb as sb/sth. 34. 答案 settled. 解析: 过去分词作宾补,与宾语构成动宾关系。set sb into some place 将某 人安顿于某地。 35. 答案 a. 解析: 考查不定冠词 a 的用法: 第一次提及, 前面的介词 to 要接一名词作宾语, 而后面的修饰辞语 some 20 kilometres away 可说明是第一次提及。 36. 答案 where. 解析: 考查关系副词引导定语从句作状语,先行词是 town,被后置定语 some 20 kilometres away 分割了,增加了答题的难度。 37. 答案 Other. 解析: 考查 other 作形容词用。此题较难,上一段提到了村民们围过来,而 一位女村民与村长帮助我, 接下来就是别的村民们帮我了, 所以必须结合上一段才能获得正 确答案。 38. 答案 merrily. 解析: 考查运用句子结构知识将形容词转换成副词的基本知识与技能, 但 merrily 比较少见。 39. 答案 for. 解析: 考查 for 表原因,同类动词如:thank/praise/criticize/blame/excuse 等于 介词 for 的搭配,都表示原因。 40. 答案 her. 解析:考查动词 cause 带双宾语(her/the trouble),the trouble 前置作先行词,her 指代前面的 the old woman 及代词的宾格。


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