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英语 2016届广东省六校高三第一次联考题


2016 届高三六校第一次联考
英语试题
命题学校:广州二中 2015,9,8

本试卷共 10 页,三大题,满分 120 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项:1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生 号、试室号、座位号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型填涂在 答题卡相应位置上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案

后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答 案信息点涂 黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案 不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各 题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再 写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无 效。 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A When traveling, it’s important to learn about the customs and etiquette of the global village. What we consider polite behavior at home isn't always accepted outside our borders. ● Etiquette of Gift Giving Gift giving should be a happy, positive experience. When selecting a present for someone in Netherlands, don't purchase fancy kitchen knives or scissors. Giving sharp, pointy objects as gifts is considered unlucky. Be careful when presenting flowers to a friend or a business partner in Russia. Yellow blooms suggest cheat or a relationship break up. Traditionally, red carnations are placed on the tombs of the dead. Writing cards or notes while visiting South Korea, be mindful of your pen's ink color. Writing a person's name in red ink traditionally suggests that the person has passed away-an important point to remember when giving a birthday card. ● Eating Customs Being early or on time is viewed as being rude, too eager or even greedy in Venezuela. If you are invited to someone's home for a meal, it's recommended that you arrive 10 minutes later than the requested time. When having a meal in Egypt, don’t use

the salt shaker (盐瓶). It's insulting to your host to spread salt on your food, which means that you find the meal terrible. Japan is a very polite nation, and their fondness for etiquette extends to the use of chopsticks. According to Japanese custom, if you're in the middle of eating, use the opposite end of your chopsticks to secure food from a shared plate. When doing business in Turkey, it’s the custom for your host to pay for your meal. Requests to split the bill won’t be accepted. If you would like to pay your fair share, Turks recommend inviting your host to a follow-up meal. 1. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Giving a fancy kitchen knife to a friend from Russia is a good choice. B. You can use blue ink to write notes to your friend from South Korea. C. Dining with Japanese, one can use either end of the chopsticks to get food from shared plates. D. Invited to a meal, one should arrive earlier to show respect for the host. 2. What does the underlined word “insulting” in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Respectful. B. Challenging. C. Indifferent. B. A travel essay. D. A food magazine. B I was sure that I was to be killed. I became terribly nervous. I fumbled(摸索) in my pockets to see if there were any cigarettes, which had escaped their search. I found one and because of my shaking hands, I could barely get it to my lips. But I had no matches, they had taken those. I looked through the bars at the guard. He did not make eye contact with me. I called out to him “Have you got a light?” He looked at me, shrugged and came over to light my cigarette. As he came close and lit the match, his eyes unconsciously locked with mine. At that moment, I smiled. I don’t know why I did that. Perhaps it was nervousness, perhaps it was because, when you get very close, one to another, it is very hard not to smile. In any case, I smiled. In that instant, it was as though a spark jumped across the gap between our two hearts, our two human souls. I know he didn’t want to, but my smile leaped through the bars and caused a smile on his lips, too. He lit my cigarette but stayed near, looking at me directly in the eyes and continuing to smile. I kept smiling at him, now thinking of him as a person and not just a guard. "Do you have kids?" he asked. “Yes, here, here.” I took out my wallet and nervously D. Offensive. 3. Where is this passage probably from? A. A news report. C. A culture column.

fumbled for the pictures of my family. He, too, took out the pictures of his family and began to talk about his plans and hopes for them. My eyes were filled with tears. I said that I feared that I’d never see my family again, never have the chance to see them grow up. Tears came to his eyes, too. Suddenly, without another word, he unlocked my cell and silently led me out. Out of the prison, quietly and by back routes, out of the town. There, at the edge of town, he released me. And without another word, he turned back toward the town. 4. What do we know about the man from the passage? A. He had lost contact with his family. B. He had been forbidden to smoke. C. He had been searched. D. He had killed someone. 5. Why did the man want to smoke cigarettes? A. Because he was sure he was to be killed. B. Because he wanted the guard to set him free. C. Because he wanted to ease his nervousness. D. Because he was a regular heavy smoker. 6. What can we infer from the story? A. The guard freed him in the prison. B. The man smiled to please the guard. C. The guard set the man free with permission. D. The man was surprised to be set free. 7. What is the most important factor in saving the man’s life? A. The smile. B. The cigarette. C. The tears. C Since Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay climbed Mount Everest, Mount Qomolangma’s peak is no longer a lonely place and is turning into a trash heap. So far, more than 350 climbers have successfully reached the peak. And they have complained about waiting for hours in the bottlenecks (狭窄路段) on the way to the peak, a situation that isn’t just uncomfortable — it’s cold and windy up there — but downright dangerous. If bad weather strikes, climbers can and do die. As a matter of fact, the dangerous crowds aren’t the only problem on Qomolangma. All those climbers need to bring a lot of gear—and much of them ends up being left on the mountain, sometimes even the peak itself. Mount Qomolangma is becoming the world’s largest dump. Here’s mountaineer Mark Jenkins writing in National Geographic about the state of Qomolangma: “The two standard routes, the D. The wallet.

Northeast Ridge and the Southeast Ridge, are disgustingly polluted with oxygen cans and torn tents everywhere.” But the good news is that some mountaineers are taking it upon themselves to clean up Qomolangma. Mountianeer Paul Thelen and his friend Eberhard Schaaf are part of the annual Eco Everest Expedition, which has been cleaning up rubbish from base camps to the peak since 2008. So far they’ve collected over 13 tons of garbage. Some of that rubbish is even being used for a higher purpose. As part of the Mount Everest 8844 Art Project, a group of 15 artists from Nepal collected 1.5 tons of garbage brought down the mountain by climbers. They’ve transformed the cans and oxygen tanks—and in one case, part of the remains of a helicopter—into 74 pieces of art that have already gone on exhibition in Nepal’s capital. Part of the profit from sales will go to the Everest Peakeers Association, which has helped collect tons of rubbish on the slopes of the mountain. 8. What do we learn about the bottlenecks on the way to Mount Qomolangma’s peak? A. They are relatively safe. B. They are often crowded. C. They are very easy to pass. D. They are sites of base camps. 9. What does the underlined word “gear” mean? A. Equipment for climbing mountains. B. The food climbers brought onto the mountain. C. Some important machines used for the bottlenecks. D. Some rubbish found on the mountain. 10. The group of 15 Nepali artists_________. A. created works of art using rubbish from Qomolangma B. were employed by the Everest Peakeers Association C. climbed Qomolangma and collected 1.5 tons of trash D. painted 74 beautiful pictures of Mount Qomolangma’s peak 11. What can be the best title for the text? A. Eco Everest Expedition Proves Successful B. Qomolangma Has Become A Huge Mess C. Test Yourself Against Qomolangma D. Recycle Rubbish On Qomolangma D Students from Florida International University in Miami walked on water Thursday for a class assignment. To do it, they wore aquatic (水上的)shoes they designed and

created. Alex Quinones was the first to make it to the other side of a 175-foot lake on campus in record time—just over a minute. Quinones, who wore oversized boat-like shoes,also won last year and will receive $ 500. Students had to wear the aquatic shoes and make it across the lake in order to earn an “A” on the assignment for Architecture Professor Jaime Canaves, Materials and Methods Construction Class. “It's traditional in a school of architecture to do boats out of cardboard for a boat race. I thought our students were a little bit more special than that,” Canaves said. “We decided to do the walk on water event to take it to the next level.” A total of 79 students competed in the race this year in 41 teams. Only 10 teams failed to cross the lake. Others who fell got back up and made it to the end. The race is open to all students and anyone in the community. The youngest person to ever participate was a 9-year-old girl who competed in place of her mother, while the oldest was a 67-year-old female. A large crowd on campus joined Canaves as he cheered on the racers. He shouted encouraging words, but also laughed as some unsteadily made their way to the end. “A part of this is for them to have more understand ing of designing and make it work better,” he said. It is also a lesson in life for the students. “Anything, including walking on water, is possible, if you do the research,test it and go through the design process seriously.” 12. For what purpose did the students take part in the race? A. To go across the lake to school. B. To test their balance on the water. C. To pass Professor Canaves’ class. D. To win the prize money of $ 500. 13. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. The students wore shoes distributed by Professor Canaves to walk across the lake. B. The students who fell into the water were criticized seriously by the Professor. C. Most students finished the class assignment successfully. D. The students took part in the race to challenge their physical abilities. 14. What can we infer from the passage? A. Alex Quinones is a top student in the university. B. It’s a custom for the people in the community to get involved in student activities.

C. The student who made it to the end in the race would succeed in their professional career. D. Professor Canaves attaches importance to hands-on learning experience. 15. The purpose of the passage is to ___________. A. show his approval of the unique teaching style B. report an interesting assignment C. inspire teachers to be more creative D. encourage more people to take part in the race 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两 项为多余选项。 Of the many unpleasant emotions we can experience, fear may top the list. 16 . Fear can also keep us from pursuing the things in life that really matter -- like following our dreams, and developing important relationships. I have some ideas, though, of how to be free from fear. ? Experience fear. I used to be very afraid of speaking in front of people. I would get sweaty palms and my stomach would be so tied up that I wouldn't be able to eat. However, each time I spoke, I noticed afterwards that it wasn't that bad. Things I fear are never as bad in reality as I make them out in my mind. 17 . ? Create space. The first and most important step to being fearless is to create some space between ourselves and the emotion of fear. This isn't accomplished by ignoring the fear, or trying to talk ourselves out of it. 18 . In fact, a recent research shows that by simply admitting the emotion we actually begin to reverse the "fight or flight(逃避)" response in the body. ? Control the breath and feel the fear. ? Once we acknowledge the presence of fear, the second step is to control the breathing so that it becomes slower and gentler. We try to make the breath just a little bit longer, and feel how fear manifests(展现) in the body. 19 . With practice, we can create enough space between us and the emotion of fear so that we're able to replace a fearful thought with a positive one. 20 . For instance, before I get up to speak in front of a group of people, I imagine that the audience is positively impressed by what I say and that I manage to complete the speech successfully. A. B. C. D. Space is created only when we can honestly acknowledge that fear exists. We can imagine a positive outcome for whatever we're about to do. Fear, if left uncontrolled, can even destroy our life. So one way to get rid of fear is to simply push ourselves to do things that we fear.

E. When we can see a positive outcome in our mind, fear no longer holds us back. F. But fear is more than just physically unpleasant. G. As we pay attention to the physical symptoms of fear, we can see fear objectively. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以 填入空白处的最佳选项。 Two excited kids begged their father for his permission to see a film. Having read some 21 about the movie on the Internet, he firmly 22 their request with the reason that movie presents immorality as being 23 . “But dad, those scenes are merely a few minutes of the 24 film, in which good 25 evil eventually. In addition, there are other inspirational 26 like courage and determination making up for its 27 !” But the father didn’t 28 , and the two teenagers were cast down. They had just thrown themselves down on the couch when they heard the sounds of their father preparing something in the 29 . One of the teenagers said, “Dad must be feeling 30 , and now he’s trying to 31 us with some tasty food.” Soon their father appeared with a plate of warm cakes and said, “Before you eat, I want to tell you something: I love you both so much.” The teenagers smiled and 32 with each other knowing 33 . Dad was softening. Looking at the mouth-watering cake, the two boys were getting impatient about the father’s long speech. “But I want to be 34 with you. I added one ingredient(配料) that is not 35 found in cakes.” “To make it more delicious? Oh, come on, Dad! Please just tell us what it is.” “OK, if you 36 . That 37 ingredient is dog waste.” Both teens 38 stopped chewing the cake, spit it out and dropped the 39 cake back on the plate. “DAD! Why did you do that?” “That is the same reason why I won't allow you to watch that movie. You won't 40 a little dog poop in your cake, so why should you put up with a little immorality in your movies?” 21. A. parts 22. A. repeated 23. A. acceptable 24. A. popular 25. A. threatens 26. A. scenes 27. A. plot B. reviews C. chapters B. agreed to C. made B. unbelievable C. personal B. total C. exciting B. attacks C. defeats B. topics C. movies B. meaning C. success D. adaptations D. rejected D. favorable D. original D. affects D. themes D. drawback

28. A. give out 29. A. kitchen 30. A. sad 31. A. persuade 32. A. screamed 33. A. waves 34. A. honest 35. A. surprisingly 36. A. like 37. A. secret 38. A. unwillingly 39. A. whole 40. A. expect

B. give in B. house B. upset B. join B. provided B. glances B. satisfied B. easily B. insist B. common B. helplessly B. warm B. add

C. give away C. bedroom C. regretful C. comfort C. exchanged C. gestures C. strict C. daily C. refuse C. terrible C. gratefully C. strange C. tolerate

D. give off D. garden D. guilty D. supply D. talked D. nods D. patient D. usually D. permit D. wonderful D. instantly D. remaining D. overcome

第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 Air travel makes both people and service dogs very nervous. There are classes that help people defeat their fear of flying. And there is similar training for service dogs 41_______ (suffer) the same problem. You will see 42_______ working on buses, trains and other public transport systems. But the busy environment found at an airport can trouble even the best 43_______ (train) service dogs. People with disabilities depend 44_______ their dogs to safely guide them through security areas. They need the dogs to remain calm on duty on the airplane, especially 45_______ the flying is not smooth. It takes special training. The Air Hollywood K9 Flight Center is a school 46_______ such help can be found. Dog trainers say successful training 47_______ (base) on a simple rule: preparation. Dogs need to be exposed 48_______ (repeat) to the environment, to loud noises, to sounds so that when this experience happens to them on a daily basis, they're able to act in a way that they're used to acting and that they don't get excited. Dog owners who 49_______ (attend) the training at Air Hollywood K9 Flight School since it was opened say they now feel much more at ease about future 50_______ (flight). Their dogs also seem ready for takeoff. 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增

加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Being responsible is actually not that difficult. I used to think it is hard to grow up into a responsible member of the society. An incident happening in a rainy Sunday afternoon changed my attitude. I was on my way to the bookstore and was waiting for the green light while a girl was knocked down by passing car, which drove off quickly. A man immediately gave her first aid and I had joined in without hesitation. Soon many help was given to the girl. Because we sent her to the nearest hospitals in time, she was able to receive properly treatment. Not badly injured, I expressed gratitude to those giving help. Compared with the escaping driver, I was proud of what I did. 第二节:书面表达(共 1 小题;满分 25 分) 假定你是李华, 贵校在学生中征集意见, 询问学生是否赞成开设 iPad 课堂 (iPad classrooms) 。你支持开设 iPad 课堂;请给校长写一封建议信,要点如下: 1. 资源丰富; 2. 促进交流; 3. 利于环保; 4. 其他理由。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语已为你写好。 Dear Headmaster, We have been asked about our opinions on opening iPad classrooms. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ Yours sincerely, Li Hua

2016 届高三六校第一次联考
英语试题参考答案及评分标准
第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 1-3 BDC 4-7 CCDA 8-11 BAAB 12-15 CCDB 第二节 七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 16-20 FDAGB 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 21-25 BDABC 26-30 DDBAD 31-35 CCBAD 36- 40 BADDC 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 41. suffering 42. them 43. trained 44. on 45. when 46. where 47. is based 48. repeatedly 49. have attended 50. flights 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 1 小题,满分 10 分) Being responsible is actually not that difficult. I used to think it is hard to grow up into a was responsible member of the society. An incident happening in a rainy Sunday afternoon changed on my attitude. I was on my way to the bookstore and was waiting for the green light while a girl was when knocked down by ∧passing car, which drove off quickly. A man immediately gave her first aid a and I had joined in without hesitation. Soon many help was given to the girl. Because we much sent her to the nearest hospitals in time, she was able to receive properly treatment. Not badly hospital proper injured, I expressed gratitude to those giving help. Compared with the escaping driver, I was she escaped proud of what I did. 第二节 书面表达(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) Dear Headmaster, We have been asked about our opinions on opening iPad classrooms. I am in favor of this plan for the following reasons. To begin with, everyone learns differently.

Students can customize their iPad with materials that fit their level and learning style, and thus tailor it to different needs. Moreover, when connected to the Internet, students can interact with teachers and classmates about what they learn more conveniently. For the sake of environmental protection, opening iPad classrooms is a good way to save trees that we have been cutting down for paper. Most importantly, I believe students will develop their interests in the subjects by enjoying a new way of learning. I hope you would take my ideas into consideration and we look forward to attending an iPad class. Yours sincerely, Li Hua
高考英语书面表达全国卷评分标准 (一)评分原则: 1、本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确 定或调整档次,最后给分。 3、词数少于 80 和多于 120 的,从总分中减去 2 分。 4、评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性及上下文的 连贯性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、 美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 (二)评分标准: 第五档(21-25 分):完全完成了试题规定的任务,完全达到了预期的写作目的 ——覆盖所有内容要点。 ——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强 的语言运用能力。 ——有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 第四档(16-20 分):完全完成了试题规定的任务,达到了预期的写作目的 ——虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 ——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ——语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 ——应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 第三档(11-15 分):基本完成了试题规定的任务,整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的 ——虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。 ——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 ——应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯。 第二档(6-10 分):未恰当完成试题规定的任务,信息未能清楚地传达给读者

——漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 ——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 ——较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。 第一档(1-5 分):未完成试题规定的任务,信息未能传达给读者 ——明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。 ——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ——较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。 ——缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。 不得分(0 分):未能传达给读者仟何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内容无关 或所写内容无法看清。


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