江苏省木渎高级中学 2015 届高三英语周末综合测试之五
Unit One Module Ten
一、单项填空 (共 15 题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 1. Corruption is ______ problem in countries acr
oss the world, with developing countries often believed to be more serious, although there is no evidence to suggest this is ______ case. A. a; the B. the; a C. 不填; the D. a; a 2. --- Would you give me a piece of advice on how to polish up my essay? --- Glad to. It is important to ________ the points you make in your essay with facts and figures. A. back up B. pull up C. fill up D. take up 3. --- Will the fashion industry ever disappear from the town? --- That is ________. It is likely to become a major industry in the future. A. out of question B. out of the question C. out of place D. out of order 4. To tell you the truth, I’d like to work in a foreign enterprise _________ promotions are available to every hard-working employee. A. which B. where C. whose D. when 5. To protect the environment, the local government has put up a lot of ______ to warn the citizens not to litter the ground. A. sighs B. sights C. signals D. signs 6. While he was queuing up for the film ticket, coming across his dream girl set his heart ________ fast. A. to beat B. beaten C. being beaten D. beating 7. In much of the animal world, night is the time ____________ for sleep---pure and simple. A. set down B. set aside C. set off D. set up 8. ________ returnees differ from us is that they are better at critical thinking and have a strong ability of correct decision- making. A. What B. How C. Where D. That 9. The manager wants to see changes in the company, and I am sure he will ________. A. in particular B. in turn C. in time D. in condition 10. Pleasure in one’s heart and a smile on his lips is a sign ________ the person has a pretty grasp of life. A. where B. which C. what D. that 11. If you don’t catch up on your lost lessons timely, I’m afraid you’ll ________ further ________ your classmates in English. A. fall…apart B. fall…down C. fall…out D. fall…behind 12. I got to the office earlier that day, ____________ the 7:30 train from Paddington.
A. caught B. having caught C. to catch D. to have caught 13. With the South-to-North Water Diversion Project completed, farmers around it can work much larger fields with less effort, ________ bigger harvests and therefore improving the life of their families. A. answering for B. allowing for C. applying for D. accounting for
14. Host family accommodation enjoys great popularity among international students for its low cost. _________, it provides them with perfect opportunities for language learning. A. As a result B. On account of this C. Above all D. In the end 15. --- Are your parents worried about your leaving home for overseas education? --- _________ But mostly they are happy to see me grow up independent. A. Sort of. B. So what? C. By no means. D. No kidding.
二、完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 There at a second-hand clothing store in Northampton Mass, my l4-year-old son, John, and I noticed the coat. While the other coats drooped ( 低垂), this one looked as if it were 16 itself up. The coat was beautifully made, with a Fifth Avenue label and an which was popular just then with it on and the John 20 19 was perfect. the coat to school the next day and came home with a big smile. ―Did the 21 22 folding it over the back of a came over John. Agreement 18 17 price of $28, , but could cost several hundred dollars new. John tried
kids like your coat?‖ I asked. ―They loved it,‖ he said, chair and smoothing it flat. Over the next few weeks, a replaced contrariness and 23
discussion replaced fierce argument. He became more
mannerly and 24 , eager to please. He would generously lend his younger brother his tapes and lecture him 25 his behavior. When I mentioned this to his 26 and wondered what caused the changes, she said, laughing. ―It 27 be his coat!‖ Another teacher even told him she was giving him a good mark not only because he had earned 28 but because she liked his coat. At the library, we ran 29 a friend. ―Could this be John?‖ he asked surprisingly, 30 John’s new height, appreciating the cut of his coat and holding out his hand, one gentleman to another. John and I both know we should never 31 a person’s clothes for the real person within them. 32 , there is something to be said for wearing a standard of excellence for the world to see and for 33 what is on the inside with what is on the outside. For John, it is a time when it is as easy to try on different 34 to life as it is to try on a coat. The whole world, the whole future is stretched out ahead, a vast landscape 35 all the doors are open. And he could picture himself walking through those doors wearing his wonderful, magical coat. 16. A. turning 17. A. unreasonable B. holding B. unbearable
C. showing C. unbelievable
D. hanging D. unfair
18. A. teenagers 19. A. color 20. A. sent 21. A. casually 22. A. happiness 23. A. reasoned 24. A. considerate 25. A. of 26. A. teacher 27. A. can 28. A. this 29. A. down 30. A. looking up at 31. A. change 32. A. However 33. A. attaching 34. A. mean 35. A. where
B. adults B. price B. carried B. comfortably B. change B. heated B. handsome B. on B. mother B. must B. them B. with B. looking down on B. mistake B. Moreover B. connecting B. methods B. why
C. women C. style C. brought C. carefully C. smile C. wild C. hopeful C. in C. father C. will C. it C. into
D. men D. fit D. wore D. quickly D. matter D. strong D. curious D. at D. friend D. should D. one D. after
C. putting up with D. coming up with C. exchange D. turn C. Therefore C. relating C. approaches C. how D. Besides D. matching D. measures D. when
三、阅读理解 （共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Personality types are linked with structural differences in the brain, which could explain why one child grows up to be impulsive（冲动的）and outgoing while another becomes diligent and introspective． Structural differences between the brains of 85 people have been measured and linked with the four main categories of personality types, which were classified as ―novelty seeking‖, characterized by impulsive actions; ―harm avoidance‖, marked by pessimism and shyness; ―reward dependence‖, with an addictive personality; and ―persistence‖, who are people tending to be diligent, hard-working and perfectionists. The researchers said the brain differences are structural and can be measured in the size of specific regions of the brain that appear to be linked with each of the four personality types. For instance, people defined as novelty-seeking personalities had a structurally bigger area in the brain while people with harm-avoidance personalities had significantly smaller volumes of tissue in brain regions. The fact that characteristics are reflected in specific structural differences is useful to know, for instance, when it comes to understanding a child's behavior and choosing the right approach
so that somebody who is, for example, particularly timid, might be helped through education and development. There is no point shouting at a child who is very shy and telling them off, because it does not come naturally to them to put themselves forward ． But actually knowing there is a biological basis for this helps educators or parents to use the right approach to help a child to compensate. People who have a reward-dependence personality could, for example, be helped at an early age because they are at risk of turning to drink, drugs or food if they do not get the family support and encouragement they need. ―This study shows that personality characteristics are something you are born with, but their full expression can be adjusted during development with the right approach, ‖ said Professor Venneri, who carried out the study with colleagues from the University of Parma in Italy and Washington University in St Louis. If you know it’s not something you do but something you are, you can change the environment to reduce the risk．Knowing that someone has such a predisposition（体质）could help them adopt preventive strategies and avoid situations where they might seek rewards which could be potentially harmful. 36．Which type of person may turn out to be drug-abusers? A. ―Novelty seeking‖. B. ―Reward dependence‖. C. ―Harm avoidance‖. D. ―Persistence‖. 37．Which of the following is true about shy people? A．They are often shouted at and scolded ． B．They can naturally put themselves forward ． C．They structurally have a smaller brain region ． D．They are too timid to be educated and helped． 38．What's the main idea of the passage? A．People have chances to change their personality types ． B．Scientists have identified four different personality types ． C．Structural differences in the brain have effects on education ． D．Personality types are related to structural differences in the brain ． 39．The author writes the passage to ______ ． A． present a fact B． argue a claim C． support a research B It’s time for forgetting to get some respect, says Ben Storm, author of a new article on memory in Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. ―We need to rethink how we're talking about forgetting and realize that under some conditions it actually does play an important role in the function of memory, ‖ says Storm, who is a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
D． introduce an approach
―Memory is difficult ． Thinking is difficult, ‖ Storm says. Memories and associations accumulate rapidly. ―These things could completely overrun our life and make it impossible to learn and retrieve new things if they were left alone, and could just overpower the rest of memory, ‖ he says. But, fortunately, that isn't what happens. ―We're able to get around these strong competing inappropriate memories to remember the ones we want to recall. ‖ Storm and other psychological scientists are trying to understand how our minds select the right things to recall— if someone's talking about beaches near Omaha, Nebraska, for example, you will naturally suppress （压制） any knowledge you’ve collected about Omaha Beach in Normandy. In one kind of experiment, participants are given a list of words that have some sort of relation to each other. They might be asked to memorize a list of birds, for example. In the next part of the test, they have to do a task that requires remembering half the birds . ―That's going to make you forget the other half of the birds in that list, ‖ Storm says. ―That might seem bad—It's forgetting. But what the research shows is that this forgetting is actually a good thing. ―People who are good at forgetting information they don’ t need are also good at problem solving and at remembering something when they're being distracted by other information. This shows that forgetting plays an important role in problem solving and memory,‖ Storm says. There are plenty of times when forgetting makes sense in daily life. ―Say you get a new cell phone and you have to get a new phone number, do you really want to remember your old phone number every time someone asks what your number is?‖ Storm asks. ―Or where you parked your car this morning—It’s important information today, but you'd better forget it when it comes time to go get your car for tomorrow afternoon's commute．We need to be able to update our memory so we can remember and think about the things that are currently relevant. ‖ 40．With the accumulation of memories and associations, ______ ． A． it is impossible for us to get back the lost memory B．we might fail to memorize more information C．our daily life and overloaded memory could be out of control D．inappropriate memories challenge our memory ability 41．The underlined phrase "get around" in Paragraph 3 probably means ______ ． A．recall B．strengthen C．lose D．avoid 42．It can be learnt from the passage that ______ ． A．forgetting makes great sense to most people B．the more you forget, the more you memorize C．forgetting plays a part in developing memory D．forgetful people are good at solving problems 43．Which is the best title for the passage? A．Forgetting Is Part of Remembering ． C．How Forgetting Improves Remembering ．
B． Why Should People Forget． D．Remembering Relies on Forgetting．
In 1974, after filling out fifty applications, going through four interviews, and winning one offer, I took what I could get — a teaching job at what I considered a distant wild area: western New Jersey. My characteristic optimism was alive only when I reminded myself that I would be doing what I had wanted to do since I was fourteen -- teaching English. School started, but I felt more and more as if I were in a foreign country. Was this rural area really New Jersey? My students have a week off when hunting season began. I was told they were also frequently absent in late October to help their fathers make hay on the farms. I was a young woman from New York City, who thought that ―Make hay while the sun shines‖ just meant to have a good time. But, still, I was teaching English. I worked hard, taking time off only to eat and sleep. And then there was my sixth-grade class -- seventeen boys and five girls who were only six years younger than me. I had a problem long before I knew it. I was struggling in my work as a young idealistic teacher. I wanted to make literature come alive and to promote a love of the written word. The students wanted to throw spitballs and whisper dirty words in the back of the room. In college I had been taught that a successful educator should ignore bad behavior. So I did, confident that, as the textbook had said, the bad behavior would disappear as I gave my students positive attention. It sounds reasonable, but the text evidently ignored the fact that humans, particularly teenagers, rarely seem reasonable. By the time my boss, who was also my taskmaster known to be the strictest, most demanding, most quick to fire inexperienced teachers, came into the classroom to observe me, the students exhibited very little good behavior to praise. My boss sat in the back of the room. The boys in the class were making animal noises, hitting each other while the girls filed their nails or read magazines. I just pretended it all wasn’t happening, and went on lecturing and tried to ask some inspiring questions. My boss, sitting in the back of the room, seemed to be growing bigger and bigger. After twenty minutes he left, silently. Vis ions of unemployment marched before my eyes. I felt mildly victorious that I got through the rest of class without crying, but at my next free period I had to face him. I wondered if he would let me finish out the day. I walked to his office, took a deep breath, and opened the door. He was sitting in his chair, and he looked at me long and hard. I said nothing. All I could think of was that I was not an English teacher; I had been lying to myself, pretending that everything was fine. When he spoke, he said simply, without accusation, ―You had nothing to say to them.‖ ―You had nothing to say to them," he repeated. ―No wonder they’re bored. Why not get to the meal of the literature and stop talking about symbolism. Talk with them, not at them. And more important, why do you ignore their bad behavior?‖ We talked. He named the problems and offered solutions. We role-played. He was the bad student, and I was the forceful, yet, warm, teacher.
As the year progressed, we spent many hours discussing literature and ideas about human beings and their motivations. He helped me identify my weaknesses and my strengths. In short, he made a teacher of me by teaching me the reality of Emerson's words: ―The secret to education lies in respecting the pupil.‖ Fifteen years later I still drive that same winding road to the same school. Thanks to the help I received that difficult first year, the school is my home now. 44. It can be inferred from the story that in 1974 ______. A. the writer became an optimistic person B. the writer was very happy about her new job C. it was rather difficult to get a job in the USA D. it was easy to get a teaching job in New Jersey 45. According to the passage, which of the following is most probably the writer’s problem as a new teacher? A. She had blind trust in what she learnt at college. B. She didn’t ask experienced teachers for advice. C. She took too much time off to eat and sleep. D. She didn’t like teaching English literature. 46. The taskmaster’s attitude towards the writer after his observation of her class can be best described as ______. A. cruel but encouraging C. sincere and supportive B. fierce but forgiving D. angry and aggressive
The longest prosperous period in a century of art-market history ended on a dramatic note with a sale of 56 works by Damien Hirst, ―Beautiful Inside My Head Forever”, at Sotheby’s in London on September 15th 2008. All but two pieces sold, fetching more than ￡70m, a record for a sale by a single artist. It was a last victory. As the auctioneer(拍卖师) called out bids, one of the oldest banks on Wall Street in New York, Lehman Brothers, fell down, starting the most severe financial crisis since the 1920s. The world art market had already been losing momentum( 势头) for a while after rising confusingly since 2003. At its peak in 2007 it was worth some $65 billion, thinks Clare McAndrew, founder of Arts Economics, a research firm — double the figure five years earlier. Since then it may have come down to $50 billion. But the market generates interest far beyond its size because it brings together great wealth, greed, passion and controversy in a way matched by few other industries. In the weeks and months that followed Mr. Hirst’s sale, spending of any sort became deeply unfashionable. In the art world that meant collectors stayed away from galleries and salerooms. Sales of contemporary art fell by two-thirds, and in the most overheated sector, they were down by nearly 90% in the year to November 2008. Within weeks the world’s two biggest auction
houses, Sotheby’s and Christie’s, had to pay out nearly $200m in guarantees to clients who had placed works for sale with them. The current downturn in the art market is the worst since the Japanese stopped buying Impressionists at the end of 1989. This time experts suppose that prices are about 40% down on their peak on average, though some have been far more volatile ( 动荡的). But Edward Dolman, Christie’s chief executive, says, ―I’m pretty confident we’re at the bottom.‖ What makes this fall different from the last, he says, is that there are still buyers in the market, while in the early 1990s, when interest rates were high, there was no demand even though many collectors wanted to sell. Christie’s earnings in the first half of 2009 were still higher than in the first half of 2006. Almost everyone who was interviewed for this special report said that the biggest problem at the moment is not a lack of demand but a lack of good work to sell. The three Ds — death, debt and divorce — still deliver works of art to the market. But anyone who does not have to sell is keeping away, waiting for confidence to return. 47. In the first paragraph, Damien Hirst’s sale was referred to as ―a last victory‖ because _______. A. the art market had witnessed a succession of victories B. the auctioneer finally got the two pieces at the highest bids C. Beautiful inside My Head Forever won over all masterpieces D. it was successfully made just before the world financial crisis 48. What do we learn about the art market from the passage? A. Nobody has confidence in the future of the art market. B. The art market surpassed many other industries in momentum. C. The art market generally went downward in various ways. D. Sales of contemporary art rose dramatically from 2007 to 2008. 49. The three Ds mentioned in the last paragraph are __________. A. auction houses’ favorites C. factors promoting artwork circulation 50. What is mainly discussed in the passage? A. Art market in decline. C. V olatility of art prices. 四、任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 Simply increasing physical activity levels alone is unlikely to reduce body weight in young children, and therefore will probably not prevent obesity (肥胖), although it may set the stage for a healthier lifestyle, the results of a study conducted in Scotland suggest. Instead, a combination of increased physical activity and other lifestyle changes like
B. contemporary trends D. styles representing impressionists B. Up-to-date art auctions. D. Shifted interest in arts.
sticking to a healthy diet may be needed to stop the trend of obesity. ―Many children are obese, even at preschool age,‖ Dr John J. Reilly from the University of Glasgow and his colleagues note in the British Medical Journal. Considering the general lack of evidence on proper ways to prevent obesity in this age group, Reilly’s team had 545 children from 36 nursery schools in the ―Movement and Activity Glasgow Intervention ( 干预) in Children‖ or MAGIC trial. The trial was specifically designed to see if an increase in activity could reduce body mass index (身体质量指数). Each week for 24 weeks roughly half of the preschoolers, who were an average of 4.2 years old, participated in three 30-minute active workouts while at nursery school and their parents were encouraged to increase the child’s activity levels at home. The other half of the children, serving as contrasts, followed their usual nursery school schedule. According to the researchers, the physical activity intervention had no significant effect on body mass index of the children. However, compared with contrast children, intervention children show greater gains in body movement skills, which, the researchers say, may increase confidence in physical ability, perhaps increasing the opportunities of future participation in physical activity or sports. In a word, Reilly and his colleagues suggest that ―successful interventions to prevent obesity in early childhood may require changes not just at nursery, school and home, but in the wider environment. Changes in other behaviors, including diet, may also be necessary.‖ Whether exercise alone can 51_____________ obesity in young children. Dr John J. Reilly and his 52.__________ from the University of Glasgow 545 children from 36 nursery schools About half of the preschoolers 53._______________ 4.2 on average: ●Participating in active workouts at nursery school
Topic Researchers People researched
●54._______________ parents to increase their activities levels at home The other half: ●Living 55._______________ according to the nursery school schedule. ●Exercise alone has no 57._______________ on losing weight. ●Intervention children show greater gains in body 58._____________ skills, which can make them more 59.____________ in physical
ability. ●Successful interventions to prevent obesity in early childhood may require changes in both the 60._______________ and other behaviors, including diet.
四、词汇检测（共 15 题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 根据句意和首字母提示，完成下列句子（每空一词） ： 61. Though his mother passed away, he still has a fresh memory of her, who managed to help a big family live through an economic s___________ at his early childhood. 62. --- What do you think of the live concert by Justin Bieber last week? --- Fantastic! It made the h___________ of all the local newspapers. 63. Some of my cousins haven’t talked to each other for years, so darling, I have to make a few minor a___________ to the seating plan of our wedding. 64. The present mode of economic development in our country will cause great damage to the environment and many people are still quite unaware of the g___________ of the situation. 65. If you want to seek an ideal job, you might as well go to an official employment a___________ and have a try. 66. --- It is said that your colleague Linda has been three months p___________. --- Oh, I didn’t know that she is in the family way, for it’s hard to tell from her appearance. 67. The maths problem assigned by the teacher is really such a big challenge that every one of us is beating our brains and w___________ with it. 68. The new product release conference is of great significance to Apple, so no e___________ is spared to make it a success. 69. A large number of important p___________ across Asia are gathering in Hainan, attending the annual conference of the Boao Forum for Asia. 70. S___________ development is worth advocating on the way to making the people wealthy and well-being. 71. The two countries finally compromised to each other, reaching an agreement for p_________ peace. 72. The Nile floods every year, d___________ rich soil on the surrounding area. 73. --- How can I become one of the top fashion designers, Mathew? --- It’s a tough and challenging job. You’d better receive specific training. Most important, you should be full of vivid imagination and rich c___________. 74. It is said that the schedule right now is only t___________, and may change at any point in the future. 75. --- Amber studies harder than before. --- She's at a c___________ in her life. She wants to be admitted into her ideal university. 五、同义句转换（共 5 题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 请认真阅读下列各小题所给的两句句子，在空格处填上一个单词使两句句子语义保持不 变。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 76. Geldof organized a charity concert called Live Aid and intended it to raise money for hunger relief and to make the public more aware of the problem. Geldof organized a charity concert called Live Aid, __________ to raise money for hunger
relief and ___________ the public ’s awareness of the problem. 77. According to the UN, ten million people die very year of starvation or problems which have something to do with having a poor diet. According to the UN, ten million people die very year of starvation or problems __________ to having a poor diet. 78. The new policy aims to helping economy to develop in this area. The new policy aims to __________ economic growth in this area. 79. There isn’t much traffic at night, so there is hope that we will arrive in time for the performance. There isn’t much traffic at night, so __________ we will arrive in time for the performance. 80. We had spent quite some time and tried hard to handle the problem before we finally decided to give up. We had _________ with the problem for quite some time before we finally decided to give up.
六、书面表达（满分 25 分）
81. 请阅读下面背景材料，并根据问题，用英文写一篇短文向学校英文报投稿。 In China, an online shopping festival falls on November 11 when millions of Chinese shoppers go to Tmall.com and Taobao.com. In 2013, Tmall and Taobao together made 35 billion in sales on that day. However, in 2014, the shopping festival kicked off with an even stronger start – sales hit 1 billion yuan within 5 minutes and reached 57.1 billion at the end of the day. This is just one of many companies that did business on that day. What does this material reflect？ What is behind the phenomenon? And what is your comment or advice on it? 注意： 1. 词数 150 左右。开头已给出，不计入总词数。 2. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 3. 参考词汇：理性的 rational With the swift development of the Internet ,
1-5 16-35 36-50 AABBD BCADD BCDA 6-10 DBCCD CBAAB BDCA AAC 11-15 DBBCA BADCA DCCA ABCCA
任务型阅读： 51. prevent; 52. colleagues; 53. aged; 54. Encouraging; 55. normally; 56. Conclusion/Findings; 57. effect; 58. movement; 59. confident; 60. environment 词汇检测： 61. squeeze; 62. headlines; 66. pregnant; 67. wrestling; 71. permanent; 72. depositing; 63. adjustments; 64. gravity; 68. expense/ effort(s); 69. politicians; 73. creativity; 74. tentative; 77. related 80. wrestled 65. agency; 70. Sustainable; 75. crossroads
76. intended/ intending; raise/ arouse 79. hopefully A possible version:
With the swift development of the Internet, we can see online shopping has become a new trend in our daily life. There are several factors behind this phenomenon. First of all, it is very convenient for people to purchase what they want or like with the Internet easily accessible via computers or cellphones. Second, people shopping online have more choices of goods than they do in real shops and are able to save time as well. Third, the relatively low prices on the Internet also account for higher sales online. In my opinion, as the pace of life quickens, it is natural for people to choose online shopping to save time and energy. But when we enjoy the convenience it brings us, we should be careful because sometimes the quality of goods cannot be guaranteed. Furthermore, we’d better stay rational and just buy what we really need, otherwise it would cause a waste of money and resources. (150 words)