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虚拟语气的倒装


虚拟语气的倒装

1) 非真实条件引导的虚拟语气
时间 条件从句的时态 主句时态 Would/should /could/ might do Would/should /could/might have done Would/should /could/might do 对现在情况的 (过去时) 假设 did /were 对过去情况的 (过去分词)

假设 had done

对将来情况的 should do/ 假设 were to do

倒装
? 将谓语提到主语前面,则为倒装。 整个谓语提前,为全部倒装。

与现在相反,去掉if,把were提 前 与过去相反,去掉if,把had提前 与将来相反,去掉if,把should 提前

与现在相反,去掉if,把were提前
? If I were at school again, I would study harder. ? 如果我在学校的话,我会更加努力学习 倒装:Were I at school again, I would study harder.

如果我是你,我就会接受他的忠告。 If I were you, I would accept his advice. 倒装: Were I you, I would accept his advice.

与过去相反,去掉if,把had提前
? If you had come earlier, you would have met him. ? 如果你早来一点的话,你会见到他。 倒装:Had you come earlier, you would have met him.

如果没有他,我们可能输了这场比赛。 If it hadn’t been for him, we would have lost the game. 倒装: Had it not been for him, we would have lost the game.

与将来相反,去掉if,把should提前
? If it should rain tomorrow, we would not go climbing. ? 如果明天下雨,我们就不去登山。
? Should it rain tomorrow, we would not go climbing.

? 如果你需要什么,给我打个电话就行。 ? If you should require anything, just give me a call.
? 倒装:Should you require anything, just give me a call.

Practice
? If we had got there earlier, we would have caught the train. ? 要是我们到得早一点,我们就赶上火车了。 ? Had we got there earlier, we would have caught the train. ? If I were Tom, I would refuse.如果我是汤姆, 我会拒绝。 ? Were I Tom, I would refuse.

? 如果你需要什么,给我打个电话就行。 ? Should you require anything, just give me a call. ? 他要是知道这件事,他早就告诉你了。 ? Had he known that, he would have told you.


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