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希望英语2(第二版)综合教程U2


希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程 21 希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程

Unit 2 Environment
外语教学与研究出版社

希望英语(第二版)综合教程 1
Speaking

Unit 2 Environment

Reading B & Reading C

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Reading A

Writing

Grammar Presentation Listening

Speaking
Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Home

Speaking

Task 1

Look at the pictures on page 18 and list words or phrases
about them. Then share your work with others.

Suggested Words:

harm pollution damage

field smoke disease

nature improve serious

protection heavy traffic mountain
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Speaking

Task 2

Use the following sentence patterns and the words or phrases from Task 1 to talk about the pictures on page 18.
A. It’s time for…to do… B. be likely to… Sample Sentences: It’s time for us to do something about the serious pollution problems in our city. The environment is likely to get worse if we don’t take any action.

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Speaking

Task 3

Work in pairs. Take turns asking your partner the following questions and make notes.Organize your notes and report to the class using the given paragraph as a model.

? How do you feel about the environment where you live? ? Have you noticed any changes in the environment over the years? If yes, what are the possible causes?

? What are the effects of the changing environment on your personal life?

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Speaking

Task 3

Model Report
Mark lives with his parents near a small river. As long as he can remember, it has always been a source of mosquitoes and bad smell. But his father told him it was not like that until factories were built up and more and more people came around. For Mark, the clean water in which his father used to swim and fish in summer only exists in his dreams. Maybe it’s time for him to do something about it!

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Reading A
Task 1 Task 5 Task 6 Task 7 Task 8

Task 2
Text New Words and Expressions

Task 3 Task 4

Home

Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then ask your partner about his/her answers and take notes. 1. What are the hot environmental topics today?
The topics I heard people talking the most include global

warming, water pollution and air pollution.

2. From which sources did you learn about the environment pollution?
I learn about the environment mostly from newspapers, TV, and Internet.

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Reading A

Task 1

3. What are the possible ways to educate people about our environment?
We can give lectures in class, organize discussions on the media, and open more research centers, such as the Eden Project, to the public to make people understand more about the environment.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

The Eden Project
In March 2001, the Eden Project, an environmental center in Cornwall, England, opened to the general public. The finished structure is an unprecedented accomplishment—a giant, multi-domed greenhouse, containing plants from around the globe. The site has already become a popular tourist destination, attracting thousands of visitors every day.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

The Eden Project is built along the side of a deep pit. The structure consists of three biomes, areas designed to represent three distinct climates found around the world.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

The Humid Tropics Biome, the most impressive section, is a multidomed greenhouse that recreates the natural environment of a tropical rainforest. The warm, humid enclosure houses hundreds of trees and other plants from rainforests in South America, Africa, Asia and Australia. The dome is 787 feet (240 m) long, 180 ft (55 m) high and measures 360 ft (110 m) across at its widest point.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

From the Humid Tropics Biome, visitors move on to the Warm Temperate Biome. The Warm Temperate Biome, which has the same multidomed structure as the Humid Tropics Biome, houses plants from temperate rainforests around the world. Like tropical rainforests, temperate rainforests receive a high volume of rain every year, making them an ideal environment for varied plant life. But since they are farther away from the equator than tropical rainforests, they do experience distinct seasons. The Warm Temperate Biome at the Eden Project has varied plant life from temperate rainforests in Southern Africa, the Mediterranean and California.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

The final stop in the Eden Project is the Roofless Biome, an open area with varied plant life from the temperate Cornwall area, as well as similar climates in Chile, the Himalayas, Asia and Australia. Visitors can learn about plants that have played an important role in human history by following nature trails that wind over 30 acres of land.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

In all, there are over 1,000,000 plants representing 5,000 species. The temperature and humidity within the biomes are controlled using natural energy. There is also an integrated pest management system using biological control through birds, frogs, lizards, and beneficial insects.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

The creators of the Eden Project see the site as far more than a collection of greenhouses. One of them, Dr. Tony Kendle describes it as “the stage on which we explore our interdependence with plants . . . It is not a theme park. It is about serious issues. It is intended to be optimistic, celebrating what is good and positive about possible futures, inspiring us to examine the world afresh.” Their mission statement is to “promote the understanding and responsible management of the vital relationship between plants, people and resources, leading towards a sustainable future for all.” To this end, they have included informational kiosks and artistic installations throughout the biomes. They also hold a number of workshops and special events, all designed to inform people about environmental issues.

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Reading A 伊甸园工程
2001年3月,“伊甸园工程”,一座位于英格兰 康沃尔郡的环境中心对公众开放。这座完工的建筑 是史无前例的杰作,巨大的多穹窿温室里种植有来自 全球各地的植物。该中心已经成为颇受欢迎的旅游 胜地,每天吸引着成千上万的游客。

Text

Reading A

“伊甸园工程”沿着一个深坑的侧壁 而建。该建筑包含三个生物群落区,用 于展现全世界三种截然不同的气候。

Text

Reading A
湿热带生物群落区是给人印象最深刻的展区, 它是一座再现热带雨林自然环境的多穹隆温室。 温暖潮湿的封闭环境中种有数以百计的树木和其 他植物,它们来自南美、非洲、亚洲和澳大利亚 等地区。该穹隆建筑长787英尺(240米),高180 英尺(55米) ,最宽处的跨度为360英尺(110米)。

Text

Reading A
游客可以从湿热带生物群落区移步至暖温带生物 群落区。暖温带生物群落区是与湿热带生物群落区相 同的多穹窿建筑,它里面有来自全世界各地暖温带雨 林的植物。与热带雨林一样,暖温带雨林每年也能获 得大量的雨水,使其成为各种植物理想的生存环境。 但由于暖温带雨林与热带雨林相比距离赤道较远,其 气候有着明显的季节变化。“伊甸园工程”中的暖温 带生物群落区拥有来自南非、地中海和加利福尼亚等 暖温带雨林的各种植物。
Text

Reading A
“伊甸园工程” 的最后一站是露天生物群落 区,这是一片开放区域,拥有来自温带康沃尔地 区以及智利、喜马拉雅山脉、亚洲和澳大利亚相 似气候条件下的各种植物。游客可以沿着天然小 径蜿蜒穿过30英亩土地,了解在人类历史中起着 重要作用的各种植物。

Text

Reading A
“伊甸园工程”里总共有100多万株植物,代 表了5000个物种。各生物群落区内的温度和湿度 都受天然能源控制。另外,里面还有一套由鸟类、 青蛙、蜥蜴和益虫等生物控制的综合虫害管理系 统。

Text

Reading A
“伊甸园工程”的创造者们并不仅仅将此处看作是一组 温室。他们中的一位托尼〃肯德尔博士将其描绘为“我们 探索人与植物相互依存关系的舞台……它并非一座主题公 园,它内容严肃,它立意乐观,它赞美在可能的未来中善 与正面的东西,它启迪我们重新审视这个世界”。他们的 目标宣言是“促进对植物、人类和资源之间重要关系的理 解,进而对这种关系进行负责任的管理,引导所有人走向 可持续发展的未来。”为了达到这一目标,他们在各生物 群区遍布信息亭和艺术性设置。他们还举办很多专题讨论 会和特殊活动,旨在向人们讲解环境问题。

Text

Reading A Task 2

New Words and Expressions

unprecedented

a. without precedent; never having happened, been done or been known before
e.g. We are seeing unemployment on an unprecedented scale.

Translation
这成就确实是空前的。

This achievement is surely unprecedented.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

represent

v. be an example of (something)
e.g. These three sets of evaluation system represent three different research approaches. Translation
这个符号表示什么?

What does this mark represent ?

Text

Reading A

Task 2
humid

New Words and Expressions

a. containing or characterized by a great deal of water vapor
e.g. Many plants grow in warm and humid climates. Translation
台湾的气候又热又湿。

Taiwan’s climate is hot and humid.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

impressive

a. having a strong effect on somebody, esp. through size, grandeur, or importance
e.g. His collection of paintings is most impressive. Translation
比赛太精彩了!

What an impressive match!
Text

Reading A

Task 2
house

New Words and Expressions

v. contain or cover; to provide house for
e.g. The collection is currently housed in the British Museum. Translation
所有的书都收藏在这个图书馆里。

All the books were housed in the library.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

temperate

a. (of climate or climatic regions) having a mild temperature without extremes of heat or cold
e.g. Great Britain has a temperate climate. Translation
我喜欢这儿温和的气候。

I love the temperate climate here.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

experience

v. undergo, go or live through; have the experience of
e.g. I don’t think I have ever experienced real depression. Translation
我经验过类似的问题。

I have experienced similar problems.

Text

Reading A

Task 2
wind

New Words and Expressions

v. (cause something to) follow a curving course
e.g. The staircase winds upwards round a central pillar. Translation
那条小河蜿蜒地流过草原。

The stream winds through the meadow.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

integrated

a. with various parts fitting well together
e.g. We set up an integrated quality assurance system to guarantee the quality. Translation
我们应该综合防治环境污染。

We should have an integrated control of environmental pollution.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

optimistic

a. expecting the best in all possible way
e.g. Though failed this time, we have many reasons to be optimistic about the results. Translation
我们相信前景是乐观的。

We are optimistic about its future.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

celebrate

v. to praise; to honor by ceremonies of joy and respect
e.g. She wrote a song to celebrate the peace that finally comes after years of war.

Translation
你是怎样庆祝圣诞节的?

How do you celebrate Christmas Day?
Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

sustainable

a. capable of continuing or lasting for a long time
e.g. The government is making efforts to achieve sustainable economic growth in this city. Translation
价值观是人最持久,有力的驱动力!

Values are most sustainable &powerful motivation.

Text

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

To this end

to achieve the previously specified goal.
e.g. To this end, every possible measure has been taken.
Translation
这里,我想提出几点希望。

To this end, I would like to express a few hopes.

Text

Reading A

Task 3

Read the above passage again and fill in the following table.

Facts about the Eden Project
Characteristi cs of the three biomes Purposes of the project
The Humid Tropics Biome is a multi-domed greenhouse that recreates the natural environment of a tropical rainforest. The Warm Temperate Biome has distinct seasons. The Roofless Biome is an open area which covers 30 acres of land. The Eden Project is built to “promote the understanding and responsible management of the vital relationship between plants, people and resources, leading towards a sustainable future for all.”
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Reading A
b________ beneficial h ________ house i ________ integrated o ________ optimistic p ________ promote r ________ recreate s ________ sustainable u ________ unprecedented v ________ varied w wind ________

Task 4

producing favorable effects or useful results contain or cover formed or united into a whole expecting the best in all possible ways help in the growth or development of cause to be seen or experienced again capable of continuing or lasting for a long time without previous instance of different kinds go in a circular course

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Reading A

Task 5

Complete the following sentences with words or phrases from Task 4. Change forms if necessary.
1. The fall in prices will be greatly ________ to small businesses. beneficial houses 2. Our school library _______ 1 million books. 3. They are still _________ despite many failures of their optimistic experiment. recreates 4. The play _________ the life before World War II. unprecedented 5. People were frightened by the _____________ power of the recent earthquake in this area.

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Reading A

Task 5

6. The path ______ through the woods and up the side of the winds mountain. 7. She is very interested in studying the ______ cultural varied traditions of this country. promote 8. The organization works to _______ the friendship between nations. integrated 9. A(n) _________ course in English unites listening, speaking, reading and writing into a whole. 10. The local government attaches great importance to the sustainable _________ development of the city.

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Reading A

Task 6

Complete the following sentences using the following words or phrases plus something of your own.

in all, lead towards, to this end, play a role in, a number of 1. He had long wanted to go to college; __________ he studied to this end hard for the college entrance examination __________________________________. 2. You need to pay 20 dollars _______ for in all these books and magazines ________________________. 3. __________ books have been stolen from ____________. A number of the library played a role 4. The local priest __________ leading _____ in settling the disputes __________. lead towards 5. The scandal will ____________ trouble ________________. in the near future

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Reading A
Model 1:

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

The final stop in the Eden Project is the Roofless Biome, an open area with varied plant life from the temperate Cornwall area, and also similar climates in Chile, the Himalayas, Asia and Australia. —The final stop in the Eden Project is the Roofless Biome, an open area with varied plant life from the temperate Cornwall area, as well as similar climates in Chile, the Himalayas, Asia and Australia.

1. He grows some vegetables, and he grows some flowers too. He grows some flowers as well as some vegetables. ___________________________________________________ 2. You can pay your bills online, and you can also receive your bills online. ____________________________________________________ You can receive your bills online as well as pay them online.

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Reading A

Task 7

3. They ate a seven-course meal, and they also drank three bottles of wine. _________________________________________________________________ They drank three bottles of wine as well as eating/ate a seven-course meal. 4. After walking for three hours, we were very tired, and moreover, we were very hungry. _________________________________________________________________ After walking for three hours, we were very hungry as well as very tired. 5. Mr. Thomas is not only a famous writer but also a good painter. _________________________________________________________________ Mr. Thomas is a good painter as well as a famous writer.

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Reading A
Model 2:

Task 7

The site has already become a popular tourist destination, and it attracts thousands of visitors every day. —The site has already become a popular tourist destination, attracting thousands of visitors every day.

1. Many TV programs are excellent and have brought joys into millions of homes. Many TV programs are excellent, bringing joys into millions of homes. __________________________________________________________________

2. She sat in the armchair and read an interesting magazine. __________________________________________________________________ She sat in the armchair, reading an interesting magazine.

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Reading A

Task 7

3. All night long he lay awake and thought about the problem. _____________________________________________________ All night long he lay awake, thinking about the problem. 4. They stood by the roadside and talked about the plan. _____________________________________________________ They stood by the roadside, talking about the plan. 5. Her husband died ten years ago and left her with three children to look after. _________________________________________________________________ Her husband died ten years ago, leaving her with three children to look after.

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Reading A

Task 8

Translate the following sentences into English paying attention to the highlighted parts.

1. 新鲜空气有益于人们的健康。 Fresh air is beneficial to people’s health. 2. 如今人们越来越关注社会的可持续发展。 Today, people are more and more concerned about the sustainable development of the society. 3. 教室里一共有30位学生。 There are thirty students in all in the classroom. 4. 他昨天的演讲令人印象深刻。 He made an impressive speech yesterday. 5. 关于这部新戏,人们看法不一。 Varied opinions were expressed on the new play.
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Grammar
Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Home

Grammar Task 1
Study the following grammar tips for inversion and match them with the sentences in the column on the right.
1. 在主谓状和主系表句型中,当 状语或表语前置时句子须全部倒装。 2. 带否定意义的词或带否定词的 短语位于句首时,句子须部分倒装。 3. 当 only, often, so 等 副 词 位 于句首时,句子需要倒装。 4. 当out, in, away, down, up等 方位副词位于句首时,句子须全部 倒装。

D C B A

A. Away ran the man as he saw the policeman. B. Often does my mom tell us to study hard. C. In no way can he solve the problem if he hesitates. D. Under the table lies a white cat.
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Grammar Task 2
Change the following sentences into inverted order.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The headmaster stood there. I could hardly recognize him. The students rushed out when the English class was over. A small tree stood on the top of the hill. The notice is so clear that it cannot be misunderstood. There stood the headmaster. Hardly could I recognize him. Out rushed the students when the English class was over. On the top of the hill stood a small tree. So clear is the notice that it cannot be misunderstood.

Key:

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Grammar Task 3
Translate the following into English.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 瞧!你要找的人来了。 直到天色已晚我们才回家。 刚发生地震又闹水灾。 那个学生一见外国人扭头就走。 只有到毕业后我们才认识到学英语的重要性。

Key: 1. Look! Here comes the man you’re looking for. 2. Not until it was dark did we return home. 3. There was an earthquake and then came the flood. 4. Away went the student at the sight of foreigners. 5. Only after graduation did we realize the importance of learning English.
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Listening
Task 1
Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Task 5 Task 6 Task 7

Home

Listening Task 1
Listen to the five statements twice and write them down.
1. ______________________________________________. 1. The Eden Project opened to the public in March 2001. 2. ______________________________________________. 2. Visitors can learn about plants that have played an important role in human history. 3. ______________________________________________. 3. In all, there are over 100,000 plants representing 5,000 species. 4. ______________________________________________. 4. Pests are controlled by birds, frogs, lizards and beneficial insects. 5. ______________________________________________. 5. The Eden Project is designed to inform people about environmental issues

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Listening Task 2
Listen to the four conversations, and choose the best answer for each of the questions you hear. Key: 1. A. Because she doesn’t like the West Lake. B. Because she doesn’t want to go with the man. 1. C C. Because she doesn’t have time. 2. A. Because it’s too dry here. 2. B B. Because the humidity here is too high. C. Because it seldom rains. 3. B 3. A. The globe itself . B. Greenhouse effect. 4. C C. Human activities. 4. A. Equator. B. Temperate zone. C. Tropical zone near the equator.
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Listening Task 2
Script:
1. Hey, would you like to join me in a journey to the West Lake? It’s a world-renowned tourist destination. Woman: I’d like to, but I have too much work to do. Q: Why can’t the woman go on the journey with the man? Man: I really want to move out of here. It’s too humid. Woman: Yeah, me too. I don’t like it. Q: Why do they want to move out? Woman: Have you noticed that the globe’s been warming all these years? Man: Yes. It’s all because of the greenhouse effect. Q: According to the man, what causes the global warming? Woman: Do you know where we can see the largest collection of tropical rainforests? Man: Isn’t that in the tropical zone near the equator? Q: In which place does the man think can we see the most tropical rainforests?
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Man:

2.
3.

4.

Listening Task 3
Listen to the short passage and fill in the blanks with what you hear.
Rainforests The tropical rainforests are often the Earth’s lungs. But they actually work in reverse. Instead of oxygen, which we need to breathe in for life, they take in vast quantities of carbon dioxide, a poisonous gas which we . Through the process of photosynthesis, rainforests change carbon dioxide into clean, breathable air. In fact, the tropical rainforests are the single greatest source of air that we breathe on earth. What’s truly amazing, however, is that while the tropical rainforests just 2% of the Earth’s land surface, they are home two-thirds of all the on the planet. Additionally, “nearly half the medicinal compounds we use every day come from plants which are found in the tropical rainforest.” If a cure for cancer or AIDS is to be found, it’ll almost certainly come from the tropical rainforests.

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Listening Task 3
Key & Script:
Rainforests The tropical rainforests are often described as the Earth’s lungs. But they actually work in reverse. Instead of taking in oxygen, which we need to breathe in for life, they take in vast quantities of carbon dioxide, a poisonous gas which we breathe out. Through the process of photosynthesis, rainforests change carbon dioxide into clean, breathable air. In fact, the tropical rainforests are the single greatest source of air that we breathe on earth. What’s truly amazing, however, is that while the tropical rainforests cover just 2% of the Earth’s land surface, they are home to two-thirds of all the living species on the planet. Additionally, “nearly half the medicinal compounds we use every day come from plants which are found in the tropical rainforest.” If a cure for cancer or AIDS is to be found, it’ll almost certainly come from the tropical rainforests.

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Listening Task 4
Listen to the dialogue and tick off the correct item to each statement according to what you hear. 1. This conversation takes place at ________ 2. Harry thinks barbecue at the resort _________ 3. Harry and Robbie decide to _________ 4. Robbie supposes Susan is ___________

√ □


Harry’s room. Robbie’s room. is forbidden. is alright. have a barbecue. go shopping with sleeping. on the beach.
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√ □


√ □
□ Susan. □ √ □

Listening Task 4
Script:
(The door opens.) Robbie: What’re you doing, Harry? Harry: Oh, Robbie, I’ve got some good ideas about our project, so I’m writing them down. R: Come on! We’re on holiday. Why not just forget about your work? You’re crazy! H: Anyway, it’s almost done. R: Poor you! Susan wants us to have a barbecue with H: But I heard that barbecue is forbidden at this resort. You know, environment stuff?and?barbecue, in a way, is a kind of pollution. Are you sure we can barbecue there? R: Definitely. There’s a site for a barbecue near this hotel. Let’s go. H: Alright. But where’s Susan? R: She is on the beach now, I guess. H: I doubt it. She is usually in bed at this time. R: Then, give her a call first.

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Listening Task 5
Practice the following expressions with your partner. Certainty Definitely. /Absolutely. I’m sure about that. I give you my word for that. There’s no chance/possibility/hope for… It’s sure/certain/bound to… There’s no doubt about that. I dare say that… It can’t be otherwise/must be. I bet (I know that). Uncertainty Maybe. /Perhaps. /Possibly. /Probably. I can’t be certain/be sure/decide. I’m not so sure about it. I guess/suppose so. You can never tell. There’s surely some doubt… I really couldn’t tell. It’s hard to tell/say. It depends.

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Listening Task 6
Listen to the dialogue and use your own words to answer the questions according to what you hear. 1. What did the couple do yesterday? ____________________________ They went swimming. 2. What did the wife worry about? ____________________________ The pollution of the river. 3. What will they do? ____________________________ Go boating and fishing.

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Listening Task 6
Script:
Husband: What are we doing this afternoon? Wife: I have no idea. We went swimming yesterday. It’s very interesting, but I just don’t want to do it again. H: How about going boating in the river near the resort? W: But I heard that the river was polluted, and I am afraid that it won’t be a pleasant trip. H: Are you sure? But a friend told me that people have done something about the pollution, and the water is now clean. W: Really? H: He said we could do some fishing there as well. W: Great! Let’s prepare for our trip. I will make some sandwiches. H: OK. And get some bait for fish, too? W: Sure!

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Listening Task 7
Work in groups and create the following role-play.
You and your friends are enjoying your holidays at a resort. One day, you go climbing and find a lot of rubbish on the mountain. So you talk about pollution and the importance of protecting the environment.

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Reading B & Reading C
Reading B Text New Words and Expressions Reading C Text New Words and Expressions Task

Task

Home

Reading B Text
Four Theories about Global Warming
Cold Winter-Small Piece of Large Puzzle Climate is effectively the average of all types of weather that has occurred for decades or even centuries, and any individual season is not enough information upon which to reach a conclusion, at least according to some climate scientists. Global warming doesn’t guarantee that no winters would be cold or that the temperature would rise on a consistent basis, just that the overall climate would warm. In other words, this group believes that a cold winter—even an extremely cold winter—over a large area is not enough data to alter an opinion. If you believe that global warming is occurring and caused by man, one cold winter shouldn’t change that opinion. Similarly, if you believe that global warming is not a problem, then one hot summer shouldn’t influence your opinion.
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Reading B Text
Global Warming Actually Causes Extremely Cold Weather There is a theory among some scientists that global warming increases the likelihood of all types of extreme weather, including extreme cold. In other words, the recent extreme cold is proof that global warming is occurring. This theory is often immediately dismissed because of its seemingly contradictory nature; however, if the atmosphere changes its normal flow patterns because of an overall warming, more intense cold, or cold in areas that normally aren’t cold, could indeed follow.

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Reading B Text
Global Warming Has “Paused” Some scientists believe that the current cold spell has “paused” global warming. They haven’t abandoned the global warming theory, believing that after the natural cycle of cold weather ends, global warming will resume. They do concede, however, that a warm cycle prior to the current cold cycle could be an indication that man-made global warming might not be as extreme as originally believed.

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Reading B Text
Global Warming Skeptics Not all scientists believe that the science related to global warming has been settled, and they remain skeptical of global warming. Many skeptics are well-respected scientists; at least one is a Nobel Prize winner. The reasons for their skepticism vary. Some believe in the theory behind greenhouse gases causing global warming but think the effect is not as great as believed. Others believe the warming is part of a natural cycle.

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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

puzzle

n. a puzzle is a problem or enigma that tests the ingenuity of the solver. In a basic puzzle, one is intended to piece together objects (puzzle pieces) in a logical way in order to come up with the desired shape, picture or solution.
e.g. With the last piece in its place, she finally solved the puzzle.

Translation
他为何那样做我们都搞不懂.

It’s quite a puzzle to us why he did that .
Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

guarantee

v. to make certain of
e.g. He always believes that preparation will guarantee success. Translation
我保证付清他的债务.

I guarantee to pay off his debt.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

likelihood

n. the probability of a specified outcome
e.g. She became excited at the likelihood of getting a great job. Translation
他几乎不可能赢得头奖。

There is no likelihood of his winning the first prize.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

contradictory

a. contradicting; not in agreement
e.g. There are contradictory views on this policy. Translation
他的说法与事实相矛盾。

His story is contradictory to the fact.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

spell

n. a stretch of a specified type of weather
e.g. The recent cold spell was caused by the change in wind direction.

Translation
上个月我们有一阵子的晴天。

We had a spell of fine weather last month.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

abandon

v. to leave behind
e.g. There are some abandoned bicycles around that corner. Translation
他终于革除了恶习。

He finally abandoned his bad habit.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

resume

v. take up or begin anew
e.g. The two sides resumed their negotiations after two months. Translation
他们在休息片刻后,继续开始讨论。

They resumed discussion after a short break.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

concede

v.to admit
e.g. The next day, John conceded defeat in the race for mayor. Translation
他认输了。

He conceded that he was defeated.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

prior to

before
e.g. He is very interested in the big events prior to World War Two.

Translation
遗嘱是在他死亡前两天立的。

The will was made two days prior to his death.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

skeptical

a. having or expressing doubt
e.g. People are skeptical of what she is saying. Translation
我很怀疑他们是否还有机会获胜。

I am rather skeptical about their chance of winning.

Text

Reading B Task
Read the passage and tell if the following statements are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). (
( ( (

F T F T

) 1. The first theory holds that global warming means that it’ll be
impossible for a winter to be cold. ) 2. Some scientists believe that the global warming makes it more likely to get extremely cold in winter. ) 3. Scientists of the third theory think the current spell has stopped the global warming, which will never happen again. ) 4. It is believed by some scientists that the global warming is not caused by human activities but just a natural phenomenon.

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Reading C Text

Benefits from Growing Trees

There is a long list of benefits from growing trees. The benefit personally that almost all of us have __________(1) experienced is that trees cool provide shade and _____ (2) the air. Scientists have found that temperatures may be 3–8 degrees Celsius or 10–20 degrees Fahrenheit cooler under a tree on a hot day. Trees can reduce the energy consumption of air conditioners ____ (3) up to 50% by by lowering _______ (4) summer temperature from 5 to 9 degrees. peak
beautify breathing by cool end

from

personally

peak

property

to

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Reading C Text
Another obvious benefit is that trees filter and purify the air and water. One growing tree consumes 26 pounds of carbon dioxide every year. An average size tree gives off enough oxygen throughout the day to keep a family of four _______ (5). One breathing to urban tree is equivalent ____ (6) 10–15 rural trees in keeping greenhouse gases from the air. On a hot summer day, the leaves of a mature shade tree can give off as much as 100 gallons of water per day in transpiration.
beautify from breathing personally by peak cool property end to

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Reading C Text
end But the list does not simply ______ (7) here. Trees can do far more than just the above. Trees protect us from wind and beautify provide living space for wildlife. Trees ________ (8) the surroundings and create a pleasant and peaceful environment. Trees provide noise barriers. Trees provide wood products, paper, fiber and even food products, medicine and clothing. Trees property increase __________ (9) values. Hospital studies have shown faster recovery in patients who had views of trees _______ (10) from their rooms. beautify from breathing personally by peak cool property end to
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Reading C

New Words and Expressions

transpiration

n. the process of passing water through the surface of a plant’s leaves
e.g. Loss of water also includes the transpiration of water into the air from plants. Translation
狭叶蒸腾速率比阔叶大。

The transpiration rate of narrow leaf is bigger than broad leaf.
Text

Reading C

New Words and Expressions

wildlife

n. all living things (except people) that are undomesticated
e.g. Water pollution in this area poses great dangers to the local wildlife. Translation
我们要保护野生物种。

We should protect wildlife.
Text

Writing
Writing for General Purposes Task Writing for Specific Purposes Task

Home

Writing for General Purposes Task
Rearrange the following sentences to form a paragraph, using the transitional words highlighted in the above example.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

(From Washing Machine Operation Manual) Set the Spin Timer to the desired time. Shut the Inner Lid and Spin-Dryer Lid. Make sure that the Spin Dryer Basket has stopped before you open the lid. Put the clothes into the Spin Dryer Basket evenly, avoiding weight-unbalance. Open the Spin-Dryer Lid when the Spin Timer turns to “OFF”.

Spinning

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Writing for General Purposes Task
Suggested Answers: Spinning

(From Washing Machine Operation Manual) First, put the clothes into the Spin Dryer Basket evenly, avoiding weight-unbalance. Then, shut the Inner Lid and Spin-Dryer Lid. Next, set the Spin Timer to the desired time. After that, open the Spin-Dryer Lid when the Spin Timer turns to “OFF”. Last, make sure that the Spin Dryer Basket has stopped before you open the Lid.

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Writing for Specific Purposes Task
Put the following Chinese terms next to the English equivalents on the Cover Page.
文件编号 公司名称 收件人 副本发件人 日期 事由 传真号码(发方) 电话号码(发方) 传真文件页数(含封面) 传真号码(收方) 电话号码(收方)

Cover Page

Title of company

FAX Number: ______

PHONE Number: _______
NUMBER OF PAGES INCL COVER: _________ FAX NO.: __________________________________ TEL NO.: __________________________________ OUR REF.: ________________________________

DATE: ____________ ATTN.: ___________ COPY: ____________ FROM: ___________

SUBJECT: __________________________________________________________
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Writing for Specific Purposes Task
Suggested Answer:

Title of company 公司名称 _________
日期 DATE: ______ ATTN.: _ 收件人 _______ COPY: __________ 副本

传真号码(发方) FAX Number: _________________ PHONE Number: 电话号码(发方) ____________ NUMBER OF PAGES INCL COVER: FAX NO.: _________________ 传真号码(收方) TEL NO.: ____________ 电话号码(收方)
传真文件页数 (含封面) ________

FROM: ___________ REF NO.: 文件编号 ___________ 发件人 SUBJECT: _______ 事由

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Presentation
Work in groups. Give a 5-minute presentation about your field work. Take notes while listening to other groups. Presentation Notes (Template)
Group Number
1

Topic

Conclusion

Comment

2

3

4

5

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希 望 英 语 (第二版)综合教程 1

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