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2013中考英语动词时态、语态、情态动词专训(课件)


一、一般现在时
一般现在时的谓语构成: 1、be动词:am/is/are 2、行为动词: A:动词原形 B:动词+-s (主语为单三)

一般现在时的用法:
1.经常发生,反复进行的动作或状态。 2.客观事实或普遍真理。 3.If ; as soon as 等引导的状语从句。 4.当主句是祈使句或含有情态动词时 的从句。
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br />常与下列时间状语连用:often, usually , always, sometimes everyday / week / Sunday…

实战演练
1.Jim usually has ___(have) lunch at home, has but sometimes he _____ (have) it at school. 2.I’ll tell him the news as soon as he comes _____(come) back. 3. If it doesn’t rain (not rain) tomorrow, __________ we’ll go to the zoo. stops 4. Don’t get off the bus until it__ (stop). 5. You may go out to play when you ________(finish) your homework. finish

6. The teacher told us that the earth travels _________(travel) round the sun. will go 7. ---Do you know if we ________(go) to the cinema tomorrow? ---I think we’ll go if we don’t have _________ (not have) too much homework. 8. She watches TV twice a week. _____ ______ does she watch TV? How often

9. Jim has lunch at home everyday. (否定句) Jim ______ ______ lunch at home doesn’t have everyday. 10. He does his homework every day. (一般疑问句) ______he ____ his homework every Does do day? 11. He has few friends, does _____ ? _____ he (反意疑问句)

二、现在进行时
★现在进行时的谓语构成:

am/is/are +动词ing ★现在进行时的用法:表示说
话时或现阶段正在进行或发 生的动作,

常与时间状语now, this week, these days 等连用。另外,我们还要注意 句中的隐含条件(如:look, listen, It’s nine o’clock等)。如: ★Look !The students are doing their homework. ★Listen ! Someone is singing in the next room. ★Don’t go out ! It’s raining hard outside.

有些动词如come, go, leave, begin, 等的现在进行时可以表示 预定的或即将发生的动作,句中 常有表示将来的状语: I’m leaving on Sunday morning. Jim is coming here this evening.

实战演练
1.Look! Some children are playing ___________ (play) football on the playground. is playing 2.Listen ! Someone ___________ (play) the piano in the room. are working 3.The students of Class Two ________ (work) on the farm now. is sleeping 4.Be quiet ! Your father____________ (sleep). is raining 5.Don’t go out ! It __________ (rain ) hard outside.

三、一般过去时
一般过去时的构成:
★ 动词的过去式 一般过去时的用法: ★表示过去发生的动作或状态.

用于一般过去时的时间状语有: yesterday, yesterday / morning

/afternoon/evening, last night / week / month / Sunday /
just now , half an hour ago等。

have a meeting, yesterday

We had a meeting yesterday.

give a concert, last month Jay gave a concert last month.

join WTO , in 2001 China joined WTO in 2001.

get married , in 1999 They got married in 1999.

visit Canada,last Thursday
He visited Canada last Thursday.

die , December 9 He died in Shanghai on Dec.9.

实战演练
Did have 1. ____ you _____a good time last Sunday? didn’t say 2. The headmaster ____________ (not say)
anything at the meeting yesterday. 3. Have you ever been there?

went Yes, I _________ (go) there last spring. 4.Lily____ (fall) off her bike andhurt ___ (hurt) fell
herself last Monday afternoon.

B 5. It’s a long time since we _____ last.
A. meet C. will met Wall ? B. met D. have met

6. ---Have you ever been to the Great

D --- Yes, I ______ there last spring.
A. go B. have gone

C. will go

D. went

5. Mr. Li invited her to the party. (改为一般疑问句) Did invite _____Mr. Li _____her to the party? 6 They asked the teacher a question. (改为否定句) didn’t ask They_______ ________the teacher a question. 7.He said nothing at the meeting. (同义句) Hedidn’t anything the meeting. _____say _______at

8. Tom watched TV for two hours. (对画线部分提问) How long ____Tom watch _____ _____ did _______TV? 9. She helped me do some cleaning. (对画线部分提问) What _____She help you____ ? do _____ did _____ 10.They knew everything only after you told them.(同义句) nothing until They knew _________ _______ you told them.

四、一般将来时
1、一般将来时的构成: 1)will + 动词原形 2)am(is,are) going to +动词原形 2、一般将来时的用法:一般将来时表示将要 发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表将来的时 间状语连用。如: tomorrow, today, tonight , next spring/ week/ month/ year… What will you do next week? We’ll only stay for two weeks.

实战演练
will be 1. There________ (be) an English film on TV tonight. 2. Shall go go) to the park next Sunday? ____we___( 3. He won’t go (not go) home until he _________ finishes his homework. will do 4.What ____ you ____(do) next Sunday? 5. IWill be ( be) free tomorrow morning. ________

6.There is going to _____ a meeting A
next week. C. is D. has A 7.---I don’t know if it ___ tomorrow. ---If it ________, we’ll stay at home. A. be B. have

A. will rain ; rains B. rains ; rains
C. will rain ; will rain

D. rains ; will rain

五、过去进行时
1、过去进行时的构成:

★was/were + 现在分词 2、过去进行时的用法:
★过去进行时表示过去某一 时刻正在进行的动作,

常用的时间状语有:
1)at this time last night, at 9:00 yesterday 2)when I saw him; while I was watching TV 3)from seven to nine 4)yesterday, last year, yesterday morning ★What were you doing this time yesterday? ★He was drawing an elephant on the blackboard when the teacher came in.

实战演练
were watching 1. We_________________( watch) TV when he came to see us. 2. I ______________ ( draw) a picture was watching at this time yesterday morning. 3. What were you doing (do) when ______ ______ the teacher came in ? were talking 4. While we _____________ (talk), the teacher came in.

六、现在完成时
1.现在完成时的构成: 助动词have (has) + 动词的过去分词 注:has 用于第三人称单数,have 用 于其他所有人称。 2.现在完成时的用法: (1)现在完成时表示过去发生或已 经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响 或结果。通常与表示包括现在在内的 时间副词just ,already, before, yet, never, ever等状语连用。

(2)现在完成时表示过去已经开始, 持续到现在,也许还会持续下去的动作

或状态。可以和表示从过去某一时刻
延续到现在(包括现在在内)的一段 时间的状语连用。 如:for+ 时间段和

since+时间点或时间壮语从句,以及
so far 等。

① She has learnt English for 3 years. ②They have lived here since 1990.

注意:表示短暂时间动作的词, 如come , go , die , join, buy等

的完成时不能与for, since等表 示一段时间的短语连用。

(3).have been (to)和have gone (to) 的区别: ★have / has been (to) 表示“曾 经 去过”某地,说话时此人很可 能 不在那里,已经回来。侧重指 经历。 ★have / has gone (to) 表示某人 “已经去了”某地,说话时 此

短暂性动词与延续性动词
将暂短性动词改为相应的延续性动词或短语和

一段时间连用,其常用的方法有: a.用相应的延续性动词替换的主要有:

buy have borrow keep catch/get a cold have a cold get to know know join the Party be a Party member

leave

be away (from)

die
begin

be dead
be on be here

come here

fall asleep

be asleep

join the Army be in the Army come to work / live work / live begin to study/ teach study/teach

B. 把误句中表示一段时间的状语改为

表示过去时间的状语,原动词的完 成时改为过去时
He came here three months ago.

C.用 “It is/ has been +一段时间 +since (一般过去时)”结构。
It is/ has been three months since he came here.

D. 用“多长时间+has passed + since(一般过去时)”结构:
Three months has passed since he came here.

(4)暂短性动词的肯定式的完成时不能
和how long连用。如: 误:How long have you borrow the

book?
正:How long have you kept the book?

正:When did you borrow the book?

典型题例
1. Have you ever____ (eat) Beijing duck? _____ eaten

2. I won’t go to the cinema this Sunday have seen because I _____________(see) it already. 3. Where’s Jim? He has gone to England. _____ (go) 4. My father has been( be) to Beijing _________ many times. 5. Mr. Green has worked here since 1989. _____(work) 6. We _____(know) each other for a year. have known

met 7. It’s a long time since we ____ (meet) last. 8. We have been here for four years. (同义句) came ago We ________ here four years _______. 9. It’s five years since my grandfather died. (同义句) My father has been dead for five years. _____ ____ 10. My brother has been a soldier for two years.(同义句) joined the army My father ___ ___ _____ two years ago.

11. It’s a long time since we met last.

(同义句) We haven’t seen other for long time. ______ ____ each 12. I bought the watch five years ago. (同义句) I have____ the watch for five years. ____ had 13. I’ve kept the book for two weeks. (同义句) It’s two weeks since I_________ the book. _____ borrowed

14.She has already seen the film.(否定句) She ______ seen the film _______. hasn’t yet 15. You’ve never ridden a horse,____ ____? have you (反意疑问句) 16. I’ve been to Beijing twice.(划线提问) How many times you been to Beijing? ____ ___ have 17. He has lived here for four years. (划线提问) How long _____ _____ has he lived here ? 18. My mother went to Beijing. She hasn’t come back yet.(同义句) My mother has gone ____Beijing. _____ to

七、过去完成时的用法
1、概念:表示过去的过去。

其结构是:had + 过去分词

2、过去完成时的用法: (1)过去完成时表示过去某一时刻 或者某一动作之前完成的动作或状态; 句中常用by, before, until, when等词 引导的时间状语。 ★By the end of last year we had built five new houses. ★I had learnt 5000 words before I entered the university.

2)过去完成时的动词还可以表示

过去某一时刻之前发生的动作
或者状态持续到过去某个时间 或者持续下去。

★Before he slept, he had worked for 12 hours.

实战演练
had 1.When I got there, the bus_______ gone already ________(go). had been 2. The film __________(be) on for five minutes when I got to the cinema. 3. We had learnt(learn) about 1,000 __________ new English words by the end of last term. 4. By the time we got there , the train had left (leave). ________

时间

过去

那时所预见的情况 现在

八、过去将来时
一、基本概念:
过去将来时表示从过去的某一时间看 将要发生的动作或存在的状态。它是 一个相对的时态,即立足于过去某时, 从过去的某一时间看即将发生的事情 就要用这一时态。

二、基本形式:would / should+
动词原形(其中 would 用于各 种人称, should 常用于第一人 称)。 例如: ★ They were sure they would win the final victory.

他们坚信会赢得最后胜利。

三、过去将来时的一些其它表达形式:
1.Was / were + going to+动词原形 ★He said it was going to rain. 他说天要下雨了。 2.过去进行时(一般多为动作概念较强 的动词,如 go ,come, leave ,start, open ,begin 等)也可用于表示将来。 ★I didn't know when they were coming again. 我不知道他们什么时候再来。

?典型例题解析
1.Miss Chen ___ us English last term. B A. teaches B. taught? C. will teach D. had taught? ? 2. —Excuse me. Look at the sign NO PHOTOS!? —Sorry, I _________it.? B A. don't see B. didn't see? C. haven't seen D. won't see?

A 3.My mother ___the windows already, so the room looks much brighter.? A. has cleaned B. had cleaned? C. is cleaning D. will clean? 4.He_______this pen for five years. D He _______it in 1997.? A. has bought, bought. B. bought, bought? C. has kept, has bought D. has had, bought?

5.---Peter, could you come and help me in the kitchen, please? ---Sorry, mum, I ___ Lily with her D English. A. help B. helped C. have helped D. am helping? 6.—When will you tell him the good news?? —I will tell him about it as soon as A he ____back. A. comes B. came? C. will come D. is coming?

C 7.I don 't know if my friend ____.If he _____,I'll let you know.? A. comes, comes B. comes, will come C. will come, comes D. will come, will come? 8.John said he_________ supper. A He was quite full.? A. had had B. was haring? C. had D. has eaten?

9.There____two meetings tomorrow A afternoon.? A. are going to be B. are going to have? C. is going to be D. will have? 10.It____3 years since I ___ to No.1 D Middle School.? A. is, come B. is, have come? C. was, came D. is, came?

9.Kate______to bed until her mother D
_____back.? A.won't go, come B. hadn't gone came

C. went, came

D. didn't go ,came?

10.His brother _________from home B

for a long time.?
A. has left B. has been away?

C. left

D. will leave?

11. ---Is your English teacher kind to you? ---Yes, Listen! He ______ with B some of our classmates over there. A. chat B. is chatting C. was chatting 12. ---When ___ you____ for Beijing? B ---The day after tomorrow. A. do …leave B. are…leaving C. have…left D. are …leave

Ⅱ.

? 用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1.My brother isn't at home now. He
has gone ________(go) to Beijing. He has been ______

(be) there many times. He won't be _______
(not be) back until next week.?

had gone 2.When I got home, my mother ______
(go) out for a walk.

finished 3.He_________(finish)his composition

just now.?
4.By the end of last month, wehad learnt ______ (learn) ten English songs.?

do 5.Does ____she ____(do) morning exercises
every day??

has changed 6.Our country _____________ (change) a lot since 1982. is singing 9.Listen!Someone___________ (sing)in the next room.? 10.Our teacher told us the goes earth _______(go) around the sun.? ?

改错专训
1.Kate’s uncle has gone to Beijing twice.

has gone---has been
2. We’ll go to the zoo if it won’t rain tomorrow.

won’t --- doesn’t

3. The meeting has begun for half an hour.

begun --- been on

4.Lucy with his sister are flying kites now. are---is 5.There is going to have a meeting tonight.have a meeting---be a meeting 6.The dog died five years before. before---ago 7.How long have you bought the pen? bought ---had

8. We have been here since four years. since ---for 9. My brother has joined the Army for three years. joined ---been in 10.The teacher said that light travelled faster than sound. travelled ---travels 11.You have to stay here, haven’t you? haven’t ---don’t

12. The boy said that he will go to the zoo this Sunday. will go ---would go
13.We have learnt 1,000 words by the end of last term. have learnt ---had learnt 14.It’s three years since we come here. come ---came

15. Could you tell me how long you have bought the computer? have bought ---have had 16. She will go shopping next Sunday if she won’t be busy. won’t be ---isn’t 17.You’ve never eaten fish, do you ? do you ---have you

被动语态 (Passive Voice)

Sentence structure: be + done(pp.)
? 1.(一般现在时被动式) am/is/are +done
? 2.(一般过去时被动式) was /were + done

? 3.(现在完成时被动式) have/has +been +done
? 4.(一般将来时被动式) shall/will+be +done

? 5.(情态动词被动式)

can/may/must/should…+

be+done
? 6.(现在进行时被动式) am/is/are/+being+done ? 7.(过去进行时被动式) was/were+being+ done

走进中考
1. ---These bananas look different and they are sweet.

--- Right. They B here from Taiwan __
yesterday.

A. was brought
C. bring

B. were brought
D. are brought

2.---Susan, why are you still here? they are all ready to start. D ---I’m sorry, but I ___ when to start. A. don’t tell B. didn’t tell C. haven’t told D. wasn’t told D 3. The flowers ____ everyday , or they will die. A. must water B. can be water C. should water D. must be watered

4. The doctor looked over Peter
carefully after he __ to the hospital. D A. takes C. took B. is taken D. was taken

5. Oh, this is really a big shop. Do you

B know when it ________?
A. built B. was built

C. has built

D. has been built

6. ---How clean your classroom is ! A --- Thank you. It ______ every day. A. is cleaned B. was cleaned C. was cleaning D. is cleaning 7. ---The pollution problem here seems to get more and more serious. B ---Yes, something ____ with it. A. has done B. must be done C. is doing D. was done

8.---What’s wrong with you ? A ---I _______ by a car yesterday. A. was hit B. hit C. is hit D. hits 9.You may go out to play when your B homework _______. A. does B. is done C. was done D. did C 10.We _____ by Class 2 yesterday. A. beat B. beaten C. were beaten D. are beaten

8. We should water the young trees every two days.(被动语态) be watered The young trees should ___ _______ every two days.

9. We clean the windows of our
classroom twice a month.(被动语态) are The windows of our classroom ____ cleaned ________ twice a month.

10. The children ate up all the apples in the basket.(被动语态) were All the apples in the basket _____ eaten ______ up by the children. 11. The workers built the bridge five years ago.(被动语态) was built The bridge ______ _______ five years ago.

情态动词
表示可能、怀疑、允诺、愿

望、义务、必要、猜测等的动 词是情态动词。
?

常用情态动词的用法
1.can 可表示能力、允许、可能性、怀疑 猜测,意为“能会,可以”;can’t意为 “不 会,不能,不可以”,还有“不可能”之 意。could为can的过去式,用法与can类 似,常用于过去时中;could还可用于现在 时中表示委婉客气,相当于can;could也 可表示惊讶怀疑,不相信,

(2)may表示允许、也许,意为 “可 以,也许,可能”。对may的一般 问 句的回答: ★肯定回答一般是:Yes, please. / Sure Certainly / 等, ★否定回答一般是:Please don't.

(3) must 表示必须要做的事,意为 “必须,应该”。 ★must一般问句的否定回答用needn‘t 或don’t have to,而不用mustn’t. ★mustn’t意为“不可以,不能”,表 禁止,不许可。 ★must还可表示有把握的推测,意为 “一定、肯定”。?

(4) Shall , will用来征求对方 意见,shall用于第一人称, will用于第二人称,用来 表示意愿;

★Shall we go to the park tomorrow? ★Will you be free next Sunday?

(5)would,should为will,shall 的 过去式,would用于现在时, 表示委婉提出请求、建议或看 法. ★Would you please not do it again? ? Sorry , I won’t do it again.?

?典型例题解析
1.—Where's Mr. Li? I have something important to tell him. —You ____ find him. He ____ Japan. C A. may not, has gone to? B. may not, has been to C. can't,has gone to? D. can't, has been to?

2.—Could I look at your pictures? —Yes, of course you _________. B ? A. could B. can? C. will D. might?

3.—Where is Jack,please?? D —He ______ be in the classroom. ? A. can B. need? C. would D. must?

4.The boy said he had to speak English in class, but he B speak it after class. A. could B. didn't have to? C. might D. shouldn't? 5.These books _______ out of the D reading room. You have to read them here.? A. can't take? B. must be taken? C. can take? D. mustn't be taken ?

6._________I open the window? It's B hot here.? A. Must B. Shall C. Will D. Would 7.Go and ask Mr. Liu. He ___tell you. A A. may B. can? C. would D. could? 8._________you please tell me the time B please?? A. Shall B. Will? C. May D. Might

C 9.---____I hand in my homework now?
---No, you _________.?

A. Must, mustn't

B. Need, need

C. Must, don't have to D. Must, don't

B 10.____I speak to Mr. Green,please?
A. Will
C. Must

B. Could?
D. Would? ?

11.—Would you like to go swimming with me this afternoon? A —I'd love to. But I'm afraid I___.I have too much work to do. A. can't B. mustn't? C. needn't D. may not? 12.To make our city more beautiful, rubbish ____into the river. B ? A. needn't be thrown B. mustn't be thrown? C. can't throw? D. may not throw??

13.—Please don't make any noise in the reading room.? —_________? A A. Sorry, I won't. B. Sorry, I can't. C. Yes, I won't. D.OK, I didn't. ? 14.—Must I return your digital camera tomorrow. Tina?? —No, you_________.? C A. mustn't B. may not? C. needn't D. won't?

15.—Would you like some more?? D —_________I'm full.? A. Yes, please. B. I'd love to. C. No, I wouldn't. D. No, thanks. 16.You_________swim in this part of A the lake. It's dangerous.? A. mustn't B. may not ? C. needn't D. won’t


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