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高中英语课堂笔记必修1 Unit 4


高中英语课堂笔记必修 1 Unit 4 (人教版)
Unit 4, Book 1 1. burst into sp 闯进某地 burst into the house burst into+n 突然... eg: burst into tears/laughter burst out +doing 突然... eg: burst out crying ?break ou

t 战争,疫情,灾害突然发生、爆发 2. ruin sth 毁坏某物 (be) in ruins 废墟 fall into ruins 成为废墟 ?ruin 遭到破坏不再完美 destroy 彻底遭破坏,无法再修复 The big fire destroyed the whole house. 这场大火把整座房子都烧毁了。 The Nazi wanted to destroy people's hopes, but in the end what was destroyed was the Nazi's dream by the power of people. 纳粹想摧毁人民的希望,最终是纳粹的梦想被人民的力量所摧毁。 damage 遭到一定破坏,可修复 eg:The car was not damaged badly in the accident, but five people were seriously hurt.汽车在事故中损坏不严重,但却有五个人受了重伤。 What they said and did damaged the relations between the two countries. 他们的言行损害了这两个国家之间的关系。 Smoking has damaged his health badly. 吸烟严重地损害了他的健康。 damage 还可用作可数或不可数名词。如: The earthquake did a lot of damages to the city.这场地震给这座城市带来了巨大 的破坏。 injure 肉体伤害 A bullet injured his left eye.一颗子弹伤了他的左眼。 hurt 肉体、精神伤害 I hurt my leg badly in the football match.在那场足球赛中,我的腿受了重伤。 He felt rather hurt at your words.你的话使他很难过。 wound 外伤、战斗、打斗、刀/枪伤 The thief wounded him with a knife.那小偷用刀刺伤了他。

You have wounded his pride.你伤害了他的自尊心。 cut 指无意中造成的轻伤、刀口。 如:How did you get that cut on your hand﹖你手上的伤口是怎么弄的? 3. shock sb 使某人震惊 electric shock 电击 a shock to sb 使某人震惊 4. bury sth/sb 埋葬... bury oneself in sth/doing sth 埋头干... ... buried himself in answering the sheet. 埋头答卷 bury one's head in the sand 逃避现实 judge...by ...由...判断 5. judge...by... 由... 判断 eg: judge sb by his appearance 以貌取人 judge from... 从...来判断 eg; Judging from his accent, he's from Africa. 6. mean to do sth 意欲/打算做...eg:...meant to destroy their headquarter. mean sth /mean doing sth 意味着... eg: ...means waiting for another hour. ?means 方式/方法 by means of... 借助于...方法 by no means 决不 by all means 无论如何,务必 by this /that means=in this/that way 用这/那种方法 7. right away=right now=at once=in no time 马上,立刻 without delay 毫不迟延 8. at an end 结束、完结 at the end 在末了,终于 at the end of 在... 的末了 at the beginning of 在...的开头 in the end 最后,终于 come to an end 结束,终结 begin/start with 以...开始 begin with a story end up with... 以...结束 end up with a song

put an end to ...把...终结/结束

bring sth to an end 使... 终止 end up doing 结束做某事=finish doing sth eg: ...ended up watering the wheat field 浇完了麦地 9. instead 代替 用于句首或句末 instead of sth/doing sth 代替,而不是 10. be/feel proud of 感到自豪 be proud of being so successful take pride in...以...为自豪 take pride of in one's achievement/success 11. soon after=shortly after 不久之后 long before 很久前 before long 不久 12. It seems that...=It appears that...=sb seems to do 似乎好像,看起来


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