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An introduction to Iceland


An introduction to Iceland
Geography Iceland, an island about the size of Kentucky, lies in the north Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and just touches the Arctic Circle (北极圈). 1. ______ More than 13% of it is covered by snowfields and glaciers, and most of its people live in the 7% of the island that is near the sea and can grow crops. The Gulf Stream keeps Iceland’s climate warmer than one would expect from an island so near the Arctic Circle. History The earliest settlers of Iceland were Irish. In 1262-1264, Iceland came under Norwegian rule and was passed to Danishcontrol through the unification of the kingdoms of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark in 1397. In 1918, Denmark recognized Iceland, via the Act of Union, as a separate state. It remained, however, under the Danish control in name. 2. ________ During the German occupation (占领) of Denmark in World War II, British, then American, troops occupied Iceland and used it for an air base. Economy Iceland’s economy dependshighly on exporting (出口). Marine products (海产品) make up the majority of goods exported. Other important exports include machinery and electronic equipment for the fishing industry, software, and woolen goods. 3. _________ The main imports arepetroleum products, food and textiles. Iceland’s maintradepartner is Germany. Tourism 4. __________ In the last decade, tourism has grown 11% on average each year. Around 360,000 people visited Iceland in 2004, but since then the number has increased greatly and the number was 485,000in2007and over 500,000 in 2008. Tourist attractions in Iceland mainly come from itsspecial geological landscape, including glaciers, waterfalls, hot springs and lakes. 5. __________ Thenorthern lightsalso can be seen there due to Iceland’s location and thisattracts many visitors. 根据短文内容, 从下面的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项是多余选 项。 A. Among them the most famous are Geysir, a spring near Haukadalur, and Vatnaj? kull, the largest glacier in Iceland. B. In 2003, after stopping for 14years, the country began hunting whales for scientific research. C. Most of Iceland’s exports go to the European Union, the United Statesand Japan. D. It is one of the most volcanic (有火山的) regions in the world. E. In recent years, tourism in Iceland has become a more important part of the economy. F. On June 17, 1944, Icelandbecame an independent country. G. Iceland has the first elected female chief of state in the world.


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