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定语从句练习及答案1


定语从句及专项练习 语法解释: 定语从句 —— 修饰名词或代词的从句。换句话说,名词、代词后的从句叫定 语从句。 先行词 —— 被定语从句修饰的名词、代词、甚至词组或句子叫先行词。 关系词 —— 引导定语从句的词叫关系词。 关系词分两种: 一是关系代词(在定语从句中担任主、宾、表、定语成分) 二是关系副词(在定语从句中担任状语成分) 关系词的三个功能: 1. 连接功能(连接先行词

与定语从句); 2. 担任功能(在定语从句中担任主、宾、表、定、状语); 3. 替代功能(在定语从句中代替先行词)。 A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. — A plane is a machine, and the machine can fly. A plane is a machine that can fly. 关系代词有:who, whom, whose, that, which, as 在定语从句中可担任主语的是: who, that, which, as 在定语从句中可担任宾语的是: who, whom, that, which, as 在定语从句中可担任定语的是: whose, which 当先行词是人时,可用的关系词是:who, whom, that, as 当先行词是物时,可用的关系词是:which, that, whose, as 关系副词有: when (先行词为时间), where (先行词为地点), why (先行词为原因) 关系副词 = 介词 + which / whom 定语从句分为两种:限制性与非限制性。 先行词与关系词之间无逗号隔开为限制性; 有逗号隔开则为非限制性。 非限制性定语从句一般不可用关系代词 that 引导。 唯一可以置于先行词之前的定语从句由关系代词 as 引导。 Exercises: 1.There are three bedrooms in the house,_____ is Mary's. A the smallest of which B the smaller of which C the smallest of them D the smallest one 2.The Greens will move into the new house next Monday,_____ it will be completely finished. A by the time B by which time C by that time D by this time 3.I have bought two ballpens,_____ writes well. A neither of them B none of them C neither of which D none of which

4. He made another wonderful discovery, ________ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think is 5. ________ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What 6.This is the best factory ____we visited last year . A. where B. which C. in which D. that 7. They visited the house ___the great writer was born . A. from where B. in which C. which D. in where 8. The man ___is speaking at the meeting is my teacher . A. whom B. which C. who D. whose 9. He asked us to watch carefully everything ___he did in class . A. who B. that C. what D. where 10. I’ll visit the professor tomorrow ,___he will be back from Shanghai . A. who B. that C. when D. which 11. China has many islands,____the largest is Taiwan . A. in which B. at which C. which D. of which 12. The city ____my mother grew up is not far from here . A. what B. where C. that D. which 13. Our teacher lives in the house ____door faces to the north . A. which B. his C. that D. whose 14.China has a lot of famous writers ,one ___is Lu Xun . A. of which B. of whom C. of who D. of them 15. Who is the man ____was there ? A. who B. which C. that D. whom 16. Is there anything ____I can do for you, sir ? A. that B. which C. whose D. who 17. I still remember the day ____she first wore that green dress . A. which B. in which C. on that D. on which 18. The knife ____we used to cut the bread is very sharp . A. with which B. with it C. with that D. which 19.It rained hard yesterday, ____ prevented me from going to the park.. A. that B. which C. as D. it 20. George Mallory was an English school teacher _____ loved climbing. A. who B. whom C. he D. which 21.His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone ______ family was poor. A.of whom B.whom C.of whose D.whose 22.In the dark street , there wasn’t a single person _____ she could turn for help. A.that B.who C.from whom D.to whom 23.The weather turned out to be very good , ____ was more than we could expect. A.what B.which C.that D.it 24.Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase , _____ was very reasonable. A.which price C.the price of which C.its price D.the price of whose 25.He lived in London for 3 months , during ____ time he learned some English. A.this B.which C.that D.same 26.On the wall hung a picture, _____ color is blue. A.whose B.of which C.which D.its

27.I don’t like _____ you speak to her. A.the way B.the way in that

C.the way which

D.the way of which


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