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our body and healthy habits


TB2 Module 1
Our Body and Healthy Habits 基础落实
Ⅰ.高频单词思忆
1.It is important to have a balanced,
healthy diet (饮食). 2.She was born in a wealthy (富裕的) family. 3.Helen is anxiou

s (担心的) about travelling on her own.

4.The rainfall has been below normal (正常水
平) for this time of the year.

5.In ancient China,most governors had a

luxurious lifestyle (生活方式).
6.The chairman cleared his throat (嗓子) before he made his speech. 7.People are concerned about the quality of the air they breathe (呼吸). 8.Anyone who fills in the questionnaire (问 卷) will have the chance to win a reward. 9.There are many kinds of insurances (保险). Which one do you think is the most important? 10.As everyone knows,improper diet will make people unhealthy (不健康的).

Ⅱ.重点短语再现
1.put into 投入→put aside 储存→put down 镇压;记下→put away (用完后)收拾起来 2.have a fever/temperature 发烧→take one’s temperature量??的体温

3.be anxious about sth.担心某事→be anxious
for sb.为某人担心 4.have a sweet tooth 喜欢甜食 5.lose weight减肥→ put on weight增加体重

6.be crazy about 对??着迷→like crazy 飞 快地;拼命地→ go crazy变疯

7.begin with 以??开始→end up with 以?? 结束
8.take exercise锻炼 9.be connected with 与??有联系 10.be off work休假→get down to work开始认 真工作→be in work有工作

Ⅲ.典型句式运用
1.Two years ago,Zhou Kai hurt his arm while

playing football.
伤了他的胳膊。 考点提炼

两年前,周凯在踢足球时

while引导从句的省略

句子仿造 那位老妇人在过路时被车撞倒了。 The old woman was knocked down while crossing the road.

2.Go to bed now or you’ll be really tired
tomorrow.现在就去睡觉,否则你明天会非常疲劳。 考点提炼 “祈使句+and/or+简单句”句式 句子仿造 身体。 多运动,这样你就会有一个真正健康的

Take more exercise and you will keep really fit.

3.Not many people are fit enough to do this.

适合这样做的人并不多。
考点提炼 部分否定

句子仿造 并非所有的人都能解决这个问题。
Not all the people can solve the problem.

4.When Zhou Kai’s mother saw him heading towards the front door without a jacket on,she eyed him anxiously. 当周凯的妈妈看到他没有穿夹克衫就往前门走

去时,她担心地盯着周凯。
考点提炼 doing sth. 句子仿造 河边玩耍。 这个失踪的男孩最后被看到时正在 感官动词的复合结构,see sb.

The missing boy was last seen playing
near the river.

5.But that’s because I was stupid enough to play football in the rain.

但是那次感冒是因为我蠢得竟然在雨中踢足球。
考点提炼 because引导的表语从句,That’s because... 句子仿造 的爆发。 爱因斯坦离开了德国,那是因为二战

Einstein left Germany.That’s because World War Ⅱ broke out.

导练互动
重点单词 1.fit adj.合适的;健康的;能胜任的;v.适 合,合身;使胜任
I’m quite fit.我很健康。(回归课本P1) 观察思考 He keeps fit with diet and exercise. 他通过节食和运动来保持健康。 That kind of music fits your mood. 那种类型的音乐适合你的心情。 This coat fits you perfectly but the trousers are too large. 这件外套你穿着很合适,但是裤子太大了。 She is not fit to look after children. 她不适合照看小孩。

归纳拓展 be fit for适合;胜任 be fit to do适合干?? It is fit for sb. to do/that...某人做??是 合适的 keep/stay fit保持健康

fit one’s deeds/actions to one’s words做
到言行一致 fit in安排时间见(某人);安排时间做某事;相处 融洽;适应 fit on装上;试穿 fit out装备,配备;给??提供必要的东西

易混辨异 match/suit/fit

这三个词都可表示“适合,配得上”,但用法上
仍有差别。 (1)match指两者的“相配;配得上”,指人或物

在品质、颜色、设计等方面相当或相配。
(2)suit常用于指“适合;恰当”,多指符合需要、 口味、性格、条件等。尤其用来指衣着的式样、 颜色或发式与人相配。 (3)fit多用来指大小、形状、位置等适合及服装

合身。

活学活用——用fit,suit,match的适当形式填空 (1)These shoes fit me perfectly. (2)The doors were painted blue to match the walls. (3)The climate suits the old man well. (4)The patient girl is fit for teaching. (5)No one can match him because he is a leading professor in the field of physics. (6)Will Thursday or Wednesday suit you?

2.anxious adj.焦虑的;渴望的;不安的
Why is Zhou Kai’s mother anxious ? 周凯的妈妈为什么担心?(回归课本P2) ?观察思考 Helen is anxious about travelling on her own.

海伦对自己一个人出门旅行感到担心。
She was anxious to finish school and get a job.

她渴望毕业找到一份工作。
The mother waited for her son with anxiety. 母亲焦虑地等着儿子。

归纳拓展

anxiously adv.焦急地;担忧地
anxiety n.忧虑;渴望 be anxious about担心,忧虑 be anxious for...渴望得到?? be anxious (for sb.) to do sth.渴望(某人)做

某事
be anxious that...担心??(that从句中用虚拟 语气)

be in anxiety非常担忧
with anxiety焦虑地 too anxious to do sth.非常渴望做某事

易混辨异
eager/anxious (1)eager指以巨大的热情渴望实现或达到目的,含 有积极向上的意义,有时也指由于其他感情而表现 得急不可耐。

He is eager to do that interesting job.
他急于做那份有趣的工作。(有积极的干劲和热情) (2)anxious指热切地希望实现愿望,并因顾虑愿望

落空而心情不安,感到焦虑,强调“担心”和“焦
虑”,对结果感到不安。 I’m anxious to know the final result. 我急切地想知道最后的结果。(心中焦急)

活学活用 (1)—I wonder if she will show up at the concert. —She will.She is only too A to watch the famous conductor. A.anxious B.proud C.interested D.satisfied 解析 由句意可知,此处指“她很渴望看到 那位著名的指挥家”,故用anxious。B、C 两项不合题意;D项无此搭配。 (2)My mother always gets a little A if we don’t arrive when we say we will. A.anxious B.ashamed C.weak D.patient 解析 句意为:当我们说将要到而没到时,母 亲总是有点担心。

3.pain n.疼痛;痛苦;辛苦,努力(用复数);vt. 使痛苦;vi.感到疼痛
观察思考

His broken leg gave him a lot of pain.
他的断腿使他非常疼痛。 She suffers greatly from a pain in the back. 她的背痛得很厉害。 No pains,no gains.(谚语)不劳无获。

We are pained to see such wastefulness.
我们看到这种浪费现象很痛心。

归纳拓展 with great pain煞费苦心地 take pains to do/in doing...费尽力气,煞费 苦心,尽力

spare no pains to do...不遗余力,不辞劳苦,
全力以赴 in pain疼痛;在苦恼中 be pained to do sth.很痛心地做某事 注意 pain作名词时,表示精神上的痛苦为不可 数名词;指身体上某个部位疼痛时为可数名词; 指辛苦、辛劳时用复数形式。

活学活用 As a mother,she always takes great D to make her family members eat healthily. A.effect 解析 B.pain C.effort D.pains take pains to do...尽力做??。

4.breathe v.呼吸
My chest hurts when I breathe . 我呼吸时胸口疼。(回归课本P6) 观察思考 The doctor told me to breathe in and then

breathe out slowly.
医生叫我吸气,然后再慢慢地呼出。 Let’s hope he can breathe a bit of new

life into these rather dull people.
让我们希望他能给这些沉闷的人注入新的活力。 We held our breath while Mr.Smith was reading the exam results. 史密斯先生宣读考试成绩时,我们都屏息静听。

归纳拓展 breathe in/out吸入/呼出

breath n.呼吸
take a deep/big breath深呼吸 catch/hold one’s breath屏息 take a breath喘口气 lose one’s breath喘不过气来

out of breath喘不过气来
in a/one breath一口气地

活学活用

Having worked a long time,I went out A the fresh air.
A.to breathe in B.breathe

C.breathing
解析 故A项正确。

D.breathed

分析句子知空处应用不定式作目的状语,

5.eye n.眼睛;视力,视觉;v.细看,注视(常
与up连用)
When Zhou Kai’s mother saw him heading

towards the front door without a jacket
on,she eyed him anxiously. 当周凯的妈妈看到他没穿夹克衫就往前门走去时, 她担心地盯着周凯。(回归课本P2) ?观察思考 The little girl was eyeing up a toy in the window.这个小姑娘正盯着橱窗里的玩具。 Mary offered to keep an eye on my baby

while I was away.
玛丽提出在我外出期间照看婴儿。

归纳拓展 keep an eye on留神;密切注意 catch sb.’s eyes醒目;引人注意 have an eye for有判断力 make sb. open his eyes使人吃惊 see eye to eye(常与with连用)意见一致 shut one’s eyes to...对??视而不见

活学活用

A crowd of local children gathered around,
B us in silence. A.eyed B.eyeing 解析 gathered around。 C.seeing D.saw

eyeing us in silence作伴随状语,修饰

重点短语与句型

6.be connected with与??有联系
Can you think of any Chinese proverbs

connected with health? 你能想出和健康有关的中国谚语吗?
(回归课 本P1)

观察思考
He is not connected with the crime. 他和这次犯罪无关。

Do you have any connection with that
accident? 你和那次事故有关吗?

归纳拓展 be connected to和??相连

connect...with...把??和??联系起来
have connection with 与??有联系 in connection with 与??有关 be related to 与??有联系 have something to do with... 和??有关系

活学活用 The police have collected some information B the murder. A.connected to C.connecting with 解析 B.connected with D.was connected with

connected with the murder在句中作定语

相当于定语从句which is connected with the murder。

7.be crazy about...迷恋;热心于;醉心于
But there’s one thing I really love— I’m crazy about football. 但是,我真的喜欢一件事情——我非常喜欢足 球。(回归课本P3)

观察思考
The boy is crazy about/on skating. 那孩子对溜冰着了迷。 Turn the music down.It is driving me crazy.把音乐关小点,它令我很心烦。 Hearing the shot,he ran like crazy. 听到枪声,他便拼命跑起来。

归纳拓展

It is crazy of sb. to do sth.=sb. be crazy
to do sth.某人做某事真是疯了 be crazy for sth.渴望某物 be crazy for sb.迷恋某人 be crazy about (doing) sth.对(做)某事着迷

like crazy疯狂地;拼命地
drive sb. crazy逼得某人发疯

活学活用 She is so C about Korean soaps that recently she began to study Korean. A.addicted B.applied

C.crazy
解析

D.interested

be crazy about对??着迷;addicted的搭

配介词为to;interested的搭配介词是in。

8.But that’s because I was stupid enough to play football in the rain.但那是因为 我太傻了,竟然在雨中踢足球。
?观察思考

That is why he was absent from school.
那就是他没来上学的原因。 You can’t be careful enough/too careful while driving a car,for traffic accidents happen frequently. 你驾车时再小心也不过

分,因为交通事故经常发生。

归纳拓展
(1)It’s/That’s because+从句表示“那是因 为??”(表原因),because引导表语从句。相似 句式:That’s why...那是干??的原因(表结果) (2)主语+be+adj.+enough+to do sth.足够??能

干??
主语+be+not+adj.+enough+to do sth.不够?? 不能干?? 主语+can’t/hardly/never+be+adj.+enough怎么 做??也不过分(=can’t be too+adj.)

活学活用 (1)Although she did not know Boston well, she made her way C Building. to the Home Circle

A.easy enough
C.easily enough 解析

B.enough easy
D.enough easily

本题考查副词及enough to do句型。根

据句子结构知此处应该用副词修饰动词make, 且enough作副词修饰形容词、副词及过去分词

时,enough要放在这些词的后面。

(2)—I was walking along the street and

suddenly,a car cut in and knocked me
down. —You can never be A in the street. A.careful enough B.much careful C.very carefully D.too carefully

解析

考查句型:主语+can’t/hardly/

never+be+adj.+enough。

考题回扣
【例1】Amy joined a painting group but didn’t seem to A.show off C.fit in C ,so she left. (山东高考) B.go up D.come over

解析

句意为:Amy参加了一个绘画班,但是

好像不适应,所以她就退出了。show off炫 耀;go up上升;fit in适应;come over来访。 课文原文 I think I don’t get these things because I take a lot of exercise and am very fit .

【例2】 Stand over there C you’ll be able to see the oil painting better.

(全国Ⅱ高考)
A.but 解析 B.till C.and D.or 本题句式:祈使句+and/then/or+一般

将来时的句子。 课文原文 Go to bed now or you’ll be really tired tomorrow.

【例3】 There is a great deal of evidence B that music activities engage different
parts of the brain. A.indicate C.to indicate (浙江高考) B.indicating D.to be indicating

解析

此处为现在分词短语在句中作后臵定语,

修饰evidence,二者之间为主谓关系。 课文原文 Health care is free for everyone living in

Britain .

【例4】 Peter was so excited D he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. A.where B.that C.why (重庆高考) D.when

解析

句意为:当彼得收到他朋友去重庆参观的

邀请的时候,他非常兴奋。本题易错选that。但 由句意知并不是“如此??以致”之意。where 表地点,why表原因,均不合句意,故选D。 课文原文 When you become ill,medical fees are paid for by the government.

【例5】—The last one —Agreed!

C

pays the meal. (全国Ⅰ高考)

A.arrived
C.to arrive 解析

B.arrives
D.arriving

本题考查非谓语动词作定语。由先行词

one前的限定词the last(序数词)可知用动
词不定式作定语,四项中只有C项正确。 课文原文 Britain was the first country in the world to have a free health care system

paid for by the government.

自主检测
Ⅰ.品句填词
1.She keeps fit by swimming every morning. 2.It was several days before the flood water
sank and life returned to normal . 3.That animal is very rare in this area.You can hardly see one.

4.The old man opened the door and breathed
in some fresh air. 5.The boy injured himself when he was playing

with a knife.

6.Mr.Simplson became wealthy(富有的) by selling famous paintings.

7.She was anxious/worried (担心) about her daughter still being out late at night.
8.The boat was heading(朝??前进) for

some rocks.
9.As everyone knows,improper diet will make people unhealthy (不健康的). 10.There are many kinds of insurance (保险). Which one do you think is the most

important?

Ⅱ.短语运用
keep fit,put aside,pick up,follow one’s

example,shut one’s eyes to,for free,pay back,
be connected with,keep up with,be crazy about 1.If you really want to keep fit ,you’d better keep proper exercise. 2.The two families are connected with each other by marriage. 3.You’d better follow the examples of those successful persons.

4.The boy has some trouble keeping up with
the rest of his classmates.

5.Never shut your eyes to the suggestions coming from your staff.

6.I haven’t met a second person who is crazy about soccer so much.
7.He picked up the book in a most unlikely bookstore. 8.I’m certain that he will pay back every cent he owes you. 9.I’m trying to put aside some money every month for our vacation.

10.The peasants in our country can be treated
in appointed hospitals for free .

Ⅲ.翻译句子
1.依照最近的一项调查,每年有4百万人死于与吸

烟有关的疾病。(die from)
According to a recent survey,four million

people die each year from diseases related to smoking.
2.我看见他没穿外套向前门走了。(head) I saw him heading towards the front door without his coat on. 3.每天吃两次药,你就会好的。(祈使句+and) Take this medicine twice a day,and you’ll be all right.

4.早睡早起使人健康、富有、聪明。(不定式作主语)

Early to bed,early to rise makes a man healthy,wealthy and wise. 5.I’m not too heavy,so I never have to diet,or
anything like that. 我不是很胖,所以我不必节食,也不必做其他类似 的事情。

Ⅳ.单项填空
1.She was B badly in an accident during
the work. A.wounded 解析 B.injured C.damaged D.beaten injure指损害健康、成就、容貌等,符

合题意。wound指枪伤、刀伤,特指在战场上受

的伤;damage主要指对于物的损害;beat打败。

2.—I want to go to Beijing with you.

—If so,your holiday arrangement must
D mine. B.come up with A.catch up with

C.put up with
解析

D.fit in with

根据语境可知答语的意思应是“你假期

的安排必须和我的相适应”,故用fit in with (与??相适应)。catch up with赶上;come up with提出;put up with忍受。

3.—Would you like some more chicken?

—No,thanks.I am A a diet and I’m
trying to A.on;lose C.in;have 解析 weight. B.on;put on D.in;lose

be on a diet在节食;lose weight减

肥。句意为:——再吃些鸡肉吧?——不,谢
谢。我在节食并正在减肥呢。

4.The girl is so C about cartoons that

she spends all her spare time watching
them. A.anxious 解析 B.concerned C.crazy D.bored 句意为:这位女孩对卡通片如此着迷以

致于她把所有的业余时间都花在看卡通片上。

be anxious/concerned about担心??;be
crazy about着迷??;be bored with对?? 厌倦。

5.The doctor said the child’s temperature

was A and asked the parents not to worry.
A.normal 解析 B.formal C.high D.abnormal 句意为:医生说这个孩子的体温正常并

让孩子的父母不要担心。normal正常的;formal
正式的;high高的;abnormal不正常的。

6.Mr.Zhang has been D with this company since 1990. A.traded B.joined C.talked D.connected

解析

本题考查固定短语。be connected

with...与??相联系,故应选D项。

7.If he wants to win in the contest,he must take great B about it.

A.pain
解析

B.pains

C.effort

D.effect

take pains是固定搭配,意为“尽力”。

8.Our parents always get a little bit B if

we don’t manage to arrive when we say we
will. A.eager 解析 B.anxious C.patient D.honest 句意为:当我们没有在我们说的时间内

到达时,我们的父母总是会有点焦虑。A项意为

“渴望的;热情的”;B项意为“担心的;渴望
的;焦虑的”;C项意为“耐心的”;D项意为 “诚实的,真诚的”,故答案为B。

9.While A TV,we heard the doorbell . A.watching;ring B.watching;rings

C.watched;rang
解析

D.watched;ringing

分析句子知we和watch是主谓关系,故第

一空用watching;第二空考查hear sb./sth. do 的结构,故A项正确。

10.Anne dreaded(害怕) giving a speech before three hundred people;even thinking it made

her C .
A.optimistic C.anxious 解析 B.ambitious D.cautious

句意为:安妮害怕在300人面前做报告,

甚至认为这会使她忧虑。

11.Contrast may make something appear more

beautiful than it is when A alone.
A.seen C.to be seen 解析 B.is seen D.having been seen

从句主语和主句主语一致且含有be动词

时,可把从句主语和be动词同时省略。动词see

与something之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故应
用过去分词。

12.It won’t work; B ,it would take too long,and secondly it would cost too much. A.start with B.to start with

C.at first
解析

D.begin with

to start with首先,相当于first或

firstly,表示事情发生的先后顺序。begin/ start with从??开始;at first起初,起先。

13.—When A the next train leave for Boston,please? —Usually at 13∶15,but because of the small accident on the line,it at

13∶45.
A.does;is going to start B.will;starts C.does;will start D.will;is to start 解析 按时间表拟定或安排好将要发生的事情 用一般现在时代替一般将来时,排除B、D两项; be going to结构常用于指当前已计划好或思考

过的意图或打算,故A项正确。

14.Stand over there A.but 解析 B.till

C you’ll be able to see the oil painting better. C.and D.or 本题句式:祈使句+and/then/or+一般

将来时的句子。

15.—Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away? —Thank you. A .

A.It couldn’t be better
B.Of course you can C.If you like D.It’s up to you 解析 由答语知A项正确。It couldn’t be better.那再好不过了。
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