Unit 9-Key to exercises p. 167 Text comprehension I. C II. 1. T 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. F 6. T III. 1. Refer to Paragraph 1. It suggests glamour and luxury, a place where a few teenagers could, wit
h a bit of luck, fulfill their dreams. 2. Refer to Paragraph 2. Constant sunshine and the mild climate of southern California made it an ideal site for shooting motion pictures. 3. Refer to Paragraph 3. It was like a magnet, drawing ambitious young men and women from all over the world. 4. Refer to Paragraph 3. Gary Cooper started as a stunt rider, and from there rose to be one of the great stars of the early westerns. 5. Refer to Paragraph 4. The author uses quotation marks to suggest that the stars were actually forced to sign seven-year contracts. 6. Refer to Paragraph 5. They determined to get their own way at all costs, no matter how unscrupulous the means. 7. Refer to the last paragraph. Hollywood will always be associated with motion picture making, and its movies will be shown again and again in movie houses and television screen all over the world for many years to come. IV. 1. Young teenagers who are preoccupied with a dream of being movie stars could realize it if they are lucky enough. 2. The fate of the stars was entirely in the hands of the studio chiefs, who had the absolute power to create or ruin a star, except those who really attracted the audience. 3. Stars were nearly always made to play the same type of role. 4. Hollywood is not the center of the world’s movie producing industry any longer.
p. 168 Vocabulary I. 1. ended up with 2. was most successful/ was at its best 3. are still operating very well 4. cherished hopes that would never come true 5. having great popularity among audiences 6. do whatever they want to do, regardless of all the dissatisfaction and opposition from others II. 1. interfere 2. neighbouring 3. swung 4. determined 5. hits 6. intellectual 7. leasing 8. appeal 9. colossal III. 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. A 7. C 8. D IV. 1. a. means, means b. suggests c. mean, suggests d. means 2. a. realized b. fulfilled c. realize d. fulfill
3. a. constant b. constant c. continuous d. continuous 4. a. cease b. stopped c. stops d. ceased V. 1. Hollywood suggests luxurious houses with vast palm-fringed swimming pools.
Synonyms: rich, splendid, grand, magnificent 2. A few of them lost their glamour quite suddenly and were left with nothing but emptiness and colossal debts. Antonyms: small, little, tiny, insignificant 3. The constant sunshine and mild climate of southern California made it an ideal site for shooting motion pictures. Synonyms: continuous, continual, non-stop 4. In those days Hollywood was like a magnet, drawing ambitious young men and women from all over the world. Antonyms: unambitious, ambitionless, unmotivated 5. Occasionally they got jobs, if they were lucky enough to be noticed. Synonym: fortunate 6. He started as a stunt rider, and from there rose to be one of the great stars of the early Westerns. Antonyms: fall, drop, decline, sink 7. No country in the world has developed so expertly the skill of advertising as the Americans. Synonyms: skillfully, competently, professionally 8. They even tried to interfere in their stars’ private lives. Antonym: public
VI. 1. Do you mind my sitting here for a few minutes?
2. I’m going to put you in charge of today’s programme. 3. Everybody is going to be given a raise/ rise.
4. Did Pamela give any reason for being so late?
5. You needn’t have done all that washing-up. 6. Things are always going wrong in a job of this sort. 7. Virginia learned to ski at the age of five. 8. There’s no point in trying to mend this tyre.
p. 172 Grammar 1. causes 2. are 3. flows 4. has 5. gives 6. knits 7. passes, shoots 8. opens, closes
II. 1. is 2. retains 3. have 4. are 5. are 6. has 7. will supply III. 1. helps 2. hope, are enjoying, sunbathe, go, are going 3. is being 4. is typing 5. am not eating 6. am reading 7. are always leaving IV. 1. is freezing: freezes 2. work: are working 3. correct 4.will fall: am falling 5. am insisting: insist 6. correct 7. passes, shoots
8. correct 9. know 10. gather
V. 1. do you belong to 2. I think 3. can see 4. I’m going over 5 Do you believe 6. prefers 7. I miss 8. always reads
I. 1. 好莱坞意味着诱惑，是那些满脑子明星梦的青少年们——如果鸿运高照的话——也许 能圆梦的地方。 2. 至于明星本人，他们被电影公司的老板牢牢地控制着，这些老板可以造就一个明星，也 可以毁掉一个明星，除非是真正的大腕。 3. 现在多数电影都是在现场拍摄的，也就是说，根据剧本的要求在城市，在农村以及在世 界各地拍摄。 4. 这是个将永远与电影制作紧密相连的地名，在未来的许多年里，那些好莱坞的老电影将 在全世界的电影院和电视荧屏上反复地播放。 II. 1. Towering above all others, this mountain peak commands a fine view. 2. I have asked my friends to recommend a doctor who is good at treating children. 3. The children were swinging on a rope hanging from a tree. 4. The government is determined to avoid at all costs a sharp rise in food price. 5. He tried his best to save the drowning boy, but in vain. 6. That old woman is always interfering in other people’s affairs. 7. After having several influential papers published, he became quite distinguished in the academic world. 8. Pollution is so serious in this area that the villagers can hardly find any water that is fit for drinking.
9. I packed a suitcase with all the things that might be needed. 10. We Chinese usually associate the Spring Festival with family reunion.
p. 176 Exercises for integrated skills I. Dictation It’s that time of the year again, / when the entertainment world gets excited about the Oscars / and the madness that surrounds Hollywood’s biggest night of the year. / Everybody has an opinion / on which film should take home the Best Picture Prize / and who should walk away with the statuette for Best Actor and Best Actress. / But it’s only after the ceremony is over / that the real analysis begins. / People commented on the acceptance speeches, / rate the host on his or her performance, / and examine all attendee closely, / from their hairstyle right down to their socks.
II. More than 10,000 film and television (1) writers in the United States have been on strike
since November 5th. Work has (2) stopped on many TV shows and movies. The international market for American entertainment means that Americans are not the (3) only ones watching and waiting for a settlement. The (4) main issue is this: Writers and producers have been unable to (5) agree about payment for work that appears on the (6) Internet. The download market for TV shows and movies is still small but expected to (7) grow. No one knows exactly how much “old media” will move into new media. Writers want a (8) share of the profits. But producers say it is too early to know how much profit can be (9) made on the Web, and how that money should be divided. Their proposals would need to be renegotiated in the (10) future. Tip: 1) writer: The passage is about the writers. 2) stopped: During the strike, the work has been interrupted. 3) only: As international market, people from America and other countries as well will be influenced. 4) main : Here you can use a word meaning “major”. 5) agree: Disagreement is a common cause of strike. 6) Internet: “New media” refers to the Internet. 7) grow: Here you can use a word meaning “develop”. 8) share: Here you can use a word meaning “part”. 9) made: “Make profit” is a regular collocation. 10) future: Here you can use a word meaning “later time ”.
p. 178 Writing 1. To take good pictures, you must use a good camera. / A good camera must be used to
take good pictures. [Combine the phrase and the main clause into one sentence.]
2. If you do right all the time, your conscience will not trouble you.
[Change the phrase into a complete clause by naming the doer of the action in the clause.]
3. Having submitted the conference registration form after the deadline, she needed special
permission from the chairperson before she could give her presentation. [Use the logical doer of the action as the subject of the main clause.]
4. When purchasing a cellular phone, many people become overwhelmed by the wide variety of calling plans and features. / When many people purchase a cellular phone, the variety of calling plans and features overwhelms them. 5. When I was in diapers, my mother remarried.
[Use the doer of the action as the subject of the elliptical clause.]
6. We passed the evening very pleasantly, drinking coffee and singing karaoke. 7. When I was five, my mother taught me how to play the piano.
[Change the phrase into a complete clause by naming the doer of the action in the clause.]
8. He baked a delicious ham in a sweet and sour sauce. 9. After the suspect was released, new evidence was given to the police. / After releasing the suspect, the police were given new evidence. 10. If the room key is lost, we shall have to pay compensation for it.
p. 179 A.
Grace Kelly Profile November 12, 1929 Philadelphia father Jack Kelly, mother Margaret, and three siblings the American Academy of Dramatic Arts model and film actress married Prince Rainier Gerard of Monaco in 1956 received the Best Actress Oscar for her performance in The Country Girl in 1954
Birth date: Birthplace: Family: Education: Occupation: Marital status: Achievement:
Famous movies: 1951 Fourteen Hours 1952 High Noon 1954 The Country Girl 1954 Rear Window
Dial M for Murder To Catch a Thief
Grace Kelly. Too good to be true. The epiphany of cool , blond , refined , intelligent , everything she touched turned to gold . She was the model with the face of someone who didn’t need the job . She was for six years the glamorous queen of Hollywood , the leading lady leading men fell in love with . And she was the only queen to ever become a princess . Just too good to be true. Grace Kelly: The thrill of this moment keeps me from saying what I really feel . I can only say thank you with all my heart to all who made this possible for me. Thank you. Grace Kelly was a tough woman who gave the illusion of being a frail lady . An international icon who symbolized perfection . Grace Kelly: I don’t see this, though I achieved enough in my career to stand up more than many other people. I was very lucky in my career and I loved it. But I don’t think I was accomplished enough as an actor to be remembered for that particularly. I would like to be remembered as trying to do my job well , of being understanding and kind . I’d like to be remembered as a decent human being .
Grace Kelly — The Most Beautiful Tale of Hollywood Grace Kelly. Too good to be true. The epiphany of cool, blond, refined, intelligent, everything she touched turned to gold. She was the model with the face of someone who didn’t need the job. She was for six years the glamorous queen of Hollywood, the leading lady leading men fell in love with. And she was the only queen to ever become a princess. Just too good to be true. Grace Kelly was born on November 12, 1929, in Philadelphia, the third of four children of Jack Kelly and his wife Margaret. After the war, her parents allowed Grace to go off to New York, to enter the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, and funded her stay. She was soon discovered by the modeling industry, where, it was said, she had a face that could sell anything. In 1954, Grace Kelly, only 24 years old, received the Best Actress Oscar for her performance in The Country Girl. Grace Kelly: The thrill of this moment keeps me from saying what I really feel. I can only say “Thank you” with all my heart to all who made this possible for me. Thank you. Her next film, To Catch a Thief, in 1955, took her to the south of France, where the principality of Monaco was ruled by that young bachelor, Price Rainier. His family, the Gremaldis, had ruled Monaco since 1297. A year later, Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier Gerard of Monaco got married. Newsreel: Prince Rainier Gerard bore his betrothed in triumph into the harbor at Monaco. The wedding took place on April 19. There were 1,600 journalists, 1,100 guests and two pickpockets posing as priests. Alfred Hitchcock said, “I am very happy that Grace has found herself such a good part.” Grace Kelly was a tough woman who gave the illusion of being a frail lady. An international icon who symbolized perfection.
Grace Kelly: I don’t see this, though I achieved enough in my career to stand up more than many other people. I was very lucky in my career and I loved it and ... But I don’t think I was accomplished enough as an actor to be remembered for that particularly. I would like to be remembered as trying to do my job well, of being understanding and kind. You know, I’d like to be remembered as a decent human being. Grace Kelly died in a car accident in 1982. Her other famous movies include Fourteen Hours in 1951, High Noon in 1952, Rear Window and Dial M for Murder, both in 1954.