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话 1.benefit v. 受益

题:

语言学习

【词汇积累】 2.standard n. 标准 3.mas

ter v. 精通;掌握 4.fluent adj. 流利的 5.extensive adj. 大量的;广泛的 6.vital adj. 极重要的 7.grasp v. 掌握

8.beneficial adj. 有益的

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9.practise v. 练习 10.official adj. 官方的;正式的

11.expression n. 词语;表达
12.vocabulary n. 词汇 13.gradually adv. 逐渐地 14.a large number of 大量的 15.attitude to learning 学习态度

16.develop one’s interest 培养兴趣
17.be popular with 受??欢迎 18.have an advantage over 在??有优势

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【佳句背诵】 1.Only by doing so can you enlarge your vocabulary more easily. 只有这么做,你才能更容易地扩大你的词汇量。 2.Having a good knowledge of English can make our dream come true.掌握好英语能使我们梦想成真。 3.Therefore,a good command of English will greatly benefit me in my work.因此,善于运用英语能够大大地使我的工作 受益。 4.In the competition for a wellpaid job,the one who can speak fluent English has an advantage over those who cannot.在竞争找高收入工作的时候,会说流利英语的人就 比不会说英语的人有优势。

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【写作模板】

如何学好英语

My name is Li Hua, a student from XinHua Middle

School.I got the first place in the English contest held by
our school not long ago.Here I’d like to share my experience

in learning English with you.

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First of all, attending English corners is of great help to improve
my oral English, so whenever there is an opportunity, I’ll grasp it.Secondly, I keep writing English diaries, which enables me to express what happens in daily life and in this way I can practise my written English.Thirdly, I also surf EnjoyReading

on the Internet.As we all know, we need extensive reading to
enlarge our vision, so we’d better develop a good habit of reading English materials every day. Of course, Rome was not built in a day.Only when we stick to what we have decided to do will we achieve a goal.

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 根据词义写出英文单词。 accent 1.______________ n. 口音 obvious 2._____________ adj. 显然的;显而易见的 compare 3.______________ vt. 比较 remark 4.______________ n. 评论;讲话 rapidly 5.______________ adv. 迅速地 present 6._____________ vt. 陈述;提出(观点、计划等)

attempt 7.______________ n. 努力;尝试 criticise 8.______________ vt. 批评
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Ⅱ.单词拓展

写出下列单词及其派生词。

confusing 1.______________ adj. 令人困惑的;难懂的 confused ______________ adj. 感到困惑的 confuse ______________ vt. 使困惑 confusion ______________ n. 困惑

variety 2.______________ n. 种类
vary ______________ v. 改变,不同 various _____________ adj. 不同的;有区别的 variation ______________ n. 变化
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differ 3.______________ vi. 不同;有区别

different ______________ adj. 不同的;有区别的 difference n. 区别;差异 ______________
steadily 4.______________ adv. 不断地;持续地

steady ______________ adj. 稳定的
announcement 5.________________ n. 声明;宣告 announce _______________ vt. 宣布;宣告,声明

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add 6.______________ vt. 加;增加 addition ______________ n. 加;增加物 simplify 7.______________ vt. 简化 simple ______________ adj. 简单的 reference 8.______________ n. 参考;查阅 refer ______________ v. 参考;查阅;涉及

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have sth.in common 有相同之处 1.____________________ make a difference 有影响,使不相同 2._________________

get around 四处走动(旅行) 3.______________ be similar to... 与??相似 4.______________
lead to 5.______________ 导致 in favour of 同意;支持 6.______________ refer to...as... 称??为?? 7.______________ thanks to 幸亏,多亏 8.______________ after all 9.______________ 毕竟;终究
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linguist (语言学家) ___________ present (出席 The ___________ remarked (评论)that we should 的)at the meeting ____________ various be brave enough to face ___________ (各种各样的) criticism _____________ (批评)and challenges in our life. Obviously (显然地),what he said is right.There _____________ 语 simply (简单地)can’t 境 are many things in life we ___________ 填 change or control,but we can control our attitudes 词 towards them.Our attitudes make all the ___________ difference added (差别)to our life.At last,he ___________ (补充说) compared (比较)to the past,we are living a that ____________ better life now and we must seize the good opportunity steadier to make ______________ (更稳定的)progress.
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1.while并列连词,表对比,意为“而,却” The British say Have you got...? while Americans prefer Do you have...?

【仿写】
不感兴趣。

格林先生喜欢摇滚音乐,而他的妻子对此丝毫

Mr.Green is fond of rock music,

while his wife has no interest in it at all ______________________________________________ .

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2.have difficulty(in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 A Londoner has more difficulty understanding a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a New Yorker.

【仿写】

你通过2015年的高考有困难吗?

have any difficulty (in)passing the Did you _____________________________________2015
College Entrance Examination?

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3.make+it+ adj.+for sb. to do sth.使得某人做??(it为 形式宾语) This nonstop communication,the experts think,has made it easier for British people and Americans to

understand each other.
【仿写】 我们会让你更容易记住这些单词。 make it easier for you to remember We’ll __________________________________these words.

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4.v.ing短语作结果状语
By the 1850s it was selling one million copies a year, making it one of the most popular school books ever. 【仿写】 台风海燕于2014年9月袭击了菲律宾,造成了

5 000多人死亡。

Typhoon Kalmaegi hit Philippines in September 2014, causing more than 5,000 deaths _________________________________________ .

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阅读下面课文缩写材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 in British and American English are different 1._______many ways.The first and most obvious way is in the vocabulary. For example,Americans drive automobiles down freeways, but 2.______the British drive cars along motorways.The second that sometimes the same word has a difference is 3._______ slightly (slight)different meaning,which can be 4.__________ confusing (confuse). 5.___________
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Third,there are a few differences in grammar,too.The
while British say Have you got...? 6.__________ Americans prefer Do you have...? Prepositions,too,can be different.The British use prepositions,however,Americans omit

them . 7.__________

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have influenced Finally,many factors 8.___________________ (influence)American pronunciation since the first settlers arrived four hundred years ago.The accent,which is most be heard (hear)on the similar to British English,can 9.___________ East Coast of the US.A Londoner may have more difficulty understanding (understand)a Scotsman from Glasgow 10._______________ than understanding a New Yorker.

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1. confusing

adj.令人困惑的;难懂的

(教材P2)Sometimes the same word has a slightly different

meaning,which can be confusing.

有时,同一个单词的

意思有稍微的不同,这会令人迷惑。

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(1) confuse vt.

使困惑;使难于理解

confuse A with/and B 把A混为B
(2) confused adj. 感到困惑的;感到难懂的 be confused at 对??感到困惑 (3)confusion n. 困惑;混乱;混淆 in confusion 乱七八糟;处于混乱状态 ①(2014· 高考新课标全国卷Ⅰ· 阅读理解)With its focus divided,the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next.狮子的注意力分散了,它就变得迷茫,不 确定接下来该做什么。
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and/with confuse ②I always ___________ you __________your brother.You

are so much alike.
我总是分不清你和你弟弟,你们实在是太像了 ③His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out what it is he is trying to express.他的作文如此难懂,以至于 很难弄清楚他到底想表达什么。

?温馨提醒 confusing表示事物让人产生迷惑的情绪;而
confused 表示人受到事物的影响而感到迷惑,主语是人。 当修饰一个人的表情(look,expression)及声音(voice)时, 一般用confused。
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【活用】——用confuse的适当形式或用法完成小片段 confusing confused me by asking so many ______________ They ___________ confused ,standing there questions.I was totally _____________ in confusion ,not knowing what to do. ______________ 他们提出了一大堆令人费解的问题,把我难住了。我稀里 糊涂,迷茫地站在那里,全然不知所措。

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2. compare

v.比较,比喻,对照

n.比较,对照 (教材P2)Prepositions,too,can be different: compare on the team,on the weekend(American)with in the team,at the weekend(British).

介词的用法也有所不同:比较一下on the team,on the
weekend(美式)和in the team,at the weekend(英式)。

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(1)compare...with...

和??比较

compare...to... 把??比作?? compared to/with 与??相比(通常置于句首作状语) compare notes 交换意见 (2)beyond/without compare 无与伦比 ①(牛津词典)We carefully compared the first report with the second. 我们仔细比较了第一份报告和第二份报告。

②He does do well in physics;his classmates compare him
to NewtonⅡ. 他的物理太棒了;同学们把他比作牛顿第二。
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beyond compare . ③These are precious jewels _________________ 这些是无与伦比的珍宝。 Compared to/with ④__________________you ,we still have a long way to go. 和你比起来,我们还有很大差距。 【活用】——用compare的适当形式完成下列句子 Compared (1)______________ to/with others’ work,you’ll find her work is much better. Compare (2)______________ her work with others’ work,and you’ll find hers is much better. Comparing her work with others’ work,you’ll (3)______________ find hers is much better.
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3. differ v.不同,与??区别 (教材P2)The other two areas in which the two varieties differ are spelling and pronunciation. 这两种英语另外两个不同的方面是拼写和发音。

(1) differ from...in...

与??在??方面不一样

differ with sb.on/about sth. 与某人意见不同

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(2)difference n. 不同;区别

make a difference 有影响;重要,要紧
tell the difference between 分辨??的不同 (3)different adj. 不同的;相异的 be different from...in...

在??方面与??不同
①(2014· 高考福建卷· 短文填词)The smallest good habits can make a big difference. 即使最小的好习惯也会带来巨大的影响。
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differs from in ②(牛津词典)French ______________English _______this respect.在这方面法语不同于英语。 differ with about ③I’m sorry to ______________you ________this matter.

对不起,关于这件事,我与你的看法不同。
④She looks different from what I’d expected. 她看上去与我想象的不一样。

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4. present

n.现在,目前;礼物,赠品

v.赠送,呈献 adj.出席的,在场的;现在的,当前的 (教材P8) Present your ideas to the rest of the class.

把你的观点陈述给班里的其他同学。

(1) present sb.with sth.=present sth.to sb. 把某物赠给/交给某人

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(2) be present at... 出席 at the present time=at present

现在,目前
(3)for the present 眼前;暂时 ①(2014· 高考湖南卷· 单项填空)Whenever you buy a present, you should think about it from the receiver’s point of view.每 当你买礼物的时候,你都应从接受者的角度想一想(礼物是

否合适)。
②(牛津词典)We do not have any more information at the present time.目前我们没有进一步的消息。
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were present at ③(朗文辞典)How many people __________________ the meeting yesterday?昨天出席会议的有多少人? presented the letter of introduction ④Two days later I _____________ to _______the manager.两天后,我把介绍信呈送给经理。 ?温馨提醒 present用作形容词,表示“在场的”时,通常

作表语或后置定语;表示“现在的”时常作前置定语。

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【活用】——用present的适当形式或用法完成小片段 present at presented One expert _____________the meeting ______________ me with present _________a book on the ___________ financial crisis as a present _____________ . 出席会议的一位专家送给我一本关于当前金融危机的书作 为礼物。

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5. attempt

v.(常与不定式连用)企图,尝试

n.努力,尝试 (教材P9)Can you see any similarities between Webster’s

work and attempts to simplify Chinese?
在Webster的工作和简化汉语的努力之间你能看出一些相 似之处吗?

(1)attempt at doing sth./to do sth. 尝试或努力做某事
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(2)make an attempt at doing/to do sth. 尝试或努力做某事

at one’s first attempt 第一次尝试
①(牛津词典)I passed my driving test at the first attempt. 我考汽车驾驶执照时一次就通过了。

attempted/made an attempt at passing/to pass ②He _____________________________________________
the 2015 College Entrance Examination,but he didn’t

succeed in the end.
他试图通过2015年高考但是最终还是没有成功。
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6. have...in common

在??方面有相同之处

(教材P 1)We have really everything in common with

American nowadays,except of course,language.
当然除了语言外我们确实和美国一切都是相同的。

(1)have a lot/much/a great deal/nothing/little in common with... 与??有很多/没有共同之处

in common 共有;共同
in common with... 与??一样

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(2)common sense 常识;情理 ①(牛津词典)Jane and I have nothing in common. have nothing in common with =I ________________________________________Jane. 简和我毫无共同之处。 In common with ②_______________________many other boys,he likes basketball and dreams of making a basketball player.像许 多男孩子一样,他喜欢篮球,梦想当一名篮球运动员。 ③(2014· 高考北京卷· 信息匹配)Use your common sense.If a

report seems too good to be true,probably it is.运用你的常
识,如果一个报告看起来好得令人难以置信,或许多半不 是真的。
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7. lead to

引起,导致;通向

(教材P3)But it has also led to lots of American words and

structures passing into British English,so that some people
now believe that British English will disappear. 但它也导致了大量的美语单词和结构进入英式英语中,以 至于现在许多人认为英式英语将会消失。

(1)lead sb.to+n.

带领某人到??;使某人得出(观点)

lead sb.to do sth. 使某人做某事
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(2)lead a...life 过着??的生活 lead the way 带头,先行 take the lead in 在??方面领先

①(2014· 高考新课标全国卷Ⅰ· 完形填空)As a general rule,
all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规) basis.一般说来,所有形式的 活动当按部就班地去做的时候就会烦。 ②Which path leads to the village? 哪条小路通往那个小山村?
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led us to ③The evidence ______________a different conclusion. 这个证据使我们得出一个不同的结论。 led you to take up ④What _______________________acting as a career?

是什么使你开始从事演艺事业的?
?温馨提醒 v.?ing形式。 lead to中的to为介词,后接名词、代词或

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Ⅰ.词汇自测
A)根据句意及汉语提示,写出所缺单词。 present 1.Try to give everyone a chance to ______________ (表达)

their ideas to the class.
attempted (尝试)to convince her, 2.Every time I’ve _____________ I’ve failed completely. obvious 3.It’s ____________ (显而易见的)that he hasn’t read the book.

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remarks 4.The customers made a number of rude_____________
(评论)about the goods on sale.

simplified (简化) 5.The English in this story has been _____________ to make it easier to understand.
B)在句中空白处填入括号内单词的正确形式。 steadily (steady) 6.The expert says that the exports are __________ increasing year by year.

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confusion 7.He was in ______________ (confuse) when I told him
the bad news. difference 8.Changing schools made a big ______________ (differ) to my life. addition 9.In ______________ (add)to making art,he sold it. Compared 10.______________ (compare)with his sister,Jerry is even more sensitive,and more easily troubled by emotional

and relationship problems.

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Ⅱ.选词填空

用方框中短语的适当形式完成下列句子。

have...in common ; in favour of ; make a difference ; thanks to;lead to in favour of 1.“Those who are ______________my plan,please raise your hands now,” the teacher says. make a difference 2.It will _________________whether we can arrive on time.

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lead to 3.Too much work and too little rest often_________illness. Thanks to 4._____________his effort,it is more successful than we have expected. in common had 5.To my surprise,I found I _______a lot ______________

with this stranger.

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(教材P2)A Londoner has more difficulty understanding a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a New Yorker. 一个伦敦人要听懂来自格拉斯哥的苏格兰人说话比听懂纽 约人说话更难。

句中have difficulty(in)doing sth.意为“做某事有困难”,
其中difficulty 为不可数名词,difficulty前可用some,any, no,little等词来修饰。

表示“做某事(没)有困难”的常见结构:
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have(no)difficulty/trouble with sth. have(no)trouble/problems(in)doing sth. There is difficulty/trouble(in)doing sth./with sth.

have a hard time (in)doing sth.
find it difficult to do sth. ①(2014· 高考四川卷· 阅读理解)Such a person has great difficulty in waking up in the mornings. 这样的人在早上醒来很困难。

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②Because of your coming,I think there is no difficulty (in) finishing the task on time. 由于你的到来,我想按时完成这项任务没有困难了。 have no difficulty with/(in)working out ③I _____________________________________the problem. 解决这个问题我没有困难。 ?温馨提醒 doing形式。 ④You can’t imagine what great difficulty we have ever dealing had ______________(deal) with the problems. 你想象不到我们处理这些问题时所遇到的困难。
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高考中,常将have difficulty doing sth.句式中

的difficulty提前作先行词,因此定语从句中have后常为

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完成句子 find it difficult to do the job well 1.I ________________________________ (发现做好这个 工作不容易).

2.In some places women are expected to earn money
while (然而)men work at home and raise their children. _______

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make any difference whether he comes or not 3.Does it ___________________________________________ (他来不来关系重大)? leaving nothing valuable 4.The fire lasted nearly a month,______________________ (没留下什么值钱的东西).

5.The experts are trying to find out the reason why many
have difficulty in communicating with teenagers _________________________________________ (交流有困难)their parents.

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[写作素材] 1.英式英语和美式英语有很多相同之处,比如:英式英 语和美式英语在书写形式上相似。 2.但是它们在很多方面也存在差异。 3.美国人喜欢到处走动,这产生了很大的影响。 4.所以当美国人和英国人交谈时,他们有时也很困惑, 很难理解对方。 5.一般来说,我们在报纸上所看的正式英语被称为标准 英语。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 [连句成篇](将以上句子连成一篇50词左右的英语短文。)
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One possible version: _____________________________________________________ British English and American English have a lot in _____________________________________________________
common.For example,they are similar to each other in the _____________________________________________________ form of writing.But they differ in many aspects.Americans _____________________________________________________ like to get around,which has made a great difference to it.So _____________________________________________________ when they are talking,they sometimes get confused and _____________________________________________________ have difficulty understanding each other.Generally speaking, _____________________________________________________ the formal English that we often see in newspapers is referred _____________________________________________________ to as Standard English. _____________________________________________________
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