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一些常用使役动词


1.【一】have sb do sth 【二】have sb doing sth 【三】have sb done 【四】have sb/sth+形容词/副词/介词 ㈠have +宾语+done 叫,让,请别人做某事, ㈡have +宾语+do sth 动作的执行者为宾语⑴ 让某人做某事 ㈢have +宾语+doing sth 动作执行者为宾语,动词必须是延续性动词,意为让某人一直做某事 ㈣ have +宾语+形容词/副词/介词短语 促使某一动作发生 ①I will have my bike _________(repair) this afternoon ②He had his wallet ___________(steal) at the railway station ②He had his pocket___________(pick) . ③ He had her_______( go) there ④ I had him _______(arrange) for a car. ⑤He had her________________ (stand) in the rain for two hours ⑥I won't have women___________ (work) in our company. Please have your money ready 请准备好钱 2.【一】make sb do sth 【二】make sb doing sth 【三】make sb done 【四】make sb/sth+形容词/副词/介词 ㈠ make +宾语+ do sth (使宾语做某事)被动语态为be made to do sth ㈡ make +宾语+形容词/副词/介词短语/名词(使宾语….怎么样)⑴使…处于某种状态 ㈢ make +宾语+ doing sth (使宾语一直做某事) ㈣ make +宾语+done (动词过去分词)(使某事被做) ①He made me laugh. 被动语态为:_______________________________________ ②They made me repeat the story. 被动语态: _____________________________ ①His illness made him very weak 他的疾病使他很虚弱. ②这个消息使他很开心._______________________________________ ③He made her his wife.他使她成为了他的老婆 ④我们使他做我们班长_________________________________________ ⑤The story made him feeling sad 这个故事使他很难受 ⑥please speak louder to make yourself_______________( hear) ⑦He couldn't make himself _________(hear) above the noise of the traffic. ⑧His actions made him universally_________________(respect). 关于leave “使,让”不用于被动语态四种结构用法如下 【一】leave sb to do sth 【二】leave sb doing sth 【三】leave sb done 【四】leave sb/sth+形容词/副词/介词 leave 让,使,即可以用于主动语态,又可用于被动语态 ㈠ leave +宾语+to do sth 让某人做某事(强调未来的动作) Leave him to do it himself 让他自己做这个事情吧. ②We left him to paint the gate. 我让他油漆这个门 ③I'll leave you to settle all the business. 我会让你安排/处理所有这些生意 ㈡leave +宾语+doing让某人做某事(强调当时正在发生的动作) ⑴让某人继续处于某种状态(这种状态一直持续) ①What he said left me thinking deeply他的话让我陷入沉思 ②Don't leave her waiting outside in the rain. 不要让她一直在外面等待 ③We left him painting the gate. 我们让他一直在油漆这个门

㈢leave +宾语+done (动词过去分词)(使某事被做) ⑴ 使处于某种被动的状态,并强调动作的被动性,宾语为动作承受者 ①We can’t leave such an important matter unfinished 我们不能让这么重要的一件事情半途而废. ②Please excuse me if I have left any of your questions unanswered. 如果你有任何问题没有被我回答,请谅解. ㈣ leave +宾语+形容词/副词/介词短语 ⑴ 使宾语处于某一特定状态 ①Who left the door open 谁让们开着 ②His illness has left him weak他的疾病使他很虚弱 I was left with a ray of hope 别人给我留有一线希望 关于get “使,让”不用于被动语态四种结构 用法如下 【一】get sb to do sth 【二】get sb doing sth 【三】get sb done 【四】get sb/sth+形容词/副词/介词 ㈠get +宾语+to do sth (让某人做某事,强调未来的动作) He got his brother to help him他让他兄弟来帮助他 ㈡get +宾语+done 让宾语被做,强调被动性的动作 He got the car started 他发动了小汽车 ㈢get +宾语+doing sth 让宾语做某事,强调正在进行的动作 He got his bike running very fast他把自行车骑的飞快 ㈣get +宾语+副词/形容词/介词 是…发生 ⑴ 使某事发生…使宾语处于什么状态 Please get your ticket ready 请准备好票 关于let “使,让”不用于被动语态用法如下 【一】let sb do sth 【二】get sb/sth+形容词/副词/介词 Let’s go there , shall we ? He let the dog out of the room他把狗放出了房间 Let him in 让他进来 Let the dog out 让这条狗出去 关于keep“使,让”用法如下 【一】keep sb doing sth 【二】keep+宾语+done 【三】keep sb/sth+形容词/副词/介词 ⑴ keep +宾语+doing sth 使某人处于做某事的状态中,强调动作延续一段时间 I am sorry to have kept you waiting so long ⑵keep +宾语+副词/形容词/介词 ,使宾语处于某种特定状态 Please keep the classroom clean and orderly ⑶ keep +宾语+done 使宾语处于被动状态 I can’t keep my eyes shut to all these对所有这一起,我不能熟视无睹.


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