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表示道歉和应答的常用语: 1.That's all right. 没关系;别介意。 2.Thanks anyway./Thanks all the same. 仍然要感谢你。 3.Never mind. 没有关系,不要记在心上。 4.It doesn't matter. 没关系;不要紧。5.That's nothing. 那没什么。 6.Forget it

. 不必在意;算了吧;忘了吧。 7.Don't think any more about it. 别再去想它了。 对别人允许和应答的常用语: 1.Sorry, I can't make it. 对不起,我做不到。 2.Of course./By all means. 当然可以。 3.Go ahead.请……。(同意并鼓励对方去做请求之事) 4.It depends. 看情况而定。5. Help yourself. 自便/自己来吧。 6.I'd rather you didn't. 我不愿你这么做。7.With pleasure. 我很乐意(帮你)。 1.表示“同意”的常用语 ①Yes, indeed. 是的,确实这样。 ②So it is. 确实如此。③Absolutely.完全可以。 ④I can't agree with you more.我完全同意。⑤It's a deal.成交,就这么定了。 2.表示“不同意”的常用语 ①By no means.绝不;一点儿也不。②Forget it.算了吧;想都别想。 ③No way.不可能;决不;没门儿。④Out of the question.不可能。 表示肯定和不肯定的常用语: 1.I'm not sure.我不确定。2.I have no idea. 我不知道。 3.Let me see. 让我想想,让我看看。4.It depends. 看情况而定。 5.I don't know. 我不知道。6.Not exactly. 不完全是。 7.It's hard to say. 很难说。8.Absolutely. 绝对是。 表示情感的常用语: 1.Take it easy. 别紧张;放松点。2.Perfect! 太完美了! 3.What a relief! 多么令人宽慰!4.It's a pity. 真遗憾。 5.Never mind. 不要紧。6.How come? 怎么回事? 7.Well done! 干得好!8.I'm pleased to know that. 知道那件事我很高兴。 9.Take your time. 慢慢来。10.Why not? 为什么不?

比较一:Take it easy 与 Take your time (2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ)—I'm sorry I made a mistake! —________. Nobody is perfect. A.Take your time B.You're right C.Whatever you say D.Take it easy ①Take it easy. 别紧张,用来安慰对方。 ②Take your time. 慢慢来,用来安慰对方不要着急。 比较二:Never mind 与 You're welcome (2012· 山东高考)—Sorry I'm late. I got stuck in traffic. —________. You're here now. Come in and sit down. A.You are welcome B.That's right C.I have no idea D.Never mind ①Never mind. 不要紧,常用来回答道歉。 ②You're welcome. 别客气,常用来回答感谢。 比较三:All right, That's right, That/It's all right

1.(2013· 江苏高考)—Thank you for the flowers. —________.I thought they might cheer you up. A.That's right B.All right C.I'm all right D.It's all right 2. —Are you sure you won't come for a drink with us??— , if you insist. A.Not at all B.It depends?C.All right then D.I don't care ① All right. 用来赞同对方的建议、意见或邀请,意为“行,好吧,可以”。 ②That's right. 用来表示对某一事物的肯定,意为“对,正确”,在口语中可直接用 right 作答。 ③That/It's all right. 用来回答感谢,意为“不用谢,别客气”;也可用来回答道歉,意为“没关 系, 比较四:My pleasure 与 With pleasure (2009· 四川高考)—Would you please help me with the box? —________ A.Yes, please. B.No, please don't.C.With pleasure. D.My pleasure. ①My pleasure. 表示“不用谢”,与 It's a pleasure.意思相同。 ②With pleasure. 意为“乐意效劳,非常愿意”。 比较五:Why not? How come? What for? For what? So what? 1.(2013· 江苏高考)—The Tshirt I received is not the same as is shown online. —________? But I promise you we'll look into it right away. A.Who says B.How comeC.What for D.Why worry 2.(2011· 全国卷Ⅰ)—We could invite John and Barbara to the Friday night party. -Yes, ________? I'll give them a call right now. A. why not B.what forC.why D.what 3.(2011· 江苏高考)—Linda didn't invite us to the party. —________? I don't care. A.For what B.So what C.What's on D.What's up ①Why not? 为何不?用来同意他人的提议。 ②How come? 怎么回事?用来表示惊奇。 ③What for ? /For what? 为什么?表示原因时相当于 why, 表示目的时相当于 for what purpose。 ④So what? 那又怎样?表示不屑、无所谓或不关心。

10 种食物让你越吃越瘦
1、水 就是平常的水,如果一天喝上 500 毫升的水,身体的代谢速度就能提高 30%。 2、 奶制品 每日饮用 3-4 次牛奶、 酸奶或食用奶酪的人, 其体内脂肪可以减少 70%以上, 女性在每日食用奶制品的同时,吃些含钙多的食物,能获得最佳燃脂效果。 3、绿茶 不仅有抗癌、抗氧化作用,还有提高新陈代谢的作用。每日喝 3 次,能消耗 60 千卡热量。 4、菠菜 能促进血液循环,令距离心脏较远的双腿也吸收到足够养分,平衡新陈代谢, 起到排毒瘦腿的效果。 5、西芹 西芹含有大量的钙和钾,可减少下半身的水分积聚。 6、西红柿 常吃新鲜的西红柿可以利尿,去除腿部的疲劳、减少水肿,生吃效果更好。 7、甘蓝 含大量的钙和维他命 C,能提高代谢速度。

8、苹果 一个苹果的热量为 50 卡路里,但消化和吸收它却需要 75 卡路里,用它减肥再 好不过,同时还能美容,真是一举两得。 9、木瓜 有独特的蛋白分解酵素,可以清除因吃肉而积聚在下身的脂肪,而且木瓜肉所 含的果胶是优良的洗肠剂,可减少废物在下身积聚。 10、西瓜 它是生果中的利尿专家,多吃可减少身体中的多余水分。

9 种食品宝宝越吃越聪明
1.南瓜 南瓜是 p-胡萝卜素的极佳来源, 南瓜中的维生素 A 含量胜过绿色蔬菜, 而且富含维生素 C、锌、钾和纤维素。中医认为:南瓜性味甘平,有清心醒脑的功效,可治疗头晕、心烦、口 渴等阴虚火旺病症。因此,神经衰弱、记忆力减退的人,将南瓜做菜食用,每日一次,疗程 不限,有较好的治疗效果。 2:核桃 因其富含不饱和脂肪酸,被公认为中国传统的健脑益智食品,孩子们一定要食用喔。每 日 2-3 个核桃为宜,持之以恒,方可起到营养大脑、增强记忆、消除脑疲劳等作用。但不能 过食,过食会出现大便干燥、鼻出血等情况。

3:鸡蛋 鸡蛋富含优质蛋白质,鸡蛋黄含有丰富的卵磷脂、甘油三酯、胆固醇和卵黄素,对神经 的发育有重要作用,有增强记忆力、健脑益智的功效。 4:海带 海带含有丰富的亚油酸、卵磷脂等营养成分,有健脑的功效,海带等海藻类食物中的磺 类物质,更是大脑中不可缺少的。 5:香蕉 香蕉营养丰富、热量低,含有称为"智慧之盐"的磷,香蕉又是色氨酸和维生素 B6 的超 级来源,含有丰富的矿物质,特别是钾离子的含量较高,一根中等大小的香蕉就含有 451 毫克的钾,常吃有健脑的作用。 6:牛奶

牛奶是优质蛋白质、核黄素、钾、钙、磷、维生素 B12、维生素 D 的极佳来源,这些营 养素可为大脑提供所需的多种营养。 7:鱼 鱼是促进智力发育的首选食物之一。鱼头中含有十分丰富的卵磷脂,是人脑中神经递质 的重要来源,可增强人的记忆、思维和分析能力,并能控制脑细胞的退化,延缓衰老。鱼肉 还是优质蛋白质和钙质的极佳来源, 特别是含有大量的不饱和脂肪酸, 对大脑和眼睛的正常 发育尤为重要。 8:葵花子 丰富的铁、锌、钾、镁等微量元素以及维生素 E,使葵花子有一定的补脑健脑作用。实 践证明:喜食葵花子的人,不仅皮肤红润、细嫩,而且大脑思维敏捷、记忆力强、言谈有条 不紊。 9:芝麻 将芝麻捣烂,加入少量白糖冲开水喝,或买芝麻糊、芝麻饼干等制品,早晚各吃一次, 7 日为一疗程,5-6 个疗程后,可收到较好的补脑健脑效果。

动物肝、肾脏富含铁质铁质是红细胞的重要组成成分经常吃些动物肝、肾脏,体内铁质 充分,红细胞可为大脑运送充足氧气,就能有效地提高大脑的工作效率。 大豆和豆制品含有约 40 的优质蛋白质,可与鸡蛋、牛奶媲美同时,它们还含有较多的 卵磷脂、钙、铁、维生素 B 1 、维生素 B 2 等,是理想的健脑食品。 小米含有较丰富的蛋白质、脂肪、钙、铁、维生素 B 1 等营养万分,有“健脑主食”之称 小米还有能防治神经衰弱的功效。 硬果类食品,包括花生、核桃、葵花籽、芝麻、松子、榛子等,抱歉含有大量的蛋白质、 不饱和脂及酸、卵磷脂、无机盐和维生素,经常食用,对改善脑营养供给很有益处。

6 种食物堪称女人专属"不老药"
1.牛奶

喝一杯 240 毫升的脱脂或低脂牛奶即能吸收到 300 毫克的钙质。钙质能强健骨骼和牙 齿富含钙的饮食能降低高血压、乳癌、结肠癌等机率也能舒缓经前症候群。除了钙质牛奶中 还含有丰富的蛋白质、维生素 a、d、维生素 b12、核黄素和烟碱酸等。 2.花菜 富含维生素 a、c 矿物质钾、钙、硒等 β 胡萝卜素及纤维热量低。多吃可以增强抵抗力 减少罹患心血管疾病及数种癌症的机率。 ( 3.蔬菜沙拉 最容易一次吃到多样蔬菜的方法提供充足的维生素、矿物质和纤维。可以把数种绿色 蔬菜混合后(例如富含维生素 a、叶酸的莴苣和菠菜纤维多的生菜)再加上西红柿、红萝卜、 小黄瓜。 研究指出一天至少三份的蔬菜可以降低罹患癌症、 心血管疾病和糖尿病的机率对维 持皮肤健康也有帮助不过记得高热量的沙拉酱不要加太多。 ( 4.花生酱 坚果类中的花生富含蛋白质、纤维、锌和维生素 e 也是维生素 b1、烟碱酸、叶酸的良 好来源其所含的单元不饱和脂肪酸可以增加血液中好的胆固醇 (hdl)降低坏的胆固醇 (ldl)保 护心血管。忙碌时涂上花生酱的全麦面包加上一杯脱脂牛奶是方便又营养的一餐。 (

5.鲑鱼 深海鱼中的 OMEGA-3 脂肪酸可以降低血液中坏的胆固醇保护心血管一周吃一到两次鲑 鱼可以预防心脏病滋养免疫系统。 omega-3 脂肪酸还可以增加安定性的前列腺素有助于平稳 心情。 芬兰的研究指出一周至少吃一次以上鱼的人罹患忧郁症的机率较低。 如果处于怀孕或 哺乳期鲑鱼中的脂肪酸还能帮助胎儿大脑和神经系统的发育。还有重要的抗氧化物质 β 胡 萝卜素有益皮肤健康。用番薯代替饭可以增加纤维质的摄取。 6.西红柿酱 西红柿中的抗氧化成分茄红素,已被证实能减少动脉阻塞,降低罹患心血管疾病的机 会,而经过加热煮熟成西红柿酱后,更能提高茄红素的抗氧化效果。大部份罐装西红柿酱中 还含有维生素 a、c 和纤维。 不妨利用铁制器具加热西红柿酱(如加在意大利面时),酸性成分会溶出少量的铁,提 供补充铁质的额外效果。

The Hen and the Little Girl

In a country home, a mother hen and her cute chicks were living happily. A little girl came to visit the country home, but was very bored. One night, the girl went into the chicken house. As soon as she went in, there was disorder. Here and there cries of the chickens could be heard. The father, who was inside, woke up. "What's going on? Why are you bothering the

chickens?" "Because I'm bored." "You have to sleep now, go inside." The girl went into the chicken house, again, the next day. There was a racket again, as the chickens were frightened. The moon in the night sky was worried. This time, the little girl's father will not be forgiving. Finally, the sleeping father woke up. "Why are the chickens crying? By chance" The father was angry and came out to the yard. "What's wrong with you? Is it okay to bother animals that can't talk? You need to be punished." When the little girl saw her father's angry face, she began to cry. "It is true that I bothered the chickens, but I was bored yesterday. But today I went in to apologize to the chickens. I was going to hug the chickens." When the father heard what his daughter said, a smile quickly appeared on his face. "You are truly my daughter." The father praised his daughter. He was proud of his daughter that knew how to apologize. The moon in the sky gave a big laugh, too.

The Naked King Long, long time ago, there lived a very fancy king. The king changed his clothes 12 times a day. He really liked to show off to his subjects. "My clothes are the best in the world." One day, two tailors planned a trick. "Why don't we teach that stupid and extravagant king a lesson. He doesn't even worry about his starving people." "That's right! He thinks he's the best." The two men went to see the king. "Oh, the world's most marvelous king! We have brought the most beautiful cloth in the whole world."

"However, not everyone is able to see the cloth. Those that tell lies and have bad hearts are not able to see this fine cloth." After the king heard those words, he became very interested. "Could there really be such a cloth? If I can make clothes out of those cloths, my clothes will be the best in the whole world. Hurry and show me the cloth." The king began to get more and more greedy. The tailors pretended that the cloth was real, as they showed it to the king. The king and the fine-spoken subjects could not see anything before them. But, none of them could show that they could not see it. The king and his fine-spoken subjects just looked at each other. Then, the tailor quickly spoke in a arrogant manner. "Well, is there no honest man here? How can you look at this beautiful cloth and not praise it." Among the subjects, one of them made a flattering comment out loud. "Wow! This is the first time that I have seen such a wonderful cloth." All the subjects tried to be the first to praise the cloth. Then, the king was amazed with the beauty of the cloth, too. The king gave the money and ordered them to make his clothes. For several days, the tailors pretended to be making the clothes. The king became worried and told one of his subjects to go and see how the clothes was coming along. The subject could not say how much the clothes had been

completed. As hard as he looked, he could not see it. But, he could not say that he was unable to see it. Instead, he pretended to be amazed at how beautiful it was coming along. A few days later, the tailors came back with the King's clothes. "Here you are, try on this clothes." The king was not able to honestly say that he could not see the clothes. He, too, pretended to look over it. One man said, "Your majesty, lets go and show off this finest clothes in the world." The subjects all agreed at the same time. "Yes, that is a good idea." The king walked out to the street very proudly and walked with pride. All the people in the land came out to see the king's new clothes. They were all surprised, though. Just then, a little girl shouted out, "Our king is naked!" Then everyone said,"He's naked, he's naked!" The king now realized the truth. However, with only his undergarments on, he still walked in a dignified manner. Even though he was embarrassed, he could not stop walking. Why not? Because he was the king.

The Ugly Duckling
A mother duck was brooding on her eggs near the margin of a pond. A flock of lovely baby ducks was soon born, making sweet peeping sounds when the eggs were broken. But one egg remained unbroken. "It is strange. Why has this egg not broken?" The mother duck continued her brooding. At last, the egg was broken and a baby duck was born. However that baby duck was very ugly compared to the other baby ducks. The mother duck was worried, but still she took the baby ducks near

the water and taught them how to swim. The ugly duckling also swam with his brothers and sisters, moving his legs eagerly. "It is lucky though. That baby swims well." Still his brothers pecked at the ugly duckling with their bills. "How hideous this baby duck is. We don't want to see you. Go to a cat." His brothers gave a very hard time to the poor duckling. "Stop it, don't do that!" The mother duck sighed and said, "Ah! I wish that this baby could live happily at another place." The baby duck heard what his mother said and dropped tears of sorrow saying, "Mom, I will leave. Good-bye." The ugly duckling left his nest beyond the pond. When he entered the forest, other birds were frightened by the baby duck and ran away. "Why do they run away? Is it because I am so awful?" The baby duck became sadder and plodded along the field. Near the water beside the field, two wild ducks were playing around. "Yah, what is that ugly duck? Let's make fun of him." The two wild ducks flew up in the air and threw stones at the baby duck. "Bang! Bang!" At that time, a hunter shot his gun. The two wild ducks fell down dead to the ground. "Uh? What is this small bird?" The hunter took home the awkward little baby duck along with the two wild ducks. "Dad, what is this poor-looking bird?" "I took it with me in order to

give it to you, my son. It was trembling with fear in the water." The children gave a hard time to the baby duck by pulling its wings and tail. "That hurts! Ow!" The baby duck spilled a jug of milk while running away from the cruel hands of the children. The dishes on the table were also broken. The angry hunter sent out the baby duck with a flourish of his broomstick. And so the after being cast out from the house of the hunter, the ugly duckling spent a long and cold winter alone. Finally spring came. The baby duck had a good stretch and flew up in the air vigorously. "Uh! I am flying!" Upon the lake, a flock of white and pretty swans were playing around while swimming. "They are indeed pretty birds." The baby duck became sad. "Those birds may not like me as I am so ugly." The baby duck tried to run away from the group of beautiful swans. "Hi! Where are you going? Come and play around with us!" The baby duck approached the swans hesitatingly. At that moment, the baby duck saw his own appearance reflected to the lake. There was one more beautiful swan gliding gracefully across the water. The ugly duckling who overcame all suffering had finally become a beautiful swan. And so he lived happily ever after.

浙江高考英语夹叙夹议书面表达通用词组应用(夹叙夹议作文) 1,As we can see in the cartoon, the man enjoys being clever and wishes to
achieve great success.

2, Just as the old saying goes, “Diligence leads to success, while laziness results in failure.” 3,Therefore, in my opinion, (Personally, I believe ) diligence is the key to success. 4,Only by working hard and keeping trying are we able to overcome difficulties and achieve our goals. 5,Take Madam Curie (myself) for example (for instance). 6, I can’t agree more with this view. 7, Years of school life has taught me a lot of things and I firmly believe that ? really matters in our life. 8, Once we develop the habit of diligence, we may overcome any problem and realize our dreams. 9, Here I’d like to share one of my experiences with you. I didn’t realize the importance of diligence until I was admitted to my senior middle school. 10, At first, I spent a lot time playing computer games, resulting in my low grades in the final exam. 11, Consequently, I was under severe stress and felt quite upset.

12, Then I turned to my teacher and he advised me to put my heart into studies. 13, Thus I began to have everyone join in the class work and my efforts paid off. 14, As we can see in the story, only through teamwork can we work more effectively and efficiently. 15, On the one hand, we think that friendship comes first. On the other hand, since we all made our greatest efforts, we had no regret. 16, There is no doubt that everyone hopes to be successful. However, this doesn’t always happen as expected. 17, However, personally, I think sometimes luck plays an important role as well. 18, I can still remember the sports meet in middle school, in which I took part in the 800-meter race. At first? 19, We are getting on well with each other.However, there exist some problems. 20, Some students in our school lose their temper easily because of anxiety and study burden. 21, They sometimes even turn a deaf ear to their parents and teachers, which is very disappointing. 22, In this case, we’re supposed to make our efforts to improve the situation. 23, It’s a good idea to focus more on work instead of your partner, and you may get on well in the long run. 24, We are supposed to learn to handle conflicts calmly and properly. 25, Thanks to your constant encouragement, I have been making remarkable progress in my studies. 26, I am fully aware of my responsibilities. I’ll do my share of housework to make them more relaxed. 27, The picture reminds me of my mother who has been giving me unselfish help, care and love.

28, Here I’d like to call on the public to protect our environment and create a harmonious society. 29, Last Sunday, our class launched a voluntary activity. Its theme is to make the city more beautiful and? 30, Upon our arrival, we set about ? at once. Some dug holes, some planted trees, and others watered them. 31, Personally, I firmly believe it’s everyone’s responsibility to protect the environment. 32, Only when we live a low carbon life can we create a pleasant and harmonious society. 33, Everyone’s contribution makes a difference. 34, Such inappropriate behavior is likely to bring bad consequences and do great harm to our health. 35, Only when everybody has the awareness of the negative impacts of improper use of phones (the importance of good manners in public) can we create a more civilized society. 36, Besides, relevant laws are supposed to be passed in order to guide people’s use of cellphones so that they will acquire (develop) good habits in public. (Measures should be taken to deal with this phenomenon.) 37, Nowadays, an increasing number of people use mobile phones in improper situations, 38, No sooner had the bus opened its door than he pushed onto it. 39, She was crossing the street when all of a sudden a car knocked her down. 40, In our school, there are various kinds of activities, which are beneficial to us students (do us much good). 41, Here I call on all the students to actively participate in after-class activities, so that we will not only enrich our school life, but also achieve great success in our studies. 范文 1:

Years of school life has taught me a lot of things and I firmly believe that attitudes really matter in our life. There is no doubt that different attitudes can definitely lead to different results. Take Xiao Hua and Xiao Li for example. They are both my classmates. Xiao Hua is a top student in our class, who takes a proper attitude in learning. Not only does he go all out in his schoolwork, but he also acquires (develops) a good habit of thinking independently. With his diligence and a good habit of thinking, he always learns more effectively and efficiently. However, Xiao Li loses interest in his homework, as he always wastes time playing games and turns a deaf ear to the teachers’ advice. Consequently, he falls far behind others in all subjects. As we can see in the story, it is attitude that plays such a vital role in our studies. Once we adopt a positive attitude towards our life, we may overcome any difficulty we may confront. Only with our own painstaking efforts can we achieve great success and realize our goals. 范文 2: Years of school life has taught me a lot of things and I firmly believe that the good virtue of helping others really count in our personal relationship. There is no doubt that helping others is practically equal to helping yourself. I can still remember that I used to be weak in my maths. It seemed that however hard I tried, I still fell behind others in this subject. Consequently, I was under great stress and frustrated. Hearing all this, Lily, my monitor, had a hear-to heart talk with me, and offered to help me with my schoolwork, whenever possible. It was with her constant encouragement and timely help, that I felt relaxed and improved myself in maths soon. I was really grateful for what she had done. As we can see in the story, it is the unselfish help between people that plays such a vital role in our life. Only with the care and help of others, can we overcome the difficulties in life and create a pleasant and harmonious atmosphere in our school. 范文 3: Years of school life has taught me a lot of things and I firmly believe that good manners are not only important to one citizen, but also to the whole country and the nation.

I can still remember that I once came across a really rude and impolite man. At that time, we were waiting for the same bus when the bus came at last. No sooner had the bus opened its door than he pushed onto it. What’s worse, he knocked down an old man and didn’t even say sorry! Such inappropriate behavior is likely to bring bad consequences and does great harm to the image of the society, which was really shameful. This incident showed us a serious social phenomenon that some of our citizens lack the awareness of proper manners. China has long been regarded as a country with good manners. Everybody should keep some do’s and don’ts in their mind to guide their behavior in public. So here I’d like to call on the public to have the awareness of being polite and help create a more civilized society. 范文 4: There is no doubt that teamwork really matters in our life. Once we develop the spirit of teamwork, we may overcome any difficulty and realize our dreams. I can still remember that I used to be fond of working alone. I didn’t realize the importance of cooperation until I was chosen monitor of my class in my senior middle school. At first, I did most of the duties myself , resulting in my low work efficiency. Consequently, I was under great stress and felt frustrated. Then I turned to my teacher and he advised me to cooperate with others. Thus I tried to have everyone do their part in class and my efforts paid off. As we can see in the story, it is working in teams instead of on my own that has freed me of trouble and made my work more efficient. Only through teamwork, can we work more effectively and finally achieve great success.
范文 5: There is no doubt that a good health really matters in our life. Once we develop a healthy body, we may overcome difficulties we confront and realize our dreams. I can still remember that I used to be weak and fall ill constantly. I didn’t realize the importance of a balanced diet and regular exercise until things practically got worse abd worse. At first, I spent almost all my time indoors studying and ate junk food, resulting in my poor health condition and low work efficiency as well. Consequently, I was under severe stress and felt frustrated. Then I turned to my teacher and he advised me to pay attention to proper diets and workout. Thus I adjusted my way of living and things began to improve for me.

As we can see in the story, it is our healthy lifestyle that make our work more efficient and life more pleasant. Only with a healthy body, can we work more effectively and finally achieve our success.

近三年浙江英语高考试卷高频难词和熟词生义的提高完整版 advocate 提倡, agent 代理人, accurate 准确的, accuse (accusation) 控告, 谴责,all I can do, analyze 分析,anniversary 周年,appeal to 呼吁,吸 引,appropriate 合适的,approve 赞同,approximately 大约,a range of 一 系列的,argument 论点,artificial 人工,as 当,因为,assign 布置 (assignment 任务) , authority 当权者, a variety of 各种的, babysitter 保 姆, bacteria 病菌, basement 地下室, basic 基础的, bench 长椅, be convinced 坚信,bent (bend) 弯曲的,biotechnology 生物技术,block 挡住,bother 麻 烦,brick 砖头,bring up 提出,提高,budget 预算,by all means 没问题, by no means 绝不,(mis)calculate 计算,carve 雕刻,casually 随意地, category 类别,cautious 谨慎的,challenge 挑战,character 品质, circumstance 情况, clarify 澄清, colleague 同事, combine (combination) 联合,commercial 商业的,广告(名词),comparison 比较,complex 复杂的, concentrate on 集中精力于, conclude (conclusion) 下结论, conflict 冲突, consist of 由什么组成,constant(ly) 经常的,construct 建设,count (matter) 重要 create 创造,criminal 罪犯,criticize 批评,damp 潮湿 的,dash 冲,data 数据,decline 下降,decorate 装修,demanding 要求高 的,吃力的,deny 否认,depressed 沮丧的,deserve 值得, digital 数字的, dignity 尊严,differ 区别,digital 数字的,dilemma 两难,disasterous 灾难性的 distant 遥远的,distinguish 区别,disturb 干扰,diverse 不 同的,do 可以,drag 拖,due 到期的,earn 赚,ease 减轻,轻松,economy 经 济,edge 边缘,efficient 有效的,efficiency 效率,embarrassed 尴尬的, emergency 紧急,emotion 情感,end up 以什么告终,(be)engaged in 从事, 忙于, entertain 使欢乐, eventually 最终, evident (ly) 显然的, explode 爆 炸,extended (family) 延伸的,extinct 绝迹的,factor 因素,fantastic 神奇的,favor 帮忙,feature 特色,fierce 激烈的,figure 想,数据,float 漂浮, former 以前的, fuel 燃料, function 作用, gather 收集, 聚集, gesture 手势,举止,grocery 杂货店,guiltily (guilty)内疚地,guarantee 保证, handle 处理,hare 野兔,have a good command of (master)掌握,fitness 健康,giant 巨大的,give an account 讲述,head for 走向,how come 为什

么,huge 巨大的,identify 识别,infect 感染,in the first place 首先, in the historical sense 意义, in the long run 长远看,indicate 表明, individual 个人,innocent 无辜的,insect 昆虫,instant(ly) 立即的, instruction 指导,说明书,instrument(device) 仪器,investigate 调查, involve 涉及,包括,(be)involved in sth. 卷入 issue 事件,item 一样 东西,justice 正义,labor 劳动,later on 后来,level 水平,literature 文学,masterpiece 杰作,measure 措施,衡量,media 媒体,mention 提到, motivation 动机,激励 (motivate 激励),narrow escape 死里逃生,no more than 只是,normally 通常,obtain 获得,occasion 场合 (occasionally 偶 尔地), occupy 占据,occupation 职业, of 具有, offer 提供, 提出, optimistic 乐观的,organ 器官,out of 出于,one out of ten 十分之一,package 打 包,participate in 参加,pessimistic 悲观的,possess 拥有,positive 正 面的,potential 潜在的,潜力,place 放置,plain 简单的 preference 偏好 (preferable 较为偏好的,present 呈现,previous 在前的,practically 实 际上,principle 原则,process 过程, 处理(动词)profit 利益,promising 有希望的,promote 促进,促销 products 产品,psychology 心理学 purchase 购买,raise 提出问题,rarely 很少,rather 相反地, react 回应,reflect on 反思,regulation 规则,reject 拒绝,relative 亲戚,relatively 相对 地,relieve 使轻松,rely on 依靠(reliable 可靠的),ridiculous 荒唐的, roughly 大概地,route 路线,run a shop 开店,resource 资源,rural 乡村 的,section 部分,set the table 摆桌子,scores of 大量的,secure (security,insecurity)安全的,select 挑选(selection 节选)seize 紧 抓,(be)sensitive to 敏感的,severe 严重的,shadow 阴影,sharply 急剧 地,shrink (shrunken)缩小,significantly (significance 重要性) 重要 地,较大地,simply 只是,slip 溜走,滑动,slightly 轻微地,solution 解 决方法,souvenir 礼品,specific 特定的,specialize 专业化,species 种 类,sponsor 赞助,spot 看见,stable 稳定的,standard 标准,strength 优 势 (weakness 弱点) , surprisingly 令人吃惊地, 非常地, system 系统, symbol 象征,符号,symptom 症状,sympathy 同情,swollen 肿胀的,submit 递交, take sth. seriously 认真对待,take? for instance 举例, target 目标, theft 偷盗,technique 技巧,temptation 诱惑,temporary 暂时的,term 术 语,though 但是(放句后),trade A for B 交换,track 轨道,treasure 财 宝, 珍惜, typically 典型地, universal 普遍的, 全世界的, up to 达到, urban 城市的,value 珍惜,victim 受害者,victorious 胜利的,vision 视线,景 象,weep 哭泣,while 虽然,wild with joy 欣喜若狂,winding 弯曲的,wire 电线,withdraw 撤走,取 (钱),witness 见证,证人,(be) worn out 很累

卜算子· 咏梅 (宋) 陆游
驿外断桥边,寂寞开无主。已是黄昏独自愁,更著风和雨。 无意苦争春,一任群芳妒。零落成泥碾作尘,只有香如故。

【注释】: ⑴卜(bǔ)算子· 为词牌名。《词律》以为调名取义于“卖卜算命之人”。又名《百尺楼》 《眉峰碧》《楚天遥》《缺月挂疏桐》等。相传是借用唐代诗人骆宾王的绰号。骆宾王写诗 好用数字取名,人称“卜算子”。山谷词“似扶著,卖卜算”,取卖卜算命的意思。 说明:双调,44 字,前后阕各两仄韵,各 22 字,上去通押。也有一体单押入声韵。 (仄)仄仄平平,(仄)仄平平仄。(仄)仄平平仄仄平,(仄)仄平平仄。 ⑶驿(yì )外:指荒僻、冷清之地。驿:驿站,古代传递政府文书的人中途换马匹休息、住 宿的地方。 ⑷断桥: 残破的桥。 一说“断”通“簖”, 簖桥乃是古时在为拦河捕鱼蟹而设簖之处所建之桥。 ⑸寂寞:孤单冷清。 ⑹无主:无人过问,无人欣赏。

⑺著(zhuó ):同“着”,这里是遭受的意思。更著:又遭到。 ⑻无意:不想,没有心思。自己不想费尽心思去争芳斗艳。 ⑼苦:尽力,竭力。 ⑾一任:任凭。 ⒀妒(dù ):嫉妒。 ⑽争春:与百花争奇斗艳。此指争权。 ⑿群芳:群花、百花。隐指权臣、小人。 ⒁零落:凋谢。 ⒂碾(niǎn):轧碎。

驿亭之外的断桥边,梅花自开自落,无人理睬。暮色降临,梅花无依无靠,已经够愁苦 了,却又遭到了风雨的摧残。 梅花并不想费尽心思去争艳斗宠,对百花的妒忌(有关美德和 忌妒的外国名人名言)与排斥毫不在乎。即使凋零了,被碾作泥土,又化作尘土了,梅花依 然和往常一样散发出缕缕清香。

满江红
岳飞 怒发冲冠,凭栏处、潇潇雨歇。抬望眼、仰天长啸,壮怀激烈。 三十功名尘与土,八千里路云和月。莫等闲、白了少年头,空悲切。 靖康耻,犹未雪;臣子恨,何时灭?驾长车踏破、贺兰山缺。 壮志饥餐胡虏肉,笑谈渴饮匈奴血。待从头、收拾旧山河,朝天阙。

小重山
昨夜寒蛩不住鸣。惊回千里梦,已三更。起来独自绕阶行。人悄 悄,帘外月胧明。 白首为功名。旧山松竹老,阻归程。欲将心事付瑶琴。知音少, 弦断有谁听?

相见欢
李煜 无言独上西楼,月如钩,寂寞梧桐,深院锁清秋。 剪不断,理还乱,是离愁,别是一般滋味在心头。

虞美人
春花秋月何时了,往事知多少。 小楼昨夜又东风,故国不堪回首月明中。 雕栏玉砌应犹在,只是朱颜改。 问君能有几多愁,恰似一江春水向东流。

浪淘沙
帘外雨潺潺,春意阑珊,罗衾不耐五更寒。梦里不知身是客,一晌贪欢。 独自莫凭阑!无限江山,别时容易见时难。流水落花春去也,天上人间。

《次北固山下》 王湾
客路青山外, 行舟绿水前。 潮平两岸阔, 风正一帆悬。 海日生残夜, 江春入旧年。 乡书何处达? 归雁洛阳边。

《闻官军收河南河北》 杜甫 剑外忽传收蓟北, 初闻涕泪满衣裳。 却看妻子愁何在, 漫卷诗书喜欲狂。 白日放歌须纵酒, 青春作伴好还乡。 即从巴峡穿巫峡, 便下襄阳向洛阳。

《蜀道难》 李白

噫吁戏,危乎高哉!蜀道之难难于上青天。 蚕丛及鱼凫,开国何茫然。 尔来四万八千岁,不与秦塞通人烟。 西当太白有鸟道,可以横绝峨眉巅。 地崩山摧壮士死,然后天梯石栈方钩连。 上有六龙回日之高标,下有冲波逆折之回川。 黄鹤之飞尚不得,猿猱欲度愁攀援。 青泥何盘盘,百步九折萦岩峦。 扪参历井仰胁息,以手抚膺坐长叹! 问君西游何时还?畏途巉岩不可攀。 但见悲鸟号古木,雄飞雌从绕林间。 又闻子规啼夜月,愁空山。 蜀道之难难于上青天,使人听此凋朱颜! 连峰去天不盈尺,枯松倒挂倚绝壁。

飞湍瀑流争喧豗,砯崖转石万壑雷。 其险也如此,嗟尔远道之人。 胡为乎来哉!剑阁峥嵘而崔嵬, 一夫当关,万夫莫开。 所守或匪亲,化为狼与豺。 朝避猛虎,夕避长蛇, 磨牙吮血,杀人如麻。 锦城虽云乐,不如早还家。 蜀道之难难于上青天,侧身西望长咨嗟!

《登高》 杜甫

风急天高猿啸哀,

渚清沙白鸟飞回。

无边落木萧萧下, 不尽长江滚滚来。 万里悲秋常作客, 百年多病独登台。 艰难苦恨繁霜鬓, 潦倒新停浊酒杯。

《黄鹤楼》 崔颢 昔人已乘黄鹤去, 此地空余黄鹤楼。 黄鹤一去不复返, 白云千载空悠悠。 晴川历历汉阳树, 芳草萋萋鹦鹉洲。

日暮乡关何处是, 烟波江上使人愁。


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