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2014版英语复习方略课件(人教版通用):必修4 Unit 4 Body language


Unit 4 Body language

【诵读·积累】 请根据下表中的内容写一篇短文, 题目自拟。 Bodylanguage 跺脚 (stamp one’s foot) 讲话人鼓掌 (clap hands) 盯着人看(stare at people) Meaning in China Anger Thank you Meaning in the US I

mpatience Immodest (傲慢 的, 不合礼仪的)

Curiosity

Impoliteness

Same Body Language with Different Meanings Body language is part of the ways in which we communicate. But not all body language means the same thing

in different countries.
Take China and America for example, “stamping one’s foot”, in China, may show one’s anger, while in America it means impatience. “Clapping hands” never happens to an American speaker, because it is considered immodest in his/her own country. In China, however, it suggests the speaker’s appreciation and means “thank you”.

“Staring at people” too long is thought as impoliteness in America. It may make people feel uneasy or uncomfortable. But Chinese people may think it is nothing more than curiosity. These examples tell the differences of body language.

【尝试运用】 词汇翻译 感激 (n. ) 不舒服的 以??为例 仅仅, 只不过 appreciation ___________ uncomfortable _____________ take. . . for example _________________ nothing more than ________________

句式仿写 ①幽默感是我们放松的途径之一。(ways) A sense of humour is one of the ways in which we relax

ourselves.
②有些人坐着无所事事, 而另一些人却在干所有的工作。 (while) Some people are sitting around while others are doing all the work.

③她被认为是继姚明之后第二个最受欢迎的人。(be thought

as)
She is thought as the second most popular person after Yao Ming. ④他补充说, 他的工作只不过是社区服务的另一种形式。 (nothing more than) He added that his work was nothing more than another form of community service.

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 核心速记 represent (vt. ) 1. _________ curious adj. ) 2. _______( approach (vt. & vi. ) 3. _________ (n . ) 代表;象征 好奇的

接近;靠近;走近
接近;方法;途径

adult (n. ) 4. _____

成人;成年人

(adj. )
function (n. ) 5. ________

成人的;成熟的
作用;功能;职能

(vi. )
ease (n. ) 6. ____ (vt. ) false (adj. ) 7. ____ rank n. ) 8. _____(

起作用;运转
安逸;舒适 减轻(痛苦、忧虑) 错误的;假的 等级;军衔

联想串记 greet (vi. & vt. )迎接;问候→________( greeting n. )迎接;问候;招 9. _____


association (n. )社团;联系;联想→________ associate (vt.) 把?? 10. __________ 联系起来 defence n. )防御;保卫 defend vt. )保护;保卫→_______( 11. ______( major (adj. )主要的→________ majority (n. )大多数, 大部分 12. ______

misunderstanding (n. ) 13. misunderstand _____________(vt. )误解;误会→________________
误解;误会 spoken adj. )口语的→_________ unspoken (adj. )(反义词)未说出口 14. _______( 的;非口语的

Ⅱ. 短语互译

1. 防御;保卫??以免受
2. 很可能??;有希望?? 3. 总的来说;通常 4. 舒适;快活;自由自在 5. 丢脸 6. 背对 7. in defence

defend against _____________ be likely to __________
in general _________ at ease ______ lose face ________ turn one’s back to ________________ 防御, 保障 __________ 相反 _____ 对??感到紧张 _______________

8. on the contrary
9. be nervous about

10. in most cases

在大多数情况下 _______________

Ⅲ. 句型透视 1. 动词不定式作后置定语

The first person to arrive 第一个到达的人 )was Tony Garcia ______________________(
from Colombia, closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain. 2. not all. . . 表部分否定 Not all cultures greet each other the same way 各种文化背景 ________________________________________(

下的人互致问候的方式不尽相同), nor are they comfortable in
the same way with touching or distance between people.

3. v. -ing作主语
Making a fist and shaking it almost always means 把 手 握 紧 , ___________________________________________( 朝着别人晃拳头几乎总是意味着)that someone is angry and threatening another person. 4. it作形式主语 it is an amazing We can often be wrong about each other, so ______________ thing that 这真是件令人惊奇的事)we understand each other _________(

as well as we do!

Ⅳ. 语篇完形 greet each other the same way. Each Not all cultures 1. _____
express feelings. In country may have its own way to 2. _______ certain distance. In Japan, they Britain, people may keep a 3. _______ bow to each other when they meet. In France, people may 4. ____ shake hands and kiss each other twice on each 6. _____. cheek 5. _____ close And in South American countries, they may stand 7. _____

and touch each other. But in Middle East Muslim countries,
China they shake hands only with men, not with women. In 8. ______

today, people may shake hands with each other, sometimes they smile Perhaps they will kiss or greet each other only with a 9. _____. feelings embrace in the future to express their strong 10. _______.

1. 选用框中词汇的适当形式完成句子 greet, represent, defend, ease, function functions as a bed when we have guests. (1)The large sofa also ________ (2)Mr. Zhang will attend the important trade conference in representing the Global Company. London, ___________

greeted with shouts of joy. (3)His news was _______

defending his position in the company, (4)He succeeded in _________
making his wife very glad. ease my mind to know that my daughter did well (5)It would ____ in her new job.

2. 选用句型透视中的句式仿写句子 (1)他总是第一个来最后一个离开。 He is always the first to come and the last to leave. (2)在我们班并非每个学生都来自中国。 Not every student in our class is from China.

(3)令人惊奇的是我们发现了这些恒星。
It is amazing that we have found these stars.

curious

3年 1考 3年 1考 3年 3考 3年 1考

核 心 考 点

approach likely in general

case短语

3年 8考

1. represent vt. 代表;象征;(向人)说明 represent. . . as. . . 把??描绘成??

represent sb. as/to be
represent sth. to sb.

宣称某人为??
向某人说明/传达某事

represent oneself as

自称

①(2012· 安徽高考)To the Egyptians, green was a color that represented the hope and joy of spring. 对于埃及人来说, 绿色象征着春天的希望和快乐。

②The President was represented at the ceremony by the VicePresident. 副总统代表总统出席了这次庆典。

represents _______ himself __ as a friend of the President. ③He _________
他自称是总统的朋友。 represent ___ the _______ danger __ to _____. them ④You must _________ 你必须告诉他们危险所在。

【熟词生义】读句子猜含义
This picture represents a storm at sea. ( 描绘 )

2. curious adj. 好奇的

(1)be curious about
be curious to do sth. (2)from/out of curiosity meet/satisfy one’s curiosity with curiosity=curiously

对??感到好奇
渴望做某事 出于好奇 满足某人的好奇心 好奇地

were ____ very _______ curious _____ about the people who lived ①They _____

upstairs.
他们对住在楼上的人感到很好奇。 ②I’m curious to know what has happened to him. 我极想知道他发生了什么事。 ③The boy opened the case out of curiosity. 出于好奇, 那个男孩打开了那个箱子。

【高考链接】 (2010· 天津高考)People have always been ______ about exactly how life on earth began. A. curious B. excited C. anxious D. careful

【解析】选A。句意:人们一直想知道地球上的生命是怎样开
始的。curious好奇的, be curious about 是固定短语, 意思是对

某事好奇, 想知道。excited激动的, 兴奋的。be anxious about
担心, 由于某事或人感到不安。careful小心的, 仔细的。根据 句意选A。

3. approach vt. & vi. 接近;靠近;走近

n. 接近;方法;途径
(1)approach sb. on/about sth. . . . be approaching approach to 关于某事与某人商量/交涉 ??快到的时候 接近, 近似, 约等于;(做某事 的)方法/途径 (2)at the approach of make approaches to sb. 在??快到的时候 与某人打交道

new _________ approach __ to teaching. ①I appreciate Mr Wang’s ____

我很欣赏王老师新的教学方法。
at ___ the _________ approach __ of noon. ②The snow melted away __ 快到中午时, 雪融化了。 ③The approach of winter brings cold weather. 冬天的来临带来了寒冷的空气。 ④The time for graduation is approaching. 毕业的日子即将来临。

【高考链接】
(2010· 上海高考)______ the city centre, we saw a stone statue of

about 10 metres in height.
A. Approaching C. To approach B. Approached D. To be approached

【解析】选A。句意:靠近城市中心时 , 我们看见一座大约 10 米高的雕像。逻辑主语 we 与 approach 之间是主动关系 , 且 approach与 saw 几乎同时发生 , 故选 A。由于 we与 approach之 间是主动关系, 故排除B、D两项, 而to approach表示目的, “为

了接近”, 与后句相矛盾, 故排除C项。

【想一想】 approach, way, method 和 means 都可表示“方
法”, 你能说出它们在使用时的区别吗? 【参考答案】 ①approach 指从事某事的特别方法、途径。除了意为“方法” 之外, 还有“接近”的意思。an approach to(介词)“??的方 法”。 ②way普通用词, 可指一般的方法, 有时也指个人的方法或方式,

也可指特殊的方法或方式。构成in the way, 意为“用这种方
法”和the way to do/the way of doing (to为不定式), 意为“做 某事的方法”。

③method指有系统、有条理地办事或解决问题的方法。构成

with a method, 意为“用一种方法”。
④means指为达到某种目的或目标而采用的方法、手段或途径, 意为“方式, 方法”。单复数同形, 构成by means of, 意为“通 过??的方法”。

4. likely adj. 可能的;预期的 adv. (probably)或许, 很可能

unlikely
be likely/unlikely to. . .

adj. 不大可能发生的
很可能/不可能??; 有/没有希望??

It is likely+that从句

很有可能??

①She is the most likely student to win the prize. 她是最有希望得奖的学生。 I’m likely to very busy tomorrow. ②___________be It is likely that will be very busy tomorrow. =_____________I 明天我可能很忙。 is _____ likely soon __ to ______ forget almost ③ (2012· 新课标全国卷 )He __ everything he learned. 他极有可能很快就忘掉他所学的几乎所有的东西。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 probable在三者中可能性最强, 主要强调有根有据、 合情合理的推测, 含有“很有可能, 十有八九”的 probable 意思。构成It is probable that. . . 结构。作表语时, 主语不能是人或动词不定式 likely是常用词, 指从表面上看很有可能。主语既可 以是人也可以是物。可以说sb. /sth. be likely to do 或It’s likely that. . . , 但是不可以说 It is likely for sb. to do 强调客观上有可能, 但含有实际上可能性很小的意 思。主语不可以是人, 只能用it作形式主语。构成It is possible for sb. to do sth. 或It is possible that. . .

likely

possible

possible that it will rain, but with such a blue sky it ④It is _______ probable doesn’t seem ________. likely to improve the ⑤Without honest analysis they are not _____ situation.

【助记】

不同大小的“可能”

【高考链接】

(2010·陕西高考)Studies show that people are more ______ to
suffer from back problems if they always sit before computer screens for long hours. A. likely C. probable B. possible D. sure

【解析】选A。likely作表语时, 主语既可以是人, 也可以是物 或it, 而possible, probable作表语时, 主语一般不能是人。所以

可排除B、C两项。sb. be sure to do sth. 某人一定会做某事,
在语气上太绝对, 不符合句意, 可排除。

5. in general 总的来说;通常

(1)generally
generally speaking (2)on the whole as a whole in a word in short to put it simply

adv. 一般地;通常地
通常来说;总的来说 总的来说 就整体来看 总之 简言之, 总之 简单地说

①In general/Generally speaking, people don’t like to be made

fun of.
通常来说, 人们都不喜欢被捉弄。 in _______ general look on her? ②How do people __ 人们一般对她怎么看? ③(2012· 全国卷Ⅱ)For example, in American culture the smile

in _______ general an expression of pleasure. is __
比如在美国文化中, 微笑通常是愉悦的表现。

【高考链接】

(2011· 江苏高考)We’d better discuss everything ______ before
we work out the plan. A. in detail C. on purpose B. in general D. on time

【解析】选A。考查介词短语辨析。句意:我们最好在制订计 划之前详细地讨论一切事情。in detail详细地;in general一般 来说, 大体上;on purpose故意地;on time按时。

6. at ease 舒适;快活;自由自在

with ease
put/set sb. at (one’s) ease feel/look at ease ease sb. ’s mind stand at ease

容易地, 不费劲地
使某人感到放松/轻松自在 感到/看上去心情放松 使某人安心 稍息

①His mind was at ease and he felt confident in the future.

他心情舒畅, 对前途很有信心。
with ____. ease ②They are expected to win the election ____ 预计他们在竞选中能够轻易获胜。 feel __ at ____ ease in the strange place. ③I don’t ____ 在陌生的地方我觉得很不自在。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选择短语填空 意思 at ease 使用场合

(feeling confident or relaxed)安 既可作表语, 逸地、安心地、自在地, 其反义 亦可作状语 短语为ill at ease (easily or without difficulty)轻 只能作状语 松地、容易地

with ease

ease as their son is out of ④The old couple are now quite at ______

danger.
with ease ⑤Every day their son’s team marched twenty miles ________.

7. lose face 丢脸 save (one’s) face face to face 挽回面子 面对面;直接交流

in face of

面对, 在??前面

①He said that he would never do it, because to do so would be to lose face. 他说他永远不会这样做, 因为这样做会很丢脸。 ②Even if they’ve often talked to each other on the telephone, they’ve never met each other face to face. 虽然他们经常在电话上谈话, 但从来没有见过面。

【拓展】补全下列lose构成的短语 heart lose _____ heart __ to lose one’s _____ temper lose one’s _______ weight lose ______

泄气;灰心
爱上;钟情于 发脾气 减肥 迷路 看不见

way lose one’s ____ sight of lose _____

8. turn one’s back to 背对 on one’s back put one’s back into 仰卧着;卧病在床 全力以赴

turn one’s back on sb.

拒绝帮助别人;对??掉头不顾,
轻视;背弃

①If we really put our back into the job, we can finish it today.
如果我们全力以赴, 今天就可以干完这项工作。 turn _____ your _____ back __ to him when you speak to someone. ②Don’t ____ 当与人交谈时, 不要背对着他。

【拓展】补全下列turn 构成的短语 up turn ___ down turn _____ in turn __ into turn ____ on turn ___ off turn ___ over turn. . . ____ 出现;开大 把(音量等)调低, 关小;拒绝(某人) 交出, 上交 变成

打开(电灯、电视等)
关掉 把??翻过来 向(某人)求助, 依赖(书等);翻到(书的某页)

to turn __

9. in most cases 在大多数情况下;在大多数场合下

in any case
in case of in that case

无论如何, 总之
以防 如果那样的话

in no case在任何情况下都不(置于句首时, 通常倒装) in case既可表示条件也可表示目的, 意思是“万一, 如果;以 防”, 引导条件状语从句和目的状语从句。

In _____ most _____, cases he would be on time for everything. ①__ 在大多数情况下, 他做什么事都很准时。 In ____ any ____, case you’ll have to be at the station by 8: 00 am. ②__ 无论如何, 你必须在早上8点前到达车站。 in ____ case it rains. ③Take an umbrella __ in ____ case __ of rain. =Take an umbrella __ 带把雨伞以防下雨。

④Tomorrow it may rain. In that case, we won’t go out for play.

明天可能下雨。如果那样的话, 我们就不出去玩了。
⑤In no case are you to leave your post. 无论如何你都不能擅离职守。

【高考链接】 (2011· 山 东 高 考 )He had his camera ready _____ he saw something that would make a good picture. A. even if C. in case B. if only D. so that

【解析】选C。考查连词辨析。句意:他准备好了相机, 以防

看见能拍成一张好照片的东西。所以选 in case以防 , 万一。
even if 即使;if only要是??就好了;so that结果??。

10. The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia,

closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain.
第一个到达的是从哥伦比亚来的托尼 · 加西亚 , 随后紧跟着的 是英国的朱莉娅· 史密斯。 to arrive是不定式作后置定语。当中心词是序数词或被序数词 或形容词最高级限定时, 常用不定式作后置定语。

①Liu Yang is the first woman in China to wander in space. 刘洋是中国第一位在太空遨游的女士。 to ______ travel _______ around ___ the ______ world in a ②He was the first person __ hot-air balloon.

他是第一个乘坐热气球环球旅行的人。
to ______ arrive pays the meal. ③—The last one __ —Agreed! ——最后一个到的请客。 ——同意!

【点津】作定语的不定式如果是不及物动词, 或者不定式所修

饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、工具, 不定式后面须加
相应的介词。例如: She is looking for a room to live in. 她在寻找一间房子住。

Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they

comfortable in the same way with touching or distance
between people. 各种文化背景下的人互致问候的方式不尽相同, 身体接触和相 互间距离的程度也不一样。

(1)这个句子是由一个中心词组not. . . nor. . . 连接起来的, 意
为“既不??也不??”。后半句采用了部分倒装形式。

(2)“Nor/Neither+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”, 表示“也
不”。当前面的句子用否定, 后面的句子表示“也不”时, 运 用此句型。 (3)表达“也是如此”还有以下几种常见句型: So+助动词+主语构成的倒装结构, 用于肯定句中。当前面的 句子的谓语动词有多个, 并且不一类, 或有的用肯定有的用否 定时, 多用“So it is with. . . 或It is the same with. . . ”结构。

nor ____ will _. I ①If she doesn’t go to the park, ____

如果她不去公园, 我也不去。
So ____ does ___ his _______. brother ②Tom likes sports and games. ___ 汤姆喜欢体育运动和游戏。他的弟弟也是如此。 ③Tom studies very hard and is never late for school. So it is with Dick. 汤姆学习非常努力, 上学从不迟到。迪克也是如此。

④—My brother doesn’t like watching TV but he enjoys

playing football.
——我哥哥不喜欢看电视, 但他喜欢踢足球。 —So it is with my brother. ——我哥哥也一样。

Ⅰ. 单句改错 1. Don’t look away at me when I’m speaking to you. at 改为from 2. I never feel completely with ease with him. 第一个with改为at

3. She’s very possible to ring me tonight.
possible改为 likely

4. Don’t hit him in his face.
his 改为the

5. A desert is a great plain which nothing will grow.
which前加in 6. Please listen close to the following instructions. close改为 closely 7. She was the first woman winning the gold medal in the Olympic Games. winning改为to win

8. At the press conference Yao Ming announced a personal

decision, ended his career as a basketball player.
ended 改为ending 9. You should represent your complaints on the management. on 改为to 10. At the meeting they discussed three different approaches of the study of mathematics. 第一个of改为 to

Ⅱ. 完成句子 to put her at ease 让她放松). 1. He handed her a cup of coffee _______________( is likely to be late 很可能晚点). 2. The train _______________(

really curious about 我真是很好奇 ) how she lost so 3. I’m _____________________(
much weight in such a short time.

it 靠近它). 4. The automatic door opens when we approach __________(
defend himself against 防备) the guard dog. 5. He has to ____________________(

in 6. About 30% of the candidates are offered positions __ general 总的说来). _______( losing 7. It’s very difficult to admit one is wrong without ______ face 丢脸). ____( can’t turn my back on 不能不管)him when he needs help. 8. I____________________(

nor does my sister 9. I don’t like playing computer games, ________________ Mary 我妹妹玛丽也是如此). _____(
Not all of the food 不是所有的食物)has been eaten. 10. ________________(

Ⅲ. 话题写作

先将下面几个句子翻译成英语, 然后连成一段小短文。
1. 肢体语言是与人交流的一种方法。

2. 并非所有的人都可以用同一种肢体语言进行交流。
3. 有着不同文化背景的人们对彼此的手势很有可能产生 误会。 4. 我们向某人点头时表示我们同意他的观点, 但在有些国 家点头表示的是反对;我们认为交谈时正视别人表示我们在 认真倾听, 但在有些地区却意味着敌视。

5. 即使在同一个国家的不同地区也会有不同的肢体语言。 6. 如果你身在国外, 了解当地的肢体语言是非常重要的。 _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

【参考范文】
Body language is a way of communication. However, not everybody can use the same body language to communicate with others. People from different cultures may misunderstand the gestures they use. For example, when we nod at somebody we mean we agree with his opinion. But in some countries nodding one’s head means disagreement. We will look at

somebody in the eye to show that we are listening to him
attentively, while in some districts, it means hostility.

People may have different body languages even if they live in the same country. Therefore it is very important for you to have a good understanding of the body language there if you are in a foreign country.


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