当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

高中英语词缀例词归纳课件


1. a非,不, 无,在, 强调

2. ab偏离,脱 出,离开

amoral, apolitical, abed, aboard alive abroad asleep ahead ashore afield aback aside away aloud awake await arise alike ashamed arouse a

bsent, abolish, absolve, abuse, abnormal absorb abrupt abstract

advance,advocate, adjust, adventure, abundant adapt addict admire 向…运动, 3. ad临近

4. aero- aero-medicine,aerospace, aeroplane
空气的,

5. ante- ante-room, antedate, antecedent anteport 在…前 6. anti- antiwar antitank antiforeign antiaging antipathy antigas antifat anitnoise 向…运动, antisocial antifreeze 临近 7. astro- astronaut, astronomy, astronomer, 星,天体 astrophysics, astrology 8. auto- autobiography, automatic, automobile, 自己的 autograph, autocriticism autoalarm autosuggestion auto-timer

9. be视作,介 词或连词 词缀

belittle, befriend, befool,behalf, because,behind, beside, below, before

10. bi-双 bicycle bilingual bilateral biplane bicolor biweekly bisexual bipolar bimonthly biform 11. bio- biology,biography biographer 生物,生 autobiography antibiotic 抗生素 biochemistry 命 12. by- by-product bypass bywork by-law, 副,次要 bystander, by-place byname by-effect


13. cent- centimeter, centigrade, century, percent


14. co-

一起,共 同,联合

centenary百周年centiped蜈蚣 co-produced, co-author, coexist, cooperate, coincidence

15. colcomconcor-与,

和,连同

colleague, collective, collocate搭配 combine command comfort commit community compose compound compromise communicate concentrate confirm confuse convey, conclude convince conscience connection congratulate conjoin contemporary correlate corrupt correspondence

16. contradict, contrary, contrast contra- contraclockwise 逆时针方向 counter controvert辩驳 counterattack 反对,相 counteract, counterbalance 反 countertrend反潮流 countercharge反 诉 counterevidence counterspy countercurrent逆流 counterrevolution 17. cross-cultural, cross-reference相互参 cross考, cross-border, cross-road 18. de- defend defeat definite defame defrost 除掉,去 delay describe, departure design 掉,降低 decolor destruction delight deliver 向下 demand decode deforest decontrol devalue decrease, devalue devote depend decline defog dewater desalt depress

dislike disagree disappear dishonest 不,非, disability disbelieve disadvantage 相反 disagreement disappointment disaster discount discomfort disorder disarm discourage discovery discrimination discussion disease dismiss disobey 20. em- emphasize employ empower embrace /en-使处 enable encamp encircle endanger 于,使成 encourage enlarge enrich enslave 为 enroll enable enclose 21. ex- express explain ex-wife ex-president 生物,生 expand export expose exhibit exceed 命 excite exchange exclude explore extend exit extract 抽取
19. dis-

22. extra-

extraordinary, extra-official,

23. fore- forefather forefinger foreword foresee 先于在前 foreground forehead forerun illeagal illiterate illogical impossible 24. il/im-/in- impolite improper immature immeasurable impatient imperfect /irimmoral impure imbalance impersonal 不,非, immaterial impartial 公正的 imbalance 无 incapable inconvenience incomplete independence incorrect indirect injustice informal insensible inhuman incomparable inaccessible inadequate infamous invaluable 无价的irregular irrelative irrational 不合理的 irremovable irrealizable irreligious irresistible irrelevant irresponsible

interact, interchange, intercity, intercontinental, interdependent, 在…之间, interfere, interject, interrupt, 相互 international, interconnect, intercommunicate, interrelate 26. kilo- kilo-gram, kilometer, kiloton
25. inter千

27. macroclimate, macroeconomics, macro- macrostructure
大的,宏 观的

28.
micro-小 的,微观 的

microsoft, microcomputer, microbiology, microfilm, microclimate

29. mini minicomputer, minibus, miniskirt
小的,短 的

30.mis- misspell mishear misread 坏,误, misremember mistreat misfortune misuse mislead misunderstand 不 mistake misuse mistranslate mistrust misbehave misapply miscalculate multicultural, multimedia, 31. muilti- multipurpose, multiparty, multiracial, multiform, multilateral

多的,许 多 32. non- non-stop non-smoker nondrinker noncooperate nonexistent non-violent 无,没有, nonsense non-professional 非

noncontinous nonwhite nonnatural nonmetal nonhuman nonmemeber nonverbal 非文字的

33. out- out-spread, ourweigh,outbreak,
超越,在 外面

outcome,outgoing,outdoor,output,outs tanding, 34. overboard overweigh overweight over-过 overbridge overcoat overcome 于,上面, overload overlook overnight overseas 外面, oversleep overthrow overuse overproduction overestimate overhear 35. per- perspective persuade, perfect, 完全,通 permanent, percentage persist
过,毁坏

36.

postwar,postgraduate,postpone, post-后, postscript,postliberation
以后

37. pre- prefix pre-reading prewar preposition
先于,在 前

prehistory preview prepay prejudge preschool, prechoose, 38. pro- progress prospect前景 project 拥护,支 problem produce program prolong 持,向前, promise promote propose protect 代理 39. re-完 retell, react, return, rearrange, rebuild, 全,通过, reconstruction, recover, recycle, 毁坏 reconsider, reuse remark remember remind remove remarry, restart, rebroadcast 40. self- self-control, selfeducated, self自身,自 government, self-respect, selfimage, 己 self-appointed

41. semi-automatic,semi-circle, semi-final, semi-半, semi-professional, semi-globe,
部分

semicentury 42. sub- subway substructure subtropical 在以下, subnormal substandard subsurface 少,低, sub-zero subconscious subsoil 次 submarine subtitle suburb subject submit屈服 subscribe 43.sur- surface surround surpass survive 在…之 survey surname surcharge 超载 上 44. supernatural supermarket superb super- superior superhuman, superman, 极,超级, superstar, supercomputer supervise
上方

45. tele- telephone, television, telescope, 远的 telegram, teleconference, telegraph telepathy telecommunication 46. transcontinental, transatlantic, transfer, trans-横 transform, tranparent, transnational, 穿,跨越, transplant, translate, transportation, 进入 transmit, transgenic 47. underneath under-developed under- underage underground undersea 在下面, underline underlie underwear 较小,不 undergraduate underfoot underpay 足 underworld underweight, undertake, underestimate, undercharge

48. un- unknown unless unlike unmarried 不,非, unpleasant unrest unsafe 反 unsuccessful until untrue unusual unexpected unnecessary unforgettable unbelievable undivided undo unemployment unfair unfit unfold unfortunately unhappy unhealthy unfair unreal unclear uncomfortable unfriendly unequal unwelcome unchangeable unfinished unconscious undefined unmanned untidy unconditional unofficial unlock uncover unpack 49. up- upland upper, upgrade uphill upward 更高,向 uplift uprise uproot upset update 上 upstairs

50. vice-president, vice-chairman, vicevice-副, premier vice-principal
代理

1. -able -ible 可能的,值 得的

allowable arable可耕的 available comfortable considerable countable curable eatable edible fashionable horrible imaginable loveable miserable reliable respectable sustainable suitable unbelievable unforgettable valuable favorable unable acceptable impossible invisible responsible visible accessible incredible sensible 2. -ability capability ability disability possibility responsibility sensibility -ibility flexibility accessibility 能力可能性

3.-al属于… 的,…的过 程、状态 行为,人, 物

chemical refusal proposal removal arrival trial approval survival appraisal revival criminal rival arrival mineral hospital signal manual natural neutral normal occasional official original personal physical political potential practical principal professional provincial racial regional signal social special spiritual subtropical technical total unconditional universal visual

3.-al…的, accidental actual agricultural annual 属于…的 artificial beneficial central chemical classical digital coastal commercial confidential continental critical cultural economical educational electrical emotional environmental equal facial fatal financial formal general global gradual grammatical historical imaginal identical individual industrial internal local logical loyal mechanical medical mental moral musical mutual national official

4. -age advantage baggage bandage carriage cabbage cottage courage 过程,状态, 费用,场所 damage language marriage luggage message package passage percentage postage waterage expressage porterage shortage storage usage village voyage orphanage 5. –an/-ian historian European American Canadian African German magician 专长…的人, 专家,…的 musician physician comedian vegetarian politician suburban urban

6.-ance/ence行为 状况,过 程

accordance advance ambulance allowance appearance assistance balance circumstance distance entrance expectance finance insurance importance performance resistance instance guidance significance substance abundence conference independence patience intelligence preference reference violence confidence coincidence conscience consequence difference evidence diligence experience existence fence influence 7.-ancy/- accuracy privacy agency currency cy/-ency具 emergency expectancy policy 有…的状 efficiency proficiency tendency frequency persistency insistency 态,过程, 行为 urgency

8. –ant/-ent inhabitant immigrant descendant …的人,事 后裔servant merchant assistant president agent resident student 物 opponent patient correspondent patent content accent incident accident existent dependent insistent confident persistent different emergent excellent 9.-ar/-iar… familiar irregular lunar peculiar 的,有…特 similar solar particular polar 征的;人, popular scholar liar beggar burglar 物 夜盗 calendar grammar collar

10. –ary/-ery/ anniversary boundary contrary -ory从事… contemporary diary dictionary 的人, 行为,extraordinary imaginary library 状态,场所; necessary ordinary primary 与…相关的 revolutionary vocabulary voluntary secretary summary temporary discovery brewery酿造厂 battery nursery piggery rosery grocery robbery bravery slavery victory dormitory factory laboratory observatory

accommodate accumulate 11. –ate 造 成,做, advocate associate congratulate 有…性质, appreciate calculate celebrate concentrate cooperate evaluate 具有…的人, graduate fascinate translate create educate communicate generate hibernate irrigate regulate relate stimulate negotiate operate indicate fortunate considerate private docterate博士头衔 pirate candidate delegate 12.-dom kingdom freedom wisdom …的状态, chiefdom officialdom filmdom stardom sportsdom 职位,领域, newspaperdom 集体

13.-ee被动 者,成为… 的人 14. –eer与 相关的人 15. -en 使成 为由…制成

employee refugee trainee committee examinee interviewee electee testee trustee rejectee engineer volunteer pioneer mountaineer profiteer shorten darken harden fatten strengthen lengthen moisten deepen broaden sharpen sweeten richen thicken quicken soften widen wooden leaden woolen golden silken wheaten earthen waxen citizen kitten chicken

16.-ess 女…

actress empress lioness waitress princess hostess stewardess goddess poetess mayoress manageress citizeness 17.-ful富有 handful cupful spoonful mouthful houseful dishful armful bagful 的,充满的, 满满的 useful shameful fruitful fearful hopeful forgetful dreamful peaceful skillful powerful doubtful sorrowful careful changeful cheerful beautiful colourful delightful faithful graceful grateful harmful helpful meaningful successful wonderful 18. –fy…化, simplify citify beautify uglify 时成为 solidify intensify satisfy classify electrify purify identify qualify personify

19. –hood… childhood boyhood girlhood 时期,情况 brotherhood sisterhood manhood 状态性质 motherhood fatherhood neighborhood 20.-ing aging blessing calling ceiling 行为,状态 thanksgiving suffering fighting 行业,材料 lightning packaging warning farming schooling swimming 介词 feeling shooting weightlifting wrestling earning gardening greeting hearing housing meaning painting printing sailing shopping shortcoming smoking spelling stocking wedding writing bedding 床上用品clothing sightseeing building during including regarding considering concerning

21.-ish 如…似…致 使

childish bookish girlish foolish womanish piggish boyish English Swedish Spanish Finnish Polish Turkish Irish Danish accomplish astonish abolish finish furnish供给 publish punish establish nourish滋 养 vanish消逝 22.-ism主 realism materialism idealism 义,…的行 pessimism optimism capitalism 为 adventurism opportunism racism communism heroism Marxism terrorism socialism buddhism tourism criticism 23. –ist…主 communist materialist socialist 义者,…家 naturalist nationalist extremist artist scientist chemist typist novelist violinist physicist dentist cyclist receptionist tourist specialist biologist journalist

24. –ity/activity authority beauty capacity equality reality community creativity ty…的性质, cruelty curiosity density difficulty 状态 dignity diversity equality electricity familarity facility gravity honesty humanity majority minority nationality opportunity personality poverty property prosperity purity quality quantity reality regularity relativity similarity safety liberty society variety

25.-ive有… 性质,属 于…

26.-ize/-ise 使…化

attractive educative expensive protective productive positive negative representative native talkative defensive purposive impressive constructive decisive competitive creative relative depressive detective representative native progressive motive sensitive subjunctive perspective alternative organize realise specialize apologize modernize civilize computerize commercialize popularize industralize symbolize Americanize privatize centralize normalize theorize summarize

27.-less 无…的, 不…

homeless useless colourless hopeless sleepless tireless regardless rootless waterless careless endless harmless jobless priceless selfless valueless meaningless 28.-like有… dreamlike manlike steellike 特征,像… womanlike childlike fatherlike motherlike doglike ladylike warlike 29. –logy… biology bacteriology细菌学 学…法,… zoology oceanology climatology volcanology archaeology ecology 研究 anthropology人类学 geology psychology technology theology神 学

30.-ment achievement advertisement …的行为,amusement argument agreement 结果,过 announcement apartment appointment astonishment 程 department development disagreement disappointment employment encouragement endangerment environment equipment establishment excitement experiment government fulfilment improvement instrument judg(e)ment management monument movement punishment requirement settlement unemployment statement supplement treatment

31.-ness …的状态, 性质,过 程

32.-or…的 人,物

business carelessness darkness eagerness dryness blindness fairness goodness happiness illness kindness sadness silliness softness tiredness weakness willingness actor author constructor detector editor elector error educator flavor inspector inventor governor horror mayor sailor successor supervisor translator tutor conductor tractor mirror detector探测器

33.-ous有… adventurous anxious curious continuous courageous dangerous 性质,有…, delicious famous envious generous 多… glorious humorous mountainous nervous obvious nutritious poisonous precious previous prosperous ridiculous religious serious unconscious various vigorous 精力充沛的 34.-proof airproof dustproof bombproof 防…的,不 coldproof fireproof gasproof lightproof smokeproof soundproof 透的 rainproof waterproof

35.-ship情 citizenship friendship hardship 况,状态, leadership memebership ownership professorship 关系,身份, 技艺 doctorship kingship 王位 studentship horsemanship relationship penmanship书法艺术 seamanship scholarship workmanship 36.-sion … profession possession transfusion 的行为,状 decision division inclusion 态,动作 conclusion expansion expression discussion comprehension depression impression

37. tion/ation/-ition …的行为, 状态,动作

Addition application attention attraction celebration circulation communication companion connection constitution construction creation decoration definition demonstration emotion evolution explanation exploration foundation civilization condition conservation destruction delegation exhibition expedition function generation graduation inspiration interpretation motion invitation irrigation investigation

37. tion/ation/-ition …的行为, 状态,动作

location nutrition observation opinion organisation perception perspiration pollution position prediction production protection radiation recognition reconstruction relation revolution section segregation 隔离 separation situation solution suggestion tradition transportation vacation vocation passion fashion

38.-th行为, death growth health wealth youth 性质,状态 depth warmth width length strength truth fourth fifth 39.-ture…的 adventure agriculture architecture structure creature culture 行动,过程, departure feature figure furniture 结果 future gesture lecture literature mixture picture signature temperature venture enclosure exposure treasure measure pleasure leisure pressure failure procedure


相关文章:
英语常见词缀总结
搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...英语常见词缀总结_英语_高中教育_教育专区。英语常见...例词有 disappear 消失、disarm 解除武装、disconnect...
高中英语常用词根词缀
搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高中英语常用词根词缀_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中...词 magn 很大 minu 手 mar 海,水 medi 中间 mem...
高中英语必备词根词缀总结
搜试试 3 悬赏文档 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高中英语必备词根词缀总结_高三英语_英语_高中教育_...modernize 现代化 finalize 使...了结 形容词后缀 ...
高中英语词缀练习
搜试试 3 悬赏文档 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 广告 百度文库 教育专区 ...高中英语常见词缀复习 暂无评价 3页 1下载券 高中英语词缀例词归纳课... 39...
高中常见英语单词词缀及含义
搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 英语...常见的英语单词词缀总结 7页 1下载券 高考 高中英语单词词根词... 92页 2...
高中英语词汇记忆之词汇3500词根词缀
搜试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高中英语词汇记忆之词汇3500词根词缀_英语_高中教育_...[act = do ;-ive 构词词, ()();-(i)ty ...
高中英语词根词缀表doc
搜 试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 ...高考 高中英语单词词根词... 92页 2下载券 高中英语常用词缀词根 2页 2下载...
高中常用词根和词缀
搜试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高中常用词根和词缀_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育...形容词后缀 1)由名词派生形容词的后缀 -ed 表示“...
英语单词各种词缀一览表
搜试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...organize 词缀 含义 例词 2)-en, 表 -er cooker...英语单词常见词缀总结 8页 免费 常见的英语单词词缀...
常见英语词缀
搜试试 3 悬赏文档 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...的;可以……的(abletobe; capable)例词:changeable...英语常见词缀归纳 5页 1下载券 英语中最常用词缀 ...
更多相关标签: