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Revision 11 M7U4


Revision 11 Module 7

3. Another cause of accident is that bicycles are not kept in good condition.

知识点罗列: Useful phrases:

Unit 4

Public Transport

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Grammar and Usage:
过去分词和现在分词 1) 3) 4) 5)

1. drop off 让…下车 (数量)减低,逐渐消失 2. choke off 阻;阻止 3. line up 连接;会合 4. function…as 用作 5. accelerate the pace of 加快…的步伐 6. go sightseeing 去观光 7. permit /allow sb. to do 允许某人做某事 8. at a discount 打折 9. rely on 依赖,依靠 10. end with 以…结束 11. in the hope of / in hops of 怀着…的希望; with the purpose of 带着…目的; for the purpose of 为了…目的 with the intention of doing 1) She went there in ______ of finding a good job. 2) She went there in ______ _______ of finding a good job. 3) She went there, _________ to find a good job. 4) She went there in the hope _______ she could find a good job. 12. take notice of 注意到= take note of take notes of 做笔记 take no notice of 不注意;不理踩 = ignore; pass by 13. make better use of = make the best of = make the most of 更好地利用 make use of 利用 == take advantage of 14. make up for 补尝;弥补 (recover sth. recover from) 15. news flash 简明新闻 16. wash away 冲掉(走) 17. under repair 在修理中 ~ discussion 在讨论中 ~ examination 在考试中 ~ review 在复习中 ~ study 在研究中 ~ consideration 在考虑中 ~ construction 在兴建中 ~ investigation 在调查中 ~ control 在控制中 18. by ferry 渡船 by boat / by ship / by sea / by bike (plane; train; car; bus) 19. in addition to 除…之外 = apart from ; other than; except (for) 20. arise from 由……引起 = result from; as a result of 21. be aimed at 目的是 be meant to do aim at sth.瞄准 aim at doing sth.目的是/力争达到 aim to be 立志成为 22. traffic jam 交通堵塞;塞车 23. a couple of 两个;两三个 24. May day 五一 25. cause damage to 使……受到损害 26. accelerate the pack of 加快 27. in use 使用中 28. be powered by 由…提供能量. 29. the increased number of 急速增加的…数量 30. lead to 导致 31. it is decided that 决定 32. beneath the surface 在地面下. 33. pull through 摆脱,度过难关. 34. under the authority of 在…的管理下. 35. In honor of 为记念…. 36. why not….? 为何不…. 37. travel cards 乘车卡. 38. bomb shelters 防空避难所

知识点归纳:

作形容词用 2)作副词用 表示被动的和已完成的意义 分词作状语其逻辑主语是句中的主语 分词的否定形式

Important sentences:

1. They have done so in the hope that people will take notice of the problems caused by poisonous smoke and gas from cars. 2. This notice is aimed at increasing people’s awareness of the problem because it has become quite extreme.
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1) permit sb. to do permit doing (allow; forbid) permit n. 执照 2) undertake undertake a project 承担项目 undertake to do sth.同意某人做某事 Undertake that-clause 保证做某事 3) distinction n.区别, 差别, 声望 have the distinction(=reputation) of doing sth.享有做某事的荣誉(盛名) gain / win / obtain / attain distinction(=fame)出名 = become famous without distinction (= difference)没有区别 make a distinction between A and B = make a difference between A and B 区别 A 和 B = distinguish A from B (between A and B) 4. arise vt. 出现,发生,升起 arose arisen How did this quarrel arise?这场争吵是怎么发生的? rise 升起; 上升, 上涨, 增长 The sun rises in the east. The river has risen.河水上涨了. Prices have risen.物价上涨了. raise vt. 举起,养育,饲养,提高,节蓄 ~ one’s hand ~ a family ~ cattle ~ price ~ one’s voice ~ a question ~ money arouse 唤起, 激发, 引起 ~ sb. from sleep 唤醒某人 ~ attention 引起注意 5. risk 冒…的危险, 冒风险, 冒着…的危险 take /run a risk 冒风险 at risk 有风险 at the risk of doing 冒着…危险 risk doing sth.冒着做某事的危险 risk one’s life 冒着生命危险 6. It is up to sb. to do sth.由某人负责做某事 It is up to him to get us together. He has been up for an hour. What is he up to? He is up to the horrible snake. Exercises: 1. Mary wanted to travel around the world all by herself, but her parents didn’t ____ her to do so. A. forbid B. allow C. follow D. ask 2. The students were not ____ to leave the classroom without an adequate reason. A. permitted B. admitted C. hoped D. allow 3. The thirty-storey building is one of the most challenging projects they have ever ____. A. undergone B. overtaken C. understood D. undertaken 4. Most of the projects ____ by the young engineer on his own. A. are undertaking B. are undertaken C. undertaking D. undertakes 5. There are the highest ____ that have ever been given by the government A. distinction B. acquisition C. expansion D. connection 6. Many difficulties have ____ as a result of change over a new type of fuel. A. risen B. arisen C. raised D. aroused 7. A completely new situation will ____ when examination system comes into existence. A. arise B. rise C. raise D. arouse

8. He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk ___ the good opportunity. A. to lose B. losing C. to be lost D. being lost 9. Marie Curie took little notice ___ the honors that were given to her in her later years. A. of B. on C. about D. from 10. The temple is not open to visitors as part of it is ____. A. in repair B. repairing C. on repairing D. under repair 11. He aimed ____ a good teacher. A. at becoming B. for becoming C. in becoming D. be coming 12. ____ improving your knowledge, reading can make you wise. A. In addition to B. As C. Because D. Although 13. The sofa in my room is so big that it can ____ as a bed. A. regard B. consider C. function D. use 14. With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth ____ each year. A. is washing away B. is being washed away C. are washing away D. are being washed away 15. I’m writing to you ____ you will support me in the project. A. in the hope to B. in order to C. in the hope that D. so as to 16. According to the recent research, heavy coffee drinking and heart attack is necessarily ____ and effect. A. reason B. impact C. fact D. cause 17. ---Shall we go to the art exhibition right away? ---____. A. It’s your opinion B. I don’t mind C. It’s all up to you D. That’s your decision 18. There have been several new events ____ to the program for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. A. add B. to add C. adding D. added 19. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always ____ the same thing. A. saying B. said C. to say D. having said 20. _____ and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize. A. Surprising B. Surprised C. Being surprised D. To be surprising 完成句子: 1. Last night, the accident________________ (损坏得非常厉害) to that expensive car. 2. During the war, when London was bombed, many underground stations________(充当了防空 避难所) 3. I bought a________ (打折票) and rode the underground three times, which made me happy. 4. The storms _____(冲走) soil along the road and part of the road is still_____(修理中) 5. The number of road accidents and the deaths_______ (由…引发的)those accidents has increased greatly over the past year. 6. The union of the different lines makes traveling________(极其不方便) 7. I will show you________ (像册) I took in London when I come back.. 8. Could you buy me _________(单程票), my sister wants to go to Nan Jin. 9. He sat beside the window, watching ________(落叶) floating in the air. 10. _____(发展了多年后), the underground system is now able to transport millions of people effectively. 词汇用法练习 1. She went to the bookstore and bought _____. A. dozen books B. dozens books C. dozen of books D. dozens of books 2. After the trainer was sure that the whale could look after itself, he ____ it into the sea. A. transported B. unloaded C. released D. handed 3. This new model of car is so expensive that it is _____ the reach of those with average incomes. A. over B. within C. beyond D. below 4. ---Can he take charge of the computer company? ---I’m afraid it’s ____ his ability.
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A. beyond B. within C. of D. to 5. They entered the area without ______. A. permit B. permitting C. permits D. permission 6. We will go skating this afternoon, weather ____. A. permit B. permitting C. permits D. permission 7. Would you please _____ me to offer you some advice. A. permit B. permitting C. permits D. permission 8. I have been doing some _____ research. A. history B. historic C. historical D. historian 9. Today is a ______ occasion for our country. A. history B. historic C. historical D. historian 10. The girl ______ becoming an actress. A. is aim B. is aiming at C. aims at D. is aimed at 11. According to the recent research, heavy offer during and heart attack is not necessarily ____ and effect. A. reason B. impact C. fact D. cause 12. The bridge has been built to support very heavy ____. A. goods B. loads C. challenge D. weight 13. Without new concept, our school leaders prefer _____ teachers and students with heavy burden to add to their fame and profits A. load B. to load C. loading D. being loaded 14. It is difficult _____ exact distinctions between all the meanings of a word. A. to drawing B. to making C. make D. drew 15. The new ____ of the country were fixed after the war. A. egde B. border C. boundaries D. sides 16. You can _____ goods from one place to another by train, or by lorry, ship and areroplane. A. carry B. transportation C. ship D. transport 17. It snows all the year round in that _____ little village. A. far away B. faraway C. distant D. distance 18. The sewage pipes were _____ up with rubbish. A. choked B. choking C. to choke D. blocked 完成句子: 1. 两家机构为了帮助贫穷儿童联合举办了一场慈善活动。 ) The two organizations ______ _____ to hold a charity event for the poor children. 2. 这些新的挖掘方法加快了伦敦地铁的发展步伐。 (accelerate the pace of) These new ways of digging __________ _____ ______ ______the London underground’s development. 3. 一般说来,人们喜欢买各种各样的减价商品。 (discount) _________ _____ , people like to buy all kinds of things _____ ____ ________. 4. 因缺乏交流而引发的家庭问题越来越多。 (arise from) There are more and more family problems ______ ____ _____ _____ ____communication. 5. 由于不知道坐哪路车,她向我们求助。 (not knowing) Not knowing which bus to take, she ______ ____ _____ _____ ______.

M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help
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M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help M7 U4 参考答案 1—5 BADBA 6—10 BABAD 11—15 AACDC 16—20 DCDAB 1.did a lot of damage 2.functioned as bomb shelters 3. ticket at a discount 4. washed away ; under repair 5.arising from 6.much more inconvenient 7. photo album 8. one-way ticket 9. falling leaves 10. Having been developed for any years, 1—10 DCCAD BACBC 11—20 DBCBC DCA 1. linked up 2. accelerated the pace of 3. Generally speaking; at a discount 4. arising from the lack of 5. turns to us for help


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