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宾语补足语讲解与练习+主谓一致高考真题


M3 U3 Grammar

Name:

Class:

2014.5

Miss Liao

宾语补足语讲解与练习
1. 宾语补足语是补充宾语的成分,通常置于宾语之后。结构:V+O+OC/ with+O+OC 2. 可以用作宾补的有名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、动词不

定式、现在分词和过去分词。 3. 能带宾补的动词一定是及物动词。 4. 主动语态句子中的宾语在被动语态句子中是主语,相应的宾补就成为主补。 ① 由“宾语+名词”构成的复合宾语只用在某些及物动词后面,常见的有 make, call, elect, choose, name, consider 等。 e.g. She named ______ _________ _________. 她给她女儿取名为爱丽斯。 They choose Mr Brown __________. 他们选布郎先生当经理。 注意:名词(如:manager,chairman, president, king, director, monitor, captain, professor 等)若表示正 式的或独一无二的头衔,职位,前不用冠词。 T or F ? They have made me a chairman. ( ) They have made me chairman. ( ) ② 由“宾语+形容词”常见在如下动词后:make, keep, leave, find, believe, think, consider, prove, paint 等。 e.g. You should keep your room _________ _________ __________. 你应该保持你房间干净整洁。 They painted _________ __________ ___________. 他们把房子漆成粉色。 ③ 固定句型:及物动词+it+形容词或名词(作宾补)+真正的宾语(不定式,v.-ing 形式或从句) You find ______ a great pleasure talking to her. 你会发现和她谈话很愉快。 I felt ______ ________ __________ to report to the police. 我觉得向警察报告这件事是我的义务。 注意: 能在复合宾语中先用形式宾语 it,然后再用真正宾语的动词常见的有: think, feel, find, make, consider 等。 ④ 宾语接不带 to 的不定式作宾补,常有五类动词: 一感:feel 、 二听:hear, listen to 、 三让:make, let, have 五看:see, look at, observe, watch,notice 半帮助:help (后面的不定式 to 可带可不带) 。 而在使役动词 get 后的宾补是不 定式时,必须加 to。 e.g. Nobody noticed him __________ the room. 没有人注意到他进了房间。 I couldn’t get the car ___________. 我无法使汽车发动。 She often helps her mother________________ housework. 她经常帮助她妈妈做家务。 拓展: 这些词后所接的宾补可以是现在分词形式 (表动作正在进行),也可以是不带 to 的不定式(表 示动作已经发生,指事情的全部过程已经结束)。 e.g. Did you hear anyone _______________________? 你听见有人唱过这首歌吗? I hear someone ___________________________________. 我听见有人在隔壁唱歌。 但变为被动语态时,不定式要带 to I saw him cross/crossing the road. 我看到他穿/正穿过马路。 => He was seen __________________________ the road. ⑤ 过去分词作宾补的动词有以下的动词 have, make, get, keep, leave,find 等。 e.g. (1) I heard ____________________________ in English. 我听到有人用英语唱过这首歌。 (2) He found _______________________________________. 他发现他的家乡变化很大。 (3)He got _____________________________________ yesterday. 他昨天把牙拔了。 (4)He left this matter ______________. 他留下此事未解决。 过去分词作宾补表示的意义: 1. 过去分词作宾补表示被动关系,其动作先于谓语动作。如例句(1),过去分词 sung 的动作显
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M3 U3 Grammar

Name:

Class:

2014.5

Miss Liao

然先于谓语动作 heard;例句(2),过去分词 changed 的动作显然先于谓语动作 found。 2.过去分词作宾补时,过去分词所表示的动作一定和宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系。如例句(3),动 宾关系是 pull out his tooth;例句(4),动宾关系是 settle this matter。 ⑥ v + sb. + to do sth. 结构中的动词, 所接的宾补是不定式。 常用此结构的动词有: advise, allow, ask, cause, expect, force, get, help, invite, order, persuade, remind, request, require, teach, tell, want, warn, wish,等 造句:_______________________________________________________________________________ 固学案 I.用所给动词的恰当形式填空: 1. I can’t sleep well with the noise __________ (go) on. 2. His failing the exam got his parents ____________ (worry). 3. I have had my bike ________, and I’m going to have my brother ________ my radio tomorrow. (repair) 4. Don’t leave the water __________ (run) while you brush your teeth. 5. Homework is left ___________ (undo) . 6. She was found _________ (lie) at the corner, dead. 7. He raised his voice to make himself ___________ (hear). 8. He shouldn’t be made __________ (learn). He always works hard. 9. A: I often hear this song ___________ (sing), but I have never heard him ___________ (sing) it. B: Listen! I can hear him __________ (sing) it now. 10. When I came in, I found many parents _________ (seat). 11. With a lot of problems ____________ (settle), he will have a hard time. 12. With a lot of problems __________ (settle), he now feels relaxed. 13. With his fans ____________ (surround) him, he felt excited. 14. When he woke up ,he found himself ____________(surround) by a group of doctors and nurses. II.单项填空 ( )1. He slipped into the room, without himself ____. A. seen B. being seen C. seeing D. to see ( )2. He found the street much ____. A. crowd B. crowding C. crowded D. crowdly ( )3.I think ___ necessary to learn English well. A. its B. it C. that D. that is ( )4. Paul doesn’t have to be made ___. He always works hard. A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning ( )5. You can’t have the horse _____ all the way. It’s too hot. A. run B. to run C. running D. to be running ( )6. When I came back, I found the house _____ and everything _____. A. was broken; took away B. broken into; taken away C. had been broken; taken D. break into; take away ( )7. I heard that you were elected _____this time. A. monitor B. the monitor C. a monitor D. my monitor ( )8. For a time his grandmother found _____ accept his new idea. A. hard B. it hard C. it hard to D. it is hard to ( )9. When I came back, I found nobody ___. It was empty. A. on B. out C. in D. away ( )10. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself ______. A. hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard ( )11. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ___. A.not to B. not to do C. not do D. do not to ( )12.Tell him _____ the window. A.to shut not B. not to shut C. to not shut D. not shut ( )13. ----There’s a hole in your bag. ---- I know, I’m going to have it _____. A.mend B. mending C. mended D. to be mended ( )14. Though he had often made his little sister _____, today he was made _____ by his little sister. A. cry; to cry B. crying; crying C. cry; cry D. to cry; cry ( )15. I advised ______ at once.
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M3 U3 Grammar

Name:

Class:

2014.5

Miss Liao

A. him to starting B. him to start C. to starting D. to start ( )16. When I put my hand on his chest, I could feel his heart still _____. A. beat B. to be beating C. beating D. was beating ( )17. Why do you have the water ______ all the time? A. ran B. to be running C. running D. being running ( )18. I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise____. A. going on B. goes on C. went on D. to go on ( )19. With a lot of difficult problems_____, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled ( )20. With trees, flowers and grass_____ everywhere, my native town took on a new look. A. planting B. planted C. to plant D .to be planted ( )21. I can make you _____what I say, but you can’t make yourself ____ in English. A. understand; understand B .understand, understood C to understand, understand D. understand; to be understood ( )22. I have had my bike , and I’m going to have somebody my radio tomorrow. A. repair; to repair B. repairing; to be repaired C. repaired; repair D. to repair; repairing ( )23. ---Have you had anyone ______ your newly-bought flat? ---Not yet. I am going to get John _______ a design for it first. A. to decorate; make B. to decorate; to make C. decorate; make D. decorate; to make ( )24. I have often heard the ABC Song , but I have never heard Alice it. A. to be sung; to sing B. being sung; sang C. sung; sing D. sang; singing ( )25.With the teacher ______us, we have no difficulty finishing the homework. A. help B. helping C. helped D. to help ( )26. He looked around and caught a man ___ his hand into the pocket of a passenger just now. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting ( )27 I found the door _____ when I got home. A. opened B. close C. unlocking D. open ( )28. I was disappointed to find his suggestions __ . A. been turned down B. turned down C. to be turned down D. to turn down ( )29. The teacher encouraged us ______ good compositions. A. writing B. written C. to write D. is writing ( )30. The teacher asked us _____ so much noise. (北京 2003) A. don’t make B. not make C. not making D. not to make ( )31. ________the room, the nurse found the tape recorder___________. A. Entering; stealing B. Entering; gone C. To have entered; being stolen D. Having entered; to be stolen ( )32. ---“Did you have any difficulty in today’s homework?”---“No, in fact I thought____.” A. it very easy to do B. it very easy done C. very easy for doing D. very easy to do it ( )33. With a lot of homework________, I can’t go to the cinema with you tonight. A. to do B done C. doing D. being done ( )34. With the homework______, I went back home. A. to finish B. finishing C. finished D. being finished

主谓一致高考真题
1.(2013 福建).The famous musician, as well as his students, ____ to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo. A. were invited B. was invited C. have been invited D. has been invited 2.(2013 湖南). The university estimates that living expenses for international students ________ around $8,450 a year, which ________ a burden for some of them. A. are;is B. are;are C. is;are D. is;is 3.(2013 江苏) Generally , students’ inner motivation with high expectation from others_______essential to their development. A. is B. are C. was D. were 4. 【2012 安徽】 Walmart, which is one of the largest American supermarket chains, ___________ some of
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M3 U3 Grammar

Name:

Class:

2014.5

Miss Liao

its store open 24 hours on Mondays through Saturdays. A. keeps B. keep C. have kept D. had kept 5.【2012 陕西】The basketball coach, as well as his team, ______ interviewed shortly after the match for their outstanding performance. A. were B. was C. is D. are 6.【2012 湖南】All the scientific evidence ____ that increasing use of chemicals in farming _____ damaging our health. A. show; are B. shows; are C. show; is D. shows; is 7.【11 安徽卷)The factory used 65 percent of the raw materials, the rest of which _____ saved for other purposes. A. is B. are C. was D. were 8. 【11 湖南卷)】 One third of the country ______covered with trees and the majority of the citizens_______ black people. A. is; are B. is; is C. are; are D. are; is 9.〖10 全国〗 Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women who _______ evening dress. A.wear B.wears C.has worn D.have worn 10.〖10 湖南〗Listening to loud music at rock concerts ________caused hearing loss in some teenagers. A. is B. are C. has D. have 11. 〖 10 四川〗 Such poets as Shakespeare ________widely read, of whose works, however, some difficult to understand. A. are;are B. is;is C. are;is D. is:are 12.〖09 山东〗The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities _______ rising steadily since1990. A. is B. are C. has been D. have been 13. 〖09 四川〗 The teacher together with the students _______ discussing Reading Skills that ______ newly published in America. A. are; were B. is; were C. are; was D. is; was 14.〖09 湖南〗Either you or one of your students ______ to attend the meeting that is due tomorrow. A. are B. is C. have D. be 15..〖09 陕西〗Dr. Smith, together with his wife and daughters, ______visit Beijing this summer. A. is going to B. are going to C. was going to D. were going to 16. 〖08 陕西〗 —Did you go to the show last night? —Yeah. Every boy and girl in the area______invited. A. were B. have been C. has been D. was 17. 〖 07 江西〗 A survey of the opinions of experts_______that three hours of outdoor exercise a week_____ A. show; are B. sho C .show; is D. shows; are 18. 〖07 湖南〗 We live day by day, but in the great things, the time of days and weeks________so small that a day is unimportant. A. is B. are C. has been D. have been 19.〖07 陕西〗As a result of the serious flood, two-thirds of the buildings in the area . A.need repairing C.needs repairing D.need to repair 20. 〖 07 上 海 〗 A survey of the opinions of experts____that three hours of outdoor exercise a week ____good for one’s health. A. show; are B. shows; is C. show; is D. shows; are 21. 〖07 江西〗 Professor James will give us a lecture on the Western culture, but when and where ____ yet. A. hasn’t been decided B. haven’t decided C. isn’t being decided D. aren’t decided 22.〖06 浙江〗The company had about 20 notebook computers but only one-third ______used regularly.Now we have 60 working all day long. A.is B.are C.was D.were 23.〖06 安徽〗Most of what has been said about the Smiths_______also true of the Johnsons. A. are B. C. being D. to be 24.〖06 江苏〗A poet and artist_______coming to speak to us about Chinese literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. B.are C.was D.were 25.〖06 辽宁〗The father as well as his three children ____ skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going 26.〖05 辽宁〗Nowadays, a large number of women, especially those from the countryside, ____ in the clothing industry. A. is working B. works C. work D. worked 27.〖05 上海〗Professor Smith, along with his assistants,______ on the project day and night to meet the deadline. A. work B. working C .is working D. are working 28.〖05 山东〗With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth_______each year. A. is washing away B C. are washing away D. are being washed away

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