Grammar 1 – Part 1
Recall the sentences from Reading and Vocabulary and then fill in the blanks.
_____ When it was performed in America, there was an audience of 100,0
00 people. When he was very young, Mozart had a lot of ____ musical talent. While he was still a teenager, he was a big star. _____ ______ he grew older, he began to go deaf. As
Answers to Part 1: A. 1 B. 2 and 3 C. 4
Grammar 1 – Part 2
First do Part 2 on your own, then check the answer with your partner. Answers to Part 2:
1. 2. 3. 4.
b d c a
Grammar 1 – Part 3
Work in four. Make sentences similar to those in Part 2, using when, by the time, while, as. Possible answers: ?While he was a child, he lived in the countryside. ?When he was young, he lived with his grandmother. ?When he lived in Hunan Province, he collected folk songs and music. ?While he lived in Hunan Province, he planted rice. ?When he attended Central Conservatory of Music, he heard western music for the first time.
(补充) About adverbial clause of time
引导Adverbial Clauses of Time的词语 when, while, as, before, after, since, until, as soon as, every time, each time, the moment, by the time , immediately , the minute , the second….
试比较： When it was performed in America, there was an audience of 100,000 people. 动作同时发生 When I receive the letter, I’ll tell you. 从句的动作在主句之前发生 分析：when引导的从句表示主句的动作和从句的动 作同时发生，或从句的动作在主句之前发生。
观察： While they were doing homework, someone broke into the house. While he was still a teenager, he was a big star. 分析：while引导的从句表示“在……过程中”，强 调某一段时间内主句和从句的动作在同一时期发生。
Rewrite the sentences:
While he was walking in the street, he met Tim.
While walking in the street, he met Tim. Walking in the street, he met Tom.
试观察： 1)As they were picking tea, the girls were singing happily. 强调两个动作同时进行 2) She sang as she worked. 两种情况一起发展变化 分析：as引导的从句表示“当……时；一边……一 边……”，主句和从句的动作同时发生，强调伴随。 有时可译为“随着”。
It won’t be long before he finishes his writing.
After he (had) finished his work, he left there.
It is (has been) two years since he came here.
He will not go to bed until (till) his mother comes.
It is not until his mother comes home that he will go to
As soon as she got home, she began to cook. Every time/each time I catch a cold, I have pain in my
There was an applause the moment (as soon as) she
appeared on the stage.
By the time he arrived, the train had already gone.
The past perfect tense
Grammar 2 – Part 1
Recall the sentences from the listening passage about the Beatles. had become After they ___________(become) stars in their own country, the Beatles toured the United States. had recorded Before they visited India, they ______________ (record) had recorded seven albums. Answers to Part 1: A.Becoming stars in their own country. B.Recording seven albums. C.The past perfect tense.
Grammar 2 – Part 2
Discuss the questions in Part 2 in four. Then report your answers to all.
Answer to Part 2: A.1. (a) means that their music had already changed by then. (b) means that it changed then. 2. (a) means that they had already sold more albums by then; (b)means that they sold more albums then. B. Yes. In (a), the event happened before that time; in (b), the event happened at that time.
Grammar 2 – Part 3
Do it on your own. Then check the answer with your partner. Answers to Part 3: 1. joined, had played 2. toured, had become
3. recorded, had recorded
4. had recorded, split up
5. had split up, performed
Grammar 2 – Part 4
Do it on your own. Then check the answer with your partner. Answers to Part 4:
1. arrived, had left
2. arrived, had begun
3. happened, had left
4. made, had recorded
More about the past perfect tense
试观察： After they had become stars in their own country, the Beatles tour the United States. We hadn’t seen each other since I left my hometown. 分析： 1. 过去完成时表示过去某一时间或动作之前已经 发生的或完成的动作。它表示“过去的过去”。 2. 表示在过去某一时间之前已经开始并一直持续 到那时的动作或状态。
Could you bring out time expressions or clauses often used in past perfect tense sentences? 分析：过去完成时常与by, for, before, since等介词 短语或由after, before, since, when, by the time等引 导的时间状语从句连用。 Practice: By the end of last year, we ____________________. They __________________ when we arrived.
试比较： By the late 1960s, their music had changed completely. In the late 1960s, their music changed completely. 分析： 1. 表示动作发生在“过去的过去”； 2. 只表示动作发生在过去的某一点时间。
1.他说他以前见过你。 He said that he ______________ (see) you before. had seen 2. 到六点钟为止他们已经工作八小时了。 By six o’clock they ______________(work) for had worked eight hours.
By six o’clock they ____________ (work)for eight hours. had worked
When I came to GZ , he _____________(be) there had been for a long time.
had lived By the middle of last month we ______________(live) in Beijing for five years.
例如：1. 她到家之前她的孩子已经睡着了。 When she got home her children ____________(sleep). had slept 2. 在他们到达之前电影已经开始了。 Before they arrived here the film _________ already had ___________ (start).
had finished 1. After he ______________ (finish) his work he went out. had broken 2. The children ran away after they ___________ (break) the window. had gone 3. I went to Tom’s house but he __________ (go) out.
had gone 4. Annie told me that his father ____________ ( go ) to would come Paris and he ____________ ( come ) back in a few days. 5. My friend __________ (buy) the car two years bought ago. Hehas had ________________ (buy) it for two years.
Complete these sentences with the verbs in brackets. 1.Before Ringo ______ (join) the Beatles, he ______ (play) drums in another band. 2.Before they ______ (tour) America, the Beatles ______ (become) stars in their own country.
3.Before they ______ (record) Let It Be, the Beatles ______ (record) eleven other albums.
4.After they ______ (record) Let It Be, the band ______ (split up). 5.After the group ______ (split up), all the Beatles ______ (perform) as solo artists.
Complete these sentences with the verbs in brackets. 1.Unfortunately, he ______ at the show after I ______. (arrive) (leave)
2.By the time we ______ at the stadium, the band ______ playing. (arrive) (begin)
3.Fortunately, the power cut ______ after the fans ______ the stadium. (happen) (leave)
4.Before he ______ his latest album, he ______ some songs with Paul McCartney. (make) (record)
be known as be known for be known to
Galileo is known ____ his theory of falling objects ____ the world ____ a scientific pioneer.
陈述句：It is +____that (who)___ 一般疑问句：
Is it +____that (who)_________
疑问词+is it that_____________
It was with great joy___he received the news that his lost daughter had been found.
A.because C.since B.which D.that
He is a man of few words. It is only after has had a few drinks ___ he can open up.
____ he will return to his native land. A.It is long before that B.It is before long that C.It won’t be long before
D.It will be long before that
--You seem to have been impressed by his songs. --Well, not exactly so. It was his way of singing rather than his voice ___ really impressed me. A.that C.which B.what D.it
She did quite well in her written papers; it was in the oral examination ___ she fell down.
It is what you do rather than what you say ___ matters. A.that
It wasn’t until nearly a month later ___I received the manager’s reply.
A.since C.as B.when D.that
It was ___back home after the experiment. A.not until midnight did he go B.not
until midnight that he went
midnight that he didn’t go midnight when he didn’t go
Was it ___ it snowed last night that you didn’t come? A.that C.why B.because D.if
--___that he managed to get the information? --Oh, a friend of his helped him.
A.Where was it
B.What was it C.How was it D.Why was it
Why! I have nothing to confess. ___you want me to say? A.What is it B.What it is
C.How is it D.How it is
I have already been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter ___I’m talking to.
A.who is it B.who it is C.it is who D.it is whom