Enable students to grasp the usage of as in attributive clause
Enable students t
o grasp the difference between “as” and “which” in attributive clause
一、“as” in attributive clauses
“As” can be used to introduce an attributive clause, including restrictive and non-restrictive attributive clause. Used as a relative pronoun, “as” can be served as an subject, a predicative and an object.
Example: As is known, great changes haven taken place in Jinhua city. (subject) I have never seen such kind of people as they are. (predicative) No one will believe such stories as he told. (object)
一、as in restrictive attributive clauses
“As” can be used to introduce a restrictive attributive clause. It may exist in “so/such…as” or “the same…as” structures and represents the antecedents being nouns for people or things.
This is the same wallet as I lost. Mike is so cute as everyone likes.
In “the same…as” structure, “that” can also be used to replace “as”. 1) This is the same wallet as I lost.
2) This is the same wallet that I lost.
二、as in non-restrictive attributive clauses
1. We can use “as” to introduce an non-restrictive attributive clause to further clarify the meaning of the main clause.
2. The as-clause can be put at the beginning, or middle, or at the end of
the sentence. 3. “As” can be used in some fixed structures, such as “as we know”, “as is expected”, “as is often the case”, etc…
Example: He is an English man, as I know from his accent.
Difference between “as” and “which” in attributive clause
1. As was known，Terry won the first prize in the competition. Terry won the first prize in the competition，as was known. Terry, as was known, won the first prize in the competition. 2. Terry didn't get promotion, which was unexpected.
1. As-clause can be put in front of or at the end of the main clause.
1. which-clause can only be put at the end of the main clause.
2. “As” introducing a clause is used to express the speaker’s opinion, idea, and so on, translated into “正如…所…” in Chinese. 2. Which is used to give a supplementary explanation to the main clause. It can be translated into “这件事，这一点”.
“As” can be used to introduce an attributive clause, including restrictive and non-restrictive attributive clause. 2. When used to introduce restrictive clause, “as” is always used in some fixed structure. 3. When as is used in non-restrictive clause, we should pay attention to the difference of “as” and “which”, both their place and there Chinese meanings.
学科指导：李威峰(兼) 技术指导：李威峰(兼) 成员： 汪 兰 刘少敏 周英巧
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