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2011高考英语常考英文谚语集锦


2011 高考英语常考英文谚语集锦
上传: 王薇 更新时间:2012-5-19 22:28:17
英语谚语是洋溢着异国文化气息的哲理性语言,是智慧的结晶。近年的高考英语试题中的谚语的出现频率 越来越高,它通常与情景交际题、阅读理解等题型结合,用来提供情景或点明观点主旨。在英语作文中适 当引用一些谚语或名言,往往也会起到画龙点睛的作用,为文章增光添彩。 下面笔者

对高考英语常考英文谚语进行简单的归纳总结,希望对 2011 届考生备考能有所帮助。 (1)better late than never. 迟做总比不做好。 (2)easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难。 (3)something is better than nothing. 有总比没有好。 (4)better safe than sorry. 安全比遗憾好。(事后追悔不如事前稳妥。) (5)two heads are better than one. 三个臭皮匠顶个诸葛亮。 (6)actions speak louder than words. 行动比言语更有说服力。(事实胜于雄辩。) (7)health is better than wealth. 健康胜于财富。 (8)the sooner begun, the sooner done. 开始越早,完成得越早。 (9)honesty is the best policy. 诚实总是上策。 (10)the best fish are / swim near the bottom.好鱼居水底。(有价值的东西不能轻易得到。) (注:以上谚语运用了形容词或副词的比较级、最高级。) (11)seeing is believing. 眼见为实。 (12)saving is getting. 节约而后有。(节约就是获得。) (13)it is no use crying over spilt milk. 覆水难收。(打翻牛奶,哭也没用。) (14)a rising tide lifts all boats. 水涨众船高。 (15)time lost cannot be recalled. 光阴一去不复返。 (16)one is never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。 (17)it’s never too late to mend. 改过迁善从不嫌晚。(亡羊补牢,未为迟也。) (18)to stand still is to move back. 逆水行舟,不进则退。 (19)to live is to learn, to learn is to better live. 活着为了学习,学习为了更好的活着。 (20)live not to eat, but eat to live. 活着不是为了吃饭,吃饭为了活着。 (注:以上谚语运用了非谓语动词。) (21)all work and no play makes jack a dull boy. 只工作/学习不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。 (22)early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. 早起早睡使你健康、富裕、聪明。 (23)you may take a horse to the water, but you cannot make him drink. 领马河边易,逼马饮水难。(不要逼人做不愿做的事。) (24)money makes the mare go. 有钱能使鬼推磨。 (25)an apple a day keeps the doctor away. 多吃水果利健康。(一天一苹果医生远离我。) (注:以上谚语运用了“make/keep+ o.+ o.c.”结构。) (26)all that glitters is not gold. / all is not gold that glitters. 闪光的并非都是金子。 (27)all that dogs bark at are not thieves. / all are not thieves that dogs bark at. 狗吠者未必是贼。(勿以貌取人。) (28)every couple is not a pair. / not every couple is a pair. 成双未必能配对。 (注:以上谚语运用了部分否定结构。) (29)it is the early bird that catches the worm. 早出的鸟儿吃到虫。(疾足者先得。) (30)it’s a long lane that has no turning.否极泰来。

路必有弯,事必有变。(没有弯曲的路真长。)/(不顺是暂时,转机定出现。) (31)it is love that makes the world go round. 爱使世界更美好。 (32)it is a good horse that never stumbles, and a good wife that never grumbles. 良马会失蹄,贤妻有牢骚。 (注:以上谚语运用了强调句型。) (33)never put off till tomorrow. 今日事,今日做。(今日事,今日毕。) (34)an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. 以眼还眼,以牙还牙。 (35)a fall into the pit, a gain in your wit.吃一堑,长一智。 (36)once bitten, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。(一次上当,下次小心。) (37)out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不想。(不见就忘。)/(离久情疏。) (38)waste not, want not. 不浪费,不愁缺。 (39)no pains, no gains. 不劳无获。 (40)more hasty, less speed. 欲速则不达。 (41)like father, like son.有其父,必有其子。 (42)well begun, half done. 好的开始等于成功的一半。 (43)an idle youth, a needy age. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。 (44)the older, the wiser. 姜是老的辣。 (45)as the tree, so the fruit. 种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。 (46)the sooner, the better. 越快越好。 (47)first come, first served. 先到者先受用。(先到先得。) (48)nothing brave, nothing have. 不入虎穴,焉得虎子。 (49)so said, so done. 说到做到,言出必行。 (50)easy come, easy go. 来也匆匆,去也匆匆。 (注:以上谚语运用了“省略”结构。) (51)he laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。 (52)all’s well that ends well. 结果好就是一切好。 (53)god helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者。 (54)those who live in glass houses should not throw stones. 家居玻璃房,切忌乱扔石。(自己有弱点,勿揭他人短。) (55)he that corrects not small faults will not control great ones. 小错不纠,大错难控。 (注:以上谚语运用了定语从句。) (56)when in rome do as the romans do. 入境问俗。(入乡随俗。) (57)strike while the iron is hot. 趁热打铁。 (58)where there’s a will, there’s a way. 有志者事竟成。 (59)where there’s smoke, there’s fire. 无风不起浪。 (60)where there is life, there is hope. 有生命就有希望。(留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。) (61)if at first you don’t succeed, try, try, try again. 再接再厉,终会成功。 (62)if a thing is worth doing, it’s worth doing well. 凡值得一做的都值得做好。 (63)don’t trouble trouble until trouble troubles you. 不要自找麻烦。 (64)look before you leap. 三思而后行。 (65)don’t count your chickens before they are hatched. 小鸡孵出前,先别忙点数。(办事尚未果,不把成功言。)/(不要过早乐观。) (66)east or west, home is the best. 金窝银窝不如自家草窝。 (注:以上谚语运用了状语从句。)

(67)a friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情。 (68)no news is good news. 没有消息就是好消息。 (69)a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. 双鸟在林不如一鸟在手。 (70)an hour in the morning is worth two in the evening. 一日之计在于晨。 (71)it never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。(祸不单行。) (72) reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body. 阅读对于我们心灵之重要,犹如运动对于身体一样。 (注:以上谚语运用了对称结构。) (73)practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。 (74)many hands make light work. 众人搭柴火焰高。 (75)every minute counts. 分秒必争。 (76)time and tide wait for no man.. 岁月不待人。 (77)a good beginning makes a good ending. 善始才有善终。 (78)all roads lead to rome. 条条道路通罗马。 (79)rome was not built in a day. 罗马不是一天建成的。(冰冻三尺,非一日之寒。) (80)experience is the mother of wisdom. 实践出真知。 (81)great minds think alike. 英雄所见略同。 (82)hope for the best and prepare for the worst. 抱最好的希望,作最坏的准备。 (83)a good medicine tastes bitter. 良药苦口。 (84)every advantage has its disadvantage. 有利必有弊。 (85)one false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘,谬之千里。 (86)you cannot have your cake and eat it too. 鱼与熊掌,不可得兼。 (87)birds of a feather flock together. 物以类聚,人以群分。 (88)a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. 千里之行始于足下。 【小试牛刀】 让我们一起来快速完成下面的题目,以检测自己对英语谚语的掌握情况吧! 1.(2008 江苏卷,26)—it shouldn’t take long to clear up after the party if we all volunteer to help. —that’s right. . b. something is better than nothing d. the sooner begun, the sooner done a. many hands make light work c. the more, the merrier and . b. tomorrow is another day d. there is no tomorrow . b. practice makes perfect d. no pains, no gains the customs are really foreign to your own, please do as romans do. d. where c. when

2.(2007 江苏卷,26)you may not have played very well today,but at least you’ve got through to the next round a. tomorrow never comes c. never put off till tomorrow —well, you know what they say, a. the is no smoke without fire c. all roads lead to rome 4. (2006 天津卷,5) if you are traveling a. in which —_______. a. it’s no use pumping a dry well c. better safe than sorry b. never too late to mend d. it never rains but it pours b. what

3.(2006 江苏卷,28)—it took me ten years to build up my business, and it almost killed me.

5.—he eventually realized his own fault and wanted to reform.

6.— i got sick and tired of hotels and hotel food after the trip to mexico. — i can imagine. _________. a.. don’t meet trouble half-way c.. east or west, home is the best b.. all’s well that ends well d.. honesty is the best policy

7.— learning a language isn’t easy. it takes time. —i agree. _______. there’s no short cut. a. all roads lead to rome c. practice makes perfect b. rome wasn’t built in a day d. slow but sure wins the race

8.—why did you drop the chance of earning big money? —________. you know, i don’t want to get rich by taking risks. a. all is well that ends well c. better safe than sorry —______. a. let’s kill the fatted calf c. actions speak louder than words —yes, only$100. —well, . b. easier said than done d. better than nothing a. the more,the better c. better than never b. practice makes perfect d. a golden key can open any door b. one man’s meat is another’s poison d. no sweet without sweat

9.—what a successful spring festival gala (春晚)! who said we couldn’t make it?

10.—you’re going to have a rise this month,aren’t you?

11.—she’s really pretty,isn’t she? her skin looks so baby smooth! —well,it’s just that she puts lots of make—up on her face. a. sometimes i wish i could be as beautiful as her. b. actually, natural beauty comes from within. c. i can’t believe she is still so pretty after giving birth to a baby! d. fortunately, she has a good income. 12.—look at the noisy kids! —haven’t you heard the saying“ a. there’s plenty of fish in the sea b. all that glitters is not gold c. when the cat is away,the mice will play d. a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush 13.—after two weeks of tennis lessons, i think i finally managed to improve my backhand. —like my mom always says:“ a. pride goes before a fall c. it never rains but it pours really“ ”. .” b. think twice before you leap d. practice makes perfect ”?

14. a hurricane swept through my village. just as we were beginning to lose hope, it suddenly stopped. it is a. all’s well that ends well b. lightning never strikes twice in the same place c. it never rains but it pours d.a friend in need is a friend indeed 15.— you should get a new job, stop smoking, and have a healthier lifestyle .

— ________. a. mind your own business c. that’s all right b. never mind d. easier said than done

16. — i’ve given up smoking already, darling. — you should have taken the doctor’s advice years ago. ________, anyway. a. better late than never c. no pains, no gains b. it’s easier said than done d. well begun is half done

17.—i think maths is playing a more important part in the new test system. what about you? — ______. we should be more devoted to it. a. no pains, no gains. c. great minds think alike. coming exam. —_______ have some fun! a. don’t have too many irons in the fire. c. don’t put the cart before the horse. b. don’t be a wet blanket. d. don’t pull my leg. b. fact speaks louder than words. d. don’t claim to know what you don’t know.

18.—tom, i’m sorry to say that i can’t go to watch tonight’s match with you, for i have to prepare for the

(keys:1-5 abddb 6-10 cbccd 11-15 bcdad 16-18 acb)


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