(一) 假定你是李华,你的美国朋友 Belinda 来信请你在寒假教她学习汉语。请根据以下要点,用英 语给她写封回信。 地点:李华家书房 时间:每周二下午 3:00~5:00 内容:1.日常会话; 2.中文歌曲; 3.中国节日 注意:1.词数 100 左右; Dear Belinda, Glad to hear from you. I’d like t
o tell you what I have planned for your Chinese study. We can begin our Chinese class in my study at 3 pm every Tuesday during the winter holiday. The class lasts two hours until 5 o’clock. In the class, we will practice spoken Chinese. Besides, I will teach you some beautiful Chinese songs, including popular and folk ones, which can help you learn and remember Chinese words more easily. What’ more, I’ like to introduce some Chinese s d festivals to you, such as the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival. Luckily, we will celebrate two important Chinese festivals mentioned above during this winter holiday. I believe you can improve your Chinese and we’ll have a good time to-gether. Best wishes. Li Hua (二) 请你根据提示并结合生活中的一个事例,就“包容”这一话题,用英语写一篇短文。 There’s no denying that forgiveness is a noble quality. With forgiveness people will live in a harmonious way; with forgiveness, people can overcome any difficulty; with forgiveness 注意:1.无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; 2.除诗歌外,文体不限; 3.内容必须结合生活中的一个事例; 4.词数 120 左右。 Forgiveness is what I learned from my class teacher, which has had a great influence on my growth. Two years ago, I, together with David, who was regarded as the best basketball player in my class, took part in the basketball final of our school on behalf of our class. With only 20 seconds left, our team still took a lead by two points. To our favor, the ball was in David’s hand! Had David passed it in time, we would certainly have won. But David chose to break through. Suddenly our rival stole the ball, and shot a three point! After the match, we all demanded the teacher fire David. But our teacher told us to forgive him, saying forgiveness is a good medicine for some diseases. After that, David did learn teamwork It was forgiveness rather than pity that changed David.
注意:1.可参照文章开头所给的提示,作必要的发挥想象; 2.词数 150 左右。开头已写好,不计入总词数。 Here is a photo taken in the street. In it, we can see an old man lying on the ground. There were several people standing around and looking at him, but none of them gave him a hand. Other people were just walking by, showing no concern for the old man at all. Why were these people so cold-hearted when the old man was badly in need of help? Maybe they were afraid of being misunderstood by the old man’s family that it was one of them who had knocked him down on the ground.. This shows that some people just don’t want to get into trouble, especially when they have nothing to do with it. My opinion is that, what we really need is not only to have a loving heart of helping others but also try to create an atmosphere of doing a good deed. Everyone should take it into consideration that if the old man was their grandfather or even one of them, what they would hope for from others. Helping others is helping oneself. (四) 距离高考的时间不多了,但是很多同学还不知如何处理学习、健身 。请根据图中的内容写一篇英语短 文, 谈一谈你对这一问题的建议。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.题目已为你写好;
3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 How to Get Prepared for the College Entrance Exams
How to Get Prepared for the College Entrance Exams We are going to attend the College Entrance Exams in less than one year. However, many students still don’t know how to organize their study, rest and physical exercise when preparing for the Exams. They usually devote too much time to their study, which results in poor health and low efficiency of learning. As the proverb goes, early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. We’d better leave ourselves enough time to sleep since it enables us to learn our lessons more efficiently. What’s more, being strong and healthy is the base for our further study, our future work and creative activities. Therefore, as we are preparing for the Exams, don’t forget that rest, exercise and study are equally important.
题目:联合国教科文组织某考察团正在我国某乡村参观考察。假定 你是接待人员,请根据下列提示以发言稿的形式简要介绍这个村的 情况: 1.规模:近 100 户人家,约 500 口人。 2.变化:过去很穷,1978 年后变化很大。人们生活比以前好多了。现
已旧貌换新颜。 ] 3.教育:原来的学校很小,现已改建。新建的教学楼有 4 层,是村里最 美的建筑物。村里所有学龄儿童在此免费就读。 注意:(1)要点齐全,前后连贯; (2)词数:100~120。 挖掘要点] 1)依据要点,草拟提纲,将所需要的语言材料准备好。可以只列出主 要的词、词组、短语及句型。暂不考虑动词的时态、语态、单数 第三人称等词形变化。 ①100 families and 500 people ②used to be very poor / change a lot / richer than before / take on a new look ③was very small / have been rebuilt ④newly-built / have 4 storeys / the most beautiful building ⑤school-age children / enjoy free education (2)扩展成句,连句成篇。本文为一篇发言稿,其格式与口头通知大体 相同。因此,短文应有称呼、开场及结束语。既然介绍的是小村,所 使用的人称为 it。要注意时态、语态的正确运用,并适当使用一些连 接成分将所列的语句连成完整的语篇。全文应结构紧凑,前后连贯。 [认真创作] Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our village! ①This village is a small one with / which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. ② However, it has changed a lot since 1978 ③and has been developing very fast. People here ④have / live a much better life than before. Now it is taking on a new look. In the past, the school here was very small ⑤and most children couldn t afford to go to school.⑥But now it has been rebuilt ⑦and the newly built teaching building ⑧which has 4 storeys is the most beautiful one in the village. All the school-age children can study here. ⑨What s more / Also, they enjoy free education. ⑩May you enjoy your stay here / May you have a pleasant time here! Thank you. [总体评价] ①用介词短语作定语或用含定语从句的主从复合句代替两个单独 的句子。②语句间缺少连接成分 However。③表现作者对现在乡村 发展的喜悦心情,也起到承上启下作用。④需使用较高级词汇。⑤ 作者对过去孩子们上不起学表示遗憾和同情。⑥语句间缺少连接 成分,添加 But。⑦语句间缺少承上启下连接成分 and。⑧用含定语 从句的主从复合句代替两个并列的分句。⑨此处应添加一个承接 上下文的过渡性词语,如“What’s more / Also”。这样,前后就更加 连贯了。⑩如能适当发挥,在结尾处添加像“May you enjoy your stay here! / May you have a pleasant time here!”的表示希望、祝愿
应用文 应用文是高考书面表达中考查得最多的体裁。其内容常以解说事 物为主,要求把事物的性质、对象、目的、发生的时间和地点等情 况表达清楚,使读者对此事物有一个完整、准确的了解。它接近考 生的实际生活,易于表达,能充分考查考生的写作水平。常见的应用 文有书信(包括电子邮件)、通知、日记、便条、启事、演讲稿、发 帖等,其中以书信最为常见。从内容上看书信的种类很多,主要包括 致歉(谢)信、慰问信、邀请信、介绍信、自荐信、求职信、解答信 、答复信等。考生在应用文的写作中应注意: 1.力求语言平实、简洁、准确,突出实用性。句子不宜过长,这样读 者(或听众)就可以快速捕捉到文章表达的基本信息,如:时间,地点,参 加人,理由或者活动内容等。 2.根据不同的文体采用不同的人称和时态,如日记一般用过去时,通 知用一般现在时和将来时等。 (一) 假设你叫李华,是你校学生会主席。针对目前你校高中生英语写作 普遍存在问题,你准备邀请英语专家 Smith 教授来你校做关于如何提 高英语写作水平的讲座。请根据以下要点给 Smith 教授写一封邀请 信。包含以下要点: 1.邀请的目的; 2.讲座时间:2013 年 4 月 25 日; 3.地点:学术报告厅; 4.讲座内容:如何提高英语写作水平。 注意:1.词数 100 左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数; Dear Professor Smith, I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union of our school. I am writing to honestly invite you to give a lecture to the students at the lecture hall in our school on how to improve the English writing on April 25th, 20 13. English writing has always been a big problem for us and we trying re every means to improve it but the effect would always be small. It would be our great honor if you could come to give us a lecture on it. Enclosed is a time schedule for it. The school would cover the traveling and other expenses. Please let me know your date of arrival if you can come. If you have any questions, please don hesitate to contact me. My phone number is t 12345678. I am looking forward to your favorable reply. Yours sincerely,
Li Hua (二) 假如你叫李华,即将高中毕业,准备到英国读大学。现在你有一些关 于雅思考试(International English Language Testing System,简称 IELTS,中文名为“国际英语语言测试系统”)的问题需要咨询,请你 写一封信向你的英国笔友 David 请教你所关注的以下问题: 1.雅思考试的时间和主要内容; 2.应该如何准备阅读、写作等考试内容; 3.希望 David 推荐一些备考的复习用书; 4.向 David 表示衷心感谢,期待对方回复。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 One possible version: Dear David, How are you? I am writing to you for some information. As I am graduating this June and planning to further education in Britain soon, I want to consult you about IELTS. I am wondering when IELTS begins and what it tests. What more, as a foreign student, what should I do s to be prepared for comprehension, writing, hearing and so on? Now that it is so important for me, I have to make an effort to prepare for IELTS, which may help me make a big difference. Thus, I hope you can give me some advice and recommend some information such as books and learning skills for IELTS. I am very grateful to you whether you can lend me a hand or not. I am looking forward to your reply. Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua
(三) 假设你叫李华,下面是你的一位美国笔友 Harry 给你写的电子邮件,询 问有关 2012 年 4 月大学生在太湖落水事件的情况。 Dear Li Hua, I have heard that some college students fell from a boat in Taihu Lake and were ignored by the cold boat driver though some people begged him to help the students. I shocked. I used to think the Chinese were m hardworking and kindhearted, and they really were when I visited China two years ago. So I doubt whether it was true news. Can you tell me what you learned about this incident? Sincerely yours, Harry 请你给他回一封邮件,要点如下:
1.某些人太冷漠; 2.助人为乐一直是中国传统美德。 注意:1.不能照抄原信件语句; 2.可自由发挥添加细节;词数 100 左右; 3.回信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Harry, I was depressed when hearing this shocking news, and so was the whole nation. While we blame the cold boat driver, there might be some kinds of reasons behind the scenes. Most probably, the driver may keep away from being involved in such an accident. Of course, the driver will be punished for what he did. However, on no account shall we tolerate this heartless behavior. To our comfort, in such an accident, many unknown passers-by and the police came to the aid and hurried to send some of the students falling into the lake to hospital. So we have every reason to believe that the Chinese traditional virtues of being ready to help others will remain forever. Most of the Chinese are still kind and would like to help others. Please believe in the Chinese people! Sincerely yours, Li Hua (四) 2013 年是毛泽东主席题词“向雷锋同志学习”发表 50 周年。校学 生会将就此举办一次英语演讲比赛,主题是“在新的形势下如何继 向雷锋学习”。请你根据以下内容要点写一篇英语演讲稿。 1.新时代需要雷锋精神; 2.结合实例说明如何向他学习; 3.号召大家努力学习,培养社会责任感。 注意: 1.可根据内容要点适当发挥,但不要逐条翻译; 2.词数 100 左右; 3.开头与结尾已写好,不计入总词数。 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, What we are going to talk about today is really meaningful, since some people have raised doubt about learning from Comrade Lei Feng.
Thank you for listening!
One possible version:
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, What we are going to talk about today is really meaningful, since some people have raised doubt about learning from Comrade Lei Feng. Should we still need to learn from him? The answer is surely yes. Our society calls for the spirit of Lei Feng. “To live is to serve the people” perfectly explains the real meaning of the long-lasting spirit. Nowadays, with volunteering spirit spreading throughout the world, we students can make use of our spare time to do some voluntary work for those in need and show great concern to people around us. All we need to do is to help others whole-heartedly We teenagers need to be people who promote the long-lasting spirit. So it is high time that we developed sense of social responsibility and studied hard so that we can live up to our country expectations. I sure s m everybody can make a difference. Only in this way can we build a more harmonious society. The world needs love and care. Let do as Lei s Feng did. Thank you for listening!
(五) 假如你是某学校英文报社小记者,请根据下列表格内容,写一篇英文 新闻报道。 起火地点 时间 原因 救援人员 伤亡情况 影响 天津某商厦 2012 年 6 月 30 日 16:00 正在调查中 数百名消防员,医生,警察等 10 人死亡,16 人不同程度受伤 引起当地政府和全社会的关注
注意:1.词数 100 左右。题目已给出,不计入总词数; 2.内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。 Ten people killed in a fire in Tianjin One possible version: Ten people killed in a fire in Tianjin Ten people were killed in a big fire accident at 4:00 pm on June 30, 201 2 in a shopping building in Tianjin. How and why the fire broke out is still unknown. When the fire happened, about 50 persons were staying in the building. Because it was hot in the afternoon, there were few customers shopping there. Someone present at once called 119 and called in the firefighters. The police
and the doctors tried to help and most people were saved. Altogether ten lives were claimed and 16 people were injured in the fire. It has attracted a lot of attention from the local government and the whole society.
议论文 议论文通过议论或说理来表达作者的见解和主张。考生对某一问 题持有一种看法,为了使读者同意自己的看法,提出若干理由,企图说 服他人。常有以下几种写作形式: 1.“一分为二”的观点,指从两方面去分析一个问题,然后阐述自己 的观点。 2.“两者选一”的观点,指分析两种事物的优劣势,阐述自己的观点 3.“我认为……”型,指阐述对某一事物的客观看法。 4.“怎样……(how to)”型,指分析怎样解决一个问题。 5.看图(表)作文,指通过阅读图表中的数字与项目得出一个结论或形 成一种看法。
(六) 你班每周都会进行英语讨论会。本周的话题是:注重日常学习和生 活中的细节。因为细节往往决定成败。请你以“We Should Pay Much Attention to Details”为题,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈自己的一 些看法。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数。 One possible version: We Should Pay Much Attention to Details Some people may think that one who wants to achieve great success Shouldn’t pay much attention to details. But sometimes it is the details that determine our success, for they may be the very thing that has a great impact on what we’re doing. Since we have realized the importance of details, what should we do? First, we should form the habit of being careful, because a careful person will rarely overlook details. What’s more, we should learn to keep the balance of quantity and quality. We may find that when faced with lots of work, the faster we do it, the more mistakes we will make. Because when we study at high speed, the only thing we care about is quantity in which case we are more likely to neglect the details. As far as I’m concerned, we should keep it in mind that quality comes first, without which quantity is of no significance.
(七) 最近,提倡给予孩子更多自由与鼓励的西方教育模式越发受到中国 家长的追捧,而在香港四个孩子中有三个被北京大学录取的“中国 狼爸” 萧百佑却称赞严厉的中式教育更为优越,成为公众关注焦点, 掀起一场中西教育大讨论。有的人支持“中国狼爸”的观点,有的 人反对他的观点。请你写一篇题目为“A Western style of parenting or A Chinese parenting”的文章来阐述不同人的观点,以及你自己的 看法。 注意:词数 100 左右。 A Western style of parenting or a Chinese parenting Recently, more Chinese parents adopt a Western style of parenting that allows children more freedom and encouragement, but One possible version: A Western style of parenting or a Chinese parenting Recently, more Chinese parents adopt a Western style of parenting that allows children more freedom and encouragement, but Xiao Baiyou insists that strict Chinese parenting is better for children, which causes a heated discussion about adopting a Western style of parenting or a Chinese parenting. Some people who are for Xiao Baiyou think that in order to make children grow well, parents should use a strict way. However, some who are against him consider giving children more freedom and encouragement will help foster smart, creative, and physically and mentally healthy children. As a teenager, I need parents’ respect and encouragement and also hope to get more freedom, because in a relaxing environment, I can develop my imagination and explore the new things. But I also hope if I am walking in a wrong way and do improper things, my parents can educate me strictly.
(八) 假定你是李华。在最近的一次班会上,你班同学们就“高三学生是 否需要吃补品来保持健康”展开了讨论。请根据下表提供的信息 赞同 1.高三学生学习紧张,易疲劳。 2.学生没时间锻炼身体。 …… 1.增加体重,对健康有害。 2.家长过分关注高三学生,会带给孩子压力。 ……
注意:1.词数 100 左右。开头已写好,不计入总词数; One possible version I’m writing to tell about the discussion we’ve had in the recent class meeting about whether Senior 3 students should take tonics to keep fit. Opinions are divided on the topic. Some students think it unnecessary for Senior 3 students to take any tonics, because tonics will cause them to put on more weight, which does harm to their health. Besides, parents will bring pressure to Senior 3 students if they pay too much attention to their children’s health by buying tonics. What’s more, the price of tonics is rather high.However, other students hold the opinion that it is easy for Senior 3 students to feel tired by working hard with little exercise, so it is necessary to take tonics. More importantly, taking proper tonics can help to refresh themselves. As far as I’m concerned, there is no need for Senior 3 students to take tonics, only if they develop a well balanced diet, have enough sleep and keep exercising every day. (九) 请仔细观察下图,描述一下图画内容,并发表一下自己的看法。
注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。 One possible version: Look at the picture and you’ll understand how seriously the water is polluted. The two fish have to drink mineral water and purified water to keep alive. Seeing this, we can’t help asking such a question: What will happen if there’s no drinking water available for us? As is known to all, water plays a very important part in our lives. We can’t live without water. Therefore, we must pay much attention to environment protection, especially water protection in order to live in harmony with nature. Otherwise, we’ll regret for what we’ve done sooner or later. After all, our water resources are very limited
All in all, everyone must take action and try not to pollute our living surroundings, and t hus our planet will get cleaner and cleaner.
(十) 请根据以下提示,结合你生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈 你对诚实的看法。 Honesty is the human quality of communicating and acting truthfully and with fairness. 注意:1.词数 100 左右。开头已给出,不计入总词数; 2.内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯; 3.内容必须结合生活中的一个事例。 What is honesty? Honesty means speaking the truth and being fair and upright in act. Considered a virtue, honesty is admired in every country and every culture.
One possible version What is honesty? Honesty means speaking the truth and being fair and upright in act. Considered a virtue, honesty is admired in every country and every culture. However, there are still some dishonest people living in the world. Some people try to take advantage of other people whenever they can. Some businessmen are not always honest in their dealings. Some students are caught cheating over exams and punished to leave school. Some newspapers carry some untrue news just in order to attract more readers. Actually, being dishonest is generally looked upon as an evil, and is condemned by society. But being an honest person, we can benefit a lot. First, we can have a peaceful life, for we will not have the burden of remembering every lie we have told. Second, being an honest person, we can be trusted by other people and have more friends, which will do good to our lives. I do believe honesty is a virtue which is the only key to open the door to the success in our careers and lives.
(十一) 请你根据表格里的内容,用英语介绍乔布斯。 姓名 别名 出生地 出生日期 Steve Jobs 苹果教父 美国 加州 旧金山市 1955 年 2 月 24 日
逝世日期 毕业院校 职业 代表作品 主要成就
2011 年 10 月 5 日 Homestead High School 发明家,企业家,苹果前执行总裁 iPod, iPhone, iPad 等 1.改变了现代通讯、娱乐乃至生活方式。 2.引领全球资讯科技和电子产品的潮 流,让曾经昂贵稀罕的电子产品变为现 代人生活的一部分。
注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。 参考词汇:旧金山市 San Francisco 教父 godfather 企业家 entrepreneur One possible version:
Steve Jobs, the godfather of Apple, was born in San Francisco, California, the USA on February 24th, 1955 and passed away on October 5th, 2011.He graduated from Homestead High School. He was an inventor, entrepreneur and former CEO of Apple Company, with iPod, iPhone, iPad and so on as his masterpieces. Jobs made a great contribution to the transformation of modern means of communication, entertainment and lifestyle. It was he who led the trend of global information technology and electronic products, enabling the once rare and expensive electronic products to become part of people’s life in modern times. Steve Jobs is always considered as a great example that I should follow whose deeds encourage me to follow my passion and I will achieve my dream in time.
(十二) 上周六,你班开展了以“美化城市环境,倡导低碳生活”为宗旨的志 愿者活动。活动内容包括:上午去郊区植树;下午去中心广场宣传,分 发传单。请你就这个活动为校报写一篇英语短文。 你的文章应包括下列要点: 1.活动宗旨,内容及其对同学的影响; 2.你的评论。 注意:词数 100 左右。文章的标题和开头已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:低碳生活 a low-carbon lifestyle 传单 leaflet 郊区 suburb One possible version: A voluntary activity Last Saturday, our class launched a voluntary activity. Its theme is to
make the city more beautiful and advocate the low-carbon lifestyle. In the morning, we went to plant trees in the suburbs. We worked in cooperation. Some dug holes, some carried and planted trees, and some watered them. In the afternoon, we went to central square to hand out leaflets, raising people’s awareness of environmental protection. Most of the students think highly of the activity, which will surely produce a positive effect on their daily life. As far as I’m concerned, it’s everyone’s duty to protect the environment. As long as there is the possibility of saving our planet, take action now before it is too late. Low carbon living is surely a way of great significance.
(十三) 假如你叫李华,作为社区的志愿者,你与同学上周六到学校附近的社 会救助站,为那里的被救助者做一些力所能及的事情。请根据提示 及下图为学校广播站英语栏目写一篇报道。
注意:1.词数 100 左右。题目已给出,不计入总词数; 2.内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。 参考词汇:社会救助站 drop-in center One possible version: The stay in the drop-in center As volunteers in the neighborhood, my classmates and I visited a nearby drop-in centre last Saturday afternoon. We got there at 2:00 pm and
left two hours later. At the drop-in center we visited those who had to stay there for some reason. Some of us chatted with the old or read newspapers for them to help relief their loneliness. Some played games with the children to make them happy and forget their troubles. A few of us helped to do some cleaning and collected waste there to make everything tidy. During our stay there, each of us did our best to let the people there know they were taken good care of by society. We hope they will return home happily as soon as possible. (十四) 1.地理:珠江的一个支流,发源于江西省,流经江西、广东。 根据以下信息写一篇东江的英文介绍。以下是东江的基本信息及 相关报道: 2.长度:约 523 公里。 3.资源:水产资源丰富,盛产各种鱼类和藻类。 4.东江被客家人称作“母亲河”,是香港及几个城市居民的主要饮 水资源。 5.目前,工业、饮用水需求逐年上升,任意排放污水,水质下降。 .水资源形势严峻,要节约用水,全力保证东江的水质。 注意:1.词数 100 左右。题目已给出,不计入总词数; 2.内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。 参考词汇:藻类 algae 客家人 Hakka people One possible version: The Dongjiang River The Dongjiang River, a branch of the Pearl River, originates from Jiangxi Province and flows through Jiangxi and Guangdong Province. Covering a length of 523 kilometres, it is home to a diversity of fishes and algae. Called Mother River by the Hakka people, it provides drinking water for residents not only in several cities along it but Hong Kong as well. With the fast development and booming population at present, the need for industrial water and drinking water is increasing every year, while the water quality is declining because waste water is discharged into the river at will. The serious situation of water resources requires people to save water and make every effort to ensure water quality in the Dongjiang River. (十五) 请根据提示,以“为什么学英语”为题,写一篇英语短文。提示: 1..英语是国际性语言,世界上有许多国家把它当做官方语言; 2.学习英语的重要性。如:许多书籍都是用英语编撰的;英语是国际 会议的工作语言;懂得英语可加强对世界的了解; 3.希望大家重视英语学习 注意:1.词数 100 左右。开头已给出,不计入总词数; 2.内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。
One possible version: Many students may ask the same question, that is, why we Chinese must learn English. As many foreigners come to China, and many Chinese go abroad, the importance of English becomes gradually apparent. It is very important to learn English, because it is an international language and widely used as the official language by many countries in the world. A large number of important books are published in English. English is one of the working languages at international meetings. It will also make us understand the other countries in the world better. In short, no matter what we do in the future, it is very important to learn English. So we hope that all of us will realize the importance of English and try to practise and use it as much as possible.