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2013年高考英语一轮复习课时作业12:Unit


课时作业(十二) [必修 3 Unit 2 Healthy eating]

[限时:40 分钟]

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.I suggest you________ your doctor________your stomachache. A.consulting; about B.consult; with C.consulting; with D.consult; about 2.—Our Chinese athletes achieved great success in Beijing Olympics. —Yes. In Asia,no one could perform ________, I think. A.well B.better C.best D.the best 3.—Bruce,I really appreciate your handwriting. —________. A.I practise every day B.Thank you very much C.No, I don't think so D.Well, it's not good enough 4.There is a limit________ the amount of pain we can bear. A.for B.with C.to D.at 5.The boy ________ on the ground ________ that he had seen a cock ________ an egg. A.laying; lay; lay B.lying; lie; lie C.lying; lied; lay D.lay; lying; lay 6.Jenny hopes that Mr Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English ________ in a short period. A.improved B.improving C.to improve D.improve 7.—May I open the window to let in some fresh air? —________ A.Come on! B.Take care! C.Go ahead! D.Hold on! 8.It ________ be really cold in November in Hefei though we usually have warm and sunny days. A.should B.will C.must D.can 9.—I'm planning to open a restaurant in my hometown.________ —It might be a good idea to provide the best local dishes. A.Could you give me some advice? B.Would you please come for dinner? C.You're most welcome. D.Please pay attention to it. 10.Jack had________feeling of excitement when hearing his article had been published in________school magazine. A.the; a B.a; the C./; the D.the; / 11.—What do you think we should do for our aged parents? —I think the most important thing we ________ do is try to stay with them for more time. A.have to B.ought to C.will D.would 12. There is a 10minute parking ________ here, so we must get back to the car very quickly. A.freedom B.limit

C.permission D.ability 13.Do you think a person ________is more clever than one________? A.with debt; without debt B.under debt; up debt C.in debt; out of debt D.on debt; over debt 14.As you know,although there are no classes on weekends now, no students ________ go out of school without the headteacher's permission. A.will B.must C.may D.shall 15.—Why don't we hold a party to celebrate the achievements gained by our players? —________ A.Because we haven't got enough preparations. B.Good idea! C.It's all because of the terrible weather. D.Not all would like to attend it. Ⅱ.阅读理解 A What would you think if I told you I could eat 40 percent more food than other people—eating boxes of ice cream, bowls of noodles and plates of meat—all while losing weight? You might hate me, thinking I have one of those annoyingly good metabolisms(新陈代 谢)that just burn up fat the instant it enters my body.You might wonder if I have an intestinal(肠 的)worm, or perhaps an eating disorder.Or maybe you'd just shrug your shoulders and figure I have a rich fantasy life. You'd be wrong. For my body to finish such a surprising task, I would have to be a mouse.Not just any mouse, but one lucky enough to be involved in a new study at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. After identifying an enzyme(酶)that allows fat to be stored in the body, scientists fed mice without those enzymes, and found those mice were able to consume far more food than other mice—and still weigh 10 to 15 percent less. Best of all, the mice that had no enzymes were in very good health, producing baby mice with no problem and generally acting like any other mouse.That's great news for obesity researchers, who think that scientists may figure out a way to prevent the fat? metabolizing( 脂肪 代谢)enzyme in humans and control weight gain.And such a pill would be very exciting for many people who are struggling to get rid of dangerous extra pounds. But don't start planning any big dinner just yet. At this point, of course, any pill for humans is but a twinkle(闪烁) in the eye of every medicine company's CEO.More tests are to be made, and eventually humans will be introduced in the test. But for now,unfortunately,control in diet is still the key. 16.What does “such a surprising task” in Paragraph 4 refer to? A.Eating a lot of food while losing weight. B.Burning up fat very quickly. C.Controlling the diet. D.Having a rich fantasy life. 17.In the experiment, the mice without those enzymes ________. A.were in good condition B.put on weight C.became weak D.could not have baby mice 18.What does the author want to show through the last two paragraphs? A.You can be free of guilt when having big dinners. B.Scientists cannot find the key to identifying the enzyme.

C.Don't overeat before the test is made on humans. D.It is unnecessary to control weight at present. B These fast food restaurants constantly remind us of the American fondness with hamburgers, chips and pizza.But America's reputation as the home of fast food is under threat from the British, according to a research carried out by the BBC in 13 nations among 9,000 people. Despite fears over obesity, study found the British are more obsessed with junk food than the any other nation. Almost half of British respondents(参与调查者)said they enjoyed fast food too much to give it up. About 44 percent in the US claimed they would be unable to stop eating burgers,pizzas and chicken wings, making the country second in the world's junk food league. The third place went to the United Arab Emirates,where 35 percent are junkfood lovers. The research also found that attitudes to food and weight vary wildly around the world. Those in the UK and US believed lack of selfdiscipline was the main factor behind growing waistlines(腰围). They can't deny themselves that hamburger or extra piece of pizza,but “make themselves feel better by washing it down with a diet coke”,the study suggested. The French,on the other hand,seem to keep a watchful eye on their weight. They get on the scales every day. Only 19 percent of the French surveyed admitted a fondness for fast food. Thierry Pailleux,of France,from the market research firm that conducted the poll,said the French valued the combination of good food and company. Sharing classic food and time with loved ones is key to the French sensibility. “French people take care of their image as a matter of course. Being thin is part of our culture and a point of pride. We are known for it,” said Pailleux.“On top of this,there is increasing awareness of the devastation(伤害)that obesity can cause to one's health.” 19.What's the main idea of the passage? A.A study of different attitudes towards fast food. B.How popular fast food is in foreign countries. C.Different countries' attitudes towards food and body weight. D.A study of how popular fast food is in foreign countries. 20.The research shows that ________. A.Americans are proud of the fast foods they eat B.those British who love fast foods do not care about their body weight C.the British would like to think that other foods they eat make up for eating occasional fast food D.most Americans believe the enjoyment of food is more important than its possible effect on their waistlines 21.What's the meaning of the underlined word “obsessed” in the second paragraph? A.Crazy. B.Obese. C.Opposed. D.Neutral. 22. Why are, according to Thierry Pailleux, French less obsessed with fast food than the the British and Americans?Because ________. A.they value their image B.they have better foods than other countries C.they value selfdiscipline D.they are afraid of having an unhealthy diet Ⅲ.短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线(____),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 When our six children were young, suppertime is always being interrupted by neighborhood children ring the bell. They wanted one child or another to come out and played. Finally we had good idea.We hung a sign on the front door that read:“We are having dinner.Come later.”That night, we sat down to what they thought it would be a pleasant, uninterrupted meal. And as soon as we began dinner, the doorbell rang. At the front door stood an eightyears- boy. He looked old up to us, saying,“I just want to know how the sign says”.

课时作业(十二) Ⅰ.1.D suggest 后跟从句时需用虚拟语气,所以排除 A、C 两项;consult sb. about sth. 意为“关于某事请教某人”,所以 D 项正确。 2.B 考查比较级的用法。句意为:“我们的运动员在北京奥运会上取得了巨大的成 功。”“是的,我认为在亚洲没有人表现得比他(她)们好。”否定词和比较级连用表达的是 最高级的意思。 3.B 句意为:“布鲁斯,我真的很欣赏你的书法。”“非常感谢。”根据英语习惯, 如果对方表扬你,你应该表示谢意。故答案为 B。A、C、D 三项不符合英语表达习惯。 4.C 考查常用搭配。a limit to sth. “对某物的限制”,其中 to 不能换成 of。 5.C 考查动词辨析。lie on the ground 意为“躺在地上”, lie(躺)的进行式为 lying; lie(说谎)的过去式为 lied; lay an egg 意为“下了一个蛋”。句意为:躺在地上的那个男孩撒 谎说他见过一只公鸡下了个蛋。 6.A have sth. done “让某事被??;经受??”; have her written English improved 意为“使她的书面英语有提高”。 句意为: 詹妮希望史密斯先生能给她提出在短期内快速提 高书面英语的方法。 7.C Go ahead 用于回答别人的请求,意为“去吧,好吧,说吧,干吧”。 8.D 考查情态动词的用法。句意为:十一月的合肥通常是温暖而阳光灿烂的,但今 年可能会很冷。can 表示可能性,其他三项没有这个用法。 9.A 说话人提出自己想在自己的家乡开个餐馆的计划,答话人说“也许提供当地最 好的菜肴是个好主意”,由此可推测第一个人是征求对方的意见,故选 A。 10.B 考查冠词。句意为:当杰克听说他的文章在学校的杂志上发表的时候,他有一 种兴奋的感觉。第一空为泛指;第二空为特指。 11.B 考查情态动词。别人征求意见,答话人说“我认为我们应该做的最重要的是尽 量和他们多待些时间”,而不是“不得不”,故排除 A 而选 B。 12.B 考查名词。limit “限制,限度”。parking limit 指“停车限制”。句意为:这 里有 10 分钟的停车限制,因此我们必须赶快去取车。 13. 考查 debt 短语的用法。 in debt “有债务”; of debt “没有债务”。 C out 句意为: 你认为负债的人要比没有债务的人聪明吗? 14.D 考查情态动词的特殊用法,本句是一条禁令。而 shall 用于肯定句,主语是第 一、三人称时,表允许、警告、命令等语气,故选 D。句意为:尽管现在周末不上课了,但 有些学校的学生没有老师的许可是不允许外出的。 15.B 考查交际用语。Why don't you/we do sth?表示给某人提建议,选项 B 表示同意 别人的提议。 Ⅱ.A 想品尝美味又害怕体重增加?休斯敦贝勒医学院的一项实验将会帮你消除这个顾虑。 16. 信息指代题。 A 此处所说的任务是指第一段中作者指出的大量进食体重还不增加, 故选 A。 17.A 细节判断题。根据第六段第一句话可知,没有酶的老鼠的身体仍然健康如故, 能繁育后代,行为与其他老鼠并无两样,故选 A。 18.C 推理判断题。文章最后两段说明此类药物仍在开发过程中,还未在人类身上进 行实验,目前要想保持体重,关键还是在于不要过量饮食,故选 C。 B 全文都在谈论由 BBC 进行的调查,内容是各国迷恋快餐的人口比例及背后的原因,最 后还说了不太喜欢快餐的法国人并分析了原因。 19.D 主旨大意题。全文都在谈论“a research carried out by the BBC”,内容是各国迷 恋快餐的人口比例还有背后的原因, 最后还说了不太喜欢快餐的法国人并分析了原因, 所以 D 项正确。 20.C 细节理解题。文章开始说了美国式快餐的发源地,但并没表明他们对吃快餐很 自豪, 所以 A 项错误。 根据第二段可排除 B 项。 根据第四段“They can't deny themselves that hamburger or extra piece of pizza,but ‘make themselves feel better by washing it down with a diet coke’,the study suggested.”看出 C 项是正确的。原文只是说美国人觉得(忍不住要吃

快餐)缺乏自律才导致肥胖,但并不是觉得从吃快餐得到的快乐比对体重的影响更重要。所 以 D 项错误。 21.A 词义猜测题。从本段的前半部分猜出词义。 22.A 细节理解题。由最后一段的“French people take care of their image as a matter of course.”看出答案。 Ⅲ .When our six children were young, suppertime is always being interrupted by
was

neighborhood children ring
play a

ringing

the bell. They wanted one child or another to come out and

played . Finally we had ∧ good idea.We hung a sign on the front door that read:“We are having dinner.Come later.” That night, we sat down to what they thought it/ would be a pleasant, uninterrupted meal.
we

And as soon as we began dinner, the doorbell rang. At the front door stood an eightyearsold
But eightyearold

boy. He looked up to
at

us , saying,“I just want to know how the sign says”.
what


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