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仪表、自控专业词汇


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仪表、 仪表、自控专业词汇 一、自控专业用词汇

Terms per process control   二、温度测量仪表 Temperature measuring instrument   三、压力测量仪表 Pressure measuring instrument   四、流量、液位测量仪表 Flow & level measuring instruments   五、显示仪表 Displaying instruments   六、分析仪表 Analyzers   七、气动单元组合仪表 Instruments of the pneumatic aggregate   八、执行器 Actuator   九、其他 Other   十、仪表检验设备 Calibrating devices for instruments   十一、阀门 Valves   十二、图名 Titles of drawings   十三、电气设备材料 Electrical apparatus & materials   十四、自控设备表(表一) List of equipment for process control (1)   流量 Flow? ?  物位 Level? ?  液位 Liquid level? ?   温度 Temperature   压力 Pressure  分析 Analysis? ? 指示 Indicating? ?? ?  记录 Recording   传递 Transmitting? ?  控制 Controlling? ???  调节 Regulating   信号 Signaling? ?? ?  联锁 Interlocking? ?   积算 Integrating   遥控 Remote controlling  信号报警 Alarming? ?声光信号 Acoustic and light signals   多点记录 Multipoint recording? ?   多点指示 Multipoint indicating   集中检测 Controlized measurement? ?   人工操作 Manual operation   测量范围 Measuring range? ?  分度号 Graduation??  输入 Input   输出 Output? ?  刻度 Scale??  等分刻度 Equally divided scale   等百分比 Equal percent??  精度(指仪表) Precision   精度(指测量) Accuracy   流量特性 Flow character(istic)? ?  线性(调节阀) Linear? ?   对数(调节阀) Logarithmic  方根(指记录仪) Square root  力矩(指执行器) Moment   公称力矩(指执行器) Nominal moment? ?  行程(指执行器) Stroke   常温 Ambient temperature??  常压 Atm. Pressure   微分 Derivative??  积分 Integral??  上限值 Upper limit  下限值 Lower limit   取压点 Pressure tapping point  检测点 Measured point  取样点 Sampling point   正环室(指孔板) Plus carrier-ring  负环室(指孔板) Minus carrier-ring   均压环(指孔板) Pressure-equalizing ring  伴热管线 Tracing pipe   脉冲(导压)管线 Impulse pipe  负迁移 Negative suppression   正迁移 Positive suppression? ?  保护管(指热电阻,热电偶) Sheath   测温(保护)套(指设备带的) Thermowell? ?   插入深度 Insertion length   (浸入深度) (Immersion length)? ?   仪表盘开孔 Panel-board cut-out   一次仪表 Primary instrument? ???  二次仪表 Secondary instrument   现场(就地)安装 Field (local) mounting   盘装 Panel mounting? ?  架装 Rack mounting??  柱上安装 Pole mounting   侧面安装 Side mounting   盘面安装 Surface mounting  壁装 Wall mounting   滞后 Lag??  易接近性 Accessibility? ?   可见性 Visibility   (安装)位置 (Mounting) location? ?  间隙 Clearance? ?   接管 Piping   接线 Wiring   注字(指铭牌) Inscription 二、温度测量仪表 Temperature measuring instrument   工业双金属温度计 Industrial bimetallic thermometer   玻璃水银温度计 Mercury-in-glass thermometer   电接点压力温度计 Manometric thermometer with electric contacts   光学温度计 Optical pyrometer   表面热电偶 Surface thermocouple   镍铬-镍硅热电偶 Chromel-silicel thermocouple   镍铬-镍铝热电偶 Chromel-alumel thermocouple   铂铑-铂热电偶 Platinum-rhodium platinum thermocouple ? ? 固定螺纹(普通式) 镍铬-镍铝热电偶 Chromel-alumel thermocouple with fixed threaded bushing   固定螺纹(防溅式) 镍铬-镍铝热电偶 Splash-proof chromel-alumel thermocouple with fixed threaded   双支热电偶 Twin thermocouple? ?  铠装热电偶 Armored thermocouple

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  铂热电阻 Platinum resistance thermometer   表面热电阻 Surface resistance thermometer   可动法兰普通式铂热电阻 Platinum resistance thermometer with movable flange   温包 Thermal bulb     三、压力测量仪表 Pressure measuring instrument   弹簧管压力表 Burdon-tube manometer   氨用压力表 Ammonia manometer   氨用电接点压力表 Ammonia manometer with electric contacts   隔膜压力表 Diaphragm sealed manometer   法兰膜片隔离式压力表 Flanged diaphragm sealed manometer   标准压力表 Standard pressure gauge   电接点弹簧压力表 Bourdon-tube manometer with electric contacts   氨用真空表 Ammonia vacuum-gauge   膜片真空表 Membrane vacuum-gauge   风压表 Output air pressure gauge   膜盒式微压计 Capsule-type micromanometer   双波纹管差压计 Differential pressure gauge with double bellows   活塞式压力计 Piston type pressure gauge   补偿微压计 Compensating micromanometer   带冷凝管压力表 Manometer with condensing tube   四、流量、液位测量仪表 Flow & level measuring instruments   椭圆齿轮流量计 Ovalgear flowmeter   湿式气体流量计 Wet type gas flowmeter   气远传转子流量计 Pneumatic remote transmitting rotameter   靶式流量计 Target flowmeter   玻璃转子流量计 Glass type rotameter   玻璃管液面计 Glass-tube level gauge   浮标式遥控测液位计 Remote measuring float level meter   环室标准孔板 Standard orifice with carrier-rings   标准孔板 Standard orifice   带柄平孔板 Plate orifice with handle   组合式高压孔板 Assemble type HP orifice   环室1/4圆喷嘴 Quadrant nozzle with carrier-rings   蜗轮流量变送器 Turbine flow transmitter   频率转换积算器 Frequency transducer with integrator   三阀体 Three-valve manifold   三通电磁阀 Three-way solenoid valve   小口径旋翼式冷水水表 Rotating vane type cold water-meter   TYQ-2型外浮筒液面调节器 Type TYQ-2 external cage displacer level controller   QBF3型单插入式法兰差压变送器 Type QBF3 single insertion flanged differential pressure   带平面(或槽面,凹面)密封面的节流装置 Throttling device with flat (or grooved, female) sealing   法兰上钻孔取压的节流装置 Throttling device with drilled holes on flange   带槽面(或凹面)环室取压的节流装置 Throttling device grooved (or female) carrier-ring   圆形均压环取压的孔板 Orifice plate with circular pressure-equalizing rings   五、显示仪表 Displaying instruments   旋转刻度自动平衡指示仪 Self-balancing indicator with rotating scale   长图自动平衡记录仪 Strip-chart self-balancing recorder   条形自动平衡显示仪 Self-balancing strip indicator   动圈式温度指示调节仪 Moving coil type temperature indicating controller   小条型(自动平衡)指示仪 Small strip-type (self-balancing) indicator   指示压力调节器 Indicating pressure controller   六、分析仪表 Analyzers   磁氧分析器 Paramagnetic oxygen analyzer   红外线气体分析器 Infrared type gas analyzer   热磁式氢气分析器 Thermal-conductivity hydrogen analyzer   磁饱和稳压器 Magnetic saturated voltage stabilizer

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  稳压器(气体用) Manostat   干燥器 Drier   过滤器 Filter   转子流量计 Rotameter   标准气钢瓶 Standard gas cylinder   压力调节器 Pressure regulator   气水分离器 Knock-out drum   放大器 Amplifier   七、气动单元组合仪表 Instruments of the pneumatic aggregate   二针一笔指示调节仪 Double-point single-pen indicating & recording controller   气动二针记录仪 Pneumatic double-pen recorder   气动一针记录仪 Pneumatic single-pen recorder   气动条形指示仪 Pneumatic strip-type indicator   气动色带指示仪 Pneumatic colour-strip indicator   气动温度变送器 Pneumatic temperature transmitter   气动压力变送器 Pneumatic pressure transmitter   气动绝对压力变送器 Pneumatic absolute pressure transmitter   气动法兰式差压变送器 Pneumatic flanged differential pressure transmitter   气动差压变送器 Pneumatic differential pressure transmitter   气动液位调节变送器 Pneumatic level controller transmitter   气动双法兰隔膜式差压变送器Pneumatic double-flange diaphragm separated type differential   气动串级指示记录调节器 Pneumatic cascade indicating and recording controller   空气过滤减压阀 Air pressure regulator-filter   气动自锁阀 Pneumatic self-locking valve   大功率过滤器 Large capacity filter   气动阀门定位器 Pneumatic valve positioner   气动遥控板 Pneumatic remote control station   气动旁路遥控板 Pneumatic by-pass remote control station   气动付线板 Pneumatic by-pass station   五孔气插座 Five-hole pneumatic socket   气动加减器 Pneumatic adder-subtractor   气动继动器 Pneumatic relay   电-气转换器 Electric-pneumatic transducer   气动定值器 Pneumatic loading station   气动积算器 Pneumatic intergrating counter   比值变送器 Ratio transmitter   大功率减压阀 Large capacity pressure regulator   空气安全阀 Air safety valve   气动差压变送器 Pneumatic differential pressure transmitter   变差 Variation   膜盒 Capsule   背压 Back pressure   膜片 Diaphragm   力平衡原理 Force-balance principle   主杠杆 Force-bar   拉条组件 Tension assembly   反馈波纹管 Feedback bellows   正(负)压室 High (low) pressure chamber   静压误差 Static error   反馈力矩 Feedback monent   静压轮 Static aligement   温度误差 Temperature error   牵移机构 Elevation and depression unit   隔离液 Sealing liquid   基准液面 Reference level   牵移弹簧 depression spring

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  抵消 Balance out   平衡状态 Balance condition   最大牵移范围 Maximum range of elevation epression   单门过载冲击 Over pressure impact from either direction   拉滚,凹陷, 裂缝或腐蚀 Soratched, cracks or erosion   咬合深度 Depth of jamming   姿式误差 Error position   拉紧力应更大些 Tighter ...... to great torque   调压螺钉 Pressure adjusting screw   零点漂移 Zero shoft   故障现象 Troubles   恒节流孔 Fixed restrictor   波纹深度 Depth of undulars   回差大 Exceeded variation   输出缓慢 Output slugglish   负载容积 Loading capacity   查漏清堵 Check for piping leaks & eliminate any clogs   输出振荡 Vibrating of output   行程误差 Progressive error   气动指示记录调节器 Pneumatic indicating and recorder controller   串级记录调节器 Cascade recording controller   记录纸速度 Chart speed   笔记录式 Continuous pen writing   记录纸驱动机构 Chart drive mechanism   浮环 Floating disc   灵敏度 Limitation of sensitibity   平衡状态 In equilibrium   气(电)插座 Air (electric) connecting plug   阀芯 Valve core   报警指示器 Alarm indicator   微分阀 Derivative restrictor   比例加积分作用 Proportional plus reset action   积分阀 Reset restrictor   平面节流阀 flat throttling valve   反馈压力瞬间变化值 Immediate change in feedback pressure   自衡单元 Automatic balancing unit   扇形板 Sector level   平动-自动的切换装置 Manual to automatic transfer   给定与测量机构 Set point unit and measurement receive assembly   同步误差 Synchro error   比例度 Proportional band   等速法 Uniform velocity method   阶跃法 Step change method   八、执行器 Actuator   气动薄膜调节阀 Pneumatic diaphragm control valve   流量特性 :直线 Flow characteristic: Liner   对数 Logarithmic   信号压力 Signal pressure   公称力矩 Nominal moment   带手轮散热片阀门定位器 With hand wheel , radiator & valve   气闭 Air to close   气开 Air to open   快开式 Quick-open type   高压气动薄膜执行机构 High pressure pneumatic diaphragm actuating mechanism   气动活塞切断阀 Pneumatic piston cut-off valve   带手轮散热片 With hand wheel , radiator

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  气动长行程执行机构 Pneumatic long-stroke actuating mechanism   九、其他 Other   隔离器 Sealing pot   调压器 Pressure regulator   框架式仪表盘 Frame type instrument panel-board with sides bend back   半模拟仪表盘 Semi-graphic instrument (panel-board)   空白半模拟仪表盘 Blank semi-graphic instrument panel-board   左侧门 Left side door   右侧门 Right side door   直形橱式操纵台 Console with wardrobe   仪表箱 Instrument box   保温箱 Heat insulated box   仪表保护箱 Instrument protecting box   铭牌框 Nameplate   光字排 Illuminated nameplate   右开门左封闭柜式仪表盘 Case type instrument panel-board with door at right side & left side   十、仪表检验设备 Calibrating devices for instruments   低电位直流电位差计 Low-potential D.C. potentiometer   直流复射式检流计 D.C. reflecting galvanometer   便携式饱和标准电池 Portable sturated standard cell   高温管式电阻炉 High temperature electric resistance tubular furnace   单双臂两用直流 Single-arm & double-arm (double-purpose) D.C. bridge   携带式直流单臂电桥 Portable single-arm D.C. bridge   携带式直流电位差计 Portable D.C. ptentiometer   晶体管稳压电源 Transistorized voltage stabilizer   恒流可调信号源 Constant current adjustable signal source   超级恒温水浴 Super-grade thermostat with water bath   超级恒温油浴 Super-grade thermostat with oil bath   万用表 Avometer   标准电热偶 Standard thermocouple   标准铂电阻温度计 Standard platinum resistantance thermometer   兆欧表 Megameter   直流毫安表 D.C. milliammeter   晶体管参数测试仪 Transistor parameter tester   标准水银温度计 Standard mercury thermometer   台式手绕线机 Bench type hand winding machine   十进位电阻箱 Decad type resistance box   旋转式直流电阻箱 Rotary D.C. resistance box   微调电阻箱 Fine turning resistance box   直流标准电阻 D.C. standard resistance   晶体管毫伏表 Transistorized millivoltmeter   电子交流稳压器 Electronic A.C. voltage stabilizer   超低频信号发生器 Ultra low frequency signal generator   真空表校验表 Calibrator for vacuum gauges   标准压力表 Calibrator for pressure gauges   秒表 Stop watch   电热干燥器强制空气循环 Electric drying oven , force-air circulation   氮气钢瓶 Nitrogen cylinder   手电钻 Hand electric drill   冷藏瓶 Vacuum flask   电吹风 Electric blower   手摇试压泵 Wobble pump for pressure testing   旋片式真空泵 Ratary vane type vacuum pump   标准准真空表 Standard vacuum gauge   氧气 压力表 Oxygen pressure gauge   步话机 Walkie-talkie

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  氧气压力表校验仪 Calibrator for oxygen pressure gauge   气动仪表校验台 Testing stand for pneumatic instruments   示波器 Oscillograph   自耦变压器 Auto-transformer   十一、阀门 Valves   卡套式球阀 Globe valve with sealing bushing   仪表截止阀 Instrument block valve   接表式仪表截止阀 Direct adapting instrument block valve   节流式仪表截止阀 Throttling type instrument block valve   内螺纹截止阀 Internal threaded block valve   气源球阀 Ball valve for air supply   二通阀 Two-way valve   切换阀 Switch-over valve   直形外螺纹截止阀 Straight external threaded block valve   角形外螺纹截止阀 Angle external threaded block valve   压套式仪表截止阀 Instrument block valve with pressed coupling   气动蝶阀 Pneumatic butterfly valve   热动式疏水器 Thermo-operated steam trap   十二、图名 Titles of drawings   仪表盘正面布置图 Instrument panel-board layout   仪表盘盘后布置图 Arrangement on the back of instrument panel-board   仪表盘盘后接线图 Wiring diagram on the back of instrument panel-board   仪表盘盘后接管图 Piping diagram on the back of instrument panel-board   仪表盘盘内接线图 Instrument panel-board inside wiring diagram   电缆,管缆平面敷设图 Plan for running cable & cabled tubings   由—至—管线平面敷设图 Plan of instrument piping & conduit running from – to –   电缆电线外部连接系统图 Scheme of external cable & wire connections   气动管线外部连接系统图 Scheme of external pneumatic piping connections   供电原理图 Scheme of power supply   仪表供气空视图 Ismetric view of instrument air supply   半模拟盘上信号灯原理接线图 Wiring scheme of signal lamps mounted on the semi-graphic panel  仪表保温伴热图 Instrument tracing & instrument flow diagram   压力引线夹套保温示意图 Heat insulation diagram for jacked pressure impulse pipe   压力, 流量引线保温伴热示意图 Heat insulation diagram for pressure &flow impulse pipes with   运转设备信号原理图 Signalization scheme for equipment running   十三、电气设备材料 Electrical apparatus & materials   端子箱 Terminal box   普通型接线端子 Ordinary terminal   开关接线端子 Terminal with switch   熔断器接线端子 Terminal with fuse   标记型接线端子 Marking terminal   可调电阻接线端子 Terminal with adjustable resistance   电气带盖三通 Three-way conduit fitting with cover   电气带盖二通 Two-way conduit fitting with cover   14线插头座 14-wire socket   14-针插头 14-pin plug   14-孔插座 14-hole socket   电流开关 Current switch   装置式自动开关 Cluster automatic switch   油浸式多点切换开关 Oil-immersed multi-point switch   油浸琴键开关 Oil-immersed key switch   气动电开关 Air operated electrical switch   换步开关 Step transfer switch   小型通用继电器 Small ordinary relay   单相插座 Single-phase socket   螺旋式熔断器 Screw-plug

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  单相母线 Single-phase bus   闪光信号报警器(附电铃及按钮) Flashing annunciator (with alarm and push-button)   无火花冲击式电铃 Non-spark impulse type alarm bell   镍铬-考铜补偿导线 Chromel-copel extension wire   聚氯乙烯绝缘屏蔽软线 PVC insulated shielded soft wire 铜芯橡皮绝缘聚氯乙烯护套电力电缆 PVC sheathed rubber-insulated copper wire power cable   铜芯聚氯乙烯绝缘线 PVC insulated copper wire   铜芯聚氯乙烯绝缘软线 PVC insulated copper soft wire   橡皮绝缘聚氯乙烯护套控制电缆 PVC sheathed rubber insulated control cable   橡皮绝缘低压腊克线 Rubber insulated low voltage lacquer wire   尼龙管缆,单芯高压聚氯乙烯护套 High pressure polyethylene sheath cable single-cored nylon   塑料护套塑料绝缘控制电缆 PVC-sheathed and PVC-insulated control cable   十四、自控设备表(表一) List of equipment for process control (1)   序号 Ser. No.   控制点 Tag No. of control point   测量和控制对象 Object to be measured and controlled   介质特性 Characteristics of process fluid   被测介质 Process fluid measured   被调介质 Process fluid manipulated   (设备)型号规格 Instrument type and specification   变送单元 Transmitting unit   调节单元 Controlling unit   显示单元 Displaying unit   辅助单元 Auxiliary unit   测量元件 Measuring element   安装地点 Mounting location   型号及规格 Type and specification   数量 Quantity   调节阀 Control valve   定位器 Positioner   系统安装图号 System mounting drawing No.   备注 Remarks   仪表位号 Instrument tag No.   (用途对象)及安装地点 Service and mounting location   自控材料表 List of material for process control   名称及规格 Description & specification   型号或标准号 Type or standard No.   单位 Unit


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