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关系副词when where 关系代词that which


Grammar
The Attributive Clause

定语从句
深圳布吉高级中学 何小党

关系副词 when / where

**关系副词如何确定: 当先行词具有“时间意义”,则 可考虑用when引导顶语从句。前提是:定语从句中不 缺少主语,宾语。且先行词前可加in/at/ on等介词, 构成介词短语,在从句中作时间状语。

(day/time/age/moment/month/year/holiday …)+ when I will never forget the moment ( when /at which my headteacher praised me) .

The time (when I first met him )was on Eve.

*当先行词具有“地点意义”是时,可考虑用where 。 前提是,定语从句中不缺少主语、宾语或表语。并且 先行词前可加in/at/on.在句中作地点状语。常见的先 行词有: ( place/scene/situation/standard/stage…) + where He is the manager of the company (where /in which my father makes shes).

We are now in a situation ( where we may meet with some trouble).
where I often go to the place _______we used to see a film

引导定语从句关系代词的用法:
that在从句中作主语或宾语,指人和物 1)A plane is a machine that can fly. (主语)

2)The noodles that I cooked were delicious. (宾语) 3)Let’s ask the man that is reading the book over there. (主语) 4)The girl that we saw yesterday is Jim’s sister. (宾语)

NOTE

that和which在指物的情况下一 般都可以互换, 但在下列情况下, 一般用 that而不用which。

(1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something, anything, little, much 等不定 代词时。 I am sure she has something (that) you can borrow.

(2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时。 I’ve read all the books that are not mine.

(3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。 This is the first book (that) he has read.
(4)先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。 This is the very book that belongs to him.

高考链接
1.The famous basketball star, _____ tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention. (北京 2002春季) A. where B. when C. which D. D who 真题解析: 本题考察定语从句关联词的 选择, 从句意可知先行词the famous basketball star(著名的篮球明星)是人, 所以应用表示人的关联词who。

2. Is this factory _____ we visited last year? A. where B. in which C. C the one D. at which 分析:此题还原成陈述句应该是This factory is______ we visited last year. 而 不是 This is factory ______ we visited last year. 所以答案是C。从句前省略了 关系代词that/which。

3._____ is known to everybody, the moon travels around the earth once every month. (NMET2001) A. It B As C. That D. what B. 真题解析: 本题考察as引导非限定性定语 从句。as引导从句的意思是“正如……..”, 引导的非限定性定语从句修饰整个句子, 当as在从句中充当主语时, 常用下面的结 构: as is know, as is said, as is reported等,所以本题的答案是B。

Choose the best answers:
1.This is all____I know about the matter. A.that B.what C.who D.whether 2.Is there anything else_____you want? A.which B.that C.who D.what 3.The last place _____we visited was the Great Wall. A.which B.that C.where D. it

4. Please take the second chair_______is over there. A. where B. which C. who D. that
5.Is oxygen the only gas __ helps fire burn? A. that B./ C.which D.it 6.Finally, the thief handed everything _____ he had stolen to the police (NMET98’) A. which B. what C. whatever D. that

7. All of the flowers now raised here have developed from those ____ in the forest. A. once the grew B. they grew once C. that once grew D. once grew.

8. I don’t like ____ you speak to her.
A. the way B. the way in that

C. the way which D. the way of which

9. The weather turned out to be very good,

____ was more than we expected.
A. what B. which C. that D. it 10. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten

windows; most of ____ hadn’t been
cleaned for ten years.

A. these B. those C. that D. which

5. All the apples ____ fall are eaten by that wild boars. 6. Can you think of anyone ____ could that look after him? 7. This is the best hotel ____ I know. that 8. He showed a machine which parts are _____ too small to be seen.

基础练习 1. Is that the house ____ you bought last B year? A. where B. which
2. Is that the picture ___ you are laughing A at? A. which B.where

3. It is the most interesting book ___I’ll B ever read. A. which B. that

B 4.The street ______is to the park is very narrow. A. where B. which 5.The person ___finds my watch will get A a reward. A. who B. when 6.This is the room __ we listened to the B lecture. A. which B. where

7.The boy ___mother is ill can not B come to the party. A. who B. whose 8.Tell me the reason ___ you are late. B A. which B. why

高考连接:

B

1) We are living in an age ______many things are done on computer. A.where B. in which C.which D.that 2) I always remember the weekend _____ I spent the holiday with my closest friends. A. when B. where C.which D. by which

3) I always remember the weekend ____ I spent with my friends.
A. which B. when C.where D.in which

4)A fast food restaurant is the place B _______,just as the name suggests ,eating is performed quickly. A. which B. where C. there D. what

5)Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the A scenes______people were eaten by the tiger. A. in which B. by which C. which D. that 6) He said that we were in a situation______there were a number of problems waiting for us to solve. A. when B. where C. which D. that


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