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动词不规则变化 - 副本


适当词填空

1

高中英语不规则动词表

AAA
2

动词原形 broadcast burst cost cut hit hurt

过去式 broadcast burst cost cut hit hurt

过去分词 broadcast b

urst cost cut hit hurt

现在分词 broadcasting bursting costing cutting hitting hurting

词义 广播;播送 爆炸;突然发作
花费…;使…付出代价
割(…);切(…);剪 (…);砍(…)

打(击) …;击中 …; 撞(击) …; (灾害,疾病等)侵袭…

使 … 受 伤; 疼痛 ;使 … 精 神痛苦

let put read rid set
shut spit spread upset

let put read rid set
shut spit spread upset

let put read rid set
shut spit spread upset

letting putting reading ridding setting
shutting spitting spreading upsetting

允许…,让… 放(置)… 读 使…摆脱… 摆放;设置
关上(…)
吐(痰,口水,唾沫等)

展开;传播;涂 使…苦恼或心烦

动词原形 b b c c h h

过去式 broadcast burst cost cut hit hurt

过去分词 broadcast burst cost cut hit hurt

现在分词 broadcasting bursting costing cutting hitting hurting

词义 广播;播送 爆炸;突然发作
花费…;使…付出代价
割(…);切(…);剪 (…);砍(…)

打(击) …;击中 …; 撞(击) …; (灾害,疾病等)侵袭…

使 … 受 伤; 疼痛 ;使 … 精 神痛苦

l p r r s
s s s u

let put read rid set
shut spit spread upset

let put read rid set
shut spit spread upset

letting putting reading ridding setting
shutting spitting spreading upsetting

允许…,让… 放(置)… 读 使…摆脱… 摆放;设置
关上(…)
吐(痰,口水,唾沫等)

展开;传播;涂 使…苦恼或心烦

高中英语不规则动词表

AAB / ABA
原形→aught →aught
5

AAB
动词原形 beat 过去式 beat 过去分词 beaten 现在分词 beating 词义 打败…;连续敲打…

ABA
动词原形 become come overcome run 过去式 became came overcame ran 过去分词 become come overcome run 现在分词 becoming coming overcoming running 词义 变得…;成为… 来 克服…;战胜… 跑

原形→aught →aught
动词原形 catch teach 过去式 caught taught 过去分词 caught taught 现在分词 catching teaching 词义 捉…及时赶上… 教(授)…

AAB
动词原形 beat 过去式 beat 过去分词 beaten 现在分词 beating 词义 打败…;连续敲打…

ABA
动词原形 b c o r 过去式 became came overcame ran 过去分词 become come overcome run 现在分词 becoming coming overcoming running 词义 变得…;成为… 来 克服…;战胜… 跑

原形→aught →aught
动词原形 c t 过去式 caught taught 过去分词 caught taught 现在分词 catching teaching 词义 捉…及时赶上… 教(授)…

高中英语不规则动词表

综合练习
8

动词原形 broadcast beat cost become hit hurt catch put teach rid upset

过去式 broadcast beat cost became hit hurt caught put taught

过去分词 broadcast beaten cost become hit hurt caught put taught

现在分词 broadcasting beating costing becoming hitting hurting catching putting teaching

词义 广播;播送 打败…;连续敲打…
花费…;使…付出代价

变得…;成为…
使 … 受 伤; 疼痛 ;使 … 精 神痛苦

打(击) …;击中 …; 撞(击) …; (灾害,疾病等)侵袭…

捉…及时赶上… 放(置)… 教(授)… 使…摆脱… 使…苦恼或心烦

rid upset

rid upset

ridding upsetting

高中英语不规则动词表

ABB
10

1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。
动词原形 burn deal dream hang hear leap learn lie light mean prove shine speed spell spill spoil wake 过去式 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted 或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled或spilt spoilt waked或woke[w?uk] 过去分词 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled 或spilt spoilt 现在分词 burning dealing dreaming hanging hearing leaping learning lying lighting meaning proving shining speeding spelling spilling spoiling 词义 烧伤…;晒伤…; 解决;处理;分发 做梦;梦想 绞死… 或悬挂 听到… 跳(跃) 学习…;获悉… 撒谎 点燃…;照亮… 意思是;打算,意欲 证明…;证实…; 擦亮(…) 使…快速行进; 拼写(…) 流出…;溢出…; 破坏…;溺爱… 醒来;叫醒…

waked或woken[w?uk] waking

1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。
动词原形 burn deal dream hang hear leap learn lie light mean prove shine speed spell spill spoil wake 过去式 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted 或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled或spilt spoilt waked或woke[w?uk] 过去分词 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled 或spilt spoilt 现在分词 burning dealing dreaming hanging hearing leaping learning lying lighting meaning proving shining speeding spelling spilling spoiling 词义 烧伤…;晒伤…; 解决;处理;分发 做梦;梦想 绞死… 或悬挂 听到… 跳(跃) 学习…;获悉… 撒谎 点燃…;照亮… 意思是;打算,意欲 证明…;证实…; 擦亮(…) 使…快速行进; 拼写(…) 流出…;溢出…; 破坏…;溺爱… 醒来;叫醒…

waked或woken[w?uk] waking

1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。
动词原形 b d d h h l l l light mean prove shine speed spell spill spoil wake 过去式 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted 或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled或spilt spoilt waked或woke[w?uk] 过去分词 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled 或spilt spoilt 现在分词 burning dealing dreaming hanging hearing leaping learning lying lighting meaning proving shining speeding spelling spilling spoiling 词义 烧伤…;晒伤…; 解决;处理;分发 做梦;梦想 绞死… 或悬挂 听到… 跳(跃) 学习…;获悉… 撒谎 点燃…;照亮… 意思是;打算,意欲 证明…;证实…; 擦亮(…) 使…快速行进; 拼写(…) 流出…;溢出…; 破坏…;溺爱… 醒来;叫醒…

waked或woken[w?uk] waking

1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。
动词原形 burn deal dream hang hear leap learn lie light mean prove shine speed spell spill spoil wake 过去式 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted 或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled或spilt spoilt waked或woke[w?uk] 过去分词 burnt或burned dealt dreamt或dreamed hanged或hung[h??] heard[h?:d] leapt learnt或learned lied lighted或lit [lit] meant[ment] proved shined speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled 或spilt spoilt 现在分词 burning dealing dreaming hanging hearing leaping learning lying lighting meaning proving shining speeded或sped spelled或spelt spilled或spilt spoiling 词义 烧伤…;晒伤…; 解决;处理;分发 做梦;梦想 绞死… 或悬挂 听到… 跳(跃) 学习…;获悉… 撒谎 点燃…;照亮… 意思是;打算,意欲 证明…;证实…; 擦亮(…) 使…快速行进; 拼写(…) 流出…;溢出…; 破坏…;溺爱… 醒来;叫醒…

waked或woken[w?uk] waking

高中英语不规则动词表

综合练习
15

动词原形 burst burn cut deal set hang catch shut light spread speed

过去式 burst burnt或burned cut dealt set

过去分词 burst burnt或burned cut dealt set

现在分词 bursting burning cutting dealing setting hanging catching shutting lighting spreading speeding

词义 爆炸;突然发作 烧伤…;晒伤…;
割(…);切(…);剪 (…);砍(…)

解决;处理;分发 摆放;设置
绞死… 或悬挂

hanged或hung[h??] hanged或hung[h??] caught shut lighted 或lit [lit] spread speeded或sped caught shut lighted或lit [lit] spread speeded或sped

捉…及时赶上… 关上(…) 点燃…;照亮… 展开;传播;涂 使…快速行进

高中英语不规则动词表

ABB
2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。
17

2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。
动词原形 bend build lend 过去式 bent built lent 过去分词 bent built lent 现在分词 bending building lending 词义 (使…)弯曲; (使…)屈服, 顺从 建造… 借出…

rebuild
send

rebuilt
sent

rebuilt
sent

rebuilding
sending

重建…;再形成…; 恢复…

送或寄(某物); 派或遣(某人)

spend

spent

spent

spending

花费(时间,金 钱)

2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。
动词原形 b b l 过去式 bent built lent 过去分词 bent built lent 现在分词 bending building lending 词义 (使…)弯曲; (使…)屈服, 顺从 建造… 借出…

r
s

rebuilt
sent

rebuilt
sent

rebuilding
sending

重建…;再形成…; 恢复…

送或寄(某物); 派或遣(某人)

s

spent

spent

spending

花费(时间,金 钱)

高中英语不规则动词表

综合练习
20

动词原形 hear bend mean send let dream prove lend spell learn spit

过去式 heard[h?:d] bent meant[ment] sent let dreamt或dreamed proved lent spelled或spelt learnt或learned spit

过去分词 heard[h?:d] bent meant[ment] sent let dreamt或dreamed proved lent spelled或spelt learnt或learned spit

现在分词 hearing bending meaning sending letting dreaming proving lending spelling learning spitting

词义 听到… (使…)弯曲;
意思是;打算,意欲

解决;处理;分发 允许…,让…;
做梦;梦想

证明…;证实…; 借出… 拼写(…)
学习…;获悉… 吐(痰,口水,唾沫 等)

高中英语不规则动词表

ABB
(3)原形→ought →ought
22

(3)原形→ought →ought
动词原形 bring buy fight seek think 过去式 brought bought fought sought thought 过去分词 brought bought fought sought thought 现在分词 bringing buying fighting seeking thinking 词义 带来…;导致… 买… 打架;战斗 寻找(…);追 求(…) 想;思考(…); 认为…

(3)原形→ought →ought
动词原形 b b f s t 过去式 brought bought fought sought thought 过去分词 brought bought fought sought thought 现在分词 bringing buying fighting seeking thinking 词义 带来…;导致… 买… 打架;战斗 寻找(…);追 求(…) 想;思考(…); 认为…

高中英语不规则动词表

ABB
(4)变其中一个元音字母
25

(4)变其中一个元音字母

动词原形 dig
feed flee get hang hold shine sit spit stick win

过去式 dug
fed fled got hung held shone sat spat stuck won

过去分词 dug
fed fled got hung held shone sat spat stuck won

现在分词 digging
feeding fleeing getting hanging holding shining sitting spitting sticking winning

词义 挖(…);钻研…
喂养(人),饲 养(动物) 逃离;避开 收到…,接到…; 得到… 悬挂(…) 握住…;可容纳 (多少人或物) 发光;照耀 坐 吐(痰,口水, 唾沫) 插,刺;粘
获(得…的)胜 (利)

(4)变其中一个元音字母

动词原形 dig
feed flee get hang hold shine sit spit stick win

过去式 dug
fed fled got hung held shone sat spat stuck won

过去分词 dug
fed fled got hung held shone sat spat stuck won

现在分词 digging
feeding fleeing getting hanging holding shining sitting spitting sticking winning

词义 挖(…);钻研…
喂养(人),饲 养(动物) 逃离;避开 收到…,接到…; 得到… 悬挂(…) 握住…;可容纳 (多少人或物) 发光;照耀 坐 吐(痰,口水, 唾沫) 插,刺;粘
获(得…的)胜 (利)

高中英语不规则动词表

ABB
(5)原形→□lt/pt/ft→□lt/pt/ft
28

(5)原形→lt/pt/ft→lt/pt/ft

动词原形 feel
keep

过去式 felt
kept

过去分词 felt
kept

现在分词 feeling
keeping

词义
触摸…;觉察到…; 保持,保有…,留下…

leave
sleep smell spell spill spoil sweep

left
slept smelt spelt spilt spoilt swept

left
slept smelt spelt spilt spoilt swept

leaving
sleeping smelling spelling spilling spoiling sweeping

离开;使…处于 (某状态) 睡(觉)
闻…;闻到…;闻起 来… 拼写(…) 流出…;溢出…;洒 出… 毁掉…,破坏…;宠 坏… 扫(…)

weep

wept

wept

weeping

哭泣;流泪

(5)原形→lt/pt/ft→lt/pt/ft

动词原形 feel
keep

过去式 felt
kept

过去分词 felt
kept

现在分词 feeling
keeping

词义
触摸…;觉察到…; 保持,保有…,留下…

leave
sleep smell spell spill spoil sweep weep

left
slept smelt spelt spilt spoilt swept wept

left
slept smelt spelt spilt spoilt swept wept

leaving
sleeping smelling spelling spilling spoiling sweeping weeping

离开;使…处于 (某状态) 睡(觉)
闻…;闻到…;闻起 来… 拼写(…) 流出…;溢出…;洒 出… 毁掉…,破坏…;宠 坏… 扫(…)

哭泣;流泪

高中英语不规则动词表

ABB
(6)其它
31

(6)其他

动词原形 bleed
find have lay

过去式 bled
found had laid

过去分词 bled
found had laid

现在分词 bleeding
finding having laying

词义 流血
发现…;找到 有…;持有… 产(卵),下 (蛋);放置… 引路;引导… 点燃…;照亮…

lead light lose make
meet pay

led lit lost made
met paid

led lit lost made
met paid

leading lighting losing making
meeting paying

失去…
制作…;制造…;

创造…

相遇;满足或符 合(要求等) 付(钱)

(6)其他

动词原形 retell
say sell shoot slide speed stand strike

过去式 retold
said sold shot slid sped stood struck

过去分词 retold
said sold shot slid sped stood struck

现在分词 retelling
saying selling shooting sliding speeding standing striking

词义 复述…
说…;讲… 卖(…) (向…)开枪; 射击;拍摄… ( 使…)滑动 快速行进; (使…)加速 站立;忍受… 撞击…;钟整点 播报;(灾难, 疾病)侵袭…

tell
understand wind

told
understood wound

told
understood wound

telling
understanding winding

告诉…;讲诉…
明白…;理解 缠绕;迂回…

(6)其他

动词原形 bleed
find have lay

过去式 bled
found had laid

过去分词 bled
found had laid

现在分词 bleeding
finding having laying

词义 流血
发现…;找到 有…;持有… 产(卵),下 (蛋);放置… 引路;引导… 点燃…;照亮…

lead light lose make
meet pay

led lit lost made
met paid

led lit lost made
met paid

leading lighting losing making
meeting paying

失去…
制作…;制造…;

创造…

相遇;满足或符 合(要求等) 付(钱)

(6)其他

动词原形 retell
say sell shoot slide speed stand strike

过去式 retold
said sold shot slid sped stood struck

过去分词 retold
said sold shot slid sped stood struck

现在分词 retelling
saying selling shooting sliding speeding standing striking

词义 复述…
说…;讲… 卖(…) (向…)开枪; 射击;拍摄… ( 使…)滑动 快速行进; (使…)加速 站立;忍受… 撞击…;钟整点 播报;(灾难, 疾病)侵袭…

tell
understand wind

told
understood wound

told
understood wound

telling
understanding winding

告诉…;讲诉…
明白…;理解 缠绕;迂回…

高中英语不规则动词表

ABC
(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n
36

(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

动词原形 blow draw
drive eat fall forbid forgive give grow know mistake overeat

过去式 blew drew
drove ate fell forbad(e) forgave gave grew knew mistook overate

过去分词 blown drawn
driven eaten fallen forbidden forgiven given grown known mistaken overeaten

现在分词 blowing drawing
driving eating falling forbidding forgiving giving growing knowing mistaking overeating

词义 吹(…) 画( …);拖 (…), 拉(…)
驾驶( …);驱 赶…;使或逼 … 吃(…) 落下;跌倒;突 然降临,来临 禁止…,不许… 原谅…;饶恕…; 给…;提供… 生长;种植…; 变得… 知道,懂得 弄错…;误解… 吃(…)过量

(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

动词原形 blow draw
drive eat fall forbid forgive give grow know mistake overeat

过去式 blew drew
drove ate fell forbad(e) forgave gave grew knew mistook overate

过去分词 blown drawn
driven eaten fallen forbidden forgiven given grown known mistaken overeaten

现在分词 blowing drawing
driving eating falling forbidding forgiving giving growing knowing mistaking overeating

词义 吹(…) 画( …);拖 (…), 拉(…)
驾驶( …);驱 赶…;使或逼 … 吃(…) 落下;跌倒;突 然降临,来临 禁止…,不许… 原谅…;饶恕…; 给…;提供… 生长;种植…; 变得… 知道,懂得 弄错…;误解… 吃(…)过量

(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

动词原形 prove
ride rise

过去式 proved
rode rose

过去分词 proved或proven
ridden risen

现在分词 proving
riding rising

词义 证明…;证实…; 结果原来… 骑(…);乘…
上升;起立,起身;起 床;(太阳,月亮等) 升起

see
sew shake show sow take throw write

saw
sewed shook showed sowed took threw wrote

seen
sewn shaken shown sown taken thrown written

seeing
sewing shaking showing sowing taking throwing writing

看见…;明白…, 领会… 缝(…) 摇动(…),颠 簸; 发抖,打颤 展示…;显示… 播种(…) 带…;拿…
投,抛,扔,掷 写(…)

(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

动词原形 prove
ride rise

过去式 proved
rode rose

过去分词 proved或proven
ridden risen

现在分词 proving
riding rising

词义 证明…;证实…; 结果原来… 骑(…);乘…
上升;起立,起身;起 床;(太阳,月亮等) 升起

see
sew shake show sow take throw write

saw
sewed shook showed sowed took threw wrote

seen
sewn shaken shown sown taken thrown written

seeing
sewing shaking showing sowing taking throwing writing

看见…;明白…, 领会… 缝(…) 摇动(…),颠 簸; 发抖,打颤 展示…;显示… 播种(…) 带…;拿…
投,抛,扔,掷 写(…)

(2)原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

动词原形 bite break choose forget freeze get hide speak steal wake bite

过去式 bit broke chose forgot froze got hid spoke stole woke bit

过去分词 bitten broken chosen forgotten frozen got(ten) hidden spoken stolen woken bitten

现在分词 biting breaking choosing forgetting freezing getting hiding speaking stealing waking biting

词义 咬;叮;蛰 破,碎,断;; 打破(记录) 选择…;挑选…; 选取… 忘记(…) 结 冰 ; 冷 冻 (…),冷藏(…) 收到…;得到… 隐藏…;隐瞒…, 掩盖…;躲藏 说话; 偷(…) 醒来;叫醒… 咬(…)

(2)原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

动词原形 bite break choose forget freeze get hide speak steal wake bite

过去式 bit broke chose forgot froze got hid spoke stole woke bit

过去分词 bitten broken chosen forgotten frozen got(ten) hidden spoken stolen woken bitten

现在分词 biting breaking choosing forgetting freezing getting hiding speaking stealing waking biting

词义 咬;叮;蛰 破,碎,断;; 打破(记录) 选择…;挑选…; 选取… 忘记(…) 结 冰 ; 冷 冻 (…),冷藏(…) 收到…;得到… 隐藏…;隐瞒…, 掩盖…;躲藏 说话; 偷(…) 醒来;叫醒… 咬(…)


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