2016 年高考模拟考试 英 语
注意事项： 1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓 名、座位号、考生号、试卷类型（A 或 B）涂写在答题卡上。本试卷满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 2. 回答第Ⅰ卷时，选出每小题答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。 如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂
其他答案标号。写在本试卷上无效。 3. 回答第Ⅱ卷时，将答案写在答题卡上，写在本试卷上无效。 4. 考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第I卷 第一部分 听力(共两节, 满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 1. What's the correct time? A. 8:20. B. 8:25. C. 8:15. 2. Where are the two speakers? A. On a ship. B. On a train. C. On a plane. 3. Where is the woman going now? A. Her brother's office B. Her own house. C. The market. 4. Why can't the woman go to the party? A. She is sick. B. She has to work. C. She has to stay at home. 5. What is the problem with her English? A. Her spelling is very poor. B. Her speaking is not good. C. Her pronunciation is not good. 第二节（共15 小题；每小题1.5分，满分22.5分） 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6-8 题。
6. Where are the two speakers? A. In the library. B. In a department store. C. In the street. 7. Who are the two speakers? A. A woman and his husband. B. A woman and a passer-by. C. A woman and her friend. 8. Where will the woman change buses? A. At the zoo. B. At the traffic lights. C. At the end of the No. 9 bus. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9-11 题。 9. Why is the man going to the States? A. Visit places of interest. B. Visit his friends. C. Attend a conference. 10. How long will the conference last? A. One month. B. Two weeks. C. Seven days. 11. What is the man? A. A scientist. B. A writer. C. A traveler. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12-14 题。 12. Where does this conversation take place? A. At school. B. In the street. C. On the phone. 13. Why is the woman going to borrow some old exam papers? A. She wants to look through them. B. Hers are missing. C. She wants to check them. 14. Why is the girl worried about her physics exam? A. Because she hasn't prepared well. B. Because she has lost her physics book. C. Because she has no old exam papers. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15-17 题。 15. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a library. B. In a classroom. C. In a bookstore. 16. What is the man doing? A. Returning some books. B. Looking for a book. C. Writing a research paper.
17. What does the woman tell the man to do? A. To return the due books. B. To refer to the card list. C. To make use of the computer. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18-20 题。 18. Who does the speaker talk to? A. A friend of his. B. A group of new students. C. A group of visitors. 19. What is the total number of departments in the college? A. Six. B. Five. C. Four. 20. Where do the teachers in the English department mainly come from? A. England and America. B. America and Australia. C. America and Canada.
第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节, 满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A It was the beginning of the school year a few years ago and I had a little boy in my class who came from a non-English speaking home. He was very quiet and shy. I wasn’t sure how much he understood during the school day and I was especially concerned that he just stood by himself at break time and did not play. If I tried to talk to him, he would turn away and tightly shut his eyes to hide from me. After a day or two of this, I decided to seek the help from one of my outgoing and friendly little girls. I called her over and she ran to me, ready to help. I immediately began a long speech about what I needed from her. I asked her if she would try to get him to play, and I started talking quickly about all these suggestions on how she could start communication with him. I explained she could do that, she could try this idea, she could try that idea. She touched my arm to stop my talking and looked up at me in that wise and special way that only a six-year-old can, and said, “Don’t worry, I speak kid”. And she ran off. I stood there all alone, silently watching her. It took less than a minute for the two new friends to run off, hand in hand, happily joining a game of tag(捉人游戏) taking place all over the gym. I often think of that small moment, about what I learned and how important it is for all teachers to speak kid – big kid, little kid and middle kid. I know my focus must be on teaching students how to think, how to approach problems, and how to figure out solutions and teaching them never to let the opportunity away. We must be ready to learn from our students because those “teachable moments” during the school days are for us, the teachers, as well as our kids. 21. The author worried about the boy at first because . A. he didn’t want to speak to the author B. he came from a non-English speaking home
C. he didn’t understand what the author taught D. he wasn’t willing to communicate with others 22. After the girl agreed to help, the author . A. immediately expressed her thanks to the girl B. told her what she should do in detail C. let her invite the boy to join the game of tag at once D. reminded her of what she should be careful about 23. What does the underlined part “I speak kid ” mean? It means A. the girl could speak the language that kids understand B. the girl could speak the boy’s mother language C. the girl could know what the boy want to say D. the girl could speak well like a little kid 24. From the passage we can learn that the author is most probably A. a reporter C. a teacher B. a student
D. a psychologist(心理医生) B First direct coal liquefaction(煤液化) line produces
(Xinhua) HOHHOT – China’s first direct coal-to-oil project, operated by the country’s leading coal producer, Shenhua Group, produced 866,000 tons of oil products last year. The direct coal liquefaction line is located in Ejin Horo Banner( 伊金霍洛旗 ), Ordos city, North China’s Inner Mongolia autonomous region. It produces 3,000 tons of oil products by using nearly 10,000 tons of coal per day, said Shenhua Coal Liquefaction and Chemical Co.,Ltd. With an investment of 12.6 billion yuan ($2.06 billion), Shenhua Group began construction of the project in 2004, using self-developed technologies. The project began trial production at the end of 2009 with a designed annual capacity of 1.08 million tons of diesel(柴油), naphtha(粗汽油)and liquefied petroleum gas(液化石油气). Proven coal reserves(已探明的蕴藏量)around Ordos are estimated at 160 billion tons, or 11.4 percent of the country’s total coal reserves. As part of its clean energy strategy, China has begun a number of direct or indirect coal liquefaction and coal gasification projects in Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Liaoning in the past three years. 25. What’s mainly talked about in the passage? A. The way to change coal to oil. B. China’s leading coal producer, Shenhua Group. C. China’s first direct coal-to-oil project. D. The proven coal reserves around Ordos. 26. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Shenhua Group began construction of the project in 2009. B. The project produces 866,000 tons of oil products every year. C. It produces 3,000 tons of oil products with nearly 100,000 tons of coal per day. D. The project can produce 1.08 million tons of diesel, naphtha and liquefied petroleum gas every year according to design.
27. We can most probably see this passage in a A. science magazine C. billboard(广告牌)
. B. newspaper D. story book
C Statistically, air travel is by far the safest way to travel, and you can make flying even safer, just by following these simple rules. Though your chances of being in an air accident are practically zero, many of these tips concern what you should and shouldn’t do to make your journey safer when you are in the air. Fly on non-stop routes Most accidents occur during the take-off, climb, descent and landing periods of a flight, so flying non-stop can reduce these complex steps. Choose larger aircrafts Although small aircrafts have very good safety records, those with more than 30 passenger seats are designed to follow much stricter regulations and are tested more regularly to make sure they still work well. Also, in the unlikely event of a serious accident, larger aircrafts provide a better opportunity for passenger survival. Pay attention to the pre-flight safety briefing The information may seem to be heard repeatedly, but it’s worth listening to the flight attendants. And even if you’ve flown before, it doesn’t mean you know everything about the aircraft you’re on, such as the location of the closest emergency exit. Store things safely Never put very heavy things in the overhead storage bins. They may fall out when someone opens the bin and cause injury. Also, the bin may not be able to hold heavier objects during turbulence(气流). Keep your seat belt fastened while you are seated Cabin crew always tell you this, but it’s important. You would be seriously injured if the plane hits unexpected turbulence. Always fasten your seat belt if you are told to. The general rule of flying is this: If you are told to do something, do it first and ask questions later. Let the flight attendant pour your hot drinks Flight attendants are trained to handle hot drinks like coffee or tea in a crowded passage on a moving aircraft, so allow them to pour the drink and hand it to you. Never ask to take a coffee pot from one of them. 28. Why does the writer write these air safety tips? To tell the passengers A. how to improve safety while flying. B. what to do in the unlikely event of a serious accident. C. how they can avoid turbulence. D. how to avoid injury. 29. Which of the following is the best one to replace the underlined word “those” in the second tip? A. smaller aircrafts C. larger aircrafts B. passengers D. safety records
30. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Larger planes have more safety checks and are safer in an accident.
B. Seat belts should be worn only during the take-off, climb, descent and landing periods of a flight. C. Non-stop flights can reduce the complex steps of takeoff, climb, descent and landing. D. It is dangerous for a passenger to pour hot drinks on a moving plane. 31. What is the best title of the passage? . A. How to Avoid Turbulence C. Larger Plane is Better B. How to Fly a Plane D. Flight Safety Tips
D The quality of drinking water in Shanghai will meet European Union standard soon and, a decade later, citizens in Shanghai will drink the best water in the world. These were the goals set out by the Shanghai Water Authority. With the city’s population expected to increase only slightly and the economy to boom by 2020, Chen Yin, an official with the water authority, said Shanghai’s water use will not increase from its present amount. Zhang Yue, director of the Urban Construction Division under the Ministry of Construction, said, “Shanghai is the first city in the country to publicize these goals. They will not be easy to achieve.” He said water saving will help keep the sustainable(可持续的) development of China’s economy. Saving one cubic meter of water means saving the city’s infrastructure(基础设施)costs by 10,000 Yuan. Last year, Shanghai saved 300 million cubic meters of water either from readjustment of industrial structure or the use of new technology. “The aim is to arouse public awareness of the seriousness of water shortages,” Chen said. “The rich surface water and amount of rain of the city are so misleading that they result in improper use of water.” Shanghai lacks drinkable water. The Huangpu River, which supplies 80 percent of the city’s drinkable water, is drying up. The city, therefore, has been exploring new sources from the Yangtze River and growing forests along it to hold quality water. Besides, the authority is popularizing technology among the public to efficiently cut the amount of water used. At present, the city has 600,000 family toilets, each using 13 liters of water per flush. These are to be renovated(整修)to use only 9 liters of water per flush. The authority is renovating the first 200 toilets for households – at a cost of 40 Yuan each. In three years, all the toilets will be renovated, which saves the city nearly 15 million Yuan every year in water use. Another task is the treatment of the waste water to improve the water environment. At present the city can only treat 44 percent of its daily 5.04 million tons of waste water. To meet the total demand, 27 more treatment factories are to be set up with an estimated investment of 18 billion Yuan. 32. Some people in Shanghai use water improperly because . A. the rich surface water and large amount of rain mislead them B. their family toilets can save plenty of water C. the waste water has already been treated
D. new technology provide people with water as much as possible 33. The authority begins to renovate the toilets for households to . A. make people live more conveniently B. meet people’s need of water C. make people’s living standards better D. reduce employment pressure 34. Which of the following measures are all mentioned in the passage to save water? a. Introducing or using some new technology. b. Improving drinking water quality. c. Changing some industrial structure. d. Renovating some family toilets. e. Building more waste water treatment factories. f. Speeding the economic development of Shanghai. A. a, b, c, d B. b, c, e, f C. b, c, d, e D. a, c, d, e 35. We can infer from the passage that . A. Shanghai will need a much larger amount of water in the future B. people in Shanghai can drink the best water in the world today C. not all the people in Shanghai today know water shortage D. all the family toilets will be renovated to save water in 3 years 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Culture Shock Culture shock refers to the anxiety and feelings (of surprise, uncertainty, confusion, etc.) felt when people have to operate within a different and unknown cultural or social environment, such as a foreign country. Generally speaking, we could say that there are four stages of culture shock. The first stage is called “the honeymoon”. In this stage, you are excited about living in a different place. 36 The next stage is “the hostility(敌意)stage”. In this stage, you begin to notice not everything is as good as you originally thought it was. 37 Moreover, people don’t treat you like a guest anymore. Then you come to the third stage called “recovery”. In this stage, you start to feel more positive. 38 The whole situation starts to become more favorable and you begin to learn to adapt yourself to it. The last stage of culture shock is called “adjustment”. In this stage, you have reached a point where you actually feel good. 39 The things that originally made you feel uncomfortable or strange are now things that you understand. Now you have adjusted to the new culture and you feel comfortable. Not all individuals visiting another country will experience all these four stages. 40 It also occurs within cultures as individuals move from place to place or from one setting to another (e.g., from high school to college). A. You feel that friends should help each other to deal with culture shock.
B. And you try to develop comprehension of everything you don’t understand. C. In addition, culture shock is not limited to the overseas visitor. D. You become tired of many things about the new culture. E. You have learned enough to understand the new culture. F. You begin to understand you need to travel a lot. G. And everything seems to be marvelous and everybody seems to be so nice to you. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was young, every night, my mother came to my bed. She would 41 down and push my long hair out of the way, and then kiss my forehead. I don’t remember when it first started 42 me. I don’t like her hands pushing my hair that way, for they felt rough 43 my young skin. Finally, one night, I 44 out at her, “Don’t do that any more, your hands are too rough!” She made no 45 and left quietly. But never did my mother do it again. With the years passing by, I 46 and had my own daughter too. Night after night, I would go to her bed pushing her long hair out of the way and 47 her good night. Just like my mother to me years ago! I came to understand my mother and her expression of 48 . By then I 49 my mother’s hands and her goodnight kiss. Many more years have passed. Mom is in her seventies, and those hands I 50 thought to be too rough are still doing things for me and my family. Now, Mom no longer has Dad and lives 51 . One night on Thanksgiving Eve, I found myself 52 to her house to spend the night with her. As I slept in the bedroom of my youth, a 53 and warm hand ran across my face to push the hair from my forehead. Then a kiss, ever so gently, touched my forehead. I burst into 54 . I sobbed(抽泣)and told her how I loved her and how I felt 55 that I said those silly words that night. She looked at me 56 . I had thought she’d remember it 57 I did. But obviously she had already forgotten it and 58 me long ago! That night, I fell asleep with a new 59 for my gentle mother and her caring hands. And the guilt that I had carried around for so long was 60 to be found. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. A. bend A. astonishing A. along A. glanced A. promise A. brought up A. hug A. love A. shook A. never B. look B. annoying B. above B. knocked B. reply B. grew up B. wave B. sadness B. forgot B. once C. lie C. delighting C. aside C. shouted C. request C. woke up C. kiss C. apology C. held C. always D. fall D. disappointing D. against D. laughed D. agreement D. turned up D. shake D. pity D. missed D. still
51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
A. alone A. moved A. familiar A. tears A. grateful A. in surprise A. when A. confused A. imagination A. still
B. away B. carried B. similar B. laughter B. thankful B. in public B. how B. controlled B. inspiration B. nowhere
C. off C. drawn C. popular C. song C. cheerful C. in anger C. as C. forgiven C. decoration C. anyhow 第Ⅱ卷
D. long D. stayed D. regular D. jump D. regretful D. in fear D. though D. praised D. appreciation D. soon
注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（每空不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确 形式。 Woman: Man: Woman: Man: Woman: Man: Woman: Man: Woman: Man: Woman: Man: Woman: Man: Can’t you do something about the service in this hotel, manager? I’m sorry madam. What’s the problem My breakfast, that’s the problem. Yes? I 62 (order) a breakfast from room service all at least half an hour ago. 63 my breakfast still hasn’t come. Yes? I’ve telephoned room service three times, I see. I’ve got 64 important meeting at nine o’clock. And now 65 seems I’ll have 66 (go) there without breakfast. Really, I don’t think this is good enough. I am very sorry about this, madam. You ordered breakfast half an hour ago and you’ve phoned three times since then. That’s right. I’m really sorry about that. You should have received your breakfast no later than five or ten minutes after you’d ordered it. That’s 67 I thought. The problem may be that they are short of people in the kitchens recently. But I’ll work into this. And I’ll make sure that the 68 is sent to you immediately. Full English breakfast, was it? Yes. Full English breakfast. Very well, madam. I’ll deal to your room right away. 69 this myself and I’ll have it 70 (send) up 61 (exact)?
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共
有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜钱（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Tracy is a foreign student in our school. There is a pity that she is going to leave, which make us all very sad. She is a kind-hearted girl, but always offers to help us our English. I remembered when I am preparing for a speaking contest two month ago, Tracy spent her spare time teach me for almost three days. I won the first prize in the contest. When I said thanks to her, and she gave me a big smile. I hope that he can come to China again. I wish her a colorfully and interesting life. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华，你的英国老师 Mr. Jack 要求你们明天上午去听一个有关英国文化的讲 座,你因故不能参加。请你根据以下要点，写一封短信向 Mr. Jack 请假。 内容要点： 1. 表示歉意； 2. 理由：奶奶病重,爸妈出差,需去医院照顾生病的奶奶; 3. 询问：是否有录音，以便补听讲座。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 Dear Mr. Jack,
Yours, Li Hua
绝密★启用并使用完毕前 2016 兴平市高考第二次模拟考试 英语试题参考答案与评分标准 听力（每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 1-10 BCCBA CBACB 11-20 ACAAA BCBBC
阅读（每小题 2 分，共 40 分） 21-25: DBACC 26-30: DBACB 31-35: DABDC 36-40: GDBEC 完形（每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 41-45: ABDCB 46-50: BCADB 51-55: ACAAD 56-60: ACCDB 英语知识运用（每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 61: exactly 62: ordered 63: but 64: an 65: it 66: to go 67: what 68: breakfast/food 69: with 70: sent 改错（共 10 分）: Tracy is a foreign student in our school. There is a pity that she is going to leave, which It make us all very sad. She is a kind-hearted girl, but always offers to help us∧our English. I makes and with remembered when I am preparing for a speaking contest two month ago, Tracy spent her spare was months time teach me for almost three days. I won the first prize in the contest. When I said thanks to teaching 去掉 when 或去掉 and her, and she gave me a big smile. I hope that he can come to China again. I wish her a she colorfully and interesting life. colorful
作文（共 25 分） Dear Mr. Jack, I am so sorry that I won’t be able to attend the lecture on English culture tomorrow afternoon. My grandma has been in hospital for several days. She has got a serious cold and I have to look after her, for my parents are on business. I am very interested in English culture. I wonder if it is possible for the talk to be recorded, and if so, could I borrow the tape? It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and make up for what is covered in the talk. I would appreciate it if you could allow me to ask for a leave of absence. Thank you. Yours Li Hua
(Text 1) W: What's the time by your watch? M: 8:20. But it's 5 minutes slow. (Text 2) W: You’d better fasten your seat belt, sir. We'll be coming onto land soon. M: Oh, thank you. Landing is the best part of the flight. (Text 3) M: Can you stay for supper?
W: I'd like to, but I have to buy some meat and vegetables
before my brother comes home from his office. (Text 4)
M: We are going to have a dance party at Tom's. Can you
come? W: I wish I could, but I have to nurse the patients on weekends. (Text 5) M: Have you any difficulty with the pronunciation, Sara?
W: No, I haven't much difficulty with the pronunciation. I can
pronounce English well, but I cannot spell it. (Text 6) W: Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to the Public Library?
M: The Public Library? But there are so many public libraries
in London. Which one do you want to go to? W: The nearest one.
M: That's rather far away, too. You'd better take a bus. Take the No. 7 bus to the zoo, then change to the No. 9 bus and get off
at the end. W: And where's the No. 7 bus-stop, please?
M: Go straight down the street, and turn left at the traffic lights. Then take the second turning on the right, and you'll find the
bus-stop near the corner. You can't miss it. W: Thank you very much. M: Not at all. (Text 7)
W: Why don't you sit down? Now, there are several questions I
must ask you if you don’t mind. M: Not at all. Go ahead. W: What is the purpose of your visit to the States? M: I'm going to attend a conference on air pollution. W: When and where is this conference being held?
M: It's being held in the first two weeks of February at the
University of Stanford in California. W: Who will pay your expenses?
M: The University of Stanford. Here is the official letter of
invitation. W: I see. Fine. When do you want to go?
M: I'd like to leave in mid-January if my passport is ready by
W. That shouldn't be difficult. Why don't you phone me about
January 10th? I should be able to give you an answer then. M: Thank you. (Text 8) W: Hi, Martin. How are you?
M: Fine, but busy. We've got some exams next week,
remember? W: I know. How much work did you do last night? 版权所有：中华资源库 www.ziyuanku.com
M: None. I went to the cinema. What about you? W: I had no time last night. It was my sister's birthday, so we all went out to dinner. M: Have you done any work this morning? W: Some, but not a lot. Anyway, I rang to ask you something. Do you know where my physics book is? M: I've got no idea, but you can borrow mine if you want. W: Thanks. M: Let's meet outside Natbank in High Street at lunch time. I'll bring my physics book to you. W: Good idea. I'm very worried about the physics exam. Have you got any old exam papers? I'd really like to look through them. M: I haven't, but my brother's got some. I'll bring them with me at lunch time. W: Wonderful! See you at 12:30. OK? (Text 9) W: Are you having a problem? M: Yes. I have to do a research paper for history. major book that I need, but I can't find it. W: Did you try the card list? M: Yes, but it's not there.
W: Well, if it's a recent book, it won't be in the card list. All information about books since 1995 is in the computer. I
advise you to try that. M: No wonder! This book is published in 1998. W: All you have to do is to type in the title or the writer's name. M: Do you mean it will tell me whether the book is out or not? W: Yes, it will. It will also give you the due date (还书日期) if
it is out. If the book is in the library, it will tell you where
you can find the book. (Text 10) Ours is an international language college. As you can see, there are a lot of buildings in the college. It can be difficult for new students to find their way around, so we're taking you on
this quick walk around. The college used to have four departments, English, French, German and Russian. But there
a Chinese department.
outside your department, the English department which is the
largest department in the college. These are over 75 students
in each grade and we have 35 teachers, including 15 professors. The teachers are from different countries, mainly from the USA and Canada, with a few from England and
all your just
over to the main library which is the
building in building.