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2013高考英语 秒杀必备 最新高考完形填空常用词组汇总


高考英语复习精典素材――2.历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结
动词类: “ 1 看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 stare 好奇地看/ glare 瞪着看 see a film watch TV talk with sb about sth 强调说话

2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 者之间的交流 sb 耳语

Say sth 诉说的内容 speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb chat 聊天 repeat 重复

into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain 讨价还价

explain 解释 warn 警告 remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气 quarrel 大 吵 4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 5“答” answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 6 “听” listen to 听的 动作 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到

7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 drop a line 写信 draw 画 take down/write down 写下,记下 8“拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 hold 举着 去 9“抓” lift 举 Put 放 lay 铺/放置 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch 拿来拿 pull 拉/push 推

take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓

grasp 握住 scratch 抠

10“打” hit 一次性的打击 attack 攻击

beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到 blow 吹刮

11“扔” throw 扔 drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇 12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠 /embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握 in one’s arms

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁

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drive 开车 ride 骑 fly

crawl 匍匐前进

16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜 靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap 打盹 be asleep bend turn over 翻身 rest

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing 19 “哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying 20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 探索 hunt for search for seek / seek for 搜身 in search of 寻找 Search sb find out 查明 discover/explore 发现/

search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察

Check 检查,核实 21“穿”

put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 be in red Take off 脱 remove 去除

22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste treat sb to 请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess 24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) loss 25“有” have die 有 die off 相继死去 die away 逐渐消失 great

own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess the remaining thing disappear be missing /go ne

26“无” nothing left 27“增/减”

rise / go up /drop

人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease 28“买/卖” buy Bill / purchase cheque / afford pay pay off pay for sell on sale bargain

cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts e xist appear survive die out become grow live show turn up

29“存在/消失”come into being Disappear die 30“变化” develop improve

pass away be out of sight go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative reform
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adj.) turn + colour change /change into

31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize Understand remember be familiar with recall recite apply to

32“成功/失败”make it succeed Lose reality fail to do

make progress come true realize one’s dream win failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into

33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb 35 赞美/批评 praise celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 blame s b for sth/ sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of

think highly of /

criticize /scold sb. for sth. 36 喜/恶 like love be fond of enjoy in favor of Dislike

be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer hate be awful/disg usting ignore turn off

37 判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt 38 到达 arrive at for on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave

39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin break down 41 修复 repair rebuild restore fix be broken crash recover oneself refuse turn down

42 支持/反对 agre e

disagree accept receive elect chop

be against 43 做饭 cook wash uncover cut

vote for/ against boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover

cooker persuade 说服

44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth

Sb+afford +n/to do sth

It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth expense 46 省/存钱 save /save up 47 参加 take part in set aside put away join /join in

sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s

spare no effort/ time

attend compete in/ for/against
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48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out sth

charge sb. With save /rescue sb fr om sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of

Aid s b in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor of 51 逃避 ran away escape from flee hide forbid doing sth. Ban

52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth prohibit

53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn happen to take place break out

solve settle

54 爆发/发生 come about

burst out go off explosion 55 安装/装备 fasten fix set equip be equipped with 装备有 keep up with 跟

be armed with 用什么武装 56 追求 pursuit 上 ran after

seek after chase catch up with 赶上

57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 think over 仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 58 打算

consider

be considerate towards sb.

plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do

59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if as though 60 开办/关闭 open start 名词类“ 1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go set up close/close up end close down

camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse t eacher
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Conductor

tailor sailor inventor gardener guard

4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table napkin 5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician patient 6 车站/机场 7 身体部位 arm 8 意志 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb. head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist surgeon specialist Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray

will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition

energy 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid

careful proud Strict honest 10 优缺点 advantage 11 目标 cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable

disadvantage strength weakness

aim goal intention purpose belief faith manner approach

12 方式 means method way

13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine Files form make a list of

newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记

16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony 18 建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation

19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth
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20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯例(名词) 22 感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense 23 情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off 25 运动比赛 on the playground sports player on the track and filed pitch event game match

Coach judge jogging weightlifting play

volleyball/soccer/ 26 衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服, 谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 27 事件 incident, accident 形容词类 1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter peaceful incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

平静 calm quiet silent/still 烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonishe d 怕 in fear

shocked /amazed

be frightened /scared /afraid disappointed hopeless be depressed

失望 desperat e

满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further ?.
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disgusting burst into rage

hardly/ hard

extremely/ very

very/ quite

occasionaly/ once

far / by far

better/ worse be well/ good ho wever/ therefore/so/thus

易考的近义词组 Run/ manage Hit/ beat/strike grow/ plant meet/ satisfy leave/remain touch /feel fit/ suit/ match play /performer

Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue

lie/sit/locate

help/work/ do money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide

matter/ problem /trouble/ that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/

treat/ cure/ operate

Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold

turn/become/go change/vary/range

Provide/supply/offer/ give/send

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