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Unit 3

Under the sea

Warming up

Have you seen plants and animals that live under the sea?

sea star 海星 butterfly fish 蝴蝶鱼

anemone fish

海葵鱼

turtle 海龟

dolphin 海豚

coral 珊瑚

jellyfish 水母

seal 海豹

anemone 海葵

shark

sea lion (海狮)

clams 蛤

Sea-slug 海蛞蝓

Warming up

Where did you see them?

snorkeling trip on a __________

aquarium at an __________

?On a snorkeling trip ?On the internet ?On TV nature programmes ?In films ?At an aquarium ?On a boat tour ?In books

killer whales

baleen whales

Pre-reading
What do you think is happening in the picture ? Killer whales are attacking a whale with whalers waiting by in their boat, harpoon at ready.

Which one is crueler ?
shark 鲨鱼

dolphin 海豚

killer whale 虎鲸

Which one is crueler ?
baleen whale 须鲸

Pre-reading
Read the text in the page 19 and then complete the chart.
type of the article : (文体) writer : anecdote an old man called Clancy a whaler on the southeastern of Australia at the beginning of the 20th century Killer whales helped whalers catch the baleen whales.

job :
place : time : Plot :(情节)

The whaler hunting at the beginning of 20th century

killer whales _______

blow-hole

______ baleen whale
help catch/kill

whalers

Background
捕鲸(whale hunting),将系有绳索的铦或 叉、镖等,采用射击或投掷方式刺入鲸体进 行猎捕。猎捕对象有须鲸和齿鲸两类,以蓝 鲸、长须鲸、露脊鲸、抹香鲸、座头鲸、北 极鲸、灰鲸、鳁鲸、小鳁鲸等为主。由于鲸 油是贵重的工业原料,历史上欧洲和美洲一 些国家的捕鲸活动长盛不衰。自20世纪中叶 起,由于过度猎捕导致资源衰退以及国际上 对捕鲸的限制,捕鲸业已趋衰落。

传统捕鲸方法:6名捕鲸者离开大船,乘小艇追 逐鲸鱼,小艇通常长8.5公尺,装备有具倒钩 的捕鲸铦和长索。鲸一旦被铦刺中,便带着绳 索逃遁,直到筋疲力尽浮出水面,人们在那儿 用捕鲸枪(一种更长的捕鲸铦)将它杀死,用绳 索拖到大船边,用有刃的长枪割取油脂,并把 尸体抛弃。 现代捕鲸业肇: 挪威人福伊恩发明了一种 捕鲸炮,用来发射内充炸药的标枪。后来又使 用了动力船,与捕鲸炮相得益彰,这些方法使 用至今几乎没有什么变化。

Fast-reading

Task 1 : Read the text and then fill in the blanks with their names.

Clancy was 16 years of age when he went to work 1._______ at the whaling station. George ordered Clancy to go to the boat as there 2._______ was a whale out there in the bay. Old Tom was swimming by the boat,showing the 3._________ whalers the way. Jack told Clancy that they would return the next 4._____ day to bring in the body of the whale. James was carried by the waves further and 5.______ further away from the whalers. Red knew that Old Tom would protect James. 6._____

Task 2 : Main idea 2 parts. The passage is mainly about ____

helped Old Tom ______ the whalers to hunt the whales.

Old Tom protected ________ the whaler from the shark

Careful-reading

Part 1
Put the following sentences in order.

( 3 ) He ran down to the shore and saw a huge animal in the water, which was Old Tom, the killer whale. ( 5 ) The killer whale guided the team to the hunt. ( 7 ) The killers ate the lips and tongue of the baleen whale. ( 1 ) Clancy arrived at the whaling station. ( 2 ) He heard a loud noise coming from the bay as he was sorting out his accommodation. ( 4 ) The men went to the boat and headed out for a whale hunt. ( 6 ) Clancy and his men killed the baleen whale with the help of the killers. ( 8 ) The men returned for the baleen whale the next day.

Questions: What did the killer whale do in the whale-hunt?
Tell the whalers there’s a whale ________ out there.

_________itself Throwing out of the water _______and then crashing down _______________ again.

Lead the whalers to the hunt.

Swimming by the boat ____________ showing the the way whalers________

Help the whalers kill the whale

Throwing themselves on top of the whale’s blow _____________________ ____________________; hole to stop it breathing diving and Stopping it______ fleeing out to sea ________________

have a good lips feed on its_____ tongue and ________

drag the body swiftly depths down to the ______ of the sea.

Why did the whalers go home without D bringing in the body of the whale? A. They just did the hunting for fun. B. They left it eaten up by the killers. C. It was dragged to the depths of the sea. D. They just waited for it to float up.

What may happen to the man ?

Part 2
T or F
1. Because Old Tom and the other killers were too fierce, they also would harm or attacked people.

F
2.James was afraid of being abandoned by us.

T
3.No one saved James, and he was killed by a shark. F

Accident James was ___________ washed off the boat
Situation 1. The sea was ______ rough that day and it was ________to difficult handle the boat. The ______ waves were carrying James further and further away . 2. Suddenly there was a ________ shark over there. terrified Feeling He was_________of being abandoned by us. Help 1. Old Tom won’t let it _______James. near held up 2. James was firmly ________in the water by Old Tom pulled back into the boat. James was __________

Result

We can infer from the text that____. A

A. The killer whales may be trained by the
whalers. B. The killer whales want to help man catch the whales themselves C. The killer whales need no training for helping the whalers D. The killer whales want to eat the whales after killing them

Conclusion
Fill in the forms according to the text Although the killers were ________hunters, fierce they never ________ harmed or _________ attacked people. In fact, they protected ________ them. danger However, whales are now in _______. dying out. They are _______

Discussion
The last whaling station in Australia closed in 1978. Whales are now an endangered species and in need of conservation. They are now protected by an international ban on whaling. However, some countries oppose the ban. In groups, discuss the reason for and against banning whaling.

Useful expressions
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? As far as I’m concerned, In my opinion, From my point of view, Personally, I think, It would seem to me that… As far as I’m able to judge, As I see it, Frankly, I think,


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