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【优化方案】2014届高考英语(大纲版)一轮复习配套训练:语法专项突破三 形容词和副词 Word版含答案


Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2013· 山东省实验中学诊断)What was considered impolite years ago has become __________ now. A.accessible B.adjustable C.unbelievable D.acceptable 解析:选 D。考查形容词辨析。accessible 意为“易接近的,可理解的”;adjus

table 意为“可 调整的”;unbelievable 意为“难以相信的”;acceptable 意为“可接受的”。句意:多年前被 认为不礼貌的事情现在已经开始逐渐被接受了。根据句意可知,应选 D 项。 2. (2013· 山东省实验中学一模)I’m afraid I’m not __________ to help with the show, I am fully for occupied with my own project. A.acceptable B.adaptable C.available D.accessible 解析:选 C。考查形容词。acceptable 值得接受的,可接受的;adaptable 可适应的,有适应能 力的;available 有空的,空闲的,有时间的;accessible 容易取得的,可接近的。句意:恐怕 我不能在这次展览上帮忙了,因为我正忙于自己的项目。故选 C 项。 3.(2013· 济南模拟)I keep on walking after supper because I can’t think of a __________ way to keep fit. A.better B.best C.worse D.worst 解析:选 A。考查形容词比较级。句意:我坚持晚饭后散步,因为我想不到比这更好的保持健 康的方法了。根据语境可知,A 项正确。 4.(2012· 高考湖北卷)“Perhaps we need to send for Dr. Smith to see what we can do about it,” Father suggested__________ to his neighbor who had come to discuss the problem. A.tentatively B.thoughtlessly C.definitely D.rudely 解析:选 A。考查副词词义辨析。tentatively 表示“试探性地”;thoughtlessly 表示“大意地; 粗心地;自私地”;definitely 表示“明确地;确定地”;rudely 表示“粗鲁地”。由题中的关 键信息词 perhaps(表示语气较委婉)和 suggested 可知此处选 A。句意:“也许我们应该派人去 请史密斯博士来看看我们该怎么办。”父亲试探着向来讨论这个问题的邻居建议。 5.(2013· 临沂质量检测)—Jenny is always __________ for appointments.Why is she late today? —She might have got trapped in a traffic jam in the rush hour. A.patient B.grateful C.punctual D.available 解析: C。 选 考查形容词词义辨析。 patient 意为“有耐心的”; grateful 意为“感激的”; punctual 意为“准时的”;available 意为“有效的,可利用的”。句意:——Jenny 约会总是很准时, 今天她怎么迟到了?——她可能碰到上下班高峰期的交通堵塞了。根据语境可知。此处用 punctual。即 C 项正确。 6.(2012· 高考浙江卷)Mike was usually so careful,________ this time he made a small mistake. A.yet B.still C.even D.thus 解析:选 A。考查 yet 作连词表示“然而”这一用法。句意:迈克通常很仔细,不过这次他犯 了个小错误。A 选项表示“但是,而”;B 选项表示“仍旧”;C 选项表示“甚至,更加”; D 选项表示“因此”。根据前后语意的转折可确定答案为 A。此时 yet 用作连词。 7.(2013· 盐城第二次调研)—Who do you have in mind for the position? —I think Peter is the most________person for it. A.generous B.likely C.optimistic D.voluntary

解析:选 B。考查形容词辨析。句意:——你觉得谁适合那个职位?——我认为彼得最合适。 likely“合适的,恰当的”,符合语意。generous“慷慨的,大方的”;optimistic“乐观的”; voluntary“自愿的,义务的”。 8.(2013· 太原市部分重点中学检测)It is reported that a new planet has been discovered recently.It’ s ________ Earth,and hopefully it can support human life. A.almost three times the size of B.three times the size than C.three times almost as large than D.almost three times as larger as 解 析 : 选 A 。 考 查 倍 数 表 达 法 。 倍 数 表 达 法 要 注 意 三 种 结 构 : A is + 倍 数 + the size/height/weight/...of+B;A is+倍数+bigger/larger/...than+B;A is+倍数+as big/large/...as +B。故 A 项的表达正确。 9.(2012· 高考四川卷)The hotel is almost finished,but it ________ needs one or two weeks to get ready for guests. A.only B.also C.even D.still 解析:选 D。考查副词。句意:这家旅馆几乎就要完成了,但它还需要一两个星期的时间才能 向顾客开放。由题干的关键词 almost 以及 but 可知此处应该表示还要一段时间,still 意为“仍 然,还”,故选 D 项。 10.(2012· 潍坊训练)The new discovery challenged the __________ theory about life’s origins. A.conventional B.particular C.contrary D. casual 解析:选 A。考查形容词辨析。句意:这个新发现向生命起源的传统理论提出了挑战。 conventional 意为“习惯的;传统的”,符合题意。particular 意为“特别的”;contrary 意为 “相反的;不利的”;casual 意为“随意的”。 Ⅱ.单句改错 1.—Now that you like the portable personal computer so much,why not buy one? —Well,I can’t afford so an expensive computer at present. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:第二个 so→such 2.—Have you read this book? —Yes.But that one is more worth reading.I suggest you read it if you have time. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:more→better 3.The report about the market sales should be sent to the manager on time and it shouldn’t be a minute later. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:later→late 4.Your story is perfect;I’ve never heard a worse one. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:worse→better 5.My eyesight was hardly destroyed in the accident.Thanks to Dr.Beker,I can enjoy the beautiful world again. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:hardly→completely 6.—How do you find the fish? —It’s more than delicious and couldn’t be worse. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:worse→better 7.If this kind of fish become minimum,future generations may never taste it at all. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:minimum→scarce

8.—I wonder why Mary is so unfriendly to us. —She is much shyer than unfriendly,I am afraid. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:shyer→more shy 9.—Tom’s mistakes in the exam are almost as many as Jack’s. —I know that boy.He’s not more careful than Jack. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:not→no 10.Mrs.Bush stood surprisedly for a moment when an old soldier suddenly appeared before her. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:surprisedly→surprised Ⅲ.完形填空 I’m glad that I have two good friends.Jack is __1__ of the two and in fact __2__ diligent student in my class.He is the second __3__ in our school.He does well in maths.But at first his English was __4__ than mine.He had __5__ English grammar books than __6__,but he seldom read and spoke.So my spoken English was __7__ than his.With the help of the English teacher and classmates,he has improved his method of studying.Since the beginning of last term,he has been speaking __8__ English than I.The more he practises,__9__ progress he has made.Many say that my English is __10__ his now.Of course I’m proud of him.My elder sister says that I must learn from Jack and study as hard as he does. 1.A.more diligent B.the more diligent C.diligent D.the most diligent 2.A.the more B.the most C.most D.more 3.A.tall B.taller C.tallest D.the tallest 4.A.even poor B.much better C.a lot poorer D.more good 5.A.many more B.much more C.few D.less 6.A.anyone B.everyone C.anyone else D.any one 7.A.better far B.by far best C.better by far D.by far the best 8.A.a lot of more B.more much C.much more D.a great deal of more 9.A.the greater B.great C.greatest D.greater 10. A.as well as B.not so good as C.more better than D.no better than 答案:1~5.BBCCA 6~10.CCCAB


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