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海 淀 区 高 三 年 级 查 漏 补 缺 试 题


一、 单项选择 1 Sofia was unhappy when she sold her Piano. After all, she ______ it for a very long time. A. has ha

d B. had had C. has D. had 2. --- Jack, can I use your car tomorrow afternoon? --- Well, I’m not sure whether it is available then, for it _______ at the garage. A. will be repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. has been repaired 3. --- Mum, shall we pay a visit to the UK next week? --- It’s no hurry. We’d better wait till June 9th. Your brother _______ his exam by then. A. will have B. will be having C. will have had D. has had 4. I still remember ______ to the Temple of Haven and what I saw there. A. to take B. to be taken C. taking D. being taken 5. Cherries Babbage is generally considered _______ the first computer. A. to have invented B. inventing C. to invent D. having invented 6. Listen! Do you hear someone _____for help? A. call B. to call C. calling D. called 7. --- Guess what! I have got A for my term paper. --- Great! You _______ widely and put a lot of work into it. A. must read B. should read C. must have read D. should have read 8. She ______ have left school, for her bike is still here. A. can’t B. wouldn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t 9. Mark needs to learn Chinese _______ his company is opening a branch in Beijing. A. unless B. until C. as D. though 10. Happiness and success often come to those ________ are good at recognizing their own strengths. A. whom B. who C. what D. which 11. We have launched another man-made satellite, is announced in today’s newspaper. A. that B. which C. who D. what 12. There is no simple answer, ________ is often the case in science. A. as B. that C. when D. where 13. Grandma pointed to the hospital and said, "That's ______ I was born." A. when B. how C. why D. where 14. Only with the greatest of luck ______ to escape from the rising flood waters last year. A. she did manage B. she managed C. managed she D. did she manage 15. I may take a long lunch break tomorrow. ______, I can go to the hairdresser’s then. A. If any B. If ever C. If so D. If not 二、完形填空 Laughter is so familiar to every one of us.There is an English saying that
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,―He who

laughs last laughs the hardest.‖ High School Musical star Zac Efron is laughing a lot these days. 2 a young boy, Efron was picked on in school because he was always the smallest in his class and 3 because he had a big space between his teeth. In sixth grade, Efron’s basketball team made it to the league championships. In double overtime(两个加时赛), with three seconds left, he rebounded the ball and passed it—to the 4 team! They scored and his team lost the game. But history, as they say, is a thing of the 5 . Now at 21, Efron is one of People Magazine’s 100 Most Beautiful People, graces the cover of Entertainment Weekly, Hollywood’s most 6 magazine, and is traveling the world 7 the third High School Musical film. Director Adam Shankman 8 Efron as ―arguably the biggest teen star in America right now.‖ Simply google ―Zac Efron‖ and you get more than 14 million 9 . Yes, it seems Efron has a lot to smile about these days. Efron was born and 10 in California. He took school 11 . According to Efron, ―I would get crazy if I got a B and not an A in school.‖ It was his father who encouraged him to act. He took part in school 12 and acted in a local theater group. He also 13 singing lessons. He graduated from high school in 2006 and was 14 to the University of Southern California to study film. But he put it off—why study movies 15 you can star in them? Now Efron is also earning more than$3 million for his 16 in High School Musical 3. Not bad for a 21-year-old. But Efron 17 remembers those bullies(欺人者). ―You always have to remember that bullies want to bring you down because you have something that they 18 . ‖ Efron said. ―Also, when you get made fun of, when people point out your 19 , it’s an opportunity for you to rise above.‖ Efron has risen all the way to the top of the movie business.And he can now 20 all the way to the bank. 1. A.says 2. A.As 3. A.teased 4. A.strong 5. A.past 6. A.effective 7. A.acting 8. A.thought 9. A.responses 10. A.hired 11. A.seriously 12. A.meetings 13. A.taught 14. A.admitted 15. A.that 16. A.career 17. A.even 18. A.admire 19. A.descriptions 20. A.laugh B.goes B.Like B.admired B.right B.present B.respectful B.promoting B.served B.pictures B.raised B.formally B.reports B.took B.recognized B.when B.role B.yet B.observe B.weaknesses B.cry C.reads C.For C.liked C.wrong C.moment C.valuable C.advancing C.described C.passages C.directed C.cautiously C.1ectures C.cancelled C.realized C.whether C.result C.still C.earn C.strengths C.sing
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D.talks D.To D.hated D.active D.time D.influential D.performing D.treated D.comments D.trapped D.easily D.performances D.escaped D.relieved D.which D.movie D.ever D.consider D.excuses D.run

三、阅读理解 A Back in the fifteenth century, in a tiny village near Nuremberg, lived a family with eighteen children.In spite of the hopeless condition, two of the children, Albrecht Durer and Albert, had a dream. They both wanted to pursue their talent for art. After many long discussions, the two boys finally worked out an agreement.They would toss a coin.The loser would go down into the nearby mines and, with his earnings, support his brother who attended the academy.Then, when that brother who won the toss completed his studies, in four years, he would support the other brother at the academy. Tossing a coin, Albrecht Durer won and went off to Nuremberg.Albert went down into the dangerous mines and, for the next four years, supported his brother, whose work at the academy was almost an immediate sensation (轰动) . By the time he graduated, he had earned considerable fees for his outstanding works. When the young artist returned to his village, the Durer family held a festive dinner to celebrate Albrecht’s triumphant(胜利的)homecoming.Albrecht drank a toast to his beloved brother for the years of sacrifice that had enabled him to complete his dream.―And now, Albert, blessed brother of mine, now it is your turn. Now you can go to Nuremberg to look for your dream, and I will take care of you.‖ Tears streaming down his pale face, Albert sobbed, ―No… no… It is too late for me.Look… look at what four years in the mines have done to my hands!The bones in every finger have been broken at least once, and lately I have been suffering from arthritis(关节炎)so badly in my right hand that I cannot even hold a glass to return your toast, much less draw delicate lines with a pen or a brush.‖ To show thanks to Albert for all that he had sacrificed, Albrecht Durer painstakingly drew his brother’s injured hands with palms together and thin fingers stretched skyward.He called his powerful drawing simply ―Hands‖, but the entire world almost immediately opened their hearts to his great masterpiece and renamed it ―The Praying Hands‖.The next time you see a copy of that touching creation, let it be your reminder—no one ever makes any success alone! 1. Why did the two brothers work out the agreement? A. They were so curious as to make a joke. B. Their family couldn’t afford the academy. C. One of the brothers was supposed to go into mines. D. They wanted to support the other sisters and brothers. 2. Which of the following is the correct order of the story? a. Albrecht went to Nuremberg. b. Albert supported his brother. c. The Durer family held a festive dinner. d. Albrecht drew his brother’s injured hands. e. The brothers tossed a coin. A.b, a, c, d, e B.a, e, c, d, b C.e, a, c, b, d 3. What can we learn from the story? A. One can achieve success through his effort. B. Any success requires the help from others. C. Other people contribute to one’s success. D. Nobody could succeed without good guidance. B Metro Pocket Guide Metrorail(地铁) Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out. Up to two children under age five may travel free with a paying customer.
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D.e, a, b, c, d

Farecard machines are in every station. Bring small bills because there are no change machines in the stations and farecard machines only provide up to $ 5 in change. Get one day of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass. Buy it from a farecard machine in Metro stations. Use it after 9:30 a.m. until closing on weekdays, and all day on weekends and holidays. Hours of Service Open: 5 a.m Mon.-Fri 7a.m. Sat.—Sun. Close: midnight Sun.—Thur. 3 a.m. Fri.—Sat. nights Last train times vary. To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train times posted in the station. Metrobus When paying with exact change, the fare is $ 1.35. When paying with a smarTrip? card, the fare is $1.25. Fares for senior /disabled customers Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular fare. On Metrorail and Metrobus, use a senior/disabled farecard or SmarTrip? card. For more information about buying senior/disabled farecards, SmarTrip? card and passes, please visit MetroOpenDoors.com or call 202-637-7000 and 202-637-8000. Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100. Travel tips ? Avoid riding during weekday rush periods –before 9:30 a.m. and between 4 and 6 p.m. ? If you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost & Found at 202-962-1195. 4. What should you know about farecard machines? A. They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m. B. They are connected to change machines. C. They offer special service to the elderly. D. They make change for no more than $5. 5. At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday? A. At midnight B. At 3 a.m. C. At 5 a.m. D. At 7 p.m. 6. What is good about a SmarTrip? card? A. It is convenient for old people B. It saves money for its users C. It can be bought at any time D. It is sold on the Internet. 7. Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro? A. 202-962-1195. B. 202-962-1100. C. 202-673-7000. D. 202-673-8000. C If you saw another kid ride her bike too fast around a corner and fall down, you might ride your bike more slowly on that turn. Yes, we humans are very sensitive to others’ mistakes. And the same is true for other animals. Animals mess up all the time. They might eat poisonous leaves, fall off a tree or let their prey(猎物) slip away. By watching others fail, an animal can avoid making the same mistakes, thus improving its chance of survival. Scientists suspected that one part of the brain helps animals process information about others’ errors. Cells in that part appear to become more active when a person sees someone else making a mistake. But researchers didn’t know whether individual cells in this part of the brain play different roles in detecting errors. To investigate the brain’s response to errors in more detail, the researchers taught a game to two macaques, a type of monkey. One monkey could press a yellow or green button while the other watched. If the first monkey pressed the right button, the team gave both animals a treat. Every couple of rounds, the two monkeys switched roles. Meanwhile, the scientists monitored
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individual cells in the animal’s brains. When the first monkey messed up the game by pressing the wrong button, a group of cells in the second monkey’s brain fired. But if the second monkey also made the wrong choice during its turn, some of the cells in that group didn’t respond. Those unresponsive cells reacted specifically to mistakes made by others, not to the monkey’s own mistakes. Scientists believe other parts of the brain also might help people process information about another’s errors. ―You start to think about this other person and see things from his angle.‖ Ellen de Bruijn told Science News. She studies the brain at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. 8. According to Paragraph l, animals’ ability to learn from others’ mistakes _______. A. used to be ignored by humans B. helps them to survive better C. is being lost because of humans D. ensures that they will never fail 9. From the game the scientists taught to two macaques, we can see _______. A. animals can avoid the same mistakes B. which part of the brain is more active C. how the brain responds to mistakes D. how the brain processes information 10. In the experiment mentioned, those unresponsive cells are only sensitive to _______. A. others’ mistakes B. the same buttons C. one’s own mistakes D. the monkey’s brain 11. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. Animals can learn from mistakes like human beings. B. An interesting experiment by scientists surprised us. C. Monkeys can avoid making mistakes by learning from us. D. The brain cells are always sensitive to others’ information. D The rising costs of health care have become a problem for many countries in the world. To deal with this problem, it is recommended that a big part of the government's health budget be used for health education and disease prevention instead of treatment. Actually, many kinds of diseases are preventable in many ways and preventing a disease is usually much cheaper than treating it. For example, people could avoid catching a cold if they dressed warmly when the weather starts getting cold. But many people get sick because they fail to do so, and have to spend money seeing a doctor. Daily habits like eating more healthy food would have kept millions of families from becoming bankrupt if the patients had taken measures for early prevention. For instance, keeping a balanced diet, such as not consuming too much animal fat and insuring a steady intake of vegetables and fruits, seems to be quite important. One very effective and costless way of prevention is regular exercise, which is necessary for a healthy mind and body. Regular exercise, such as running, walking, and playing sports is a good way to make people feel better or reduce stress. In addition, health education plays a key role in improving people's health. By giving people more information about health, countries could help people understand the importance of disease prevention and ways to achieve it. For example, knowing one's family medical history is an effective way to help keep healthy. Information about health problems among close relatives will make them aware of what they should do to prevent certain diseases through lifestyle changes,
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which will work before it is too late. However, stressing disease prevention does not mean medical treatment is unimportant. After all, prevention and treatment are just two different means toward the same effect. In conclusion, we could save money on health care and treat patients more successfully if our country spends more money on health prevention and education. 12. What’s the best title of the passage? A. Health or Illness? B. Exercise or Illness? C. Prevention or Education? D. Prevention or Treatment? 13. Which of the following can replace the underlined word ―bankrupt’’? A. Unable to be cured B. Unable to pay one’s debts C. Stronger than ever before D. More successful than ever before 14. We learn from the passage that . A. the more health education, the better B. dressing warmly can prevent diseases C. a balanced diet is cheaper than regular exercise D. the government’s health budget should be increased 15. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage?

CP: Central Point

P: Point

Sp: Sub-point (次要点)

C: Conclusion

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四、书面表达: 第一节: (1)假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,你的美国朋友Jim想了解你校学生课外阅读情况。 请你回一封邮件,内容包括: 1. 你校学生课外阅读现状; 2. 你的看法。 注意:1. 词数不少于50; 2. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 提示词:课外阅读 extracurricular reading Dear Jim,

Yours, Li Hua

(2)假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请给你的美国同学 Jim 写一封电子邮件,告知周末 你不能参加他的生日聚会,希望他谅解。邮件的内容包括: 1. 表达歉意; 2. 说明理由; 3. 告知已准备了生日礼物。 注意:1. 词数不少于 50; 2. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Jim,

Best wishes, Li Hua

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第二节: 某互联网消费调研中心对网络购物进行了调查, 结果如下。 请根据图表 1 提供的信息描 述人们选择网络购物的不同原因,并针对图表 2 中任意一个数据所反映的情况谈谈你的看 法。词数不少于 60。 注意:文章的开头已经给出。

图表 1

图表 2

Recently, a survey about online shopping has been conducted on the Internet. ___________

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海 淀 区 高 三 年 级 查 漏 补 缺 试 题 英 语



6-10 CCACB

11-15 BADDC

1-5 BAACA 16-20 BCABA

6-10 DBCAD

11-15 ADBAB



第一节: (1)One possible version: Dear Jim, In your last letter, you wanted to learn something about the extracurricular reading in our school. Frankly speaking, the situation is not so encouraging. In fact most students seldom read outside class. The reasons behind are various. First of all, quite a lot of students are burdened with too much homework. Still others haven’t formed such a habit of reading. I think it is quite necessary for the students to take up reading, and teachers should limit the amount of our homework so that students can have enough time to enjoy reading. Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua (2)One possible version: Dear Jim, I’m terribly sorry that I can’t go to your birthday party this Saturday. My uncle will come to Beijing from America on Saturday afternoon. My parents want me to go to the airport with them to pick him up. So it’s a pity that I can’t have fun with you then. I wish you a happy birthday and hope everything will go well. By the way, I have bought the latest CD of Jay Chou for you as a birthday present and I will give it to you on Monday.
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Best wishes, Li Hua

One Possible Version Recently, a survey about online shopping has been conducted on the Internet. The results are as follows. Chart 1 shows the reasons why people choose to shop online. Of all the people surveyed, 49% think that there are many varieties of products in online shops. About one third of them say that reasonable price is the most appealing factor. And 25% hold that online shopping is so convenient that consumers can buy what they want anywhere at any time. Interestingly, 5% of the people even mention that they can make new friends through online shopping. However, many consumers also express their concerns about online shopping. Among all the concerns in Chart 2, the quality of the products, which accounts for as much as 55%, attracts my attention. Personally, I agree that what consumers get from online shops sometimes differs from what can be seen in the pictures, which can be very disappointing. Therefore, we should make sure the product is of good quality before making a purchase.

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