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【金版新学案,安徽版】2014高考英语一轮总复习 课时作业16 Unit1 Women of achievement 新人教版必修3


课时作业(十六)
Ⅰ.单项填空

必修 4

Unit 1

Women of achievement

1.As a teacher,if you can have an effect on________life of your students, you are________succ

ess. A./;/ C.a;the B.a;/ D.the;a

2.The China Disabled Pe ople Union has ordered its branches to encourage the disabled children of school age,usually________those aged seven or above,to attend school. A.appealing to C.leading to 3.—Do you know about the accident? —It was Tom rather than his two younger sisters who________injured in the car accident. A.was C.has been B.were D.have been B.belonging to D.referring to

4.The National Center for the Performing Arts is more than a theater;it’s also an attraction.In other words,it’s well worth________. A.to visit C.being visited B.visiting D.visited

5.Only when they hadn’t heard from her for a long time________to doubt whether something bad had happened to her. A.they began C.they had begun B.did they begin D.had they begun

6.As a matter of fact,I still find________hard to make good friends with Jack, though I have known him for several months. A.that C.him B.one D.it

7.________those tramps are sent into the welfare centers,it means they have an opportunity to survive and start a new life. A.Before C.Unless B.Once D.Although

8.The time he has devoted in the past ten years________the disabled is now considered________of great value. A.to help;being B.to helping;to be

C.to help;to be

D.helping;being

9.(2012·江西卷)You’d better write down the phone number of that restaurant for future________. A.purpose C.progress B.reference D.memory

10.(2013·合肥第一次质检)She is expected to________a good doctor when she graduates from the medical college. A.turn C.make B.develop D.get

11.(2013·东北三校第一次联考)—Everybody knows smoking is harmful to health, but still so many people smoke. —Exactly!So our country is planning to start a________against smoking. A.war C.motion B.campaign D.struggle

12.(2013·陕西五校一模)I’ve always________Deng X iaoping for his courage and determination to push C hina forward. A.looked down upon C.looked around for B.looked forward to D.looked up to

13.You can’t predict everything.Often things don’t________as you expect. A.run out C.work out 14.—What do you think I should do? —I think you’d better invite him back to our party________. A.out of respect C.beyond control B.at the expense D.in favor B.break out D.put out

15.Chinese people________Spring Festival in the same way that western people celebrate Ch ristmas Day. A.observe C.watch Ⅱ.完形填空[建议用时 15′] (2013·淮北高三第二学期重点中学联考) My father grew up in Oklahoma during the early years of the Great Depression.He was the only living child of a hard?working farmer and a__1__mother.When Dad completed eighth grade, grandfather believed his only son would work on the farm.My my grandmother , __2__ , understood the door that education could open even B.congratulate D.look at

in__3__economic times.She persuaded grandfather to__4__Dad to finish high school. Dad worked hard and completed high school at the age of 16.At last,grandpa was to have his wish.Dad would work on the farm , e asing the economic and physical__5__grandpa carried.But grandmother again__6__grandpa to permit my father to go to college. After__7__,grandpa made the most difficult decision of his lifetime.He walked to the chicken coop (鸡笼子),where he did his__8__.Taking a shovel in his work?worn hands,grandpa__9__a jar that held all the family’s savings.He offered the jar and its precious__10__to Dad,saying,“Here boy,go make something of yourself.” Realizing that his family was__11__all their savings by investing in his education,Dad became a steward of those funds.He__12__his bachelor’s degree and then went on to the University of Oklahoma , where he graduated second in his__13__school class in 1936.Jobs were hard to__14__when Dad graduated, he opened so his own practice and lived in a home with a dirt floor.He worked long hours,but I remember him__15__the great books he discovered in the course of his education with me. Our family was changed by the long walk grandpa took to the chicken coop.Education is__16__an investment in our family.It is a treasure.I__17__my father to college and law school,and all of my children have also__18__higher education.We have been transformed by a sacrifice made two__19__ago by a loving, if not fully convinced,grandfather and a persistent grandmother and that has made all the__20__. 1.A.beautiful C.lazy 2.A.so C.otherwise 3.A.tough C.peaceful 4.A.permit C.ask 5.A.pains C.burdens 6.A.refused C.ordered 7.A.graduation B.devoted D.curious B.thus D.however B.great D.competitive B.take D.force B.troubles D.activities B.begged D.required B.work

C.reflection 8.A.cooking C.farming 9.A.picked up C.broke up 10.A.books C.contents 11.A.sacrificing C.treasuring 12.A.failed C.offered 13.A.maths C.economics 14.A.come off C.come by 15.A.making C.protecting 16.A.more than C.other than 17.A.joined C.advised 18.A.sought C.favored 19.A.years C.decades 20.A.sense C.difference Ⅲ.七选五

D.permission B.cleaning D.banking B.dug up D.cut up B.bills D.coins B.storing D.wasting B.received D.needed B.education D.law B.come about D.come on B.writing D.sharing B.rathe r than D.less than B.followed D.companied B.insisted D.considered B.centuries D.generations B.use D.effect

(哈尔滨市第六中学 2012-2013 学年度上学期期中) Money Matters Parents should help their children understand money.__1__So you may start talking about money when your child shows an interest in buying things,candy or toys,for example. The basic function of money Begin explaining the basic function of money by showing how people trade money

for goods or ser vices.It is important to show your child how money is traded for the things he wants to have. If he wa nts to have a toy,give him the money and let him hand the money to the cashier (收银员).__2__When your child grows a bit older and understands the basic function of money,you can start explaining more complex ways of using money. Money lessons Approach money lessons with openness and honesty.__3__If you must say no to a child’s request to spend money,explain,“You have enough toy trucks for now.” Or,if the request is for many different things,say,“You have to make a choice between this toy and that toy.” __4__ Begin at the grocery store.Pick out two similar brands of a product—a name?brand butter and a generic (无商标产品),for example.You can show your child how to make choices between different brands of a product so that you can save money.__5__If he chooses the cheaper brand,allow him to make another purchase with the money saved.Later,you may explain how the more expensive choice leaves less money for other purchases. A.Wise decisions B.The value of money C.Permit the child to choose between them. D.Tell your child why he can—or cannot—have certain things. E.Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. F.Talk about how the money bought the thing after you leave the toy store. G.The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest. Ⅳ.短文改错 (2013·唐山一模) My neighbor Li Hai is going to graduate college soon and he hasn’t found the job yet.He was once advising to learn computer skills, he thought it was difficult.When so he saw others learning English,he shook his head,says it was too hard to remember the new word.He enjoyed watching TV,playing cards,smoking and so on.He felt it was hard for him to give up all this habits.Not long ago,he went to look for a job.When he knew that talents were great needed,he sighed and regretted the time that what he had wasted.How he wished he has worked hard in college! 答案: 课时作业(十六)

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.解析: 考查冠词。第一空特指学生们的生活,要用定冠词 the;success 作“成功 的人或事情”讲时,是可数名词,所以前面要加不定冠词 a,故选 D。 答案: D 2.解析: 句意为:中国残联要求其分支鼓励适龄残疾儿童上学,适龄残疾儿童通常 指那些七岁或七岁以上的孩子。appeal to 吸引;belong to 属于;lead to 导致;refer to 指的是。 答案: D 3.解析: 考查时态及主谓一致。句意为:——你了解这起事故吗?——是汤姆而不 是他的两个妹妹在车 祸 中受伤了。根据句意可知题干叙述的是发生在过去的事情,要用过 去时态,又因强调句强调的是 Tom 而不是 his two younger sisters,所以谓语动词要用单 数。 答案: A 4.解析: 考查非谓语动词。be worth doing 为固定用法,意为“值得??”,worth 后面要用动名词的主动形式表被动,故选 B。 答案: B 5.解析: 句意为:仅仅当他们很长时间没有收到她的来信时,他们才开始怀疑她是 否发生了什么不好的事情。 “only+状语从句”放在句首时, 句子的主谓部分要进行部分倒 装;D 项用了过去完成时,表示 begin 的动作发生在主句谓语的动作之前,显然不合逻辑, 所以排除 D,故选 B。 答案: B 6.解析: 句意为:事实上,我感觉还是很难跟杰克成为好朋友,虽然我已经认识他 好几个月了。分析题干可知要用 it 作形式宾语,后面的动词不定式为真正的宾语。 答案: D 7.解析: 句意为:一旦这些流浪汉被送进福利院,这就意味着他们有生还和开始一 种新生活的机会。before 在??之前;once 一旦??;unless 除非;although 虽然。根据 句意可知要用 once 引导条件状语从句。 答案: B 8.解析: 句意为:在过去的十年中他用在帮助残疾人身上的时间现在被认为是很有 价值的。 前一部分考查 devote one’s time to doing sth.句式。 第二个空考查 be considered to (be)结构。 答案: B 9.解析: 考查名词。句意为:你最好把那家餐馆的电话号码写下来以便将来查看。 reference“查看,查阅”,符合句意。 答案: B

10. 解析: 考查动词辨析。 句意为: 她从医学院毕业后有望成为一名优秀的医生。 make 适合,胜任。 答案: C 11.解析: 考查名词辨析。A 项的意思是“战争”;B 项的意思是“运动”;C 项的 意思是“提议”;D 项的意思是“斗争”。显然只有 B 项符合答语的句意,即“的确!所以 我们国家正在计划开展一项戒烟运动”。 答案: B 12.解析: 句意为:我一直敬仰邓小平推动中国前进的勇气和决心。look up to 表 示“敬仰,尊敬”。look down upon 轻视;lo ok forward to 期望;look around for 到处 寻找,都不符合句意。 答案: D 13.解析: 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:你不可能预知一切,往往事情并不如你所愿。 run out 用完,耗尽;break out 爆发;work out 产生结果,发展;put out 熄灭。 答案: C 14.解析: 句意为:——你认为我应该做什么呢?——我认为出于尊重,你最好请他 重新回到我们的聚会。本题考查词组。out of respect 出于尊重;at the expense of... 以??为代价;beyond control 无法控制;in favor 支持。 答案: A 15.解析: 句意为:春节对于中国人就像圣诞节在西方人心目中那样重要。A 项相当 于 celebrate,意为“庆祝(节日、生日等)”;B.祝贺;C.观察;D.看。 答案: A Ⅱ.完形填空 语篇解读: 本文主要讲述作者的祖父母拿出自己所有的积蓄来让作者的父亲接受教

育,从而改变了几代人的人生的故事。 1.解析: 从下文对祖母的描述可知,作者的祖母是一个全心全意为儿子奉献的母亲。 devoted 意思是“忠诚的,挚爱的,全心全意的”,符合语境。 答案: B 2. 解析: 根据上下文可知, 作者的祖母的观点和祖父的观点截然不同, 故用 however, 表示转折。 答案: D 3. 解析: 作者的祖母相信即使在经济困难的时期, 教育也可以打开一扇门。 tough“艰 苦的,艰难的”,符合语境。 答案: A 4. 解析: 作者的祖母说服了祖父, 允许作者的父亲完成高中的学业。 permit somebody to do something“允许某人做某事”,符合语境。第二段最后一句中的“permit”也是提

示。 答案: A 5 .解析: 作者的父亲将在农场里工作,减轻作者的祖父所承受的经济和身体上的重 担。burden 的意思是“负担,重担”,符合语境。 答案: C 6.解析: 作者的祖母再次恳求祖父允许作者的父亲继续上大学。beg somebody to do something“恳求某人做某事”,符合语境。 答案: B 7.解析: 经过审慎的思考,作者的祖父作出了一生中最艰难的决定。reflection 意 思是“沉思,审慎的思考”,符合语境。 答案: C 8.解析: 作者的祖父走到鸡笼子旁,那里放着他存的钱。根据下文的“savings”可 知,此处应用 banking,do one’s banking“存钱”,符合语境。 答案: D 9.解析: 作者的祖父手拿着铁铲,挖出了一个坛子,里面放着家里所有的积蓄。dig up“挖掘出”,符合语境。pick up“拿起”;break up“破碎,解散”;cut up“切碎”。 答案: B 10.解析: 作者的祖父把这个坛子连同里面的宝贵的东西(即钱)给了作者的父亲。

content“所容纳的物品,所含之物”,符合语境。而 bills 与 coins 太片面。 答案: C 11.解析: 作者的父亲意识到他的家庭拿出了所有的积蓄投资到他的教育上。

sacrifice“牺牲,献出”,符合语境。 答案: A 12.解析: 从下文中的“went on to”可知,作者的父亲拿到了学士学位并继续学习。 receive“拿到”,符合语境。 答案: B 13.解析: 从最后一段第四句中的“law school”可知,作者的父亲在 1936 年,毕 业于法律专业。 答案: D 14.解析: 作者的父亲毕业的时候,工作很难找,故 come by 符合语境,意思是“设 法得到(或获得)”。come off“举行”;come about“发 生”;come on“偶然遇见,偶然 发现”。 答案: C 15.解析: 虽然作者的父亲工作繁忙,但他仍与作者分享他在接受教育的过程中发现 的经典的书。share 的意思是”分享”,符合语境。

答案: D 16. 解析: 教育在作者的家中不仅仅是一笔投资, 它是一笔宝贵的财富。 more than“超 出,多于”,符合语境。 答案: A 17.解析: 作者像他的父亲一样上了大学,也学了法律。follow“遵循,跟随”,符 合语境。 答案: B 18.解析: 作者所有的孩子也都追求更高的教育。seek“追求,寻求”,符合语境。 答案: A 19.解析: 两代人之前,作者的祖父母作出的牺牲改变了大家。根据文章推理可知, 应选 generation“一代,一辈”。 答案: D 20.解析: 这种牺牲让所有的一切变得大不相同。make all the difference 的意思 是“使大不相同,起了关键作用”,符合语境。 答案: C Ⅲ.七选五 1.G 2.F 3.D 4.A 5.C Ⅳ.短文改错 My neighbor Li Hai is going to graduate from college soon and he hasn’t found ∧ the job yet.He was once advising to learn computer skills,so he thought it was a advised but difficult.When he saw others learning English,he shook his head,says it was too saying hard to remember the new word.He enjoyed watching TV,playing cards,smoking and words so on.He felt it was hard for him to give up all this habits.Not long ago,he went these to look for a job.When he knew that talents were great needed, sighed and regretted he greatly the time that what——— he had wasted.How he wished he has worked hard in college! had


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