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高中英语重点词汇、词组辨析


高中英语重点词汇、词组辨析
1. above all, after all, at all, in all above all“最重要,首先” after all“毕竟,终究,终归,到底” at all“根本” in all“总共” 2. accept, receive accept“接受”有意识的 receive“收到”无意识的 3. add, add...to, a

dd up to add“增加” add...to“把?加到?” add up to“合计达到” 4. admit of, admit to admit of“容许有,有?可能” admit to“承认” 5. agree on, agree with, agree that agree on“就??取得一致意见” agree with“同意某人意见” agree that“认为?” 6. alone, lonely alone = by oneself, without others“独自一人” lonely“寂寞” ,并渴望有伴;若指地方表示“偏僻的” 7. a number of, the number of a number of +V 复“许多” the number of +V 单“?的数目” 8. arrive+in (大地点), get to, reach“达到,抵达” +at (小地点) 9. at the age of, by the age of at the age of“在?岁时” by the age of“在?岁以前” 10. at the beginning, in the beginning at the beginning of“在?开始的时候” in the beginning=at first“起初,首先” 11. ashamed, shameful ashamed“感到羞耻” shameful“这是可耻的” 12. be anxious to, be anxious for, be anxious about be anxious to+V 原“渴望” be anxious for+名/代“渴望” be anxious about“为?忧虑”

13. believe, believe in believe“相信(事物的真实性,人的诚实)” believe in“信仰” 14. be made of, be made from, be made in, be made by, be made up of be made of“由?制成(物变) ” be made from“由?制成(化变) ” be made by+人名/代词“由?制做” be made in“某物何时/何地制造” be made up of“由?构成” 15. be pleased with, be pleased at/about, be pleased to be pleased with+人名/代词“对?满意” be pleased at/about+指事的名词或 v-ing“对看到或听到的事感到高兴” be pleased to+V 原“很高兴或很乐意做某事” 16. be tired of, be tired with be tired of“对某事感到厌烦” be tired with“因为?而疲倦” 17. besides, except, except for besides“除了?(包括在内)” except 表示“除了?(不包括在内)” except for 表示“整体?除了某一点以外” 18. be sure to do, be sure of doing be sure to do“一定的” ,主语可为 sb.或 sth be sure of doing“确信的” ,主语只能为 sb 19. big, huge, large, vast big“尺度、重量、容积?大” huge“体积大、超越一定标准” large“面积、范围、数目?大” vast“范围、地域、数目?大” 20. best, hit, strike beat“无规律的击打” hit 表示“对准的打” strike“有规律的撞击” 21. blow down, blow off, blow out blow down“吹倒” blow off“吹掉,炸掉,发泄” blow out“吹熄” 22. break away from, break down, break into, break out, break away from“脱离” break down“出故障” break into“破门而入” break out“(火灾、战争?突然爆发” 23. bring in, bring on, bring out bring in“引进,吸收”

bring on“使发生,引起” bring out 表示“取出、推出、生产出” 24. care, care about, care for, care to care“关心、顾虑”后通常接从句 care about“关心、计较”用于否定句 care for“关心、照料”用于肯定/疑问句 care to+V 原“愿意、欲望” 25. carry away, carry off, carry on, carry out carry away“使激动得失去控制” carry off“夺走” carry on“继续进行” carry out“实施、遵守” 26. 与 come 相关的词组辨析 come about“发生” come across=come upon“偶遇” come along“进展” come around“拜访、改变观点、同意、恢复知觉” come round“恢复知觉,苏醒” come down“传递” come into“开始、进入” come out“(照片上)显露,结果是” come to“涉及,谈及” come up“走近、抬头、上升” come up with“想出计划/回答、作出反应” 27. compare...to, compare...with compare?to“把?比作?”着重两者间的相似点 compare?with“把?与?相比”着重两者间的区别 28. consider...as, consider doing, consider...to be consider?as“把(某人)看作” consider?to be“把?看作是” consider doing“考虑做某事” 29. cross, across, crossing cross 作动词表示“横过” across 可作介词或副词表示“横穿,横过” crossing“横穿、交叉” 30.cut down, cut in, cut off, cut up, cut through cut down“砍倒,夺去生命” cut in“插嘴、插入” cut off“切断” cut up“切碎、使难过” cut through“凿穿” 31. damage, destroy, ruin damage 可修补的损坏

destroy 毁灭 ruin 损坏到不能再使用 32. discover, find, find out, invent, discover 发现不为人所知的事物 find 着重找到的结果 find out 查明某事或真相 invent 发明 33. decide, determine decide 着重经过考虑做出决定 determine 着重决定动摇不了 34. die away, die down, die out die away“渐渐消失” die down“逐渐减小” die out“物种灭绝” 35. everyday, every day everyday“日常的,每天的”用作形容词 every day“每天”用作副词 36. fall down, fall into, fall off, fall onto, fall down“(人)摔倒”不及物 fall into“陷入(困难)” fall off“摔下”及物 fall onto“掉到??上” 37. feed...on, feed...to feed...on+人/动物“用?喂?” feed...to+食物“将?喂给?” 38. fear, frighten fear“害怕?” frighten“使?害怕” 39. finally, at last, in the end finally 某一动作最后发生 at last“终于” ,强调其结果 in the end 经过努力最后发生了某事 40. feel one’s way, fight one’s way, find one’s way feel one’s way“摸索着探路” fight one’s way“挣扎着前进” find one’s way“找到路” 41. fit, be fit for, be fit to fit“大小适合” be fit for+名词或-ing“适合、能胜任” be fit to+V 原“适合,能胜任” 42. forbid doing sth., forbid sb.to do sth. forbid doing sth.“禁止,不许” forbid sb.to do sth.“禁止,不许”

43. forget, leave forget+事物“遗留” leave+地点“遗留” 44. forget doing, forget to do forget doing“忘记做过某事” forget to do“忘记要去做某事” 45. gather, collect gather“把分散的集中在一起” collect“精心地收集” 46. get in touch with, keep in touch with get in touch with“与?取得联络” ,表动作 keep in touch with“和?保持联络” ,表状态 47. 与 get 有关的词组辨析 get along with“与?相处” get close to“接近” get down to“开始认真做?” get off 表示“脱下” get married“结婚” get through“通过,拨通(电话)” get together“聚会,联欢” get into the habit of“染上?习惯” 48. give away, give in, give out, give up, give away“分发、泄露(秘密等)” give in“屈服、让步” give out“耗尽、体力不支” give up“放弃念头、希望等” 49. go on to do sth., go on doing sth., go on with sth. go on to do sth“接着做另一件事” go on doing sth=go on with sth“做原来没有做完的事” 50. happen, take place happen“无意识的发生” take place“有意识的举行” 51. hand down, hand in, hand out, hand over hand down“把??传下来” hand in“把??交上来” hand out“散发” hand over“转交” 52. 与 have 有关的词组辨析 have a good trip“一路顺风” have a talk with“与?谈话” have a seat“坐下” have a word with“和?说句话” have...on“戴着”

have sports“进行体育活动” 53. have sb. do sth., have sb./sth. doing sth., have sth. done have sb. do sth.“让某人做某事” have sb./sth. doing sth.“让某人一直做某事” have sth. done“(有意地)让他人为自己做某事” 54. hear, hear from, hear of hear“听见,听到” hear from“收到?来电” hear of“听说过” 56. in place of, in the place of in place of“代替” in the place of“在?地方” 58. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of“管理、负责照料” in the charge of“由?照料” 59. insist on, stick to insist on+doing“坚持要求” stick to+sth 表示“坚持” 61. just, just now just“刚,刚刚” ,与完成时连用 just now“刚才” ,与一般过去时连用 62. 与 keep 有关的词组辨析 keep back“阻挡” keep off“避开” keep on“继续、保持” keep in touch with“与??保持联系” keep out“关在门外” keep out of“躲开,置身于??之外” keep up“保持” 64. knock at/on, knock down, knock...into, knock into, knock at/on“有节奏地敲” knock down“撞倒” knock?into“把?敲入?中” knock into“撞在?上” 65. lately, recently lately“最近” ,多用于否定/疑问句 recently“最近” ,多用于肯定句 67. like, love, enjoy like“喜欢” love“深深的爱” enjoy“从外界事物中得到喜悦” 68. like doing sth., like to do sth. like doing sth. 表达经常的爱好

like to do sth.表达一时的喜爱 70. live by, live on live by“靠?(手段)谋生” live on“靠??过活” 71. 与 look 有关的词组辨析 look after“照料” look back“想起” look down on/upon“看不起” look forward to“期待” look out“注意” look up“查找” 72. lose heart, lose one’s heart lose heart“失望” lose one’s heart“喜欢?” 75. manage to do, try to do manage to do“设法做成了某事” 。 try to do“尽力去做某事(但不一定成功)” 77. meeting, conference, gathering, party meeting“聚会” conference“谈判” gathering“联欢会等” party“社交性或娱乐性的集会” 78. once, as soon as once“一旦?就?” ,强调时间或条件 as soon as“一?就?” ,强调时间 79. pay for, pay back, pay off pay for“为??付钱” pay back“还钱” pay off“还清债务” 81. persuade sb.to do sth., advise sb.to do sth.“说服某人干某事” 结果是成功的 结果可能劳而无功 82. put off, call off put off“推迟” call off“取消” 83. pick out, pick up pick out“挑出” pick up“接收” 84. point out, point to point out“指出” point to“指向” 85. 与 put 有关的词组辨析 put down“记下” put on weight“增加体重”

put out“扑灭” put up“贴(广告等)” 87. road, street, way, path road“道路” street“有建筑物的街道” way“任何可以通行的路” path“小路” 88. raise, rise raise“举起” ,及物,[反]lower rise“升起” ,不及物,[反]drop 92. spend, take, pay spend“花费” ,主语一般是人 take“占用或花费时间” 。句型:It takes/took sb. sometime to do sth. pay“付款” ,一般与 for 连用 93. stop doing, stop to do stop doing“停止做某事” stop to do“停止后去做另一件事” 94. sometimes, sometime, some time sometimes“有时” ,常与一般现在时或一般过去时连用 sometime“某时” ,常与过去时或将来时连用 some time“一段时间” ,常与 for, take 连用 95. 与 take 有关的词组辨析 take along“随身携带” take it easy“放心好了,别着急” take part in“参加” take place“发生” take the place of“代替,取代” take sides(in)“站在?一边” take up“占领” 96. trip, journey, travel, tour trip“商业或观光旅行” journey“由某点到另一点的旅行,也指旅行的路程” travel“旅行” tour“(访问多处的)观光旅行” 97. 与 turn 有关的词组辨析 turn down“关小” turn?into?“把?变成?” turn off“关掉(水、电、收音机)” turn out“出席、证明是” turn up“到达、出现” 。 turn over“翻动” 98. try to do, try doing try to do“努力做”(表目的)

try doing“试着做”(表手段) 99. used to, be used to, get used to used to+V 原“过去常常做” be used to+名/代/v-ing“习惯于,适应” get used to+名/代/v-ing“习惯于” 100. wear, have on, put on, dress wear“穿衣服、戴眼镜” ,强调“穿着”的状态 have on“同 wear” ,不能用于进行时 put on 强调“穿上”的动作 dress 所接宾语是人


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